Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 567
Filtrar
1.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32360340

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe pre-exudative stage of exudative Perifoveal Vascular Anomalous Complex (ePVAC) referred to as non-exudative PVAC (nePVAC). DESIGN: Retrospective non-comparative case series. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with nePVAC were identified at 4 retina referral centers worldwide. Multimodal retinal imaging including structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT-angiography (OCT-A) were performed at baseline and follow-up visits. RESULTS: Six eyes (6 patients, mean age 75±10years) were included. Unrelated chorioretinal diseases were diagnosed in the affected eyes in 5 of 6 cases. At the baseline, nePVAC is characterized by microvascular abnormalities featuring isolated, perifoveal, large intra-retinal aneurysm, surrounded by capillary rarefaction at OCT-A examination, without any sign of exudation with structural OCT, and without visual impairment. Four patients were followed for a mean of 21±14months. During the follow-up, 3 out of 4 eyes(75%) developed signs of exudation after a mean of 15±9months, associated with metamorphopsia and visual decline at the time of exudation. Best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA) decreased from 20/25 to 20/40 Snellen equivalent (p=0.035) and central macular thickness increased from 268±27 to 339±65µm (p=0.145). Three patients were treated with 2.3±0.6 intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor without significant improvement of BCVA or macular edema. CONCLUSIONS: nePVAC may represent the sub-clinical pre-exudative stage of ePVAC, notable for an absence of exudation and/or visual impairment. nePVAC and ePVAC should be considered as part of the same spectrum, namely PVAC. Typically, nePVAC develops signs of exudation over time, causing metamorphopsia and visual decline and therefore these lesions warrant continued close monitoring with multimodal retinal imaging.

2.
Acta Diabetol ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32367246

RESUMO

AIMS: To compare the long-term functional and anatomical outcomes of cataract surgery with combined versus 1-month deferred intravitreal dexamethasone implant (DEX) in eyes with pre-existing diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central retinal thickness (CRT) were retrospectively evaluated in both groups before treatments, then 1, 4, 12 and 24 months after DEX. RESULTS: Forty eyes were analyzed, 20 in each group. BCVA disclosed comparable trends, increasing from similar starting values (p = 0.9913) to akin scores 1 month after DEX (p = 0.4229). After 4 months, it similarly reduced without significant variations within each group throughout the whole observation period. CRT was similar at the time of surgery (p = 0.6134) and was reduced by DEX injection in both samples, with a superior beneficial effect in the combined group after 1 month (p = 0.0010). At 4 months, CRT further elevated and remained overall stable in the long term without differences. By 12 months, 19 (95%) eyes received further injections: 1 (5%) fluocinolone, 3 (15%) received other DEX and fluocinolone, 13 (65%) ≥ 1 DEX only and 2 (10%) anti-VEGFs. During the second year, 6 additional eyes (from the 13 receiving DEX) switched to fluocinolone, reaching a total of 10 (50%). Similar results were observed in the deferred group. CONCLUSIONS: DEX implant performed at the time of surgery achieved the same long-term functional and anatomical outcomes compared to a 1-month injection deferral in treating eyes with pre-existing DME that should undergo cataract extraction.

3.
Retina ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404847

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To quantitatively evaluate the photoreceptor structural changes in the fellow unaffected eyes of patients with unilateral central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. We analyzed data from patients with diagnosis of unilateral CSC, as based on clinical examination and multimodal imaging, who had structural optical coherence tomography obtained. An additional group of age-matched healthy patients was included for comparison. Main outcome measures were as follows: (1) the foveal photoreceptor outer segment lateral surface and (2) the foveal choroidal thickness. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty fellow unaffected eyes of 160 unilateral CSC patients and 50 age-matched controls (50 eyes) were included. The mean ± SD age was 51.6 ± 11.1 years (range 28-80 years) in the unilateral CSC group and 52.8 ± 10.8 years (range 31-74 years) in the control group (P = 0.511). The foveal photoreceptor outer segment lateral surface was significantly increased in the unaffected eyes with CSC in the fellow eye (0.068 ± 0.007 mm) as compared with control eyes (0.060 ± 0.005 mm, P < 0.0001). The mean ± SD foveal choroidal thickness was 368.0 ± 105.7 µm in the unilateral CSC group and 302.9 ± 92.2 µm in control patients (P < 0.0001). In the Pearson correlation test, the photoreceptor outer segment lateral surface correlated with the choroidal thickness in the CSC group (R = 0.166, P = 0.016) but not in the control group (R = -0.025, P = 0.864). CONCLUSION: Our results corroborate the hypothesis that retinal and choroidal changes affect both eyes of patients with acute/history of unilateral disease. These structural changes could be intended as an imaging evidence of reduced photoreceptor outer segment turnover secondary to retinal pigment epithelium and choroid dysfunction.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To describe the "dimple," a previously unreported structural optical coherence tomography (OCT) finding in vascularized serous pigment epithelial detachment (PED) secondary to neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Retrospective, longitudinal, case series study. Clinical charts and multimodal imaging including OCT (structural and angiography) and dye-based angiography (fluorescein and indocyanine green) examinations of patients with dimple-defined as a localized invagination of the vascularized serous PED-were analyzed in 2 high-volume referral centers. RESULTS: Nineteen eyes of 18 patients were included. Mean follow-up was at 64.1 ± 35.8 months. The greater basal and height diameters of the vascularized serous PED were respectively 3425.8 ± 1049.6 µm and 667.1 ± 279.9 µm at baseline and 3076.2 ± 1649.9 µm (p = 0.8) and 368.3 ± 295.1 at last follow-up (p = 0.0006). OCT analysis identified 2 phenotypes of dimple: type 1 or ("top denting") (9 eyes) and type 2 (or "side denting") (10 eyes). Both phenotypes are associated with hyper-reflective holding sub-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) band encompassing the posterior face of the RPE and extending to the Bruch's membrane. Hyper-reflective holding band is not correlated with angiographic signs of neovascular tissue in all cases. During follow-up, no case of RPE tear was observed. CONCLUSIONS: We describe the characteristics of the dimple and its association with hyper-reflective holding sub-RPE bands in the context of large vascularized serous PED in neovascular AMD. The presence of a dimple does not seem to be an additional risk factor for the development of RPE tearing in high-risk PED secondary to neovascular AMD.

6.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120927865, 2020 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418481

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is infecting people and spreading easily from person-to-person. Cases have been detected in most countries worldwide. Italy is one of the most affected countries as of 30 March 2020. Public health response includes a rapid reorganization of the Italian National Healthcare System in order to reduce transmission of COVID-19 within hospitals and healthcare facilities, while optimizing the assistance to patients with severe COVID-19 complications. METHODS: We analysed the actions that were taken in three ophthalmology centres in northern Italy during the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak and how these measures affected patient's attendance. In addition, due to the rapidly evolving scenario, we reviewed the evidence available during the course of this pandemic. RESULTS: A full reorganization of ophthalmology services is mandatory according to current existing infection containment measures in order to continue dispensing urgent procedures without endangering the community with amplification of the diffusion chain. Ophthalmologists are considered at elevated risk of exposure when caring patients and vice versa, due to their close proximity during eye examination. High volumes of procedures typically generated by ophthalmologists with concurrent implications on the risk of infection are considered when re-assessing healthcare facilities reorganization. CONCLUSION: Containment measures in the event of pandemic due to infective agents should be well known by healthcare professionals and promptly applied in order to mitigate the risk of nosocomial transmission and outbreak.

7.
Acta Diabetol ; 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419091

RESUMO

Authors would like to correct few errors in their publication which are listed below.

8.
Eye (Lond) ; 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cataract surgery is the most common operation performed worldwide. A fixed topical corticosteroid-antibiotic combination is usually prescribed in clinical practice for 2 or more weeks to treat post surgical inflammation and prevent infection. However, this protracted schedule may increase the incidence of corticosteroid-related adverse events and notably promote antibiotic resistance. METHODS: This International, multicentre, randomized, blinded-assessor, parallel-group clinical study evaluated the non-inferiority of 1-week levofloxacin/dexamethasone eye drops, followed by 1-week dexamethasone alone, vs. 2-week gold-standard tobramycin/dexamethasone (one drop QID for all schedules) to prevent and treat ocular inflammation and prevent infection after uncomplicated cataract surgery. Non-inferiority was defined as the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval (CI) around a treatment difference >-10%. The study randomized 808 patients enrolled in 53 centres (Italy, Germany, Spain and Russia). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients without anterior chamber inflammation on day 15 defined as the end of treatment. Endophthalmitis was the key secondary endpoint. This study is registered with EudraCT code: 2018-000286-36. RESULTS: After the end of treatment, 95.2% of the patients in the test arm vs. 94.9% of the control arm had no signs of inflammation in the anterior chamber (difference between proportions of patients = 0.028; 95% CI: -0.0275/0.0331). No case of endophthalmitis was reported. No statistically significant difference was evident in any of the other secondary endpoints. Both treatments were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Non-inferiority of the new short pharmacological strategy was proven. One week of levofloxacin/dexamethasone prevents infection, ensures complete control of inflammation in almost all patients and may contain antibiotic resistance.

10.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120929961, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450718

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 infection recently reached pandemic proportions, with high risk of death for the worldwide population. In this dramatic scenario, all the resources are addressed to the intensive care units for the assessment of the emergency. However, more attention should be paid with respect to the risk of viral diffusion among asymptomatic people. Italy is the second most involved country in the world, and we needed to gain a lot of experience in a very limited time. At least 1 m of distance among people is recommended; however, some clinical practices cannot allow this distance. In this context, we believe that the careful safety assessment of clinical settings, like ophthalmologic ones, may have a remarkable impact on the fight against SARS-CoV-2 spread.

11.
Ophthalmology ; 2020 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471729

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy and safety of abicipar every 8 weeks and quarterly (after initial doses) versus ranibizumab every 4 weeks in treatment-naïve patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN: Two randomized, multicenter, double-masked, parallel-group, active-controlled, phase 3 clinical trials (CEDAR, SEQUOIA) with identical protocols were conducted. Data from both trials were pooled for analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with active choroidal neovascularization secondary to AMD and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 24-73 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study letters in the study eye were enrolled. METHODS: Patients (n = 1888) were randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to study eye treatment with abicipar 2 mg every 8 weeks after 3 initial doses at baseline and weeks 4 and 8 (Q8), abicipar 2 mg every 12 weeks after 3 initial doses at baseline and weeks 4 and 12 (Q12), or ranibizumab 0.5 mg every 4 weeks (Q4). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary efficacy end point was proportion of patients with stable vision (defined as <15-letter loss in BCVA from baseline) in the study eye at week 52. Secondary end points included change from baseline in BCVA and central retinal thickness (CRT) at week 52. Safety measures included adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: The proportion of patients with stable vision at week 52 was 93.2%, 91.3%, and 95.8% in the abicipar Q8, abicipar Q12, and ranibizumab Q4 groups, respectively, with both abicipar Q8 and Q12 noninferior to ranibizumab Q4. Week 52 mean change from baseline in BCVA was 7.5, 6.4, and 8.4 letters and in CRT was -144, -145, and -144 µm in the abicipar Q8, abicipar Q12, and ranibizumab Q4 groups, respectively. Incidence of intraocular inflammation (IOI) AEs was 15.4%, 15.3%, and 0.3%, respectively. The IOI AEs were typically mild or moderate in severity and treated with topical corticosteroids; 62 of 192 patients (32.3%) received oral and/or injectable corticosteroids. CONCLUSIONS: Abicipar Q8 and Q12 were both noninferior to ranibizumab Q4 in the primary end point of stable vision at week 52. Intraocular inflammation was more frequent with abicipar. Quarterly and Q8 abicipar reduce nAMD disease and treatment burden compared with monthly treatment.

12.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; : 1120672120917621, 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345048

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To investigate choroidal thickness changes related to the clinical activity of inflammatory choroidal neovascularization in punctate inner choroidopathy/multifocal choroiditis as compared to myopic choroidal neovascularization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive inflammatory choroidal neovascularization secondary to punctate inner choroidopathy/multifocal choroiditis, and myopic choroidal neovascularization were retrospectively reviewed. By means of enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography, choroidal thickness was assessed at the same location before choroidal neovascularization development, at choroidal neovascularization onset (baseline), and after treatment. RESULTS: Eleven eyes with inflammatory choroidal neovascularization and 11 eyes with myopic choroidal neovascularization were analyzed. Choroidal thickness beneath inflammatory choroidal neovascularization significantly increased at baseline and decreased after therapy ("Sponge sign"), reaching preclinical values. In particular, mean choroidal thickness under inflammatory choroidal neovascularization was 145 ± 85 µm at the preclinical stage, increased to 210 ± 103 µm at baseline (p = 0.006), and decreased to 136 ± 87 µm after treatment (p = 0.017). Conversely, no significant choroidal thickness changes were disclosed in myopic choroidal neovascularization eyes, under any location. CONCLUSION: Optical coherence tomography-based choroidal thickness evaluation may represent an additional useful tool to monitor inflammatory choroidal neovascularization activity. Moreover, choroidal thickness under choroidal neovascularizations could be used to discriminate the origin of choroidal neovascular membrane, either inflammatory or myopic, in doubtful cases and guide the therapeutic management.

13.
Eye (Lond) ; 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346103

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Peripapillary hyperreflective ovoid mass-like structures (PHOMS) are novel and not well characterized findings occurring in several disorders of the optic nerve. The aim of this study is to present two cases of tilted disc syndrome (TDS) and one case with optic disc drusen undergoing a multimodal imaging approach. METHODS: In this case series, a qualitative evaluation of the OCTA findings in regions with PHOMS was performed. RESULTS: Structural OCT revealed the presence of PHOMS. OCTA identified the presence of a vascular complex within this hyperreflective structure. CONCLUSIONS: Assuming that PHOMS are thought to correspond to herniating nerve fibers or be secondary to axoplasmic stasis, this vascular complex may represent a displacement of the deeper vessels deputed at the irroration of the optic nerve into the retina or, alternatively, might be secondary to an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and a subsequent development of neovessels.

17.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229515

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) findings in recurrent type 3 macular neovascularisation (MNV). METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, consecutive patients with type 3 MNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration underwent OCT-A at three different time points: baseline, after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment with complete resolution of the exudative signs (ie, non-exudative stage) and at the recurrence of exudation (ie, recurrence stage). Demographics and clinical findings were analysed, including OCT-A features of type 3 MNV recurrence. RESULTS: Twelve eyes (12 patients, mean age 78±7 years) were included. Using OCT-A, at baseline all type 3 MNVs showed the presence of detectable flow downgrowing from the deep vascular complex (DVC) to the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)/sub-RPE space. 6/12 eyes (50%) showed anomalous flow under the RPE, while the other 6 eyes showed flow reaching the RPE without anomalous flow in the sub-RPE space. At the non-exudative stage (after treatment), BCVA and CMT significantly improved (p=0.004 and p=0.036), and flow inside the retinal lesions reduced; interestingly the connection to the RPE/sub-RPE space regressed. At the time of recurrence, all type 3 MNVs showed the presence of intra/sub-retinal exudation with restoration of the flow deepening from the DVC to the RPE/sub-RPE space. CONCLUSIONS: Detectable flow deepening from the DVC to the RPE/sub-RPE space using OCT-A is mandatory to have a new exudation secondary to recurrent type 3 MNV. Early detection of type 3 MNV recurrence by OCT-A characterisation may prompt retreatment and potentially prevent progression to late stages of the disease.

19.
Acta Diabetol ; 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246268

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare nonmydriatic montage widefield images with dilated fundus ophthalmoscopy for determining diabetic retinopathy (DR) severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, observational, cross-sectional study, patients with a previous diagnosis of diabetes and without history of diabetes-associated ocular disease were screened for DR. Montage widefield imaging was obtained with a system that combines confocal technology with white-light emitting diode (LED) illumination (DRSplus, Centervue, Padua, Italy). Dilated fundus examination was performed by a retina specialist. RESULTS: Thirty-seven eyes (20 patients, 8 females) were finally included in the analysis. Mean age of the patients enrolled was 58.0 ± 11.6 years [range 31-80 years]. The level of DR identified on montage widefield images agreed exactly with indirect ophthalmoscopy in 97.3% (36) of eyes and was within 1 step in 100% (37) of eyes. Cohen's kappa coefficient (κ) was 0.96, this suggesting an almost perfect agreement between the two modalities in DR screening. Nonmydriatic montage widefield imaging acquisition time was significantly shorter than that of dilated clinical examination (p = 0.010). CONCLUSION: Nonmydriatic montage widefield images were compared favorably with dilated fundus examination in defining DR severity; however, they are acquired more rapidly.

20.
Retina ; 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282662

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report the prevalence and treatment outcomes of eyes with sub-retinal pigment epithelium (sub-RPE) multilaminar hyperreflectivity at the onset/clinical detection of Type 3 macular neovascularization (MNV) secondary to exudative age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients diagnosed with Type 3 MNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration was performed. Eyes presenting with sub-RPE multilaminar hyperreflectivity on structural optical coherence tomography at the onset of Type 3 MNV were included in this study. An age-, sex-, and stage-matched control group was composed of eyes affected by Type 3 MNV without sub-RPE multilaminar hyperreflectivity. Prevalence and treatment outcomes after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections at 1-year follow-up were analyzed in both groups. RESULTS: Nineteen treatment-naïve eyes of 19 patients (8 men/11 women, mean age 83 ± 8 years old) presenting with sub-RPE multilaminar hyperreflectivity before or at the onset/clinical detection of Type 3 MNV were included from a cohort of 162 eyes with treatment-naïve Type 3 MNV. This accounts for an estimated prevalence of 11.7% (5.8-15.2, 95% confidence intervals). No significant differences were disclosed between cases studied and the control group (143 eyes of 143 patients) in age, sex, best-corrected visual acuity at baseline, and number of injections. Best-corrected visual acuity did not improve during the 1-year follow-up in patients showing sub-RPE multilaminar hyperreflectivity (P = 0.45), whereas best-corrected visual acuity significantly increased in the control group (P < 0.001). The presence of sub-RPE multilaminar hyperreflectivity in the context of Type 3 MNV was significantly associated with regressive calcific drusen (P < 0.001) and multiple Type 3 lesions/eye (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The detection of multilaminar hyperreflectivity at the onset/clinical detection of Type 3 MNV suggests that chronic exudation (i.e., the "onion-sign") in the sub-RPE space (i.e., focal sub-RPE neovascularization) may precede the onset/clinical detection of Type 3 MNV. Sub-retinal pigment epithelium multilaminar hyperreflectivity at the onset of Type 3 MNV may be an important predictor of poor visual outcome in these eyes.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA