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J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 107: 103769, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364945

RESUMO

Considering the long time spent in low frequency cyclic fatigue tests, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of loading frequency (2 Hz and 20 Hz) on the flexural fatigue strength (FFS) and on the time and number of cycles to failure of a leucite-reinforced glass-ceramic. Disc-shaped specimens were produced using leucite-reinforced glass-ceramic CAD/CAM blocks (IPS Empress CAD), according to ISO 6872/2015. Two fatigue tests were performed. The FFS (n = 17) was determined by staircase approach at a lifetime of 500,000 cycles, for 2 Hz (control - chewing frequency estimative) and 20 Hz (accelerated approach). To determine the time and the number of cycles to failure in flexural fatigue, discs (n = 20) were submitted to a cyclic loading ranging from 10 MPa to 99 MPa (60% of the monotonic strength), until a maximum of 500,000 cycles. Means, standard deviation and confidence intervals (CI) at 95% for FFS were calculated, whereas statistical differences were detected based on maximum likelihood estimations and overlapping of 95% CIs. Kaplan Meier (α = 0.05) and log rank post-hoc tests were used to analyze the time (in minutes) and the number of cycles to failure in the lifetime test. FFS did not differ significantly between 2 Hz (mean: 78 MPa; 95% CI: 69-88 MPa) and 20 Hz (mean: 84 MPa; 95% CI: 78-90 MPa). Regarding the lifetime test, there was no difference (p = 0.3) in the time to failure for 2 Hz (mean: 13 min; 95% CI: 6-20 min) and 20 Hz (mean: 69 min; 95% CI: 9-128 min). However, the group tested with 20 Hz survived a significantly (p < 0.01) higher number of cycles (mean: 82,247 cycles; 95% CI: 11,450-153,044) than the group tested with 2 Hz (mean: 1588 cycles; 95% CI: 779-2397). Therefore, in leucite-reinforced glass-ceramic fatigue strength tests, limited to a lifetime of 500,000 cycles, the use of loading frequencies up to 20 Hz did not influence the FFS estimations when compared to 2 Hz (chewing frequency estimative), and may be an alternative to accelerate data collection in this type of mechanical test. However, in lifetime tests, the use of higher loading frequencies, as 20 Hz, did not save time, since a higher number of cycles was necessary to promote the failure, when compared to 2 Hz.


Assuntos
Silicatos de Alumínio , Cerâmica , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície
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