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1.
Eur J Dent ; 16(4): 947-949, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35820439

RESUMO

Health promotion and disease prevention link intricately with lifestyle habits such as a healthy diet, physical activity, and good sleep quality. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction and associated disorders can take away sleep and well-being depending on the form and intensity that affect the individual. A multidisciplinary effort has contributed to significant health advances, improving clinical outcomes concerning TMJ dysfunction. This report presents the case of a 37-year-old Caucasian female physical educator with a good healthy diet with complaints of tooth tightening, constant TMJ and neck pain, and tinnitus. The patient was treated with inferior occlusal splint placement and selective occlusal adjustments based on neuro-occlusal rehabilitation. The patient reported relief of pain symptoms with occlusal and body balance, discontinued analgesic medication, and maintained the occlusal splint to practice sports and sleep due to the perception of improved physical performance and sleep, and quality of life. Based on this report, it is necessary to analyze the causes and define the effects of different disorders to establish their diagnosis and treatment and changing patterns to reestablish functional balance.

2.
Eur J Dent ; 16(3): 564-572, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35181870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea is an inflammatory, chronic, and evolutive disease often needing adequate treatment and follow-up. The oral appliance (OA) is an accepted alternative therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) control. Due to greater adherence, OA with mandibular advancement (OAm) is being recommended treatment for patients who refuse or do not tolerate continuous positive airway pressure. The mode of action of OAm is to promote the advancement of the mandible or tongue with a subsequent increase in the tone of the pharyngeal muscles and the permeability of the upper airway, but most OAm use conventional models as reference, analogic, or digital, dissociating dental arches of the skull structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study of 33 OSA patient treated with a different OAm, that use Camper plane as reference with skull structures for dental arches disocclusion, where polysomnographic, cephalometric measures, and subjective data from questionnaires pre- and post-treatment were assessed and correlated. Descriptive analysis, correlated Chi-square tests, and basic statistics were used. Generalized linear mixed model for repeated measure and post hoc Tukey-Kramer test compares the variables pre- and post-treatment. Shapiro-Wilk test and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used. All statistical tests were set in 5% level of significance. RESULTS: Regarding polysomnography data, there was a significant association between apnea hypopnea index (AHI) with oxygen saturation, arousal index (AI) and the maximum heartbeats, and sleep improvement and health risk reduction. Additionally, from cephalometric data, it was found a significant association between the tongue posture with the soft palate, hioyd-C3 and, lower and posterior airway. When both parameters are correlated, there are a significant dependent association with hyoid bone position with AHI and AI. The limitation of this study was the two-dimensional image used without provide volumetric measurements, but this limitation was reduced with the follow-up polysomnography parameters. CONCLUSION: In this pilot study, DIORS OAm as an uniquely designed device using Camper plane as a reference for disocclusion was effective in the control of OSA.

3.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(5): 44-50, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206828

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The most prescribed treatment option for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is CPAP; however, its adherence is limited. Oral Appliance therapy (OAT) is frequently an option or even an adjuvant, being the mandibular advancement Oral Appliance (OAm) the most used prescription. It modifies the upper airway, improving the airway patency. OAm construction is based on the occlusal plane to disocclusion. In this study, the DIORS® appliance was used, a singular OAm, based on Neuro-Occlusal Rehabilitation concepts, that uses Camper's plane as a disocclusion reference, in order to achieve neuromuscular balance and functional stability. OBJECTIVE: This study primarily aimed to assess the DIORS® effectiveness in relation to clinical and polysomnographic outcomes. It was also evaluated if the use of DIORS® is as effective as titrated CPAP to treat CPAP non-adherent patients. METHODS: Twenty patients were included in this study. Objective and subjective clinical data were assessed at a sleep laboratory using all-night polysomnography, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), taken at three moments: Baseline, CPAP titration, and using DIORS®. Analysis of respiratory parameters as apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), oxyhemoglobin saturation levels, the arousal index and daytime sleepiness were taken as criteria for a successful OAT. RESULTS: Respiratory and arousal parameters improved in both therapies, while DIORS® promoted a better ESS. CONCLUSION: Results from the present work support that DIORS® is a viable and effective adjuvant therapy for patients with moderate to severe OSA non-adherent to CPAP.


Assuntos
Avanço Mandibular , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Humanos , Polissonografia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(5): 44-50, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1133688

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: The most prescribed treatment option for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is CPAP; however, its adherence is limited. Oral Appliance therapy (OAT) is frequently an option or even an adjuvant, being the mandibular advancement Oral Appliance (OAm) the most used prescription. It modifies the upper airway, improving the airway patency. OAm construction is based on the occlusal plane to disocclusion. In this study, the DIORS® appliance was used, a singular OAm, based on Neuro-Occlusal Rehabilitation concepts, that uses Camper's plane as a disocclusion reference, in order to achieve neuromuscular balance and functional stability. Objective: This study primarily aimed to assess the DIORS® effectiveness in relation to clinical and polysomnographic outcomes. It was also evaluated if the use of DIORS® is as effective as titrated CPAP to treat CPAP non-adherent patients. Methods: Twenty patients were included in this study. Objective and subjective clinical data were assessed at a sleep laboratory using all-night polysomnography, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), taken at three moments: Baseline, CPAP titration, and using DIORS®. Analysis of respiratory parameters as apnea/hypopnea index (AHI), oxyhemoglobin saturation levels, the arousal index and daytime sleepiness were taken as criteria for a successful OAT. Results: Respiratory and arousal parameters improved in both therapies, while DIORS® promoted a better ESS. Conclusion: Results from the present work support that DIORS® is a viable and effective adjuvant therapy for patients with moderate to severe OSA non-adherent to CPAP.


RESUMO Introdução: A opção mais indicada para tratamento da apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) é o CPAP; contudo, a aderência é limitada. A Terapia com Aparelho Oral (TAO) é, frequentemente, uma opção, ou mesmo um adjuvante. A prescrição mais utilizada é o Aparelho Oral de avanço mandibular (AOm). O AOm modifica a via aérea superior, melhorando a patência do espaço aéreo. A construção do AOm se baseia no plano de oclusão para desoclusão. No presente estudo, usamos o DIORS®, um AOm diferente, baseado nos conceitos da Reabilitação Neuro-Oclusal (RNO), que utiliza o Plano de Camper como referência da desoclusão para alcançar o equilíbrio neuromuscular e estabilidade funcional. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo principal abordar a eficácia do DIORS®, considerando-se os resultados clínicos e polissonográficos. Adicionalmente, foi avaliado, também, se o uso desse AOm é tão eficaz quanto a titulação do CPAP para tratar pacientes com AOS não aderentes ao CPAP. Métodos: Vinte pacientes foram incluídos neste estudo. Dados clínicos objetivos e subjetivos foram avaliados em um laboratório de sono usando polissonografia de noite inteira e a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth (ESE) observando-se três momentos: inicial, titulação do CPAP e usando o DIORS®. Os critérios de sucesso da TAO foram assumidos pela análise dos parâmetros respiratórios como Índice de Apneia e Hipopneia (IAH) e níveis de saturação de oxi-hemoglobina, o índice de despertar e a sonolência diurna. Resultados: Em ambas as terapias, os parâmetros respiratórios e de despertares melhoraram. Adicionalmente, uma melhora na ESE foi alcançada com o DIORS®. Conclusão: Os resultados do presente trabalho apoiam que o DIORS® é uma terapia adjuvante viável e bastante eficaz para pacientes com AOS moderada a grave não aderentes ao CPAP.


Assuntos
Humanos , Avanço Mandibular , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas , Resultado do Tratamento , Polissonografia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia
5.
Ortodontia ; 42(2): 114-121, arb.-jun. 2009. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: lil-542771

RESUMO

A discrepância esquelética no hiperdivergente pode caracterizar-se pelo aumento de diversos fatores: altura facial, altura dentoalveolar, ângulo mandibular e relação dos planos maxilomandibulares no decorrer do crescimento e desenvolvimento. A etiologia da hiperdivergência é variada, podendo ser genética, congênita e/ou funcional. Nos respiradores bucais a postura baixa da língua pode provocar o aumento do ângulo mandibular, principalmente em sua porção inferior, podendo orientar um crescimento vertical acentuado, levando a uma mordida aberta esqueletal que, possivelmente, tendera a tratamento cirúrgico. E, quando associada a rotação morfológica posterior mandibular, pode também desencadear problemas de disfunções temporomandibulares e dor orofacial. O caso clínico mostra como a Ortopedia Funcional dos Maxilares, vista através da Reabilitação Neuro-oclusal, pode atuar de forma significativa na correção da hiperdivergência, com a orientação da análise estrutural e de localização do compasso articular.


Skeletal discrepancy on hyperdivergent patients can De characterized by several factors: increased facial height, dento-alveolar height, mandibular angle and the relationship of the maxillo-mandibular-planes d~wingg rowth and development. The etiology of hyperdivergency is varied, being it genetic, congenital and/or functional. In mouth-breathers, the low posture of the tongue can provoke the increase of the mandibular angle, especially of its lower portion, potentially causing a marked vertical growth which, leading a skeletal open bite, which will possibly have to be treated surgically. And when associated with a posterior morphological mandibular rotation, can also cause temporomandibular disorders and orofacial pain. The clinical case shows how Jaw Functional Orthopedics, seen through Neuro-occlusal Rehabilitation, can significantly correct hyperdivergency, under the guidance of StructuralAnalysis and Location Analysis of the Articular Compass.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Adolescente , Arcada Osseodentária , Má Oclusão , Ortodontia
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