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1.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-7, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587856

RESUMO

Prior studies have reported pulmonary function tests (PFT) before and after related and unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, limited data exist on the evaluation of lung function after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (HAPLO) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY). We retrospectively reported the evaluation of PFTs at screening before HAPLO in 80 patients at 100 days and 1 year of follow-up. The proportion of surviving patients with available PFTs at 100 days and 1 year were 86% and 68%, respectively. During the follow-up period, four patients met the criteria for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome and two for interstitial lung disease. Overall survival was 73% (95% CI 62-82%) at 2 years. We observed a significant reduction in diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) corrected for the most recent hemoglobin concentration (DLCOc) at 100 days after HAPLO. However, an overall substantial stable pulmonary function was observed at 1 year.

2.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(8): 142, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376633

RESUMO

This study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of BNT162b2 vaccine in patients with hematological malignancies. Antibodies blocking spike binding to immobilized ACE-2 (NAb) correlated with anti-Spike (S) IgG d42 titers (Spearman r = 0.865, p < 0.0001), and an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL was predictive of NAb ≥ 30%, the positivity cutoff for NAb (p < 0.0001). Only 47% of the patients achieved an anti-S IgG d42 level ≥3100 UA/mL after the two BNT162b2 inocula, compared to 87% of healthy controls. In multivariable analysis, male patients, use of B-cell targeting treatment within the last 12 months prior to vaccination, and CD19+ B-cell level <120/uL, were associated with a significantly decreased probability of achieving a protective anti-S IgG level after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. Finally, using the IFN-γ ELISPOT assay, we found a significant increase in T-cell response against the S protein, with 53% of patients having an anti-S IgG-positive ELISPOT after the second BNT162b2 inoculum. There was a correlation between the anti-S ELISPOT response and IgG d42 level (Spearman r = 0.3026, p = 0.012). These findings suggest that vaccination with two BNT162b2 inocula translates into a significant increase in humoral and cellular response in patients with hematological malignancies, but only around half of the patients can likely achieve effective immune protection against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Imunidade Adaptativa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(2): 419-427, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012207

RESUMO

We assessed the outcomes associated with thiotepa, busulfan and fludarabine (TBF) conditioning regimen in a cohort of 29 consecutive patients allografted for myelofibrosis (MF). The median age was 56 (range 42-70) years. According to the refined Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS-plus), 15 (52%) patients were classified as high risk. Graft source was peripheral blood stem cells in 27 patients. Donor type was HLA-matched related (n = 5), matched unrelated (n = 16), mismatched unrelated (n = 1), and haploidentical (n = 7). All but 2 patients engrafted. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was 21% (95% CI, 10-42) at day 100. The CI of chronic GVHD was 39% (95% CI, 23-65) at 3 years. The median follow-up period was 39 (range 14-60) months. Overall survival was 69% (95% CI, 50-83) at 3 years. No relapse was observed. TBF is a valid conditioning strategy in patients with MF.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mielofibrose Primária , Adulto , Idoso , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mielofibrose Primária/diagnóstico , Mielofibrose Primária/terapia , Tiotepa , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados
5.
Clin Transl Immunology ; 9(9): e1171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33005413

RESUMO

Objectives: Haploidentical haematopoietic cell transplantation (Haplo-HCT) using peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) grafts and post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) is being increasingly used; however, data on immunological reconstitution (IR) are still scarce. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated T-cell immunological reconstitution in 106 adult patients who underwent allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation for haematologic malignancies between 2013 and 2016. Results: At D30, while conventional T cells reached similar median counts in Haplo-HCT recipients (n = 19) and controls (n = 87), γδ and Vδ2+ T-cell median counts were significantly lower in Haplo-HCT recipients and it persists at least until D360 for Vδ2+ T cells. PTCy induces a significant reduction in early γδ and Vδ2+ T-cell proliferation at D  7. At one year, the rate of increase in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral load was significantly higher in Haplo-HCT recipients as compared to controls (61% versus 34%, P = 0.02). In multivariate analysis, a higher γδ T-cell count (> 4.63 µL-1) at D30 was the only independent parameter significantly associated with a reduced risk of increase in EBV viral load (RR 0.34; 95% CI, 0.15-0.76, P = 0.009). Conclusion: Immunological reconstitution of γδ T cells is significantly delayed after Haplo-HCT using PTCy and low-dose ATG and is associated with an increased risk of increase in EBV viral load.

6.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 20(12): 791-796, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than one-third of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) will relapse after allogenic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT). The main challenge is to overcome disease resistance to achieve a new complete remission while avoiding excessive toxicity. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO), a conjugate of calicheamicin linked to the humanized monoclonal anti-CD33 antibody, has been used for refractory or relapsed AML with promising response rates, but liver toxicity of GO has long been considered a limiting factor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 18 consecutive patients with AML relapsing after a first allo-HCT and treated with fractioned GO (fGO) and intensive chemotherapy. The median age was 40 years (range, 18-65). RESULTS: The overall response rate was 72% (13/18), including 7 complete remissions. No death was attributed to treatment toxicity. The main liver toxicity was transient and consisted of transaminase level elevation and hyperbilirubinemia. No cases of veno-occlusive disease were observed after the GO treatment. From the time of salvage treatment initiation, 1- and 2-year OS rates were 54% (95% confidence interval, 28%-74%) and 42% (95% confidence interval, 19%-63%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of an fGO-based salvage regimen combined with intensive chemotherapy in patients with CD33+ AML in the case of early relapse after an allo-HCT.

7.
Cytotherapy ; 22(8): 445-449, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AIMS: Corticosteroids are the standard first-line treatment for acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), but they are associated with many complications, and less than half of patients have a sustained response. METHODS: To improve outcomes, we performed a retrospective study to analyze the efficacy of the addition of extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) to low-dose corticosteroids in 37 adult patients (median age, 57 years) with skin-predominant aGVHD (grade I, n = 17; grade II, n = 18; and grade III, n = 2). All patients received ECP in combination with 1 mg/kg prednisone (n = 26) or topical steroids (n = 11). RESULTS: Overall response rate was 81% after a median of three ECP procedures (range, 2-8), including 22 complete responses (CR, 59%) and eight very good partial responses (VGPR, 22%). The 11 patients treated with topical corticosteroids achieved CR. Furthermore, 16 (62%) patients reached prednisone withdrawal at a median of 100 days (range, 42-174 days) after its initiation. Eighteen patients developed chronic GVHD (cGVHD); 11 of them (who were in CR of aGVHD) had a new-onset cGVHD, and seven experienced progressive cGVHD (five non-responding and two VGPR patients). A second-line immunosuppressive treatment was initiated in only five (14%) non-responding patients. With a median follow-up of 31 months (range, 6-57 months) 2-year overall survival and non-relapse mortality were 74% and 11%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the combination of low-dose corticosteroids and ECP appear to be safe and effective for first-line treatment of skin predominant aGVHD.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Fotoferese , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fotoferese/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(7): 1407-1415, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871978

RESUMO

We report the outcomes of 51 patients who underwent unmanipulated haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) with post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG), from peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) or bone marrow, after receipt of a TBF (thiotepa, busulfan, and fludarabine) conditioning regimen. Their median age was 55 years (range, 16 to 72 years). Hematologic diagnoses included acute leukemias (n = 31), lymphoid neoplasm (n = 12), myeloproliferative neoplasm (n = 5), and myelodysplastic syndromes (n = 3). Thirty-seven patients (73%) were in complete remission. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine and mycophenolate for all patients, associated with ATG in 39 patients (76.5%). The median time to neutrophil engraftment was 17 days (range, 12 to 34 days). The cumulative incidences of grade II-IV and grade III-IV acute GVHD were 27.5% and 14%, respectively. In patients receiving a PBSC graft and ATG prophylaxis, grade II-IV aGVHD occurred in 16% of patients. The use of ATG and a lower thiotepa dose (5 mg/kg versus 10 mg/kg) were associated with a reduced cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD (P = .03 and .005, respectively). The 2-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 29% and was significantly reduced to 13% with the lower thiotepa dose (P = .002). After a median follow-up of 25 months (range, 12 to 62 months), the cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality, relapse, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GFRFS) were 20%, 22.5%, 67%, 58%, and 51%, respectively. Pretransplantation disease status (complete remission versus others) was the main factor associated with OS, DFS, and GFRFS. In conclusion, the TBF conditioning regimen is an appealing platform in the haplo-HSCT setting with PT-Cy in terms of engraftment rate, toxicity, and disease control. We found no benefit of a thiotepa dose of 10 mg/kg compared with a dose of 5 mg/kg. ATG reduced the risk of acute GVHD without comprising outcomes.


Assuntos
Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfócitos T , Tiotepa/administração & dosagem , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/metabolismo , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Antígenos HLA , Neoplasias Hematológicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem
10.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 22, 2019 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30696487

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common type of leukemia and the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, rituximab, represents the therapeutic gold standard for more than 2 decades in this pathology, when used in combination with chemotherapy. However, some patients experience treatment resistance or rapid relapses, and in particular, those harboring a 17p/TP53 deletion (del(17p)). This resistance could be explained by a chemo-resistance, but it could also result from the direct impact of del(17p) on the pharmacokinetics of rituximab, which represents the aim of the present study. Accordingly, 44 CLL patients were included in the study, and among them 9 presented a del(17p). Next, a total of 233 rituximab sera were selected for a pharmacokinetic study and analyzed in a two-compartment model showing important differences when del(17p) CLL patients were compared with non-del(17p) patients treated with rituximab and chemotherapy: (1) clearance of rituximab was faster; (2) central volume of rituximab distribution V1 (peripheral blood) was reduced while peripheral volume V2 (lymphoid organs and tissues) was increased; and (3) the rate of rituximab elimination (Kout) was faster. In contrast, the group with a better prognosis harboring isolated del(13q) presented a slower rate of elimination (Kout). Pharmacokinetic parameters were independent from the other factors tested such as age, sex, chemotherapy regimen (fludarabine/cyclophosphamide versus bendamustine), IGHV mutational status, and FCGR3A 158VF status. In conclusion, this study provides an additional argument to consider that del(17p) is effective not only to control chemoresistance but also monoclonal antibody activity, based on higher rituximab turnover.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacocinética , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17 , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Rituximab/farmacocinética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
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