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2.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 26(1): 93-7, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21881717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze 34 patients submitted to surgical treatment of patent arterial duct with age beyond 18 years old. METHODS: Retrospective data collected from patient's charts with more than eighteen years old, submitted to surgical correction of patent arterial duct between 1997 and 2008 at Instituto do Coração da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. RESULTS: The mean age was 28.7 (18 a 53) years and 22 (64.7%) were female. The more prevalent symptom was dyspnea (76.5%). Left lateral thoracotomy was used in 33 (97.1%); the DA was sectioned and sutured in 25 (73.5%) cases and one patient needed cardiopulmonary bypass support. There were eight (23.5%) calcified arterial duct and 12 (35.3%) previous treatment with transcatheter devices were performed. The complication rate was 32%, with one (2.9%) permanent vocal cord palsy. Two (5.8%) patients had residual shunt less than 2mm. Transient left cord voice palsy was observed in 3 (8.8%) The procedure improves functional class (P< 0.0001) and no mortality was observed. CONCLUSION: In this series, the surgical treatment of patent arterial duct in adults could be done without mortality and low incidence of complications.


Assuntos
Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/mortalidade , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/classificação , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 24(3): 346-53, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20011882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe our experience in aortic coarctation surgery in adult patients by assessing the immediate and mid-term outcomes. METHODS: From January 1987 to March 2000, 50 consecutive adult patients underwent surgery for correction of aortic coarctation, through left lateral thoracotomy. Of these, forty two (84%) patients presented high blood pressure, with mean systolic arterial pressure of 170.56 mmHg (125-220 mmHg). The mean of pressure gradient in the coarctation area was 51.4 mmHg (18-123 mmHg). Other associated surgical cardiovascular diseases were not treated in the same operative act, except in two cases of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Three different techniques were used: aortic coarctation resection with end-to-end anastomosis was performed in 20 (40%) patients, coarctation enlargement with bovine pericardial patch was performed in 22 (44%) patients and synthetic tube interposition was performed in eight (16%) patients. RESULTS: Operative morbidity was low; there was one case of bleeding who required reoperation. The most common immediate postoperative event was high blood pressure (98%), but it was easily controlled by intravenous drugs. There was no hospital death. Mean residual pressure gradient was 18.7 (8-33 mmHg). Patients were discharged in 9.5 days (5-30). Postoperative follow-up mean was 46.8 months (1-145 months) in 45 (91.8%) patients. Forty one (91.1%) of these followed-up patients had normal blood pressure, whereas 75.6% of them without drugs intake. 93.3% of these followed-up patients were asymptomatic. Four of them required further surgical operation, one needed a pacemaker implant, other two patients needed a cardiac valve replacement and one had endocarditis. There was one related death due to sepsis secondary to endocarditis. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of aortic coarctation, even in adult patients, is an efficient therapeutic choice, regardless of the applied surgical technique, with low morbidity and mortality. It reduces efficiently the arterial pressure levels in both immediate and mid-term follow-up.


Assuntos
Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Coartação Aórtica/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 24(3): 346-353, jul.-set. 2009. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-533264

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Reportar a experiência no tratamento cirúrgico da coarctação da aorta (CoAo) em pacientes adultos, avaliando os resultados imediatos e a médio prazo. MÉTODOS: Entre janeiro de 1987 e março de 2000, 50 pacientes consecutivos adultos foram submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico da coarctação de aorta, por toracotomia lateral esquerda. Destes, 42 (84 por cento) eram hipertensos, com pressão arterial sistólica média de 170,6 mmHg (125-220 mmHg). O gradiente médio no local da coarctação era de 51,4 mmHg (18-123 mmHg). A abordagem de doenças cardiovasculares associadas não foi realizada no mesmo tempo cirúrgico, com exceção de dois casos de persistência do canal arterial (PCA). Ressecção da CoAo e anastomose término-terminal foi realizada em 20 (40 por cento) pacientes, ampliação da área de CoAo com retalho de pericárdio bovino em 22 (44 por cento) e interposição de um tubo sintético em oito (16 por cento). RESULTADOS: A morbidade operatória foi baixa, ocorrendo apenas uma reoperação por sangramento; a ocorrência mais frequente nas primeiras horas de pós-operatório foi hipertensão, observada em 98 por cento dos pacientes, controlada com medicamentos endovenosos. Não houve óbito hospitalar. O gradiente residual médio foi de 18,7 mmHg (8-33 mmHg). O tempo médio de internação hospitalar foi de 9,5 dias (5-30 dias). O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 46,8 meses (1145 meses) em 45 (91,8 por cento) pacientes; destes, 41 (91,1 por cento) encontravam-se normotensos, sendo que 75,6 por cento sem medicamentos. Em 93,3 por cento dos pacientes, não ocorreram sintomas de qualquer natureza. Quatro pacientes foram reoperados neste período (um para implante de marca-passo definitivo, dois para troca valvar, e outro por endocardite), ocorrendo um óbito tardio por endocardite e sepse. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento cirúrgico da CoAo, mesmo em pacientes adultos, impõe-se como método terapêutico eficaz, nesta série, independentemente da técnica cirúrgica utilizada, ...


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe our experience in aortic coarctation surgery in adult patients by assessing the immediate and mid-term outcomes. METHODS: From January 1987 to March 2000, 50 consecutive adult patients underwent surgery for correction of aortic coarctation, through left lateral thoracotomy. Of these, forty two (84 percent) patients presented high blood pressure, with mean systolic arterial pressure of 170.56 mmHg (125-220 mmHg). The mean of pressure gradient in the coarctation area was 51.4 mmHg (18-123 mmHg). Other associated surgical cardiovascular diseases were not treated in the same operative act, except in two cases of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Three different techniques were used: aortic coarctation resection with end-to-end anastomosis was performed in 20 (40 percent) patients, coarctation enlargement with bovine pericardial patch was performed in 22 (44 percent) patients and synthetic tube interposition was performed in eight (16 percent) patients. RESULTS: Operative morbidity was low; there was one case of bleeding who required reoperation. The most common immediate postoperative event was high blood pressure (98 percent), but it was easily controlled by intravenous drugs. There was no hospital death. Mean residual pressure gradient was 18.7 (8-33 mmHg). Patients were discharged in 9.5 days (5-30). Postoperative follow-up mean was 46.8 months (1-145 months) in 45 (91.8 percent) patients. Forty one (91.1 percent) of these followed-up patients had normal blood pressure, whereas 75.6 percent of them without drugs intake. 93.3 percent of these followed-up patients were asymptomatic. Four of them required further surgical operation, one needed a pacemaker implant, other two patients needed a cardiac valve replacement and one had endocarditis. There was one related death due to sepsis secondary to endocarditis. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment of aortic coarctation, even in adult patients, is an ...


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Coartação Aórtica/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Seguimentos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 92(3): 215-26, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19390711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rejection is one of the major causes of mortality following pediatric heart transplant. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been studied as a method for the diagnosis of acute rejection, especially in adult patients undergoing heart transplant. OBJECTIVE: To correlate serum BNP levels with acute rejection as diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy in patients of the pediatric heart transplant group. METHODS: A total of 50 BNP samples were collected from 33 children in the postoperative period of heart transplant, and data on age, gender, skin color, blood group, immune panel, follow-up time after transplant, functional class, immunosuppressive regimen used and number of rejections were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty three children with median age of 10.13 years were analyzed; of these, 54% were females and 78% were Caucasians. BNP levels were determined at a mean time from transplant of 4.25 years. Nine episodes of rejection were diagnosed in eight patients (27%) by means of endomyocardial biopsy; of these, three were grade 3A, five were grade 2, and one had humoral rejection. At the moment of biopsy, most patients were asymptomatic. The mean serum BNP level was 77.18 pg/ml, with 144.22 pg/ml in the group with rejection and 62.46 pg/ml in the group without rejection, with p = 0.02. CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic children can present acute rejection in the postoperative period of heart transplant. Serum BNP levels show a statistically significant difference in the group with rejection and thus can be an additional method in the diagnosis of cardiac rejection.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Transplante de Coração , Miocárdio/patologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Adolescente , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 92(3): 227-232, mar. 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-511634

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: A rejeição constitui-se em uma das principais causas de mortalidade após o transplante cardíaco pediátrico. O peptídeo natriurético tipo B (BNP) tem sido estudado como método no diagnóstico de rejeição aguda, especialmente em pacientes adultos submetidos a transplante cardíaco. OBJETIVO:Correlacionar o nível sérico de BNP à rejeição aguda diagnosticada pela biópsia endomiocárdica em pacientes do grupo de transplante cardíaco pediátrico. MÉTODOS:Foram coletadas 50 amostras de BNP de 33 crianças em pós-operatório de transplante cardíaco e analisados dados de idade, sexo, cor, grupo sangüíneo, painel imunológico, tempo de evolução após o transplante, classe funcional, imunossupressão utilizada e número de rejeições. RESULTADOS:Foram 33 crianças com idade mediana de 10,13 anos, predomínio do sexo feminino (54%) e da cor branca (78%). No momento da dosagem de BNP o tempo médio de transplante foi 4,25 anos. A biópsia endomiocárdica diagnosticou nove rejeições em oito pacientes (27%), sendo três com grau 3 A, cinco com grau 2 e um com rejeição humoral. No momento da biópsia, a maioria dos pacientes encontrava-se assintomática. O nível sérico de BNP foi em média 77,18 pg/ml, sendo 144,22 pg/ml no grupo com rejeição e 62,46 pg/ml no grupo sem rejeição, com p = 0,02. CONCLUSÃO: Crianças assintomáticas podem apresentar rejeição aguda no pós-operatório de transplante cardíaco. O nível sérico de BNP apresentou diferença estatisticamente significante no grupo com rejeição, podendo ser método adicional no diagnóstico de rejeição cardíaca.


BACKGROUND: Rejection is one of the major causes of mortality following pediatric heart transplant. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been studied as a method for the diagnosis of acute rejection, especially in adult patients undergoing heart transplant. OBJECTIVE: To correlate serum BNP levels with acute rejection as diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy in patients of the pediatric heart transplant group. METHODS: A total of 50 BNP samples were collected from 33 children in the postoperative period of heart transplant, and data on age, gender, skin color, blood group, immune panel, follow-up time after transplant, functional class, immunosuppressive regimen used and number of rejections were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty three children with median age of 10.13 years were analyzed; of these, 54% were females and 78% were Caucasians. BNP levels were determined at a mean time from transplant of 4.25 years. Nine episodes of rejection were diagnosed in eight patients (27%) by means of endomyocardial biopsy; of these, three were grade 3A, five were grade 2, and one had humoral rejection. At the moment of biopsy, most patients were asymptomatic. The mean serum BNP level was 77.18 pg/ml, with 144.22 pg/ml in the group with rejection and 62.46 pg/ml in the group without rejection, with p = 0.02. CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic children can present acute rejection in the postoperative period of heart transplant. Serum BNP levels show a statistically significant difference in the group with rejection and thus can be an additional method in the diagnosis of cardiac rejection.


FUNDAMENTO: El rechazo constituye una de las principales causas de mortalidad tras el transplante cardiaco pediátrico. El péptido natriurético tipo B (BNP) ha sido estudiado como método en el diagnóstico de rechazo agudo, sobre todo en pacientes adultos sometidos a transplante cardiaco. OBJETIVO:Correlacionar el nivel sérico de BNP al rechazo agudo diagnosticado por biopsia endomiocárdica en pacientes del grupo de transplante cardiaco pediátrico. MÉTODOS:Se recolectaron 50 muestras de BNP de 33 niños en postoperatorio de transplante cardiaco, y se analizaron datos como edad, sexo, color, grupo sanguíneo, cuadro inmunológico, tiempo de evolución tras el transplante, clase funcional, inmunosupresión utilizada y número de rechazos. RESULTADOS:Se seleccionaron a 33 niños con edad promedio de 10,13 años, predominio del sexo femenino (54%) y de color blanca (78%). Al momento de la dosificación de BNP, el tiempo promedio de transplante fue de 4,25 años. La biopsia endomiocárdica diagnosticó nueve rechazos en ocho pacientes (27%), de ellos tres presentaron grado 3A, cinco grado 2 y uno rechazo humoral. Ya al momento de la biopsia, la mayoría de los pacientes se encontraba asintomática. El nivel sérico de BNP tuvo como promedio, 77,18 pg/ml; 144,22 pg/ml en el grupo con rechazo y 62,46 pg/ml en el grupo sin rechazo, con p = 0,02. CONCLUSIÓN: Niños asintomáticos pueden presentar rechazo agudo en el postoperatorio de transplante cardiaco. El nivel sérico de BNP presentó diferencia estadísticamente significante en el grupo con rechazo, lo que lo convierte en posible método adicional en el diagnóstico de rechazo cardiaco.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Transplante de Coração , Miocárdio/patologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Biópsia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 24(4): 581-3, 2009.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20305935

RESUMO

The single suture technique was developed to obtain stabilization and exposure of all all coronary branches during off-pump coronary artery bypass, while maintaining hemodynamic stabilily during the procedure. We describe the use of this technique during an off-pump correction of a coronary artery fistula associated with right coronary dilatation. The suggested technique is quicker and less complex than on-pump surgery. Furthermore, it can be a useful tool for congenital fistula correction in select cases, stimulating the practice of less invasive heart surgery in these patients.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Fístula Vascular/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/anormalidades , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fístula Vascular/congênito
10.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 23(1): 123-5, 2008.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18719839

RESUMO

The intrapericardic cardiac tumors are infrequent; however, the clinical manifestations can be serious, even with symptoms of low cardiac output or cardiogenic shock, depending on the localization of the tumor. We report the case of a 3-month-old infant who progressed to cardiogenic shock due to an intrapericardic tumor compressing the right atrium and the vena cava superior. Emergent surgery for resection of the tumor mass was recommended. The patient had a 6-month uneventful postoperative course.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Choque Cardiogênico/cirurgia , Teratoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Veia Cava Superior/cirurgia
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 23(1): 123-125, jan.-mar. 2008. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-489713

RESUMO

Os tumores cardíacos intrapericárdicos são pouco freqüentes, porém, as manifestações clínicas podem ser graves, até com sintomas de baixo débito ou choque cardiogênico, dependendo da localização do tumor. Relatamos o caso de um lactente com três meses de idade, que apresentou na evolução choque cardiogênico, em decorrência de um tumor intrapericárdico, comprimindo o átrio direito e a veia cava superior. Indicada operação de urgência para ressecção da massa tumoral, apresentou adequada evolução até seis meses de pós-operatório.


The intrapericardic cardiac tumors are infrequent; however, the clinical manifestations can be serious, even with symptoms of low cardiac output or cardiogenic shock, depending on the localization of the tumor. We report the case of a 3-month-old infant who progressed to cardiogenic shock due to an intrapericardic tumor compressing the right atrium and the vena cava superior. Emergent surgery for resection of the tumor mass was recommended. The patient had a 6-month uneventful postoperative course.


Assuntos
Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Choque Cardiogênico/cirurgia , Teratoma/cirurgia , Veia Cava Superior/cirurgia
12.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 22(1): 41-8, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17992303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome remains a challenge for worldwide surgeons. Initial palliation employing bilateral pulmonary artery banding along with ductal stent implantation and atrial septostomy has been proposed as an alternative approach. However, the surgically placed bands are fixed and may become inadequate after sternum closure or with somatic growth of the patient. We describe the first case in which a neonate with hypoplastic left heart syndrome was initially managed using a mini banding system that allows for fine percutaneous adjustments of pulmonary blood flow. METHOD: Through a mid sternotomy, a 5 day-old neonate underwent bilateral pulmonary artery banding using this new system combined with placement of a main pulmonary artery to innominate artery shunt. RESULTS: The patient had an uneventful postoperative course. Three percutaneous adjustments of the banding system were necessary to keep the arterial oxygen saturation in the 75%-85% range. On the 48th day of life, she was submitted to stent placement (6 mm) within the atrial septum to treat a restrictive atrial septal defect. The Norwood operation and the bidirectional Glenn shunt were carried out on the 106th day of life. The bands were removed with no distortion of the pulmonary arteries. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical use of this innovative pulmonary artery banding system was feasible, safe and effective. It allowed for customization of the pulmonary blood flow according to the underlying clinical needs, resulting in a more precise balance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Cuidados Paliativos , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Stents , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Período Pós-Operatório , Circulação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Esterno/cirurgia
13.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 26(7-8): 759-66, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17939585

RESUMO

A case is reported of a 38-month-old female patient with an ostium secundum-type atrial septal defect, 25 mm in diameter, with intermittent hypoxemia and hypoplasia of the right ventricular cavity and tricuspid valve. The right-to-left shunt through the atrial septal defect, responsible for these alterations, is explained by its proximity to the coronary sinus, and exacerbated by a persistent left superior vena cava. The cyanosis disappeared and normal hemodynamic status was achieved after closure of the atrial septal defect.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial/complicações , Hipóxia/complicações , Pré-Escolar , Cianose/etiologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Feminino , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico , Comunicação Interatrial/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 22(1): 41-48, jan.-mar. 2007. ilus, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-454626

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: A Síndrome de Hipoplasia de Câmaras Esquerdas representa um grande desafio para cirurgiões do mundo inteiro. Atualmente, tem sido proposto procedimento paliativo alternativo, por meio da bandagem bilateral das artérias pulmonares associada à colocação de stent no canal arterial e atrioseptostomia. No entanto, as bandagens utilizadas são fixas, podendo tornar-se inadequadas após o fechamento do esterno ou com o rápido crescimento somático do paciente. Descrevemos a primeira aplicação clínica do novo dispositivo miniaturizado de bandagem ajustável das artérias pulmonares em neonato portador da síndrome de hipoplasia de câmaras esquerdas, o qual permitiu ajustes percutâneos precisos do fluxo sangüíneo pulmonar. MÉTODO: Através de esternotomia mediana, neonato de 5 dias de vida foi submetido à bandagem pulmonar bilateral, usando este novo dispositivo, combinada com interposição de tubo de PTFE entre o tronco pulmonar e o tronco braquiocefálico. RESULTADOS: O paciente apresentou boa evolução pós-operatória. Três ajustes percutâneos das bandagens foram necessários para manter a saturação arterial de oxigênio entre 75-85 por cento. No 48° dia de vida, o paciente foi submetido a atrioseptostomia com colocação de stent (6 mm) para tratamento de comunicação interatrial restritiva. No 106° dia de vida, realizou-se operação de Norwood associada à anastomose cavopulmonar bilateral. As bandagens foram removidas, sem distorção das artérias pulmonares. CONCLUSÕES: O uso clínico deste sistema inovador de bandagem ajustável das artérias pulmonares mostrou-se factível, seguro e eficaz. Permitiu o ajuste fino do fluxo pulmonar de acordo com as necessidades clínicas, proporcionando um equilíbrio preciso entre as circulações pulmonar e sistêmica.


OBJECTIVE: Hypoplastic left heart syndrome remains a challenge for worldwide surgeons. Initial palliation employing bilateral pulmonary artery banding along with ductal stent implantation and atrial septostomy has been proposed as an alternative approach. However, the surgically placed bands are fixed and may become inadequate after sternum closure or with somatic growth of the patient. We describe the first case in which a neonate with hypoplastic left heart syndrome was initially managed using a mini banding system that allows for fine percutaneous adjustments of pulmonary blood flow. METHOD: Through a mid sternotomy, a 5 day-old neonate underwent bilateral pulmonary artery banding using this new system combined with placement of a main pulmonary artery to innominate artery shunt. RESULTS: The patient had an uneventful postoperative course. Three percutaneous adjustments of the banding system were necessary to keep the arterial oxygen saturation in the 75 percent-85 percent range. On the 48th day of life, she was submitted to stent placement (6 mm) within the atrial septum to treat a restrictive atrial septal defect. The Norwood operation and the bidirectional Glenn shunt were carried out on the 106th day of life. The bands were removed with no distortion of the pulmonary arteries. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical use of this innovative pulmonary artery banding system was feasible, safe and effective. It allowed for customization of the pulmonary blood flow according to the underlying clinical needs, resulting in a more precise balance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/instrumentação , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/fisiopatologia , Cuidados Paliativos , Circulação Pulmonar
15.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 133(1): 215-23, 2007 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17198815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe a new technique for tricuspid valve repair in Ebstein's anomaly and to report early echocardiographic results, as well as early and midterm clinical outcomes. METHODS: From November 1993 through August 2005, 40 consecutive patients with Ebstein's anomaly (mean age, 16.8 +/- 12.3 years) underwent a new surgical repair modified from Carpentier's procedure, the principal details of which are as follows. The anterior and posterior tricuspid valve leaflets are mobilized from their anomalous attachments in the right ventricle, and the free edge of this complex is rotated clockwise to be sutured to the septal border of the anterior leaflet, thus creating a cone the vertex of which remains fixed at the right ventricular apex and the base of which is sutured to the true tricuspid valve annulus level. Additionally, the septal leaflet is incorporated into the cone wall whenever possible, and the atrial septal defect is closed in a valved fashion. RESULTS: There was 1 (2.5%) hospital death and 1 late death. Early postoperative echocardiograms have shown good right ventricular morphology and reduction in tricuspid regurgitation grade from 3.6 +/- 0.5 to 1.2 +/- 0.5 (P < .0001). After mean follow-up of 4 years, the functional class (New York Heart Association) improved from 2.6 +/- 0.7 to 1.2 +/- 0.4 (P < .0001). Two patients required late tricuspid valve re-repair, and there was neither atrioventricular block nor tricuspid valve replacement at any time. CONCLUSIONS: This surgical technique for Ebstein's anomaly can be performed with low mortality and morbidity. Early echocardiograms showed significant reduction of tricuspid insufficiency, and the follow-up showed improvement in patients' clinical status and low incidence of reoperation.


Assuntos
Anomalia de Ebstein/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Neuropatias do Plexo Braquial , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anomalia de Ebstein/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalia de Ebstein/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
16.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 22(01): 41-48, jan/mar 2007. ilus
Artigo em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-6869

RESUMO

A síndrome de hipoplasia de Câmaras Esquerdas representa um grande desafio para cirurgiões do mundo inteiro. Atualmente tem sido proposto procedimento paliativo alternativo, por meio de bandagem bilateral das artérias pulmonares associada à colocação de stent no canal arterial e atrioseptostomia. No entanto, as bandagens utilizadas são fixas, podendo tornar-se inadequadas após o fechamento do esterno ou com rápido crescimento somático do paciente. Descrevemos a primeira aplicação clínica do novo dispositivo miniaturizado de bandagem ajustável das artérias pulmonares em neonato portador da síndrome de hipoplasia de câmaras esquerdas, o qual permitiu ajustes percutâneos precisos do fluxo sangüíneo pulmonar.(AU)


Assuntos
Artéria Pulmonar/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Stents , Átrios do Coração
17.
Rev Port Cardiol ; 26(11): 1289-96, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18297844

RESUMO

A case is reported of a 38-month-old female patient with an ostium secundum-type atrial septal defect, 25 mm in diameter, with intermittent hypoxemia and hypoplasia of the right ventricular cavity and tricuspid valve The right-to-left shunt through the atrial septal defect, responsible for these alterations, is explained by its proximity to the coronary sinus, and exacerbated by a persistent left superior vena cava. The cyanosis disappeared and normal hemodynamic status was achieved after closure of the atrial septal defect.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Seio Coronário/anormalidades , Comunicação Interatrial/complicações , Hipóxia/etiologia , Veia Cava Superior/anormalidades , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 21(4): 418-428, out.-dez. 2006. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-442533

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Este estudo compara a sobrecarga contínua versus intermitente do ventrículo direito (VD) de cabritos, para induzir a hipertrofia ventricular. MÉTODO: Foram utilizados três grupos de sete cabritos jovens (controle, contínuo, intermitente). A sobrecarga sistólica foi imposta por 96 horas, no contínuo e por quatro períodos de 12 horas, alternados com 12 horas de descanso, no intermitente. Avaliações ecocardiográficas e hemodinâmicas foram feitas diariamente. Os animais foram, então, mortos para avaliar o conteúdo de água e peso das massas cardíacas. RESULTADOS: O Intermitente mostrou aumento dos pesos de VD e de septo, em relação ao controle (p<0,05), enquanto o contínuo aumentou apenas a massa do VD (p<0,05). Houve maior aumento da espessura do VD no Intermitente (p<0,05). O volume diastólico final do VD mostrou diferença significativa entre os grupos (p=0,01), com maior dilatação do VD do grupo contínuo, no momento 24 horas de sobrecarga sistólica (p<0,03). A fração de ejeção do VD se manteve dentro da normalidade nos dois grupos ao longo do protocolo. Foi observado menor perímetro do VD no intermitente, após 96 horas de treinamento (p<0,05). Não houve diferença significante entre os grupos de estudo e o controle quanto ao conteúdo de água do miocárdio do VD. CONCLUSÃO: A bandagem ajustável do tronco pulmonar permitiu um rápido processo hipertrófico do VD em ambos os grupos, sendo, porém, mais eficiente no intermitente. Nosso estudo sugere que a preparação do ventrículo subpulmonar de forma intermitente poderá proporcionar melhor resultado para a operação de Jatene em dois estágios.


OBJECTIVE: This study compares ventricular hypertrophy induced by continuous versus intermittent systolic overload of the pulmonary ventricle (RV) of young goats. METHODS: Three groups of seven goats were used (control, continuous, and intermittent). Systolic overload was maintained for 96 hours in the continuous group, while the intermittent group suffered four 12-hour periods of systolic overload, alternating with 12-hour resting periods. Echocardiographic and hemodynamic evaluations were performed every day. The animals were then killed for myocardial water content and weight evaluation. RESULTS: Both study groups achieved significant increases in RV mass (p<0.05). However, significant increases of the septum mass were observed only in the Intermittent Group (p<0.05). A greater increase in the RV wall thickness was observed in the Intermittent Group (p<0.05). There was a significant difference in RV diastolic volume between the two groups (p= 0.01), with a greater RV dilation in the Continuous Group after 24 hours of continuous overload (p< 0.03). In both groups, the RV ejection fraction was maintained within the normal range throughout the protocol. A smaller RV perimeter was observed in the Intermittent Group after 96 hours of systolic overload (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in RV myocardial water content between the study groups and the Control Group. CONCLUSIONS: Adjustable pulmonary artery bandages permit rapid RV hypertrophy in both groups. Nevertheless, it is more efficient in the Intermittent Group. This study suggests that preparation of the pulmonary ventricle with intermittent systolic overload might provide better results for the 2-stage arterial switch operation.

19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 87(4): e108-11, 2006 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17128294

RESUMO

Immunosuppressive therapy for transplanted patients exposes them to a high risk of developing posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD). We report the case of a child undergoing heart transplantation at seven months of age who developed PTLD at nine years of age, diagnosed by resection of a pulmonary nodule.


Assuntos
Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/cirurgia , Criança , Humanos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 87(4): 423-8, 2006 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17128310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis is an uncommon isolated anomaly and since 1978 only 119 cases have been reported. In general the condition presents as pulmonary hypertension (PH) in children and hemoptysis in adults. Interventions such as pulmonary artery reconstruction and lobectomies were performed in 17% of the cases. We analyzed four of these cases, two in natural evolution and two with late term PH regression after surgical correction. METHODS: Three 22,10 and 35 month old male children and one 20 month old female child were included in the study. The 22 month old presented right-sided heart failure (RHF) and cyanosis; the 10 month old presented RHF and the other two presented exertion fatigue. All had PH symptoms, right ventricular strain on the EKG and cardiomegaly. Cardiac catheterization showed systemic pressures in the contralateral pulmonary artery, with right-sided agenesis in three of the children and left-sided agenesis in one child. RESULTS: Surgical correction of pulmonary artery continuity was possible in the 22 month old and 10 month old using a 7 mm diameter Goretex conduit between the pulmonary arteries up to the hypoplastic contralateral pulmonary hilum. There was early and late regression of the PH signs and the children remained stable during follow-up to the ages of 7 and 2.5 years, respectively. The pressure ratio between the left and right ventricles was 30 and 40%, in both cases. Pulmonary perfusion increased from 8 to 44% and from 8 to 23%, in the two cases. The same procedure was scheduled for the other patients. CONCLUSION: This technique has become the operation of choice for similar cases, that are rarely described in literature, even in the presence of severe PH and contralateral pulmonary artery hypoplasia.


Assuntos
Baixo Débito Cardíaco/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Angiografia , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Baixo Débito Cardíaco/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Lactente , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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