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1.
Molecules ; 27(15)2022 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956978

RESUMO

A method is proposed for the preparation of stable sols of nanocrystalline cerium dioxide in nonpolar solvents, based on surface modification of CeO2 nanoparticles obtained by thermal hydrolysis of concentrated aqueous solutions of ammonium cerium(IV) nitrate with residues of 2-ethylhexanoic and octanoic acids. The synthesis was carried out at temperatures below 100 °C and did not require the use of expensive and toxic reagents. An assessment of the radical-scavenging properties of the obtained sols using the superoxide anion-radical neutralization model revealed that they demonstrate notable antioxidant activity. The results obtained indicate the potential of the nanoscale cerium dioxide sols in nonpolar solvents to be used for creating nanobiomaterials possessing antioxidant properties.


Assuntos
Cério , Nanopartículas , Antioxidantes/química , Cério/química , Nanopartículas/química , Solventes
2.
Inorg Chem ; 60(20): 15509-15518, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613717

RESUMO

Controlled self-assembly and rapid disintegration of supramolecular nanowires is potentially useful for ecology-friendly organic electronics. Herein, a novel method exploiting the binding between crown-substituted double-decker lanthanide phthalocyaninates (ML2, M = Lu, Ce, Tb) and K+ ions is applied for the one-step fabrication of macroscopically long conductive one-dimensional quasi-metal-organic frameworks. Their properties are controlled by the size of the lanthanide ion guiding the assembly through either intra- or intermolecular interactions. A LuL2 linker with a small interdeck distance yields fully conjugated intermolecular-bonded K+-LuL2 nanowires with a thickness of 10-50 nm, a length of up to 50 µm, and a conductivity of up to 11.4 S cm-1, the highest among them being reported for phthalocyanine assemblies. The large size of CeL2 and TbL2 leads to the formation of mixed intra- and intermolecular K+-ML2 phases with poor electric properties. A field-assisted method is developed to deposit aligned conductive K+-LuL2 assemblies on solids. The solid-supported nanowires can be disintegrated into starting components in a good aprotic solvent for further recycling.

3.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685141

RESUMO

Flexible materials, such as fabric, paper and plastic, with nanoscale particles that possess antimicrobial properties have a significant potential for the use in the healthcare sector and many other areas. The development of new antimicrobial coating formulations is an urgent topic, as such materials could reduce the risk of infection in hospitals and everyday life. To select the optimal composition, a comprehensive analysis that takes into account all the advantages and disadvantages in each specific case must be performed. In this study, we obtained an antimicrobial textile with a 100% suppression of E. coli on its surface. These CeO2 nanocoatings exhibit low toxicity, are easy to manufacture and have a high level of antimicrobial properties even at very low CeO2 concentrations. High-power ultrasonic treatment was used to coat the surface of cotton fabric with CeO2 nanoparticles.

4.
ACS Omega ; 6(36): 23181-23190, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549119

RESUMO

The removal of acidic sulfur-containing components [hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and alkanethiols or thiols (RSH)] from simulated mixtures and analogues of gasoline fractions with Zn(II), Cu(II), Co(II), and Ni(II) acetates, pivalates, and malonates applied on silica gel with various porosities under ultrasonic treatment in solution has been studied. The dependence of the adsorption of H2S and RSH on the surface of silica gel modified by metal complexes with organic ligands on various factors (the pore size of the silica gel, the time of ultrasonic treatment, and the nature of carboxylate complexes) is established. The best results for the removal of total sulfur from the model mixture and an analogue of the gasoline fraction were obtained using silica gel modified with zinc pivalate (96%) and cobalt pivalate (95%). A waste-free method to desulfurize fuel with zinc pivalate based on the production of practically useful ZnS is suggested.

5.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(12)2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34207191

RESUMO

A technique for the fabrication of bacterial cellulose-based films with CeO2 nanofiller has been developed. The structural and morphological characteristics of the materials have been studied, their thermal and mechanical properties in dry and swollen states having been determined. The preparation methodology makes it possible to obtain composites with a uniform distribution of nanoparticles. The catalytic effect of ceria, regarding the thermal oxidative destruction of cellulose, has been confirmed by TGA and DTA methods. An increase in CeO2 content led to an increase in the elastic modulus (a 1.27-fold increase caused by the introduction of 5 wt.% of the nanofiller into the polymer) and strength of the films. This effect is explained by the formation of additional links between polymer macro-chains via the nanoparticles' surface. The materials fabricated were characterized by a limited ability to swell in water. Swelling caused a 20- to 30-fold reduction in the stiffness of the material, the mechanical properties of the films in a swollen state remaining germane to their practical use. The application of the composite films in cell engineering as substrates for the stem cells' proliferation has been studied. The increase in CeO2 content in the films enhanced the proliferative activity of embryonic mouse stem cells. The cells cultured on the scaffold containing 5 wt.% of ceria demonstrated increased cell survival and migration activity. An analysis of gene expression confirmed improved cultivation conditions on CeO2-containing scaffolds.

6.
Life (Basel) ; 10(12)2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260571

RESUMO

Microbially induced CaCO3 precipitation (MICP) is considered as an alternative green technology for cement self-healing and a basis for the development of new biomaterials. However, some issues about the role of bacteria in the induction of biogenic CaCO3 crystal nucleation, growth and aggregation are still debatable. Our aims were to screen for ureolytic calcifying microorganisms and analyze their MICP abilities during their growth in urea-supplemented and urea-deficient media. Nine candidates showed a high level of urease specific activity, and a sharp increase in the urea-containing medium pH resulted in efficient CaCO3 biomineralization. In the urea-deficient medium, all ureolytic bacteria also induced CaCO3 precipitation although at lower pH values. Five strains (B. licheniformis DSMZ 8782, B. cereus 4b, S. epidermidis 4a, M. luteus BS52, M. luteus 6) were found to completely repair micro-cracks in the cement samples. Detailed studies of the most promising strain B. licheniformis DSMZ 8782 revealed a slower rate of the polymorph transformation in the urea-deficient medium than in urea-containing one. We suppose that a ureolytic microorganism retains its ability to induce CaCO3 biomineralization regardless the origin of carbonate ions in a cell environment by switching between mechanisms of urea-degradation and metabolism of calcium organic salts.

7.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(12)2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260930

RESUMO

For the first time, electroactive nanocomposite elastomers based on polydimethylsiloxane and filled with rod-like α-MnO2 nanoparticles have been obtained. The curing of the filled elastomer in an electric field, resulting in the ordering of the α-MnO2 particles, had a significant effect on the degree of polymer crosslinking, as well as on the electrorheological characteristics of the nanocomposites obtained through this process, namely the values of the storage and loss moduli. The dielectric spectra of filled elastomers in the frequency range 25-106 Hz were analysed in terms of interfacial relaxation processes. It has been shown, for the first time, that the application of an electric field leads to a decrease in the value of the Payne effect in composite elastomers. Analysis of the rheological effect in the obtained materials has demonstrated the possibility of designing highly efficient electrorheological elastomers that change their elastic properties by 4.3 times in electric fields of up to 2 kV/mm.

8.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(9)2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962065

RESUMO

Electrorheological elastomers based on polydimethylsiloxane filled with hydrated titanium dioxide with a particle size of 100-200 nm were obtained by polymerization of the elastomeric matrix, either in the presence, or in the absence, of an external electric field. The viscoelastic and dielectric properties of the obtained elastomers were compared. Analysis of the storage modulus and loss modulus of the filled elastomers made it possible to reveal the influence of the electric field on the Payne effect in electrorheological elastomers. The elastomer vulcanized in the electric field showed high values of electrorheological sensitivity, 250% for storage modulus and 1100% for loss modulus. It was shown, for the first time, that vulcanization of filled elastomers in the electric field leads to a significant decrease in the degree of crosslinking in the elastomer. This effect should be taken into account in the design of electroactive elastomeric materials.

9.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(9)2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872303

RESUMO

To design novel polymer materials with optimal properties relevant to industrial usage, it would seem logical to modify polymers with reportedly good functionality, such as polyimides (PIs). We have created a set of PI-based nanocomposites containing binary blends of CeO2 with carbon nanoparticles (nanocones/discs or nanofibres), to improve a number of functional characteristics of the PIs. The prime novelty of this study is in a search for a synergistic effect amidst the nanofiller moieties regarding the thermal and the mechanical properties of PIs. In this paper, we report on the structure, thermal, and mechanical characteristics of the PI-based nanocomposites with binary fillers. We have found that, with a certain composition, the functional performance of a material can be substantially improved. For example, a PI containing SO2-groups in its macrochains not only had its thermal stability enhanced (by ~20 °C, 10% weight loss up to 533 °C) but also had its stiffness increased by more than 10% (Young's modulus as high as 2.9-3.0 GPa) in comparison with the matrix PI. In the case of a PI with no sulfonic groups, binary fillers increased stiffness of the polymer above its glass transition temperature, thereby widening its working temperature range. The mechanisms of these phenomena are discussed. Thus, this study could contribute to the design of new composite materials with controllable and improved functionality.

10.
ACS Omega ; 5(28): 17592-17600, 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715244

RESUMO

Ceric hydrogen phosphate gels possess a very unique spatial organization, being nearly amorphous materials with a fibrous structure. Using a sol-gel approach, we succeeded in preparing bulky gels containing as much as 20,000 molecules of water per cerium atom. Supercritical treatment of these gels made it possible to obtain the first ultralight monolithic noncarbonaceous aerogels with a density as low as 1 mg/cm3.

11.
Chemistry ; 26(53): 12188-12193, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608019

RESUMO

Two new cerium(IV) phosphates were obtained: cerium(IV) hydroxidophosphate, Ce(OH)PO4 , and cerium(IV) oxidophosphate, Ce2 O(PO4 )2 , which were shown to complement the classes of isostructural compounds M(OH)PO4 and R2 O(PO4 )2 , where M=Th, U and R=Th, U, Np, Zr. Ce2 O(PO4 )2 oxidophosphate is formed by elimination of H2 O from the crystal structure of Ce(OH)PO4 during its thermal decomposition. The structures of Ce(OH)PO4 and Ce2 O(PO4 )2 are related to each other with the same Cmce space group and similar unit cell parameters (a=6.9691(3) Å, b=9.0655(4) Å, c=12.2214(4) Å, V=772.13(8) Å3 , Z=8; a=7.0220(4) Å, b=8.9894(5) Å, c=12.544(1) Å, V=791.8(1) Å3 , Z=4, respectively).

12.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 108: 110494, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31924007

RESUMO

Photochromic tungsten oxide (WO3) nanoparticles stabilized by polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were synthesized to evaluate their potential for biomedical applications. PVP-stabilized tungsten oxide nanoparticles demonstrated a highly selective cytotoxic effect on normal and cancer cells in vitro. WO3 nanoparticles were found to induce substantial cell death in osteosarcoma cells (MNNG/HOS cell line) with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 5 mg/mL, while producing no, or only minor, toxicity in healthy human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSc). WO3 nanoparticles induced intracellular oxidative stress, which led to apoptosis type cell death. The selective anti-cancer effects of WO3 nanoparticles are due to the pH sensitivity of tungsten oxide and its capability of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, which is expressed in the modulation of genes involved in reactive oxygen species metabolism, mitochondrial dysfunction, and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Óxidos/química , Povidona/farmacologia , Tungstênio/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Nanopartículas/química , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
13.
Molecules ; 24(21)2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731434

RESUMO

A series of carbon aerogels (C-AGs) were prepared by the pyrolysis of resorcinol-formaldehyde aerogels at 700-1100 °C as potential supercapacitor electrodes, and their texture and electrochemical properties were determined. The specific surface area of all C-AGs was in the range of 700-760 m2/g, their electron conductivity increased linearly from 0.4 to 4.46 S/cm with an increase of the pyrolysis temperature. The specific capacitance of electrode material based on C-AGs reached 100 F/g in sulfuric acid and could be realized at a 2 A/g charge-discharge current, which makes it possible to use carbon aerogels as electrode materials.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Formaldeído/química , Géis/química , Resorcinóis/química , Capacitância Elétrica , Condutividade Elétrica , Eletroquímica , Eletrodos , Géis/síntese química , Nitrogênio/química , Temperatura
14.
Nanoscale ; 11(39): 18142-18149, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555787

RESUMO

Understanding the complex chemistry of functional nanomaterials is of fundamental importance. Controlled synthesis and characterization at the atomic level is essential to gain deeper insight into the unique chemical reactivity exhibited by many nanomaterials. Cerium oxide nanoparticles have many industrial and commercial applications, resulting from very strong catalytic, pro- and anti-oxidant activity. However, the identity of the active species and the chemical mechanisms imparted by nanoceria remain elusive, impeding the further development of new applications. Here, we explore the behavior of cerium oxide nanoparticles of different sizes at different temperatures and trace the electronic structure changes by state-of-the-art soft and hard X-ray experiments combined with computational methods. We confirm the absence of the Ce(iii) oxidation state at the surface of CeO2 nanoparticles, even for particles as small as 2 nm. Synchrotron X-ray absorption experiments at Ce L3 and M5 edges, combined with X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and theoretical calculations demonstrate that in addition to the nanoceria charge stability, the formation of hydroxyl groups at the surface profoundly affects the chemical performance of these nanomaterials.

15.
Molecules ; 24(18)2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540041

RESUMO

The electrorheological (ER) effect was experimentally observed in dielectric suspensions containing tungsten oxide (WO3) modified with surfactant molecules (sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and dodecylamine (DDA)) in electric fields up to several kilovolts per millimeter. The dielectric properties of WO3 suspensions in silicone oil were analyzed, depending on the frequency of the electric field, in the range from 25 to 106 Hz. Unmodified WO3 suspensions, as well as suspensions modified with sodium dodecyl sulfate, were shown to exhibit a positive electrorheological effect, whereas suspensions modified with dodecylamine demonstrated a negative electrorheological effect. The quantitative characteristics of the negative electrorheological effect in the strain-compression and shear regimes were obtained for the first time. Visualization experiments were performed to see the chain structures formed by WO3 particles modified with sodium dodecyl sulfate, as well as for dynamic electroconvection in electrorheological fluids containing WO3 modified with dodecylamine. The negative electrorheological effect was shown to be associated with the processes of phase separation in the electric field, which led to a multiplicative effect and a strong electroconvection of the suspension at field strengths above 1 kV/mm.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Óxidos/química , Reologia , Dodecilsulfato de Sódio/química , Tensoativos/química , Tungstênio/química , Suspensões
16.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(1)2019 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30641896

RESUMO

The acylation of unsymmetrical N-benzylbispidinols in aromatic solvents without an external base led to the formation of supramolecular gels, which possess different thicknesses and degrees of stability depending on the substituents in para-positions of the benzylic group as well as on the nature of the acylating agent and of the solvent used. Structural features of the native gels as well as of their dried forms were studied by complementary techniques including Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) and attenuated total reflection (ATR) spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and small-angle X-ray scattering and diffraction (SAXS). Structures of the key crystalline compounds were established by X-ray diffraction. An analysis of the obtained data allowed speculation on the crucial structural and condition factors that governed the gel formation. The most important factors were as follows: (i) absence of base, either external or internal; (ii) presence of HCl; (iii) presence of carbonyl and hydroxyl groups to allow hydrogen bonding; and (iv) presence of two (hetero)aromatic rings at both sides of the molecule. The hydrogen bonding involving amide carbonyl, hydroxyl at position 9, and, very probably, ammonium N-H⁺ and Cl- anion appears to be responsible for the formation of infinite molecular chains required for the first step of gel formation. Subsequent lateral cooperation of molecular chains into fibers occurred, presumably, due to the aromatic π-π-stacking interactions. Supercritical carbon dioxide drying of the organogels gave rise to aerogels with morphologies different from that of air-dried samples.

17.
Molecules ; 25(1)2019 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905983

RESUMO

Tungsten oxide-based bulk and nanocrystalline materials are widely used as photocatalytic and photo- and electrochromic materials, as well as materials for biomedical applications. In our work, we focused our attention on the effect of sodium cations on the structure and photochromic properties of the WO3@PVP aqueous sols. To establish the effect, the sols were synthesized by either simple pH adjusting of sodium or ammonium tungstates' solutions, or using an ion exchange technique to remove the cations from the materials to the greatest possible extent. We showed that the presence of sodium cations in WO3@PVP favors the formation of reduced tungsten species (W+5) upon UV irradiation of the materials, strongly affecting their photochromic and photocatalytic properties. The pronounced photoreductive properties of WO3@PVP sols in photocatalytic reactions were demonstrated. Due to photoreductive properties, photochromic sols of tungsten oxide can act as effective photoprotectors in photooxidation processes. We believe that our work provides a considerable contribution to the elucidation of photochromic and redox phenomena in WO3-based materials.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas/química , Óxidos/química , Povidona/química , Sódio/química , Tungstênio/química , Catálise , Cátions , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Processos Fotoquímicos , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Raios Ultravioleta , Difração de Raios X
18.
Int J Dent ; 2019: 9416381, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32082380

RESUMO

This paper studies of the use of nanocrystalline cerium dioxide with artificially formed bone tissue defects. The results of morphometry confirmed the antialterative effect in the early stages of the reparative process of damaged bone tissue. When using calcium hydroxide with nanodispersed cerium dioxide, the nature of osteogenesis should be characterized as activated. In case of damage to the dentin of the roots of the teeth, dentinogenesis in presence of CeO2 occurs with the formation of a combined dentin and bone regenerates. Little or no studies of dentinogenesis in presence of CeO2 were performed by other researchers.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 530: 521-531, 2018 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29990788

RESUMO

Fabricating of solid-supported hybrid nanostructures remains a challenging problem because it is difficult to control all interfacial interactions influencing the structure and stability of these systems. The most widely used approach to solving this problem is a bottom-up assembly on the surface templates such as self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). Herein we suggest an alternative approach to tailoring solid surfaces by a formation of an interlayer anchoring the nanostructured film to the solid substrate. We formed a multifunctional bilayer template (MBT), comprising an adhesive monolayer of graphene oxide and a functional ordered monolayer of metal organic compound (Zinc-tetra(4-pyridyl)porphyrin) directing further bottom-up growth of the nanostructures. The one-step assembly of MBT proceeded spontaneously at the air/water interface and was monitored by an in-situ fiber optic absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy in a Langmuir trough. Dilatation surface rheology was applied to study the evolution of molecular organization of the monolayers upon adding the zinc ions, GO and their mixture into the subphase. The MBT templates were used for the assembly of porphyrin-based SURMOFs with two different structures. Our strategy makes it possible to assemble surface-anchored nanostructures avoiding the use of SAMs and it can be extended to other types of ultrathin hybrid systems.

20.
Langmuir ; 34(18): 5184-5192, 2018 05 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29665676

RESUMO

Porphyrin-based metal-organic frameworks on surfaces are a new class of planar materials with promising features for applications in chemical sensing, catalysis, and organic optoelectronics at nanoscale. Herein, we studied systematically a series of the SURMOFs assembled from variously meso-carboxyphenyl/pyridyl-substituted porphyrins and zinc acetate on template monolayers of graphene oxide via layer-by-layer deposition. This microscopically flat template can initiate the growth of macroscopically uniform SURMOF films exhibiting well-resolved X-ray diffraction. By applying the D'yakonov method, which has been previously used for the extraction of self-convolution of electron density in clay minerals, to the analysis of the experimental diffraction patterns of the SURMOFs, we determined the relation between the structure of porphyrin linkers and the geometry of packing motives in the films. We showed that the packing of the SURMOFs differs significantly from that of bulk powders of similar composition because of steric limitations imposed on the assembly in 2D space. The results of microscopic examination of the SURMOFs suggest that the type of metal-to-linker chemical bonding dictates the morphology of the films. Our method provides an enlightening picture of the interplay between supramolecular ordering and surface-directed assembly in porphyrin-based SURMOFs and is useful for rationalizing the fabrication of various classes of layered metal-organic frameworks on solids.

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