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1.
RMD Open ; 6(1)2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111653

RESUMO

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a condition characterised by calcification and ossification of ligaments and entheses. The condition usually affects the axial skeleton, in particular, at the thoracic segment, though also other portions of the spine are often involved. DISH often involves also peripheral tendinous and/or entheseal sites either alone, or in association with the involvement of peripheral joints. At times, new bone formation involves the bone itself, but sometimes it involves joints not usually affected by osteoarthritis (OA) which result in bony enlargement of the epiphysis, joints space narrowing and a reduced range of motion. Because of the entheseal involvement, DISH can be mistaken for seronegative spondyloarthropathies or for a "simple" OA. Furthermore, other implications for the recognition of DISH include spinal fractures, difficult intubation and upper endoscopies, decreased response rates in DISH with concomitant spondyloarthritides, and increased likelihood to be affected by metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. This Atlas is intended to show the imaging finding in DISH in patients diagnosed with the condition by the Resnick classification criteria.

2.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230268, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether spinal radiographic progression relates to structural damage at the sacroiliac level in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: Patients classified as nonradiographic (nr-) and radiographic (r-) axSpA in the Swiss Clinical Quality Management cohort with radiographs performed every 2 years, scored according to the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score (mSASSS), were included. The relationship between classification status and spinal progression during 2 years was investigated using binomial generalized estimating equations models with adjustment for sex, ankylosing spondylitis disease activity score (ASDAS) and tumour necrosis factor inhibitor treatment. Baseline spinal damage was considered an intermediate variable and included in sensitivity analyses. RESULTS: In total, 88 nr-axSpA and 418 r-axSpA patients contributed to data for 725 radiographic intervals. R-axSpA patients were more frequently male, had a longer disease duration and higher structural damage at baseline. Mean (SD) mSASSS change over 2 years was 0.16 (0.62) units in nr-axSpA and 0.92 (2.78) units in r-axSpA, p = 0.01. Nr-axSpA was associated with a significantly lower progression in 2 years (defined as an increase in ≥2 mSASSS units) in adjusted analyses (OR 0.33, 95%CI 0.13; 0.83), confirmed with progression defined as the formation of ≥1 syndesmophyte. Mediation analyses revealed that sacroiliitis exerted its effect on spinal progression indirectly by being associated with the appearance of a first syndesmophyte (OR 0.09, 95%CI 0.02; 0.36 for nr-axSpA vs r-axSpA). Baseline syndesmophytes were predictors of further progression. CONCLUSION: Spinal structural damage is mainly restricted to patients with r-axSpA, leading to relevant prognostic and therapeutic implications.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is currently no diagnostic test for PMR. A characteristic pattern of extracapsular inflammation as assessed by contrast-enhanced MRI (ceMRI) has recently been described in the pelvis of patients with PMR. We aimed to evaluate the performance of inflammatory ceMRI signals at predefined pelvic sites as a diagnostic test for PMR. METHODS: Pelvic MRI scans of patients with pelvic girdle pain (n = 120), including 40 patients with an expert diagnosis of PMR and 80 controls with other reasons for pelvic pain were scored by three blinded radiologists, who evaluated the degree of contrast enhancement at 19 predefined tendinous and capsular pelvic structures. Different patterns of involvement were analysed statistically. RESULTS: The frequency of bilateral peritendinitis and pericapsulitis including less common sites, such as the proximal origins of the m. rectus femoris and m. adductor longus, differed significantly between PMR cases and controls: 13.4 ± 2.7 vs 4.0 ± 2.3. A cut-off of ≥10 inflamed sites discriminated well between groups (sensitivity 95.8%, specificity 97.1%). Bilateral inflammation of the insertion of the proximal m. rectus femoris or adductor longus tendons together with ≥3 other bilaterally inflamed sites performed even better (sensitivity 100%, specificity 97.5%). CONCLUSION: This study confirms that a distinctive MRI pattern of pelvic inflammation (bilateral peritendinitis and pericapsulitis and the proximal origins of the m. rectus femoris and m. adductor longus) is characteristic for PMR. The high sensitivity and specificity of the set of anatomical sites evaluated suggests their clinical usefulness as a confirmatory diagnostic test.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32100954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic phenotype of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) according to the carriage of HLA-B27. METHODS: An international collaboration compared the radiographic phenotype of axSpA according to HLA-B27 status. Patients with ankylosing spondylitis and axial psoriatic arthritis (PsA) were collected. Radiographs were read centrally, blinded to clinical details. The symmetry of the sacroiliac joints and lumbar syndesmophytes, the morphology of syndesmophytes (typical marginal vs atypical chunky) together with the modified Stoke Ankylosing spondylitis spinal score (mSASSS) and PsA spondylitis radiographic index (PASRI), were recorded. RESULTS: 244 PsA patients and 198 AS patients were included. In PsA, 60 (25%) were HLA-B27 positive while in AS, 148 (75%) were HLA-B27 positive. Patients with HLA-B27 were younger, more often male and had a longer duration of disease. In multivariable logistic regression HLA-B27 was significantly associated with syndesmophyte symmetry (OR 3.02 (95% CI: 1.38-6.61)) and marginal syndesmophytes (OR: 1.97 (95% CI 1.16-3.36)) but not with sacroiliac symmetry. Mean radiographic scores were higher for patients with HLA-B27. CONCLUSIONS: HLA-B27 positive axSpA patients have more severe radiographic damage, more marginal syndesmophytes, and more frequent syndesmophyte symmetry compared to HLA B27 negative patients.

5.
Clin Drug Investig ; 40(3): 269-278, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Secukinumab, an anti-interleukin (IL)-17A monoclonal antibody, has demonstrated low radiographic progression over 4 years in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). An adalimumab (tumor necrosis factor [TNF] inhibitor) biosimilar, GP2017 (SDZ-ADL; Sandoz), has been approved by the European Medicines Agency (July 2018) for use in all same indications as adalimumab, including AS. Adalimumab has also shown low long-term radiographic progression in patients with AS. Direct comparison of radiographic progression in AS between IL-17A and TNF inhibitors has not been studied. SURPASS is the first head-to-head, Phase IIIb, randomized, biologic-controlled study in AS to compare effects of secukinumab versus SDZ-ADL on spinal radiographic progression. METHODS: Overall, 858 biologic-naïve patients with AS with elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (≥ 5 mg/L) and/or at least one syndesmophyte in the cervical/lumbar spine at baseline (without total ankylosis) were randomized (1:1:1) to subcutaneous (sc) secukinumab (300 or 150 mg) or SDZ-ADL (40 mg). Secukinumab will be administered at baseline, weeks 1, 2, 3, and 4, and then every 4 weeks until week 100. SDZ-ADL will be administered every 2 weeks from baseline until week 102. Patients and investigators will be unblinded to drug but blinded to secukinumab doses. Spinal X-rays will be obtained at baseline, and weeks 52 and 104, sacroiliac joint (SIJ) X-rays at baseline and week 104, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of SIJs and spine at baseline, weeks 16, 52, and 104. The primary endpoint is to demonstrate superiority of secukinumab (300 or 150 mg) treatment versus SDZ-ADL regarding proportion of patients with no radiographic progression (change from baseline in modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spinal Score [mSASSS] ≤ 0.5) at week 104. Secondary endpoints include change from baseline in mSASSS, proportion of patients with syndesmophyte at baseline who develop no new syndesmophytes, reduction of osteitis on MRI of SIJs and spine (Berlin method). Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) 20/40 responses, ASAS partial remission, and AS Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) inactive disease (ASDAS < 1.3) in secukinumab- versus SDZ-ADL-treated patients at week 104. CONCLUSION: This is the first study designed to evaluate superiority of an IL-17A inhibitor, secukinumab, over a TNF inhibitor, SDZ-ADL, in reducing spinal radiographic progression in AS. STUDY REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03259074.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(2): 176-185, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of ixekizumab for up to 52 weeks in two phase 3 studies of patients with active radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (r-axSpA) who were biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD)-naive (COAST-V) or tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi)-experienced (COAST-W). METHODS: Adults with active r-axSpA were randomised 1:1:1:1 (n=341) to 80 mg ixekizumab every 2 (IXE Q2W) or 4 weeks (IXE Q4W), placebo (PBO) or 40 mg adalimumab Q2W (ADA) in COAST-V and 1:1:1 (n=316) to IXE Q2W, IXE Q4W or PBO in COAST-W. At week 16, patients receiving ixekizumab continued their assigned treatment; patients receiving PBO or ADA were rerandomised 1:1 to IXE Q2W or IXE Q4W (PBO/IXE, ADA/IXE) through week 52. RESULTS: In COAST-V, Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society 40 (ASAS40) responses rates (intent-to-treat population, non-responder imputation) at weeks 16 and 52 were 48% and 53% (IXE Q4W); 52% and 51% (IXE Q2W); 36% and 51% (ADA/IXE); 19% and 47% (PBO/IXE). Corresponding ASAS40 response rates in COAST-W were 25% and 34% (IXE Q4W); 31% and 31% (IXE Q2W); 14% and 39% (PBO/IXE). Both ixekizumab regimens sustained improvements in disease activity, physical function, objective markers of inflammation, QoL, health status and overall function up to 52 weeks. Safety through 52 weeks of ixekizumab was consistent with safety through 16 weeks. CONCLUSION: The significant efficacy demonstrated with ixekizumab at week 16 was sustained for up to 52 weeks in bDMARD-naive and TNFi-experienced patients. bDMARD-naive patients initially treated with ADA demonstrated further numerical improvements after switching to ixekizumab. Safety findings were consistent with the known safety profile of ixekizumab. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02696785/NCT02696798.

8.
Nat Rev Rheumatol ; 16(1): 9-10, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758152
9.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(2): 186-192, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of bone marrow oedema (BME) and fatty lesions (FL) suggestive of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) on MRI of the spine and sacroiliac joints (SIJ) in a general population sample. METHODS: As part of a community-based cohort project (Study of Health in Pomerania), volunteers underwent spinal (sagittal T1/T2) and SIJ (semicoronal short tau inversion recovery) MRI examinations. Two calibrated readers evaluated the images to detect BME in SIJ and vertebral corners (VC) and FL in VC suggestive of axSpA using Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society definitions. RESULTS: MRIs of 793 volunteers (49.4% males, mean age 37.3±6.3 years, 8.4% human leucocyte antigen-B27+) aged <45 years were evaluated. SIJ BME was seen in 136 (17.2%), VC BME in 218 (27.5%) and FL in 645 (81.4%) volunteers. SIJ BME in ≥1, ≥3 and ≥5 SIJ quadrants was seen in 136 (17.2%), 7 (0.9%) and 1 (0.1%) volunteers, respectively. In VC, BME≥1, ≥3 and ≥5 lesions were seen in 218 (27.5%), 38 (4.8%) and 6 (0.8%) volunteers, respectively, while FL≥1, ≥3 and ≥5 were seen in 645 (81.3%), 351 (44.3%) and 185 (23.3%) volunteers, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that BME and FL in VC were related to increasing age: OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.72, and OR 1.73, 95% CI 1.32 to 2.27, per decade increase, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this large population-based study, a high frequency of inflammatory and fatty MRI lesions suggestive of axSpA was found, especially in the spine. This indicates a limited value of such MRI findings for diagnosis and classification of axSpA. The increasing frequency with age suggests that mechanical factors could play a role.

10.
J Rheumatol ; 47(1): 35-41, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: International recommendations for the management of axial spondyloarthritis including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) recommend a Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) level of disease activity of ≥ 4 to initiate treatment with biologics. We aimed to evaluate the level of disease activity used to initiate tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) treatment and the level of responses to treatment based on different BASDAI cutoffs. METHODS: This is a posthoc analysis of the noninterventional, prospective, GO-NICE study in the subgroup of biologic-naive AS treated with golimumab (GOL) 50 mg subcutaneously once monthly. RESULTS: Of the 244 biologic-naive AS patients at baseline, 70.5% had a BASDAI ≥ 4 (Group 1), 14.3% had 2.8 to < 4 (Group 2), and 15.2% had even < 2.8 (Group 3). A total of 134 patients (54.9%) completed the 24-month observational period. The mean BASDAI in Groups 1, 2, and 3 was initially 5.9 ± 1.3, 3.4 ± 0.4, and 2.0 ± 0.8, decreased to 2.2 ± 2.0, 1.9 ± 1.2, and 1.0 ± 1.2 within 3 months (all p < 0.0001 vs baseline), and decreased significantly to 2.2 ± 1.7, 1.9 ± 1.7, and 1.4 ± 1.0 at Month 24 (all p < 0.005), respectively. BASDAI 50% improvement was noted in 68.8%, 44.8%, and 45.2% of patients at Month 3, and in 84.9%, 61.9%, and 55.0% at Month 24. CONCLUSION: TNFi treatment was initiated in almost a third of AS patients with lower disease activity states as assessed by BASDAI cutoff of ≥ 4. Patients with a BASDAI between 2.8 and < 4 appeared to benefit significantly from GOL treatment, while patients with BASDAI < 2.8 did not. This finding should lead to a reevaluation of the established BASDAI cutoff of ≥ 4.

11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(1): 69-76, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tremendous opportunities for health research have been unlocked by the recent expansion of big data and artificial intelligence. However, this is an emergent area where recommendations for optimal use and implementation are needed. The objective of these European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) points to consider is to guide the collection, analysis and use of big data in rheumatic and musculoskeletal disorders (RMDs). METHODS: A multidisciplinary task force of 14 international experts was assembled with expertise from a range of disciplines including computer science and artificial intelligence. Based on a literature review of the current status of big data in RMDs and in other fields of medicine, points to consider were formulated. Levels of evidence and strengths of recommendations were allocated and mean levels of agreement of the task force members were calculated. RESULTS: Three overarching principles and 10 points to consider were formulated. The overarching principles address ethical and general principles for dealing with big data in RMDs. The points to consider cover aspects of data sources and data collection, privacy by design, data platforms, data sharing and data analyses, in particular through artificial intelligence and machine learning. Furthermore, the points to consider state that big data is a moving field in need of adequate reporting of methods and benchmarking, careful data interpretation and implementation in clinical practice. CONCLUSION: These EULAR points to consider discuss essential issues and provide a framework for the use of big data in RMDs.

13.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 221, 2019 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore the impact of sex and disease classification on outcomes in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) patients, including both radiographic (r-) axSpA and non-radiographic (nr-) axSpA, in males and females, respectively. METHODS: AxSpA patients were consecutively recruited from two rheumatology outpatient university clinics. We explored how sex and axSpA disease classification affected patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). General linear models were used to investigate if there was an association between the continuous variables and each of the main effects of interest (sex and axSpA classification), as well as the possible interaction between them. Categorical outcome measures were analyzed with the use of logistic regression with the same fixed effects. We analyzed the relationship between tender point count (TPC) and the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI). The prevalence of extra-articular manifestations (EAMs) and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) were determined. RESULTS: According to the protocol, a total of 100 outpatients with axSpA were enrolled (r-axSpA males 30, r-axSpA females 10, nr-axSpA males 25, nr-axSpA females 35). The BASDAI scores appeared higher among nr-axSpA females (median [Q1; Q3], 47 [21; 60]) compared with the combined median for the 3 other subgroups 25 [12; 25]. Female sex was associated with a higher number of tender point count (TPC, P < 0.001). TPC and BASDAI were correlated for female nr-axSpA patients (r = 0.44, P = 0.008) and male nr-axSpA patients (r = 0.56, P = 0.003). Being classified as nr-axSpA was associated with a lower SF-36 Mental Component Summary (median for the 4 subgroups: nr-axSpa females 46.7, nr-axSpA males 52.3 vs. r-axSpA males 56.9 and r-axSpA females 50.4). EAMs were frequent (up to 50%). The CCI was low in all 4 subgroups, and no difference in the CCI between the subgroups was observed (P = 0.14). However, male sex had a significant impact on the CCI (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, patients with r-axSpA, regardless of sex, appeared less affected on most PROMs compared with nr-axSpA patients. However, female sex was associated with a higher number of TPC. TPC could possibly confound disease activity outcomes such as BASDAI, and one can consider different thresholds for defining high disease activity depending on the patient's sex. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial is registered and approved by the Region of Southern Denmark's Ethics Committee ( S-20150219 ). Registered 19 February 2015.

14.
RMD Open ; 5(2): e001005, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565244

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to report end-of-study results on efficacy and safety of secukinumab 150 mg through 5 years in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS; MEASURE 1 extension trial (NCT01863732)). Methods: After the 2-year core trial, 274 patients receiving subcutaneous secukinumab 150 or 75 mg (following intravenous loading or initial placebo treatment to 16/24 weeks) every 4 weeks were invited to enter the 3-year extension study. Dose escalation from 75 to 150 mg (approved dose) was allowed at or after week 156 based on the judgement of the treating physician. Assessments at week 260 (5 years) included Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) 20/40 and other efficacy outcomes. Data are presented as observed. Safety assessment included all patients who received ≥1 dose of study treatment. Results: Of the 274 patients who entered the extension study, 84% (230/274) completed 5 years of treatment. ASAS20/40 responses were 78.6/65.2%, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) 50 response was 63.4% and mean (±SD) BASDAI total score was 2.6±1.76 with secukinumab 150 mg at 5 years. Improvements in efficacy outcomes were sustained through 5 years. A total of 82 patients on secukinumab 75 mg (56.2%) had their dose escalated to 150 mg after week 168; ASAS40, ASAS-PR, ASAS 5/6 and BASDAI50 responses were improved in patients whose dose was escalated from secukinumab 75 to 150 mg. Secukinumab was well tolerated with a safety profile consistent over the course of the study. Conclusions: Secukinumab 150 mg provided sustained efficacy across multiple domains of AS with a favourable and consistent safety profile through 5-year treatment. Over 50% of patients required dose escalation from 75 to 150 mg and efficacy improved in these patients.

15.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) morphology of inflammatory and chronic lesions in the sacroiliac joints (SIJs) and spine between patients with non-psoriatic and psoriatic non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA and p-axSpA, respectively). METHODS: Patients from the EMBARK trial (NCT01258738) with axSpA (n=179) and p-axSpA (n=24) who had MRI data available were compared in terms of baseline demographics, clinical characteristics, and the frequency (n/N [%]) and distribution of inflammatory and structural SIJ and spinal lesions. RESULTS: Patients with p-axSpA were on average older (35.1 years vs. 31.7 years, p=0.047), had a higher occurrence of asymmetric sacroiliitis (54.2% vs. 29.6%, p=0.042), and a lower occurrence of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 positivity (41.7% vs. 73.7%, p=0.010) than patients with axSpA. There were no significant differences in the frequency of lesions in any of the SIJ or spinal quadrants between the two subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that differences between axSpA and p-axSpA extend beyond presence of psoriasis, and include age, SI symmetry, and HLAB27 status. These findings may help explain the morphotype-phenotype relationship across axSpA, similar to those described in older radiographic studies.

16.
Rheum Dis Clin North Am ; 45(4): 519-535, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564294

RESUMO

This article discusses treat-to-target strategies in axial spondyloarthritis and current status. Treatment ranging from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to biologic and other disease-modifying drugs is discussed in the context of treat-to-target. The article explores evidence from landmark randomized, controlled trials and observational studies focusing on both radiographic and nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis. The feasibility of treat-to-target, as well as predictors of remission are addressed in line with existing evidence. Finally, issues around management principles and challenges, as well as unmet need in the field, are highlighted.

17.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376263

RESUMO

There is growing evidence that the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multistep process. The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) identified different phases before the onset of RA, from the presence of genetic and environmental risk factors for RA, towards clinically suspected arthralgia and undifferentiated arthritis. Currently, a new definition of "window of opportunity" is emerging; this states that the window could even lie in preclinical phase of RA, preceding diagnosis or fulfillment of classification criteria for RA. In this scenario, the detection of subclinical inflammation by imaging tools could be useful together with autoantibodies and joint symptoms to better stratify people at high risk for developing RA and to plan prevention trials in high-risk cohorts. This review will give an overview on the use of computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography in the preclinical phases of RA.

18.
RMD Open ; 5(2): e001004, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413871

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the current use of big data and artificial intelligence (AI) in the field of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). Methods: A systematic literature review was performed in PubMed MEDLINE in November 2018, with key words referring to big data, AI and RMDs. All original reports published in English were analysed. A mirror literature review was also performed outside of RMDs on the same number of articles. The number of data analysed, data sources and statistical methods used (traditional statistics, AI or both) were collected. The analysis compared findings within and beyond the field of RMDs. Results: Of 567 articles relating to RMDs, 55 met the inclusion criteria and were analysed, as well as 55 articles in other medical fields. The mean number of data points was 746 million (range 2000-5 billion) in RMDs, and 9.1 billion (range 100 000-200 billion) outside of RMDs. Data sources were varied: in RMDs, 26 (47%) were clinical, 8 (15%) biological and 16 (29%) radiological. Both traditional and AI methods were used to analyse big data (respectively, 10 (18%) and 45 (82%) in RMDs and 8 (15%) and 47 (85%) out of RMDs). Machine learning represented 97% of AI methods in RMDs and among these methods, the most represented was artificial neural network (20/44 articles in RMDs). Conclusions: Big data sources and types are varied within the field of RMDs, and methods used to analyse big data were heterogeneous. These findings will inform a European League Against Rheumatism taskforce on big data in RMDs.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439354

RESUMO

The term non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) covers a heterogeneous group of compounds that possess analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties. NSAIDs are recommended as first-line therapy in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and are also frequently used in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, adverse reactions are relatively common, including an increased risk for cardiovascular events which has remained a concern for both, patients and physicians, and the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently expressed a straight forward warning in this regard. Recent data on the use of NSAIDs in inflammatory diseases are now challenging this hypothesis. In two large independent studies, it was not the high but the low intake of NSAIDs that was associated with mortality in AS patients. Analogous data exist for RA. This observation is obviously not consistent with a general increase of cardiovascular mortality due to NSAIDs. Here we discuss the important impact of indication (inflammatory vs. non-inflammatory diseases) on the cardiovascular effects of NSAIDs, including traditional NSAIDs (t-NSAIDS) and coxibs.

20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1550-1558, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) MRI working group (WG) was convened to generate a consensus update on standardised definitions for MRI lesions in the sacroiliac joint (SIJ) of patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA), and to conduct preliminary validation. METHODS: The literature pertaining to these MRI lesion definitions was discussed at three meetings of the group. 25 investigators (20 rheumatologists, 5 radiologists) determined which definitions should be retained or required revision, and which required a new definition. Lesion definitions were assessed in a multi-reader validation exercise using 278 MRI scans from the ASAS classification cohort by global assessment (lesion present/absent) and detailed scoring (inflammation and structural). Reliability of detection of lesions was analysed using kappa statistics and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: No revisions were made to the current ASAS definition of a positive SIJ MRI or definitions for subchondral inflammation and sclerosis. The following definitions were revised: capsulitis, enthesitis, fat lesion and erosion. New definitions were developed for joint space enhancement, joint space fluid, fat metaplasia in an erosion cavity, ankylosis and bone bud. The most frequently detected structural lesion, erosion, was detected almost as reliably as subchondral inflammation (κappa/ICC:0.61/0.54 and 0.60/0.83) . Fat metaplasia in an erosion cavity and ankylosis were also reliably detected despite their low frequency (κappa/ICC:0.50/0.37 and 0.58/0.97). CONCLUSION: The ASAS-MRI WG concluded that several definitions required revision and some new definitions were necessary. Multi-reader validation demonstrated substantial reliability for the most frequently detected lesions and comparable reliability between active and structural lesions.

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