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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bifurcation PCI is associated with a lower rate of procedural success, especially in multivessel disease patients. We aimed to determine the impact of bifurcation treatment on 2-years clinical outcomes when a state-of-the-art PCI strategy (heart team decision-making using the SYNTAX score II, physiology guided coronary stenosis assessment, thin strut bioresorbable polymer drug-eluting stent, and intravascular ultrasound guidance) is followed. METHODS: Three-vessel disease patients enrolled in the SYNTAX II trial (n = 454) were categorized in patients with (a) ≥1 treated bifurcation (n = 126), and (b) without bifurcation (n = 281). The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardio and cerebrovascular events (MACCE-a composite of all-cause death, stroke, any myocardial infarction, or any revascularization) at 2 years. Secondary endpoints were the occurrence of target lesion failure (TLF) defined as cardiac death, target-vessel myocardial infarction and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization, and the individual components of the composite primary endpoint, as well as stent thrombosis. RESULTS: A total of 145 bifurcation were treated in 126 patients. At 2 years, MACCE occurred in 75/407 patients (20.7% for bifurcation versus 17.5% for nonbifurcation, hazard ratio [HR] of 1.28, CI95% 0.78-2.08, p = .32). TLF presented a trend toward higher occurrence in bifurcation (16.8% vs. 10.8%, HR 1.75, CI95% 0.99-3.09, p = .053). Definite stent thrombosis did not differ at 2-year between groups (0.8% for the bifurcation vs. 0.7% for the nonbifurcation, p = .92). CONCLUSION: Bifurcation treatment in patients with three-vessel disease undergoing state-of-the-art PCI had similar event rate of MACCE but was associated with a trend toward higher incidence of TLF compared with nonbifurcation lesions.

4.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(15): 1465-1478, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395217

RESUMO

Patients with obstructive coronary lesions with a high calcium content (LHCC) have an exaggerated clinical risk, because the presence of calcification is associated with more extensive coronary atheroma and higher burden of comorbidities. Treatment of LHCC using percutaneous techniques is complex because of an increased risk of incomplete lesion preparation with suboptimal stent deployment and higher rates of acute and chronic stent failure. Rotational atherectomy has been the predominant technology for treatment of high-grade LHCC, but novel devices/technologies have entered clinical practice. It seems likely that combining enhanced intravascular imaging, which allows definition of the patterns of calcification with these new technologies, will herald a change in procedural algorithms for treatment of LHCC. This review provides an overview about LHCC with special focus on existing and emergent technologies. We also provide a proposed procedural algorithm to facilitate optimal use of technology according to specific features of LHCC and coronary anatomy.

5.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(15): 1479-1494, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate national temporal trends in same-day discharge (SDD) and compare clinical outcomes with those among patients admitted for overnight stay undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for stable angina. BACKGROUND: Overnight observation has been the standard of care following PCI, with no previous national analyses around changes in practice or clinical outcomes from health care systems in which SDD is the predominant practice for elective PCI. METHODS: Data from 169,623 patients undergoing elective PCI between 2007 and 2014 were obtained from the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society registry. Multiple logistic regressions and the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society risk model were used to study the association between SDD and 30-day mortality. RESULTS: The rate of SDD increased from 23.5% in 2007 to 57.2% in 2014, with center SDD median prevalence varying from 17% (interquartile range: 6% to 39%) in 2007 to 66% (interquartile range: 45% to 77%) in 2014. The largest independent association with SDD was observed for radial access (odds ratio: 1.69; 95% confidence interval: 1.65 to 1.74; p < 0.001). An increase in 30-day mortality rate over time for the SDD cases was observed, without exceeding the predicted mortality risk. According to the difference-in-differences analysis, observed 30-day mortality temporal changes did not differ between SDD and overnight stay (odds ratio: 1.15; 95% confidence interval: 0.294 to 4.475; p = 0.884). CONCLUSIONS: SDD has become the predominant model of care among elective PCI cases in the United Kingdom, in increasingly complex patients. SDD appears to be safe, with 30-day mortality rates in line with those calculated using the national risk prediction score used for public reporting. Changes toward SDD practice have important economic implications for health care systems worldwide.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Imaging ; 12(8 Pt 1): 1594-1596, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395247
7.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356796

RESUMO

Coronary occlusion is a rare but well described complication of heart valve surgery. The left circumflex coronary artery, especially when it is dominant, is particularly at risk due to the proximity of the mitral valve annulus. We report on three cases of acute coronary complications of different valvular surgical procedures diagnosed and treated in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Intracoronary optical coherence tomography was used to identify the cause of coronary flow impairment and provided important insights on the mechanism of intra-operative vascular damage.

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(15): e010881, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311438

RESUMO

Background Clinical characteristics and outcomes of takotsubo syndrome (TTS) patients with malignancy have not been fully elucidated. This study sought to explore differences in clinical characteristics and to investigate short- and long-term outcomes in TTS patients with or without malignancy. Methods and Results TTS patients were enrolled from the International Takotsubo Registry. The TTS cohort was divided into patients with and without malignancy to investigate differences in clinical characteristics and to assess short- and long-term mortality. A subanalysis was performed comparing long-term mortality between a subset of TTS patients with or without malignancy and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without malignancy. Malignancy was observed in 16.6% of 1604 TTS patients. Patients with malignancy were older and more likely to have physical triggers, but less likely to have emotional triggers compared with those without malignancy. Long-term mortality was higher in patients with malignancy (P<0.001), while short-term outcome was comparable (P=0.17). In a subanalysis, long-term mortality was comparable between TTS patients with malignancies and ACS patients with malignancies (P=0.13). Malignancy emerged as an independent predictor of long-term mortality. Conclusions A substantial number of TTS patients show an association with malignancy. History of malignancy might increase the risk for TTS, and therefore, appropriate screening for malignancy should be considered in these patients. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrial.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01947621.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with ST-elevation Myocardial Infarction treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) experience drastic hemodynamic systemic changes (i.e., blood pressure) during the different phases of the procedure. Optical coherence tomography is often used to unveil the underlying cause of STEMI (pre-PCI) and to optimize stent implantation (post-PCI). The impact of blood pressure variability on coronary lumen remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between blood pressure variability, before and after PCI, and coronary arterial lumen dimensions of the infarct-related artery. METHODS: We measured systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure (SBP, DBP, and MAP; respectively) at pre- and post-PCI. Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) imaging was performed at the same time points. Offline quantitative image analyses were performed to assess the average and minimum lumen area (LA). Δ blood pressure (after and before the PCI) was then calculated. RESULTS: A total of 14 ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients were included. 84.2% of enrolled patients were male with a mean age of (58 ±â€¯10.7 years). Roughly two-thirds (57.8%) had hypertension. The mean SBP was (112.6 mm Hg ±â€¯16.1) and (117.2 mm Hg ±â€¯20.9), pre- and post-stenting, respectively; the range of the observed SBP differences (between pre- and post-PCI) went from -25 to +23 mm Hg. Pre- and post-stenting mean average LA were (7.1 ±â€¯2.5 mm2 and 6.8 ±â€¯2.3 mm2; respectively). There were poor correlations between ΔSBP and Δ mean minimum LA. A similar pattern was observed with ΔDBP and ΔMAP. CONCLUSION: Despite significant hemodynamic variability, the difference in lumen cross-sectional area, between pre- and post-coronary artery stenting was minimal. This study supports the use of OCT lumen areas to inform clinical decisions during PPCI.

11.
EuroIntervention ; 15(6): e531-e538, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186220

RESUMO

AIMS: The impact of an occluded right coronary artery (RCA) in patients with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) undergoing revascularisation is unknown. We compared outcomes for patients with LMCAD randomised to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) according to the presence of an occluded RCA in the EXCEL trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: The EXCEL trial randomised 1,905 patients with LMCAD and SYNTAX scores ≤32 to PCI with everolimus-eluting stents versus CABG. Patients were categorised according to whether they had an occluded RCA at baseline, and their outcomes were examined using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression. The primary endpoint was a composite of death, stroke, or myocardial infarction at three years. Among 1,753 patients with a dominant RCA by core laboratory analysis, the RCA was occluded in 130 (7.4%) at baseline. PCI was attempted in 34 of 65 patients with an occluded RCA (52.3%) and was successful in 27 (79.4% of those attempted; 41.5% of all RCAs recanalised). The RCA was bypassed in 42 of 65 patients with an occluded RCA (64.6%; p=0.0008 versus PCI). The three-year absolute and relative rates of the primary endpoint were similar between PCI and CABG, in patients with or without an occluded RCA (pinteraction=0.92). CONCLUSIONS: In the EXCEL trial, the presence of an occluded RCA at baseline did not confer a worse three-year prognosis in patients undergoing revascularisation for LMCAD and did not affect the relative outcomes of PCI versus CABG in this high-risk patient cohort.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Stents Farmacológicos , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(3): 381-388, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174836

RESUMO

Despite frequent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in calcified vessels of older patients, rotational atherectomy (RA) has not been endorsed in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) due to safety concerns and lack of data. We explored periprocedural safety and mortality in severe AS patients undergoing RA. Prospective anonymized clinical, echocardiographic, procedural and outcome data of patients undergoing RA PCI between January 2012 and July 2018 were retrospectively extracted from the institutional coronary database. Patients with severe AS undergoing RA PCI were 1:1 propensity matched with patients undergoing RA PCI in the absence of AS. Outcomes of interest were RA related periprocedural complications, 30-day and 1-year mortality. A prespecified subgroup analysis examined the influence of transcatheter aortic valve replacement on mortality following RA PCI. A total of 544 patients underwent RA PCI; 478 without AS and 66 with AS. Propensity matching yielded 35 matched pairs with improved balance in covariates of interest and no significant differences in baseline characteristics postmatching. In the matched cohort (n = 70) slow flow/no-reflow, coronary dissection, perforation, and hemodynamic instability were rare and not significantly different. Survival analyses revealed significantly higher 30-day (Log-Rank p = 0.02) and 1-year mortality (Log rank p = 0.02, HR 5.24 [95% CI 1.13 to 24.28]) in the severe AS group; driven by a fivefold increase in the hazard of death among patients who did not undergo transcatheter aortic valve replacement HR 4.98 [95% CI 1.03 to 24.1]. In conclusion, our study of 70 patients undergoing radial RA PCI suggests that it can be safely performed in patients with severe AS. Long-term outcomes after RA in patients with severe AS are determined by the presence of the valve disease and other co-morbidities.

13.
Cardiovasc Res ; 115(8): e74-e76, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093653
14.
J Physician Assist Educ ; 30(2): 128-129, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124814
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119562

RESUMO

The reliability of fractional flow reserve (FFR) in aortic stenosis (AS) has been questioned because of the uncertain response to vasodilators. A retrospective multicenter cohort of 114 AS patients who underwent coronary physiology assessment was compared with 154 controls before and after propensity matching adjustment. The difference between resting distal coronary vs aortic pressure ratio (Pd/Pa) and FFR (ΔPd/Pa-FFR) was tested against the severity of AS. ΔPd/Pa-FFR was not influenced by the severity of AS in terms of aortic valve area (r = - 0.02, p = 0.83) and gradient (r = - 0.05, p = 0.64) or by the left ventricle hypertrophy (r = - 0.03, p = 0.88). Conversely, ΔPd/Pa-FFR was influenced by the presence of diabetes (r = - 0.24, p = 0.005), peripheral vascular disease (r = - 0.16, p = 0.047), and chronic kidney disease (r = - 0.19, p = 0.03). No significant difference was observed in the ΔPd/Pa-FFR between patients with AS and matched controls. Further studies are warranted to validate the FFR-guided revascularization in patients with AS.

16.
17.
Eur Heart J ; 40(26): 2142-2151, 2019 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098611

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the frequency, clinical features, and prognostic implications of cardiac arrest (CA) in takotsubo syndrome (TTS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed the records of patients with CA and known heart rhythm from the International Takotsubo Registry. The main outcomes were 60-day and 5-year mortality. In addition, predictors of mortality and predictors of CA during the acute TTS phase were assessed. Of 2098 patients, 103 patients with CA and known heart rhythm during CA were included. Compared with patients without CA, CA patients were more likely to be younger, male, and have apical TTS, atrial fibrillation (AF), neurologic comorbidities, physical triggers, and longer corrected QT-interval and lower left ventricular ejection fraction on admission. In all, 57.1% of patients with CA at admission had ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia, while 73.7% of patients with CA in the acute phase had asystole/pulseless electrical activity. Patients with CA showed higher 60-day (40.3% vs. 4.0%, P < 0.001) and 5-year mortality (68.9% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.001) than patients without CA. T-wave inversion and intracranial haemorrhage were independently associated with higher 60-day mortality after CA, whereas female gender was associated with lower 60-day mortality. In the acute phase, CA occurred less frequently in females and more frequently in patients with AF, ST-segment elevation, and higher C-reactive protein on admission. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac arrest is relatively frequent in TTS and is associated with higher short- and long-term mortality. Clinical and electrocardiographic parameters independently predicted mortality after CA.

18.
EuroIntervention ; 15(1): 90-98, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105066

RESUMO

The European Bifurcation Club recommends an approach to a bifurcation stenosis which involves careful assessment, planning and a sequential provisional approach. In the minority of lesions where two stents are required, careful deployment and optimal expansion are essential to achieve a long-term result.


Assuntos
Estenose Coronária , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Consenso , Angiografia Coronária , Humanos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Int J Cardiol ; 292: 25-31, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) has been recently tested for assessment of intracoronary thrombus volume in experimental models. The present study aimed to validate dual QCA in vivo for the assessment of thrombus burden by exploring the correlations between dual QCA-thrombus volume and optical coherence tomography (OCT)-derived indices of thrombotic burden. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-one patients with ACS and angiographic evidence of thrombus undergoing OCT of the culprit lesion before stenting were included. Dual QCA-thrombus volume was calculated as difference between edge-detection and video-densitometry area functions along the target segment. Culprit lesion was categorized using the Ambrose's and AHA/ACC angiographic classifications. Thrombus volume (mean thrombus area × thrombus length), thrombus burden [(mean thrombus area/mean lumen area) x100] and Prati thrombus score (number of quadrants with thrombus) were measured by OCT, and the presence of plaque rupture (PR) or intact fibrous cap (IFC) was assessed. Dual QCA-thrombus volume correlated significantly with OCT-thrombus volume (R = 0.791), thrombus burden (R = 0.767) and Prati thrombus score (R = 0.600) (all p < 0.001). Dual-QCA thrombus volume was significantly higher in patients with PR compared with those with IFC (3.48 mm3 [1.45-11.26] vs. 1.69 mm3 [0.09-5.02], p = 0.013). Compared with IFC, PR showed higher prevalence of eccentric type II Ambrose lesion (41.7% vs. 7.4%, p = 0.004), complex B2/C lesion (87.5% vs. 55.6%, p = 0.012), and heavy calcification (29.2% vs. 3.7%, p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Dual QCA analysis appears to be a promising tool for quantification of intracoronary thrombus in vivo. This novel methodology may be useful to guide intracoronary thrombus removal during percutaneous coronary intervention and to aid prognostic stratification in patients with ACS.

20.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(15): 1877-1886, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although results of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have been steadily improving, whether surgical outcomes have improved over time is not fully elucidated. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the current outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with prior surgical results, in the context of randomized trials including the left main (LM) coronary artery stem. METHODS: The authors performed a propensity-matched analysis of patients randomized to CABG in the SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) (enrollment period 2005 to 2007) and EXCEL (Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization) (enrollment period 2010 to 2014) trials. All patients had left main (LM) disease with or without multivessel disease. Adjustment was based on 15 clinical and angiographic variables, including anatomic SYNTAX score, with a 2:1 ratio for the EXCEL and SYNTAX trials, collectively analyzing 909 subjects (n = 580 and n = 329, respectively). The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, or ischemia-driven revascularization at 3 years. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics, anatomic SYNTAX score, number and types of grafts, and duration of hospitalization for the procedures were similar in both groups. CABG procedures in the EXCEL compared with the SYNTAX trial were more often off-pump (29.6% vs. 15.4%; p < 0.001), and guideline-directed medical therapies were used more frequently in the EXCEL surgical cohort. The primary endpoint occurred in 14.0% and 20.9% (p = 0.008) of patients in the EXCEL and SYNTAX trials, respectively. With the exception of MI (4.1% vs. 3.7%), all nonhierarchical events tended to contribute to the improved outcomes in the more recent trial: all-cause death (5.5% vs. 8.5%), stroke (3.1% vs. 5.1%), and ischemia-driven revascularization (7.1% vs. 9.4%) in the EXCEL and SYNTAX trials, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Over a 5- to 7-year period, significant improvement in event-free survival after surgical revascularization for LM disease at 3 years was noted between the SYNTAX and EXCEL trials, consistent with improving results with cardiac surgery over time. (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972; Evaluation of XIENCE Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for Effectiveness of Left Main Revascularization [EXCEL]; NCT01205776).

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