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1.
Chemistry ; 2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427389

RESUMO

In this work, an MWW-type zeolite with pillars containing silicon and niobium oxide was synthesized to obtain a hierarchical zeolite. The effect of niobium insertion in the pillaring process was determined by combining a controllable acidity and accessibility in the final material. All pillared materials had niobium occupying framework positions in pillars and extra-framework positions. The pillared material, Pil-Nb-4.5 with 4.5 wt % niobium, did not compromise the mesoporosity formed by pillaring, while the increase of niobium in the structure gradually decreased the mesoporosity and ordering of lamellar stacking. The morphology of the pillared zeolites and the niobium content were found to directly affect the catalytic activity. Specifically, we report on the activity of the MWW-type zeolites with niobium catalyzing the gas-phase oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which is an important reaction for clean environmental. All produced MWW-type zeolites with niobium were catalytically active, even at low temperatures and low niobium loading, and provided excellent conversion efficiencies.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 530: 282-291, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29982020

RESUMO

Among the several classes of chemical reactions, the green oxidation of organic compounds has emerged as an important topic in nanocatalysis. Nonetheless, examples of truly green oxidations remain scarce due to the low activity and selectivity of reported catalysts. In this paper, we present an approach based on the optimization of both the support material and the active phase to achieve superior catalytic performances towards green oxidations. Specifically, our catalysts consisted of ultrasmall Au NPs deposited onto MnO2 nanoflowers. They displayed hierarchical morphology, large specific surface areas, ultrasmall and uniform Au NPs sizes, no agglomeration, strong metal-support interactions, oxygen vacancies, and Auδ+ species at their surface. These features led to improved performances towards the green oxidations of CO, benzene, toluene, o-xylene, glucose, and fructose relative to the pristine MnO2 nanoflowers, commercial MnO2 decorated with Au NPs, and other reported catalysts. We believe that the catalytic activities, stabilities, and mild/green reaction conditions described herein for both gas and liquid phase oxidations due to the optimization of both the support and active phase may inspire the development of novel catalytic systems for a wealth of sustainable transformations.

3.
Langmuir ; 32(36): 9371-9, 2016 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27556904

RESUMO

We report herein a systematic investigation on the effect of the size of silver (Ag) nanoparticles employed as starting materials over the morphological features and catalytic performances of AgPt nanoshells produced by a combination of galvanic replacement between Ag and PtCl6(2-) and PtCl6(2-) reduction by hydroquinone. More specifically, we focused on Ag nanoparticles of four different sizes as starting materials, and found that the outer diameter, shell thickness, and the number of Pt surface atoms of the produced nanoshells increased with the size of the starting Ag nanoparticles. The produced AgPt nanoshells were supported into SiO2, and the catalytic performances of the AgPt/SiO2 nanocatalysts toward the gas-phase oxidation of benzene, toluene, and o-xylene (BTX oxidation) followed the order: AgPt 163 nm/SiO2 > AgPt 133 nm/SiO2 > AgPt 105 nm/SiO2 > AgPt 95 nm/SiO2. Interestingly, bigger AgPt nanoshell sizes lead to better catalytic performances in contrast to the intuitive prediction that particles having larger outer diameters tend to present poorer catalytic activities due to their lower surface to volume ratios as compared to smaller particles. This is in agreement with the H2 chemisorption results, and can be assigned to the increase in the Pt surface area with size due to the presence of smaller NPs islands at the surface of the nanoshells having larger outer diameters. This result indicates that, in addition to the overall diameters, the optimization of the surface morphology may play an important role over the optimization of catalytic activities in metal-based nanocatalysts, which can be even more pronounced that the size effect. Our data demonstrate that the control over surface morphology play a very important role relative to the effect of size to the optimization of catalytic performances in catalysts based on noble-metal nanostructures.

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(46): 25624-32, 2015 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26544682

RESUMO

In this work, a simple but powerful method for controlling the size and surface morphology of AgAu nanodendrites is presented. Control of the number of Ag nanoparticle seeds is found to provide a fast and effective route by which to manipulate the size and morphology of nanoparticles produced via a combined galvanic replacement and reduction reaction. A lower number of Ag nanoparticle seeds leads to larger nanodendrites with the particles' outer diameter being tunable in the range of 45-148 nm. The size and surface morphology of the nanodendrites was found to directly affect their catalytic activity. Specifically, we report on the activity of these AgAu nanodendrites in catalyzing the gas-phase oxidation of benzene, toluene and o-xylene, which is an important reaction for the removal of these toxic compounds from fuels and for environmental remediation. All produced nanodendrite particles were found to be catalytically active, even at low temperatures and low metal loadings. Surprisingly, the largest nanodendrites provided the greatest percent conversion efficiencies.

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