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1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 42(2): 166-172, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134025

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the oral health status of patients with multiple myeloma and compare to a control group. Materials and methods: The medical history of the studied subjects was obtained from the medical records and through interviews. Trained examiners evaluated the oral mucosa, teeth, periodontium and imaging aspects. The dental status was evaluated by the decayed, missing and filled teeth index. The presence of bone lesions was investigated with cone beam computer tomography images of the jaws. Results: The most common oral mucosa features were paleness (31%) and coated tongue (14.3%) in the multiple myeloma group (N = 42); and coated (21.4%) and fissured tongue (10.7%) in the control group (N = 28). The mean DMFT index of patients with multiple myeloma was high, but not significantly different from controls (14.57 versus 19.69, p = 0.975). Hypodense lesions suggestive of multiple myeloma were observed in the jaws of 73.8% of the patients. Hypodense lesions related to teeth were detected in 33.3% of the patients and in 53.6% of the controls (p = 0.832). Conclusions: The studied population of multiple myeloma patients presented many oral health issues that needed attention. Thus, oral care should be included in the routine treatment to improve the quality of the oral status in these patients.

2.
Hematol Transfus Cell Ther ; 42(2): 166-172, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the oral health status of patients with multiple myeloma and compare to a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical history of the studied subjects was obtained from the medical records and through interviews. Trained examiners evaluated the oral mucosa, teeth, periodontium and imaging aspects. The dental status was evaluated by the decayed, missing and filled teeth index. The presence of bone lesions was investigated with cone beam computer tomography images of the jaws. RESULTS: The most common oral mucosa features were paleness (31%) and coated tongue (14.3%) in the multiple myeloma group (N=42); and coated (21.4%) and fissured tongue (10.7%) in the control group (N=28). The mean DMFT index of patients with multiple myeloma was high, but not significantly different from controls (14.57 versus 19.69, p=0.975). Hypodense lesions suggestive of multiple myeloma were observed in the jaws of 73.8% of the patients. Hypodense lesions related to teeth were detected in 33.3% of the patients and in 53.6% of the controls (p=0.832). CONCLUSIONS: The studied population of multiple myeloma patients presented many oral health issues that needed attention. Thus, oral care should be included in the routine treatment to improve the quality of the oral status in these patients.

3.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 45(5): 277-282, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-798167

RESUMO

Resumo Introdução O tratamento de plasma é uma tecnologia eficaz que pode manter as propriedades internas dos materiais inalteradas após o tratamento, modificando apenas a superfície. Objetivo Avaliar o efeito do plasma de oxigênio na dentina previamente exposta ao NaOCl 6%. Material e método Foram utilizados 60 incisivos bovinos. A coroa foi removida, a raiz foi dividida e as faces planificadas, totalizando 120 segmentos referentes ao terço cervical. As amostras foram divididas em dois grupos: controle (imersa em NaOCl 6%, lavada com água destilada, seca, imersa em EDTA 17%, lavada e seca) e plasma de oxigênio (após tratamento descrito no grupo controle, plasma de oxigênio foi aplicado por 30 s). As amostras foram avaliadas qualitativamente em relação à topografia por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, utilizando-se microfotografias com ampliação de 1.000×. O goniômetro Ramé-hart foi utilizado para a mensuração do ângulo de contato entre as superfícies e as seguintes soluções foram utilizadas: água, etilenoglicol e di-iodometano. Em seguida, a energia de superfície, representada pelas componentes polar e dispersiva, foi calculada. Avaliou-se também o escoamento dos cimentos Pulp Canal Sealer EWT (PCS) e Real Sal SE (RS) na superfície dentinária. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente utilizando os testes Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney U (p<0,05). Resultado O tratamento com plasma levou à formação de uma camada semelhante à smear layer na superfície dentinária. Este tratamento levou a um aumento da energia de superfície e da componente polar, favorecendo a hidrofilicidade da superfície. Entretanto, desfavoreceu o escoamento do cimento PCS e não influenciou no escoamento do cimento RS. Conclusão O plasma de oxigênio ocasionou mudanças topográficas na superfície dentinária, favorecendo a hidrofilicidade desta. Contudo, não favoreceu o escoamento dos cimentos endodônticos na dentina.


Abstract Introduction Plasma treatment is an effective technology since the internal properties of the material is kept unchanged after treatment, modifying only the surface. Objective To evaluate the effect of oxygen plasma on dentin previously exposed to 6% NaOCl. Material and method 60 bovine incisors were used. The crown was removed, the root splited and the faces planned amounting 120 segments related to the cervical third. The samples were divided into 2 groups, control (immersed in 6% NaOCl, washed with distilled water, dried, immersed in 17% EDTA, washed and dried) and oxygen plasma (after treatment described in the control group, oxygen plasma was applied for 30s). The samples were evaluated qualitatively in relation to topography by scanning electron microscopy using photomicrographs at 1000× of magnification. The Ramé-hart goniometer was used to measure the contact angle between the surfaces and the following solutions: water, ethyleneglycol, and diiodomethane. Then, surface energy, polar and dispersive components, was calculated. Additionally, it was evaluated the flow of Pulp Canal Sealer EWT (PCS) and Real Salt SE (RS) sealers on dentin surface. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney U (p<0.05). Result Plasma treatment caused topographical changes on dentin surface. This treatment led to an increase in surface energy and polar component, favoring the hydrophilicity of the surface. However, it disfavors the wettability of PCS and did not influence the RS wettability. Conclusion The oxygen plasma caused topographical changes on dentin surface, favoring its hydrophilicity. However, it did not favor the sealers wettability on dentin.

4.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 68: 343-349, 2016 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27524029

RESUMO

This study was designed to evaluate the effects of Oxygen and Argon plasma on gutta-percha surfaces. A total of 185 flat smooth gutta-percha surfaces were used. Samples were divided into groups: control: no plasma treatment; Oxygen: treatment with Oxygen plasma for 1min; Argon: treatment with Argon plasma for 1min. Samples were evaluated topographically by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy; and chemically by Fourier Transform-infrared Spectroscopy. A goniometer was used to determine the surface free energy and the wettability of the endodontic sealers. Additionally 60 bovine teeth were filled using pellets of gutta-percha (control, oxygen and argon plasma) and the sealers. Teeth were evaluated by push-out and microleakage tests. Data were statistically analyzed using specific tests. Argon plasma did not change the surface topography, while Oxygen plasma led to changes. Both treatments chemically modified the gutta-percha surface. Argon and Oxygen plasma increased the surface free energy and favored the wettability of AH Plus and Pulp Canal Sealer EWT. Regarding bond strength analysis, for AH Plus sealer, both plasma treatments on gutta-percha favored the bond strength to dentin. However, for Pulp Canal Sealer, there is no statistically significant influence. For leakage test, dye penetration occurred between sealer and dentin in all groups. In conclusion, Oxygen plasma led to both topographic and chemical changes in the gutta-percha surface, while Argon plasma caused only chemical changes. Both treatments increased the surface free energy, favoring the wettability of AH Plus and Pulp Canal Sealer EWT sealers and influenced positively in the adhesion and leakage.


Assuntos
Dentina/química , Guta-Percha/química , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/química , Gases em Plasma/química , Animais , Bovinos , Propriedades de Superfície
5.
Braz Dent J ; 27(1): 41-5, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27007344

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of argon plasma on dentin surface after use of 6% NaOCl. Sixty bovine incisors had their crowns removed, the roots split, and the segments planed. One hundred twenty segments of the cervical third were used. The samples were divided in two groups (n=60): CONTROL GROUP: immersed in 6% NaOCl, washed, dried and then immersed in 17% EDTA, washed and dried and Argon group: after treatment described for the CONTROL GROUP, non-thermal argon plasma was applied for 30 s. Ten samples were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy in each group. Other ten samples were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Thirty samples were analyzed with a goniometer to measure the contact angle between the dentin surfaces and solutions, to determine the surface free energy. The last ten samples were used to evaluate the wettability of AH Plus sealer. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). The results of this study showed that argon plasma did not modify the surface topography. FTIR analysis showed chemical modifications after plasma treatment. Argon plasma increased the surface free energy of dentin and AH Plus wettability. In conclusion, argon plasma treatment modified chemically the dentin surface. This treatment increased the surface free energy and wettability of an epoxy resin root canal sealer, favoring its bonding to dentin surfaces.


Assuntos
Argônio , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(1): 41-45, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-777151

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of argon plasma on dentin surface after use of 6% NaOCl. Sixty bovine incisors had their crowns removed, the roots split, and the segments planed. One hundred twenty segments of the cervical third were used. The samples were divided in two groups (n=60): Control group: immersed in 6% NaOCl, washed, dried and then immersed in 17% EDTA, washed and dried and Argon group: after treatment described for the Control group, non-thermal argon plasma was applied for 30 s. Ten samples were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy in each group. Other ten samples were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Thirty samples were analyzed with a goniometer to measure the contact angle between the dentin surfaces and solutions, to determine the surface free energy. The last ten samples were used to evaluate the wettability of AH Plus sealer. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p<0.05). The results of this study showed that argon plasma did not modify the surface topography. FTIR analysis showed chemical modifications after plasma treatment. Argon plasma increased the surface free energy of dentin and AH Plus wettability. In conclusion, argon plasma treatment modified chemically the dentin surface. This treatment increased the surface free energy and wettability of an epoxy resin root canal sealer, favoring its bonding to dentin surfaces.


Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do plasma de argônio na superfície dentinária após o uso de NaOCl 6%. As coroas de 60 incisivos bovinos foram removidas, as raízes clivadas e os segmentos planificados. Cento e vinte segmentos referentes ao terço cervical foram utilizados. As amostras foram divididas em dois grupos (n=60): Grupo Controle: imersos em NaOCl 6%, lavados, secos, imersos em EDTA 17%, lavados e secos e Grupo Argônio: após o tratamento descrito no grupo controle, foi aplicado plasma de argônio não térmico por 30 s. Em cada grupo, 10 amostras foram avaliadas por microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Outras dez amostras foram analisadas por espectroscopia no infravermelho por transformada de Fourier (FTIR). Trinta amostras foram analisadas com um goniômetro para medir o ângulo de contato entre a superfície dentinária e as soluções e determinar a energia livre de superfície. As últimas dez amostras foram utilizadas para avaliar a molhabilidade do cimento AH Plus. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente usando os testes de Kruskal Wallis e Mann-Whitney (p<0,05). Os resultados do estudo mostraram que o plasma de argônio não modificou a topografia de superfície. A análise por FTIR mostrou modificações químicas após o tratamento de plasma. O plasma de argônio aumentou a energia livre da superfície dentinária e a molhabilidade do cimento AH Plus. Conclusão, o tratamento com plasma de argônio modificou quimicamente a superfície dentinária. Este tratamento aumentou a energia livre de superfície e a molhabilidade de um cimento endodôntico à base de resina epóxi, favorecendo as características adesivas da superfície dentinária.


Assuntos
Animais , Argônio , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Bovinos
7.
RSBO (Impr.) ; 9(2): 158-162, Apr.-Jun. 2012. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-748106

RESUMO

Introduction: The electronic method has been studied and improved aiming to add precision, speed and reliability of the measurement technique to determine the exact location of the working length. Currently, the root canal preparation recommends prior to determine the tooth length and consequent perform instrumentation of the apical portion, a previous preflaring of the cervical and middle thirds in various techniques. This procedure may provide a reduction in system impedance, leading to read errors by the apex locators. Objective: Investigate the influence of preflaring of the cervical and middle thirds on the accuracy of measuring the working length by apex locators. Material and methods: Twenty-five mesial roots of molars were used and had their crowns cut at the cemento-enamel junction. The actual measure of each root canal was performed and then the samples were embedded into a mixture of alginate, used as a conducting medium, where electronic measurements were taken with apex locator before and after preflaring of the canals with Gates-Glidden drills in descending order (#4, #3, #2). Measurements obtained by electronic method were then compared with the actual measurement of the root canal. The results were tabulated and submitted to the Student t test. Results: The results show that there was no statistical significance (p<0.05) between the readings before and after preflaring. Readings closer to the foraminal ending occurred in the group after preflaring with Gates Glidden. Conclusion: It was concluded that preflaring with Gates Glidden drills were not able to influence significantly the accuracy of apex locator in determining the exact working length.

8.
Rev. bras. odontol ; 62(1/2): 85-88, 2005. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-427971

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a capacidade de penetração de guta-percha e cimento nos canais laterais simulados em blocos de resina acrílica realizados com o auxílio de uma microbiota cilíndrica de 0,2 mm de diâmetro. Os canais foram obturados utilizando duas técnicas de obturação: técnica de compactação vertical de Schilder modificada utilizando o Sistema Obtura II e técnica híbrida de Tagger. A técnica utilizando o Sistema Obtura II promoveu maior preechimento de guta-percha nos três terços, enquanto que a técnica híbrida de Tagger promoveu maior preenchimento de cimento nos canais laterais cervicais e mediais


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Guta-Percha/normas , Técnicas In Vitro , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/normas , Obturação do Canal Radicular/normas
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