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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483555

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To perform clinical and echocardiographic follow-up beyond 1 year in consecutive patients with severe bicuspid aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with a current generation balloon-expandable valve. BACKGROUND: Treatment of bicuspid aortic valve disease with TAVR remains controversial and late follow-up data is still scarce. METHODS: We collected baseline characteristics, procedural data, 30-day and mid-term clinical follow-up findings from six centers in Europe and Canada from patients with bicuspid AS treated with TAVR using the SAPIEN 3 valve. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients underwent TAVR. Mean age was 76 ± 9 years; median STS risk score for mortality was 3.8% (interquartile range 2.3-5.5%). Median follow-up was 390 days (interquartile range 138-739 days). Device success was achieved in 95% of patients. Postimplantation mean aortic gradient decreased from 50.2 ± 16.2 to 8.8 ± 4.4 mmHg and no patient had more than mild aortic regurgitation. At last follow-up, there was persistent good valve performance. At 30 days and 1 year, the rates of all-cause mortality were 3.8 and 7.7%, stroke 1.2 and 1.2%, and the rate of new pacemakers 18 and 18%. CONCLUSIONS: Our data confirm that treating patients with stenotic bicuspid aortic valves is safe, effective, and has favorable valve performance over time.

2.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1606-1617, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate SAPIEN 3 (S3) (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California) positioning using different strategies. BACKGROUND: Aortic valve-in-valve (ViV) is associated with high risk of elevated gradients. METHODS: S3 aortic ViV procedures in stented bioprostheses were studied. Transcatheter heart valve (THV) positioning was analyzed in a centralized core lab blinded to clinical outcomes. A combined endpoint of severely elevated mean gradient (≥30 mm Hg) or pacemaker need was established. Two positioning strategies were compared: central marker method and top of S3 method. Optimal final depth was defined as S3 depth ≤20%. RESULTS: A total of 113 patients met inclusion criteria and were analyzed (76.5 ± 9.7 years of age, 65.8% male, STS score 8 ± 7.6%). THVs had incomplete shortening in comparison to fully expanded valves (92 ± 3.4%), and expansion was more complete in optimal positioning cases compared with others (93.2 ± 2.7% vs. 91.5 ± 3.5%; p = 0.027). The central marker method demonstrated greater correlation with final implantation depth than the top of S3 method (R2 of 0.48 and 0.14; p < 0.001 and p = 0.001, respectively). The combined endpoint rate was 4.3% in the optimal (higher than 3 mm) implantation group, 12% in the intermediate group, and 50% in the low group (p < 0.001). There were no cases of THV embolization. In cases with central marker higher than 3 mm, 72.4% had optimal final depth. In those with central marker higher than 6 mm, 90% had optimal final depth. CONCLUSIONS: Optimal S3 positioning in aortic ViV is associated with better outcomes. Central marker positioning is more reliable than top of S3 positioning. Central marker bottom position should be 3 mm to 6 mm above the ring.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the baseline features and clinical outcomes of patients younger than 80 years undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) enrolled in the OBservational Study of Effectiveness of SAVR-TAVR procedures for severe Aortic steNosis Treatment (OBSERVANT) real-world study, focusing on variables guiding Heart Team decision toward TAVI. BACKGROUND: Patients treated with TAVI, independently of surgical risk score, are mostly older than 80 years. METHODS: OBSERVANT is a multicenter, observational, prospective cohort study that enrolled patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) who underwent SAVR or TAVI from December 2010 to June 2012 in 93 Italian participating hospitals. For this analysis, baseline characteristics, therapeutic approach and outcomes up to 5 years of follow-up of 4,801 patients under 80 years of age were collected. Patients were stratified by age classes (<65, 65-74, and 75-79 years). RESULTS: Patients <80 years of age with severe symptomatic AS undergoing TAVI (n = 483) had significantly higher Logistic EuroSCORE (10.84% vs. 5.22%, p < .001) and prevalence of comorbidities compared to subjects undergoing SAVR (n = 4,318). The decision to perform TAVI over SAVR was driven by anatomical factors, mainly previous cardiac surgery (odds ratio [OR] 24.73, confidence interval [CI] 12.71-48.10, p < .001) and the presence of porcelain aorta (OR 17.44, CI 6.67-45.55, p < .001), and clinical factors, mainly moderate-severe frailty score (OR 5.49, CI 3.33-9.07, p < .001), oxygen dependency (OR 7.42, CI 2.75-20.04, p < .001) and need for dialytic treatment (OR 5.24, CI 1.54-17.80, p < .008). Among patients undergoing TAVI, those under 65 years had the highest baseline risk profile (despite a low Logistic EuroSCORE) and the highest 5-year mortality compared to those 65-74 and 75-79-year-old (65.22% vs. 48.54% vs. 55.24%, log-rank p = .061). CONCLUSION: Among patients under 80 years of age with symptomatic severe AS, only 10% underwent TAVI. These patients were at higher baseline risk compared to those undergoing SAVR. The decision to perform TAVI was driven by the presence of both anatomical and clinical factors beyond surgical risk scores. Patients under 65 years of age, despite the low Logistic EuroSCORE, had the highest preoperative risk profile and carried the worse outcome.

4.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 56(3): 488-494, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examined the incidence, the impact of subsequent cerebrovascular events and the clinical or procedural predictors of leaflet thrombosis (LT) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed was systematically screened for studies reporting on LT in TAVI patients. Incidence [both clinical and subclinical, i.e. detected with computed tomography (CT)] of LT was the primary end point of the study. Predictors of LT evaluated at multivariable analysis and impact of LT on stroke were the secondary ones. RESULTS: Eighteen studies encompassing 11 124 patients evaluating incidence of LT were included. Pooled incidence of LT was 0.43% per month [5.16% per year, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.21-0.72, I2 = 98%]. Pooled incidence of subclinical LT was 1.36% per month (16.32% per year, 95% CI 0.71-2.19, I2 = 94%). Clinical LT was less frequent (0.04% per month, 0.48% per year, 95% CI 0.00-0.19, I2 = 93%). LT increased the risk of stroke [odds ratio (OR) 4.21, 95% CI 1.27-13.98], and was more frequent in patients with a valve diameter of 28-mm (OR 2.89: 1.55-5.8), for balloon-expandable (OR 8: 2.1-9.7) or after valve-in-valve procedures (OR 17.1: 3.1-84.9). Oral anticoagulation therapy reduced the risk of LT (OR 0.43, 95% CI: 0.22-0.84, I2 = 64%), as well as the mean transvalvular gradient. CONCLUSIONS: LT represents an infrequent event after TAVI, despite increasing risk of stroke. Given its full reversal with warfarin, in high-risk patients (those with valve-in-valve procedures, balloon expandable or large-sized devices), a protocol which includes a control CT appears reasonable.

5.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(7): 866-874, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292085

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is the gold standard for severe valvular aortic stenosis in patients at high/prohibitive surgical risk. This procedure has also been used in patients with previous mitral valve (MV) prostheses, with contrasting outcomes reported. The aim of this study is to describe procedural and early outcomes of patients with previous MV prostheses undergoing TAVR. METHODS: This is a retrospective registry of 154 patients with previous MV prostheses who underwent TAVR across high-volume medical centres at a mean of 11.7 ± 8.4 years after mitral surgery. RESULTS: Mean mitroaortic distance at computed tomography was 9.7 ± 4.8 mm. Procedural success was achieved in 150 (97.4%) patients, with reduction of aortic gradients (42.6 ± 14.2 to 10.0 ± 7.0 mm Hg; P < 0.001). Device success was achieved in 133 (86.3%) patients. MV prosthesis interference by the TAVR device was observed in 2 patients; in both, the mitroaortic distance was <5 mm, with 1 complicated by TAVR prosthesis embolization. Periprocedural complications included 4 (2.6%) cerebrovascular accidents, 10 (6.6%) major vascular complications, 22 (14.4%) severe bleedings, 1 (0.7%) myocardial infarction, and 5 (3.2%) in-hospital deaths (all cases cardiovascular or procedure related). At a median follow-up of 13.5 (interquartile range 1.0 to 36.0) months, 26 (16.9%) deaths occurred; 15 (9.7%) were cardiac related. Late fatal mitral prosthesis thromboses occurred in 2 patients. We recorded a case of fatal hemorrhagic stroke; hospital readmission was observed in 25 (16.2%) patients due to worsening heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: TAVR in patients with previous mitral prostheses appears to be safe and feasible, with good hemodynamic results at 30-day and at longer-term follow-up.

6.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(7): e007825, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The OBSERVANT study (Observational Study of Effectiveness of SAVR-TAVI Procedures for Severe Aortic Stenosis Treatment) showed that mortality at 1 year is similar after transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for real-world propensity-matched patients with aortic stenosis at low and intermediate risk. We report the 5-year outcomes of the Italian OBSERVANT study. METHODS AND RESULTS: The unadjusted enrolled population (N=7618) between December 2010 and June 2012 included 5707 patients on SAVR and 1911 patients on TAVR. The propensity score method was applied to select 2 groups with similar baseline characteristics. All outcomes were adjudicated through a linkage with administrative databases. The primary end points of this analysis were death from any cause and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events at 5 years. The matched population had a total of 1300 patients (650 per group). The propensity score method generated a low and intermediate-risk population (mean logistic EuroSCORE 2: 5.1±6.2% versus 4.9±5.1%, SAVR versus transfemoral TAVR; P=0.485). At 5 years, the rate of 5 death from any cause was 35.8% in the surgical group and 48.3% in the transcatheter group (hazard ratio, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.12-1.69; P=0.002). Similarly, TAVR was associated with an increased risk of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events as compared with SAVR (42.5% versus 54.0%; hazard ratio, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.11-1.63; P=0.003). The cumulative incidence of cerebrovascular events, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization were similar in the study groups at 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that at 5 years, in a real-world population with severe aortic stenosis and at low and intermediate risk, suggest that SAVR is associated in with lower mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events rates than transfemoral TAVR performed using first-generation devices. These data need to be confirmed in randomized trials using new-generation TAVR devices.

7.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(16): 1566-1576, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of oral anticoagulation (OAC) type on clinical outcomes 1 year after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are superior to vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), while their comparative performance among patients in need of OAC undergoing TAVR is underinvestigated. METHODS: The study enrolled 962 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR in 4 tertiary European centers and were discharged on either NOACs (n = 326) or VKAs (n = 636). By using propensity scores for inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW), the comparison of treatment groups was adjusted to correct for potential confounding. RESULTS: Mean age and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of the population were 81.3 ± 6.3 years and 4.5% (interquartile range: 3.0% to 7.3%); 52.5% were women and a balloon-expandable valve was used in 62.7% of cases. The primary outcome of interest, combined incidence of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and any cerebrovascular event at 1-year after TAVR, was 21.2% with NOACs versus 15.0% with VKAs (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00 to 2.07; p = 0.050, IPTW-adjusted). The 1-year incidence of any Bleeding Academic Research Consortium bleeds and all-cause mortality were comparable between the NOAC and VKA groups, 33.9% versus 34.1% (HR: 0.97; 95% CI: 0.74 to 1.26; p = 0.838, IPTW-adjusted) and 16.5% versus 12.2% (HR: 1.36; 95% CI: 0.90 to 2.06; p = 0.136, IPTW-adjusted), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic use of both NOACs and VKAs among patients in need of OAC after TAVR are comparable regarding 1-year bleeding risk. The higher ischemic event rate observed with NOACs needs to be evaluated in large randomized trials.

8.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 17(7): 479-496, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198065

RESUMO

Introduction: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is the treatment of choice for a large proportion of patients with severe aortic stenosis. Despite numerous technological and clinical advances, TAVI remains associated with thrombotic complications requiring antithrombotic pharmacotherapy, which exposes to the risk of bleeding, especially in elderly individuals. The optimal antithrombotic regimen following TAVI is uncertain and several investigations are ongoing. Areas covered: Clinical guidelines are mostly driven by observational trials and experts' opinions, thus resulting into low-grade level of evidence. The aim of the current review is to critically explore the epidemiology, pathophysiology and prognostic value of thrombotic and bleeding events after TAVI, and to review the current literature on antithrombotic strategies following the procedure. Expert opinion: Thrombotic and bleeding events remain major complications occurring in the frail population that is currently offered TAVI. Waiting for upcoming evidence from ongoing randomized clinical trials, tailoring antithrombotic therapies based on patients' characteristics, values and circumstances is a preferable approach.

9.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230081

RESUMO

AIMS: Peri-procedural transcatheter valve embolization and migration (TVEM) is a rare but potentially devastating complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We sought to assess the incidence, causes, and outcome of TVEM in a large multicentre cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recorded cases of peri-procedural TVEM in patients undergoing TAVI between January 2010 and December 2017 from 26 international sites. Peri-procedural TVEM occurred in 273/29 636 (0.92%) TAVI cases (age 80.8 ± 7.3 years; 53.8% female), of which 217 were to the ascending aorta and 56 to the left ventricle. The use of self-expanding or first-generation prostheses and presence of a bicuspid aortic valve were independent predictors of TVEM. Bail-out measures included repositioning attempts using snares or miscellaneous tools (41.0%), multiple valve implantations (83.2%), and conversion to surgery (19.0%). Using 1:4-propensity matching, we identified a cohort of 235 patients with TVEM (TVEMPS) and 932 patients without TVEM (non-TVEMPS). In the matched cohort, all-cause mortality was higher in TVEMPS than in non-TVEMPS at 30 days (18.6% vs. 4.9%; P < 0.001) and after 1 year (30.5% vs. 16.6%; P < 0.001). Major stroke was more frequent in TVEMPS at 30 days (10.6% vs. 2.8%; P < 0.001), but not at 1 year (4.6% vs. 1.9%; P = 0.17). The need for emergent cardiopulmonary support, major stroke at 30 days, and acute kidney injury Stages 2 and 3 increased the risk of 1-year mortality, whereas a better renal function at baseline was protective. CONCLUSION: Transcatheter valve embolization and migration occurred in approximately 1% and was associated with increased morbidity and mortality.

10.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217147

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine the appropriateness of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after TAVI through an analysis of PM dependency at follow-up, and to assess long-term outcomes of patients undergoing PPI after TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: From June 2007 to February 2018, 1116 consecutive patients without prior PM underwent TAVI in our Institution. We assessed incidence and predictors of PM dependency of patients who underwent PPI within 30 days, and 6-year outcomes among patients who underwent and did not undergo PPI at 30 days. At 30-day PPI was reported in 145 patients (13.0%). Rates of PM dependency were 35.7%, 35.8% and 33.3% at 1-, 6- and 12-month, respectively. Analyzing PPI timing, implantation on day 1 was found a predictor of PM dependency at 6 (OR 20.7[CI 3.4-126.7]; p=0.001) and 12 months (OR 7.5[CI 1.4-40.2]; p=0.019). An interaction between PM dependency and the presence of baseline right bundle branch block (RBBB) at 6 (pinteraction=0.024) and 12 months (pinteraction=0.028) was reported when PPI was performed on the same day of TAVI. At 6-year, patients who received a PM at 30 days showed a higher all-cause death rate (KM estimate 41.7% vs. 57%; plog-rank=0.034). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients receiving PPI after TAVI, PM dependency rates were about 33-36% at 1-year. Patients with a baseline RBBB undergoing PPI at day 0 or at day 1 when severe CDs persisted for 24 hours after TAVI, irrespectively from baseline CDs, had higher chances to be PM dependent at follow-ups. Finally, PPI after TAVI was associated with increased 6-year mortality.

11.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(12): 1175-1184, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of new-onset persistent (NOP) left bundle branch block (LBBB) on long-term (>2 year) outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: The impact of NOP-LBBB after TAVR remains controversial and no data exist regarding long-term outcomes. METHODS: A total of 1,020 consecutive patients without pre-existing LBBB or permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) undergoing TAVR were included. NOP-LBBB was defined as any new LBBB post-TAVR that persisted at hospital discharge. Follow-up clinical and echocardiographic data were obtained at a median of 3 years (interquartile range: 2 to 5 years) post-TAVR. RESULTS: NOP-LBBB occurred in 212 patients (20.1%) following TAVR. There were no differences between NOP-LBBB and no NOP-LBBB groups, except for a higher use of the self-expandable CoreValve system in the NOP-LBBB group (p < 0.001). At follow-up, there were no differences between NOP-LBBB and no NOP-LBBB groups in all-cause mortality (45.3% vs. 42.5%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR]:1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.82 to 1.47; p = 0.54), cardiovascular mortality (14.2% vs. 14.4%; adjusted HR: 1.02; 95% CI: 0.56 to 1.87; p = 0.95), or heart failure rehospitalization (19.8% vs. 15.6%; adjusted HR: 1.44; 95% CI: 0.85 to 2.46; p = 0.18). NOP-LBBB was associated with an increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation at follow-up (15.5% vs. 5.4%; adjusted HR: 2.45; 95% CI: 1.37 to 4.38; p = 0.002), with the highest risk within the first 12 months. Left ventricular ejection fraction increased over time in patients with no NOP-LBBB but slightly decreased in those with NOP-BBB (p < 0.001 for changes in left ventricular ejection fraction between groups). CONCLUSIONS: After a median follow-up of 3 years post-TAVR, NOP-LBBB was not associated with a higher mortality or heart failure rehospitalization. However, NOP-LBBB increased the risk of permanent pacemaker implantation and negatively impacted left ventricular function over time. These results should inform future efforts for improving the management of patients with NOP-LBBB post-TAVR.

12.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(10): 911-920, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare differences in patient characteristics and clinical outcomes of nonagenarians undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) versus patients younger than 90 years of age and to test the predictive accuracy of the logistic EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation), the EuroSCORE II, and the STS-PROM (Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predicted Risk of Mortality) for mortality after TAVR in nonagenarians. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of severe aortic valve stenosis is increasing due to the rising life expectancy. However, there are limited data evaluating outcomes in patients older than 90 years of age. Moreover, the predictive accuracy of risk scores for mortality has not been evaluated in nonagenarian patients undergoing transfemoral TAVR. METHODS: The CENTER (Cerebrovascular EveNts in Patients Undergoing TranscathetER Aortic Valve Implantation) collaboration (N = 12,381) is an international collaboration consisting of 3 national registries, 6 local or multicenter registries, and 1 prospective clinical study, selected through a systematic online search. The primary endpoint of this study was the difference in 30-day all-cause mortality and stroke after TAVR in nonagenarians versus patients younger than 90 years of age. Secondary endpoints included differences in baseline characteristics, in-hospital outcomes, and the differences in predictive accuracy of the logistic EuroSCORE, the EuroSCORE II, and STS-PROM. RESULTS: A total of 882 nonagenarians and 11,499 patients younger than 90 years of age undergoing transfemoral TAVR between 2007 and 2018 were included. Nonagenarians had considerably fewer comorbidities than their counterparts. Nevertheless, rates of 30-day mortality (9.9% vs. 5.4%; relative risk [RR]: 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4 to 2.3; p = 0.001), in-hospital stroke (3.0% vs. 1.9%; RR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.0 to 2.3; p = 0.04), major or life-threatening bleeding (8.1% vs. 5.5%; RR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.004), and new-onset atrial fibrillation (7.9% vs. 5.2%; RR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.2; p = 0.01) were higher in nonagenarians. The STS-PROM adequately estimated mortality in nonagenarians, with an observed-expected mortality ratio of 1.0. CONCLUSIONS: In this large, global, patient-level analysis, mortality after transfemoral TAVR was 2-fold higher in nonagenarians compared with patients younger than 90 years of age, despite the lower prevalence of baseline comorbidities. Moreover, nonagenarians had a higher risk of in-hospital stroke, major or life-threatening bleeding, and new-onset atrial fibrillation. The STS-PROM was the only surgical risk score that accurately predicted the risk of mortality in nonagenarians.

13.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 20(5): 371-375, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30857975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a well-established treatment option for severe aortic stenosis (AS). AS and coronary artery disease frequently coincide, and therefore some patients may require coronary angiography (CAG) and/or intervention (PCI) post-TAVR. Due to valve stent design, most self-expanding prostheses always cover the coronary ostium, and therefore may hinder future access. The objective of this research was to evaluate the incidence, safety and feasibility of CAG/PCI in patients with prior self-expanding TAVR valves. METHODS: Among 2170 patients (age 82 ±â€¯6 years, 43% male) who underwent TAVR with Corevalve or Evolut prostheses, as part of the Italian CoreValve ClinicalService® framework (data from 13 Italian centers), the occurrence of CAG/PCI following TAVR and periprocedural characteristics were examined. RESULTS: During median follow-up of 379 days, 41 patients (1.9%) required CAG and/or PCI (total 46; 16 CAG, 14 PCI, 16 both PCI/CAG). 56.5% of the procedures were performed under emergency/urgency settings. Left system coronary angiography was successfully performed in most cases (28/32, 87.5%), while right coronary angiography was successful only in 50.0% (16/32). PCI procedures (20 for left system, 3 for right system, 4 for graft) were successfully performed in 93.3% (28/30) of the procedures. No CAG/PCI procedure-related complications including prosthesis dislodgment or coronary ostium dissection occurred. CONCLUSIONS: CAG and PCI procedures following CoreValve TAVR is safe and mostly feasible, although the success rate of selective right coronary angiography was relatively low when compared to the left system. Further investigations are required to explore this issue.

14.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(5): 431-432, 2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846080
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(5): 433-443, 2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846081

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) with the Acurate neo (NEO) and Evolut PRO (PRO) devices. BACKGROUND: The NEO and PRO bioprostheses are 2 next-generation self-expanding devices developed for TAVR. METHODS: The NEOPRO (A Multicenter Comparison of Acurate NEO Versus Evolut PRO Transcatheter Heart Valves) registry retrospectively included patients who underwent transfemoral TAVR with either NEO or PRO valves at 24 centers between January 2012 and March 2018. One-to-one propensity score matching resulted in 251 pairs. Pre-discharge and 30-day Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 defined outcomes were evaluated. Binary logistic regression was performed to adjust the treatment effect for propensity score quintiles. RESULTS: A total of 1,551 patients (n = 1,263 NEO; n = 288 PRO) were included. The mean age was 82 years, and the mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 5.1%. After propensity score matching (n = 502), VARC-2 device success (90.6% vs. 91.6%; p = 0.751) and pre-discharge moderate to severe (II+) paravalvular aortic regurgitation (7.3% vs. 5.7%; p = 0.584) were comparable between the NEO and PRO groups. Furthermore, there were no significant differences in any 30-day clinical outcome between matched NEO and PRO pairs, including all-cause mortality (3.2% vs. 1.2%; p = 0.221), stroke (2.4% vs. 2.8%; p = 1.000), new permanent pacemaker implantation (11.0% vs. 12.8%; p = 0.565), and VARC-2 early safety endpoint (10.6% vs. 10.4%; p = 1.000). Logistic regression on the unmatched cohort confirmed a similar risk of VARC-2 device success, paravalvular aortic regurgitation II+, and 30-day clinical outcomes after NEO and PRO implantation. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter registry, transfemoral TAVR with the NEO and PRO bioprostheses was associated with high device success, acceptable rates of paravalvular aortic regurgitation II+, and good 30-day clinical outcomes. After adjusting for potential confounders, short-term outcomes were similar between the devices.

16.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(3): e007546, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke remains one of the most devastating complications of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of this study was to identify the incidence, timing, temporal trends, and predictors of stroke after TAVI and evaluate the outcomes of patients with stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: The CENTER-Collaboration is an international collaboration consisting of 3 national registries and 7 local registries or prospective clinical trials, selected through a systematic review. Accordingly, a total of 10 982 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI between 2007 and 2018 were included in the current patient-level pooled analyses. A total of 261 patients (2.4%) experienced stroke during the first month after TAVI. The median time between TAVI and stroke was 1 day (interquartile range, 0-6 days). The stroke rate was comparable in procedures performed in the early years of TAVI (2007-2012) to those in the more recent years of TAVI (2013-2018; both 2.4%; P=1.0). Independent predictors of stroke at 30 days were a history of cerebrovascular events (odds ratio, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.4-3.6; P=0.0012) and a glomerular filtration rate of <30 mL/min per 1.73 m2 (odds ratio, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.0-2.8; P=0.05). Stroke occurring within the first 30 days after TAVI was associated with a 6-fold increase of 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 6.0; 95% CI, 4.4-8.1; P<0.001). Moreover, patients with stroke more frequently had documented new-onset atrial fibrillation (16% versus 3%; P<0.001) and major or life-threatening bleedings (12% versus 7%; P=0.002) at 30-day follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In this large, global, patient-level analysis, the incidence of stroke after transfemoral TAVI was 2.4%. Prior cerebrovascular events and a low glomerular filtration rate independently predicted the occurrence of stroke after TAVI. The occurrence of stroke after TAVI was associated with a strikingly 6-fold increase of 30-day mortality; additionally, there was a 5-fold higher rate of new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with stroke. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT03588247.

17.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(5): 459-469, 2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846085

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to prospectively determine the safety and efficacy of next-day discharge using the Vancouver 3M (Multidisciplinary, Multimodality, but Minimalist) Clinical Pathway. BACKGROUND: Transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an alternative to surgery in high- and intermediate-risk patients; however, hospital stays average at least 6 days in most trials. The Vancouver 3M Clinical Pathway is focused on next-day discharge, made possible by the use of objective screening criteria as well as streamlined peri- and post-procedural management guidelines. METHODS: Patients were enrolled from 6 low-volume (<100 TAVR/year), 4 medium-volume, and 3 high-volume (>200 TAVR/year) centers in Canada and the United States. The primary outcomes were a composite of all-cause death or stroke by 30 days and the proportion of patients successfully discharged home the day following TAVR. RESULTS: Of 1,400 screened patients, 411 were enrolled at 13 centers and received a SAPIEN XT (58.2%) or SAPIEN 3 (41.8%) valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California). In centers enrolling exclusively in the study, 55% of screened patients were enrolled. The median age was 84 years (interquartile range: 78 to 87 years) with a median STS score of 4.9% (interquartile range: 3.3% to 6.8%). Next-day discharge home was achieved in 80.1% of patients, and within 48 h in 89.5%. The composite of all-cause mortality or stroke by 30 days occurred in 2.9% (95% confidence interval: 1.7% to 5.1%), with neither component of the primary outcome affected by hospital TAVR volume (p = 0.51). Secondary outcomes at 30 days included major vascular complication 2.4% (n = 10), readmission 9.2% (n = 36), cardiac readmission 5.7% (n = 22), new permanent pacemaker 5.7% (n = 23), and >mild paravalvular regurgitation 3.8% (n = 15). CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to the Vancouver 3M Clinical Pathway at low-, medium-, and high-volume TAVR centers allows next-day discharge home with excellent safety and efficacy outcomes.

18.
EuroIntervention ; 15(2): 147-154, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30777842

RESUMO

AIMS: Treatment pathway optimisation in TAVI should include timely patient discharge with a minimised risk for out-of-hospital adverse events. The aim of this study was to define a standardised set of risk criteria that allows a safe and timely discharge, to validate their appropriateness prospectively in different centres and multiple European countries, and to assess post-discharge outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We defined and validated the adequacy of a set of discharge criteria and its ability to predict timely and safe discharge properly after the intervention in a prospective, European, multicentre registry. A total of 502 unselected patients were enrolled at 10 sites in three countries. The primary endpoint, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, vascular access-related complications, permanent pacemaker implantation, stroke, re-hospitalisation due to cardiac reasons, kidney failure and major bleeding at 30 days, was reached in 12.9% of patients (95% CI: 11.3-16.5). The overall 30-day mortality was 1.1% (95% CI: 0.2-2.0), and the rates of stroke/TIA 1.7% (95% CI: -0.6 to 4.0), PPI 7.3% (95% CI: 5.8-8.9), major vascular complications 1.9% (95% CI: 0.7-3.1), major/life-threatening bleeding 2.4% (95% CI: 1.0-3.8) and cardiac re-hospitalisation 3.7% (95% CI: 1.4-6.0). Patients appropriately discharged early had a significantly lower risk of the primary endpoint (7.0 vs. 26.4%; p<0.001) which was reflected in some of its relevant components: stroke (0.0 vs. 2.8%; p=0.015), PPI (4.3 vs. 15.9%; p<0.001), major vascular complications (0.3 vs. 4.7%; p=0.004) and major/life-threatening bleeding (0.3 vs. 6.5%; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We validated the appropriateness of a pre-specified set of risk criteria that allows a safe and timely discharge. The rate of 30-day complications did not reveal any risk increase with this strategy compared with the reported outcomes in major TAVI trials and registries. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02404467.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Eur Heart J ; 40(5): 456-465, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590565

RESUMO

Aims: The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of patients undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with balloon-expandable (BE) valves vs. self-expandable (SE) valves. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation is a minimally invasive and lifesaving treatment in patients with aortic valve stenosis. Even though BE-valves and SE-valves are both commonly used on a large scale, adequately sized trials comparing clinical outcomes in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis treated with BE-valves compared with SE-valves are lacking. Methods and results: In this CENTER-collaboration, data from 10 registries or clinical trials, selected through a systematic search, were pooled and analysed. Propensity score methodology was used to reduce treatment selection bias and potential confounding. The primary endpoints were mortality and stroke at 30 days follow-up in patients treated with BE-valves compared with SE-valves. Secondary endpoints included clinical outcomes, e.g. bleeding during hospital admission. All outcomes were split for early-generation BE-valves compared with early-generation SE-valves and new-generation BE-valves with new-generation SE-valves. The overall patient population (N = 12 381) included 6239 patients undergoing TAVI with BE-valves and 6142 patients with SE-valves. The propensity matched population had a mean age of 81 ± 7 years and a median STS-PROM score or 6.5% [interquartile range (IQR) 4.0-13.0%]. At 30-day follow-up, the mortality rate was not statistically different in patients undergoing TAVI with BE-valves compared with SE-valves [BE: 5.3% vs. SE: 6.2%, relative risk (RR) 0.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-1.0, P = 0.10]. Stroke occurred less frequently in patients treated with BE-valves (BE: 1.9% vs. SE: 2.6%, RR 0.7; 95% CI 0.5-1.0, P = 0.03). Also, patients treated with BE-valves had a three-fold lower risk of requiring pacemaker implantation (BE: 7.8% vs. SE: 20.3%, RR 0.4; 95% CI 0.3-0.4, P < 0.001). In contrast, patients treated with new-generation BE-valves more frequently experienced major and life-threatening bleedings compared with new-generation SE-valves (BE: 4.8% vs. SE: 2.1%, RR 2.3; 95% CI 1.6-3.3, P < 0.001). Conclusion: In this study, which is the largest study to compare valve types in TAVI, we demonstrated that the incidence of stroke and pacemaker implantation was lower in patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI with BE-valves compared with SE-valves. In contrast, patients treated with new-generation BE-valves more often suffered from major or life-threatening bleedings than patients with new-generation SE-valves. Mortality at 30-days was not statistically different in patients treated with BE-valves compared with SE-valves. This study was a propensity-matched analysis generated from observational data, accordingly current outcomes will have to be confirmed in a large scale randomized controlled trial.

20.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(11): e006927, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of preexisting left bundle branch block (LBBB) in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) recipients is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preexisting LBBB on clinical outcomes after TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter study evaluated 3404 TAVR candidates according to the presence or absence of LBBB on baseline ECG. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Follow-up outpatient visits or telephone interviews were conducted at 30 days, 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, at hospital discharge, and at 1-year follow-up. Preexisting LBBB was present in 398 patients (11.7%) and was associated with an increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI; 21.1% versus 14.8%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.12-2.04) but not death (7.3% versus 5.5%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.84-2.12) at 30 days. At a mean follow-up of 22±21 months, there were no differences between patients with and without preexisting LBBB in overall mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.75-1.18) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.68-1.21). In a subanalysis of 2421 patients without PPI at 30 days and with complete follow-up about the PPI, preexisting LBBB was not associated with an increased risk of PPI or sudden cardiac death. Patients with preexisting LBBB had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline and at 1-year follow-up ( P <0.001 for both), but those with low LVEF exhibited a similar increase in LVEF over time after TAVR compared with patients with no preexisting LBBB ( P=0.327). CONCLUSIONS: Preexisting LBBB significantly increased the risk of early (but not late) PPI after TAVR, without any significant effect on overall mortality or cardiovascular mortality. Preexisting LBBB was associated with lower LVEF pre-TAVR but did not prevent an increase in LVEF post-TAVR similar to patients without LBBB.

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