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1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4771, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-998251

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the impact of untreated dental caries on the oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children from low social class in an urban Nigerian population. Material and Methods: The study was conducted among 6 to 15-year-old pupils from low social class in randomly selected primary schools in Ibadan. An interviewer-administered Child Oral Impact on Daily Performances (C-OIDP) questionnaire was used to obtain required information. Oral examination was conducted by calibrated examiners. Data obtained were analyzed with SPSS and test of association done with Mann-Whitney U and Chi-square tests. Results: A total of 1286 pupils participated in the study and 130 (10.1%) had untreated dental caries, out of which 26 (20.0%) had pain from carious tooth. The C-OIDP of children with dental caries was similar to that of children without caries [median 0.0 vs. median 0.0; r = -0.025; p=0.368]. The median COIDP (3.0) of those with untreated dental caries and pain was higher than that of participants with painless caries [0.0; r=-0.768; p<0.001]. There were significant impacts on all eight domains of the OHRQoL of those with untreated dental caries and pain (71.4 ­ 100.0%) when compared to those with painless caries (0.0 ­ 28.6%; p<0.05). Conclusion: Untreated dental caries significantly impacts on OHRQoL of pupils from low social class only when associated with pain.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida , Classe Social/história , Odontalgia , Criança , África , Cárie Dentária , População Urbana , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
2.
Int Q Community Health Educ ; 38(1): 17-26, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29277139

RESUMO

Introduction Nomads move from one settlement to another, thus it has been difficult to have adequate documentation about their oral health and that of their children. Aim To investigate the perception and practices of nomadic Fulani women toward their children's oral health. Methodology A cross-sectional study was conducted among 197 Fulani women using a structured interviewer administered questionnaire. Results Perceived causes of tooth decay included tooth germs/worms (23.9%) and sugar (5.1%), and 32.0%, 15.2%, and 5.1%, respectively, self-medicated children with antibiotics, traditional concoctions/herbs, and analgesics for tooth decay. Two fifths (40.1%) attributed bleeding gums to tooth germs/worms. Polyurethane foam (46.7%), toothbrush (32.0%), finger (18.8%), and wooden twigs (2.5%) were aids used for cleaning children's teeth. Conclusions These mothers have suboptimal oral health knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward their children's oral health. There is a need for urgent intervention among this group of people.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde Bucal/etnologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria/epidemiologia , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Int Q Community Health Educ ; 37(2): 99-106, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28511599

RESUMO

Misconceptions about the teething process has led to high infant morbidity and mortality, which was recently experienced in Nigeria due to consumption of an adulterated drug used in the prevention and treatment of teething-related illnesses in infants. It is however, unknown if these misconceptions still persist in a rural town in Nigeria despite oral health awareness campaigns targeted at this. The aim of this study is to assess the beliefs and practices of residents in Igbo Ora, a rural township in Nigeria, regarding the teething process. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 393 adults in Igbo Ora using a 33-item, semistructured questionnaire. Symptoms such as diarrhea (80.7%), fever (69.2%), and boils (64.4%) were still considered as a must to accompany teething. Teething powder, teething syrup, and traditional concoctions were commonly recommended by (42.0%), (31.6%), and (48.1%) of the respondents, respectively, to treat and prevent teething symptoms. This study revealed that misconceptions about teething are still highly prevalent among the populace in Igbo Ora, and a structured oral health education intervention at the community level is urgently needed.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Medicina Tradicional Africana/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural , Erupção Dentária , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Febre/epidemiologia , Furunculose/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
4.
Int Dent J ; 61(1): 2-6, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21382026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the acceptability of ART and to evaluate on a longitudinal basis the survival rate of single surface occlusal ART restorations in the permanent dentition. DESIGN: Longitudinal Study of ART restorations. SETTING: Primary Oral Health Care Setting. PARTICIPANTS: Aged 8-19 years in a low socioeconomic community, Southwestern Nigeria. INTERVENTIONS/METHODS: Ninety-three ART restorations were applied on single surface occlusal caries by a dentist who had undergone training on ART. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Six monthly follow-up of patients to evaluate restoration retention and marginal defect was conducted by an independent evaluator. RESULTS: Over 90.0% of the subjects had never undergone dental treatment, yet 63.0% perceived dental treatment as painful. After undergoing the treatment as many as 98.0% admitted that ART was not painful. On the question of their willingness to make recall visits, about 95.0% responded in the affirmative and about 96.0% reported that they would encourage others to come for treatment. The cumulative survival rate of single surface occlusal ART restorations after 2 years was 93.5% (SE=2.3%). CONCLUSIONS: ART was shown to be acceptable and effective in the management of single surface occlusal caries in the permanent dentition in these Nigerian children and adolescents outside the traditional clinical setting.


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Adolescente , Criança , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Nigéria , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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