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1.
Chemistry ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378767

RESUMO

Although atomically precise polyhydrido copper nanoclusters are of prime interest for a variety of applications, they have so far remained scarce. Herein, this work describes the synthesis of a dithiophosphate-protected copper(I) hydride-rich nanocluster (NC), [Cu30 H18 {S2 P(OnPr)2 }12 ] (1H ), fully characterized by various spectroscopic methods and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The X-ray structure of 1H reveals an unprecedented central Cu12 hollow icosahedron. Six faces of this icosahedron are capped by Cu3 triangles, the whole Cu30 core being wrapped by twelve dithiophosphate ligands and the whole cluster has ideal S6 symmetry. The locations of the 18 hydrides in 1H were ascertained by a single-crystal neutron diffraction study. They are composed of three types: capping µ3 -H, interstitial µ4 -H (seesaw) and µ5 -H ligands (square pyramidal), in good agreement with the DFT simulations. The numbers of hydrides and ligand resonances in the 1 H NMR spectrum of 1H are in line with their coordination environment in the solid state, retaining the S6 symmetry in solution. Furthermore, two new Se-protected polyhydrido copper nanoclusters, [Cu30 H18 {Se2 P(OR)2 }12 ] (2H : R=iPr 3H : R=iBu) were synthesized from their sulfur relative 1H via ligand displacement reaction and their X-ray structures feature the exceptional case where both the NC shape and size are fully conserved during the course of ligand exchange. DFT and TD-DFT calculations allow understanding the bonding and optical properties of clusters 1H -3H . In addition, the reaction of 1H with [Pd(PPh3 )2 Cl2 ] in the presence of terminal alkynes led to the formation of new bimetallic Cu-Pd alloy clusters [PdCu14 H2 {S2 P(OnPr)2 }6 (C≡CR)6 ] (4: R=Ph; 5: R=C6 H4 F).

2.
Nanoscale ; 11(31): 14581-14586, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359023

RESUMO

The synthesis, via a co-reduction method, of the first Pd-containing silver-rich 21-metal-atom nanocluster passivated by dithiolates, [PdAg20{S2P(OnPr)2}12] (1), is reported. 1 is an 8 electron superatom isoelectronic to [Ag21{S2P(OiPr)2}12]+. The doping of Pd in 1 leads to its high stability against degradation in solution and shows red emission in MeTHF at 77 K. In addition, we report the X-ray crystal structure of a multi-palladium doped silver nanocluster, [Pd6Ag14(S){S2P(OnPr)2}12] (2), for the first time. Its X-ray structure exhibits a sulfide-centered Pd6Ag2 rhombohedron surrounded by twelve additional silver atoms with S6 symmetry. The XPS study and DFT calculations indicate that 2 contains Pd(0) and Ag(i) metals. A significant decrease in the electrochemical gap was observed in the SWVs of 2.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 57(3): 985-994, 2018 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29336563

RESUMO

Synthesis and structural elucidation of various electron precise group 5 dimetallaheteroboranes have been described. Room temperature reaction of [Cp2VCl2] with Li[BH3(EPh)], generated from the treatment of LiBH4·THF and Ph2E2 (E = S or Se), for 1 h in toluene, followed by thermolysis, led to the formation of bimetallic complexes [{CpV(µ-EPh)}2{µ-η2:η2-BH3E}], 1 and 2 (1: E = S and 2: E = Se), and [{CpV(µ-SePh)}2{µ-η2:η2-BH(OC4H8)Se}], 3. One of the striking features of these compounds is that they represent a rare class of distorted tetrahedral clusters having bridging hydrogens. Evaluating the skeletal electron pairs and bonding types, compounds 1, 2, and 3 may be considered as isoelectronic with our earlier reported [(CpV)2(B2H6)2]. In an attempt to synthesize the Nb analogues of 1-3, room temperature reactions of [CpNbCl4] and Li[BH3(EPh)] (E = S or Se) were carried out that afforded compounds [{CpNb(µ-EPh)}2{µ-η2:η2-B2H4E}], 4 and 5 (4: E = S and 5: E = Se). The solid-state X-ray structures of both 4 and 5 exemplify electronically saturated [M2B3] systems, and their geometries are analogous to that of [(Cp*MoCl)2B3H7]. For the extension of this work, reaction of [Cp*TaCl4] (Cp* = η5-C5Me5) with Li[BH3(SePh)] was carried out that yielded a tantalaselenaborane cluster [(Cp*Ta)2(µ-Se)B3H6Se(C6H5)] (6). All the new compounds have been characterized using 1H, 11B{1H}, 13C{1H} NMR, UV-vis absorption, and IR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and X-ray diffraction studies.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 56(3): 1524-1533, 2017 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28106383

RESUMO

Dimetallaoctaborane(12) of Ru, Co, and Rh have been well-characterized by a range of spectroscopic techniques and X-ray diffraction studies. Thus, reinvestigation of the Ir-system became of interest. As a result, a slight modification in the reaction conditions enabled us to isolate the missing Ir analogue of octaborane(12), [(Cp*Ir)2B6H10], 1. Compound 1 adapts a geometry similar to that of its parent octaborane(12) and Ru, Co, and Rh analogues. In [M2B6H10+x](M = Ru, x = 2; M = Co and Rh, x = 0), there exist two M-H-B protons. However, a significant difference observed in [(Cp*Ir)2B6H10] is the presence of two Ir-H instead of Ir-H-B protons that eventually controls the reactivity of this molecule. For example, unlike [M2B6H10](M = Co or Rh), the Ir-analogue does not react with metal carbonyl compounds or [Au(PPh3)Cl]. Along with 1, a closo trimetallic 8-vertex iridaborane [(Cp*Ir)3B5H4Cl], 2 was also isolated. Additionally, from another reaction, 12-vertex closo iridaboranes [(Cp*Ir)2B10Hy(OH)z], 3a and 3b (3a: y = 12, z = 0; 3b: y = 8, z = 2), have also been isolated. Further, density functional theory calculations were performed to gain useful insight into the structure and stability of these compounds.

5.
ACS Omega ; 2(3): 1019-1024, 2017 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30023626

RESUMO

Although template-assisted self-assembly methods are very popular in materials and biological systems, they have certain limitations such as lack of tunability and switchable functionality because of the irreversible association of cells and their matrix components. With an aim to achieve more tunability, we have made an attempt to investigate the self-assembly behavior of rod-shaped living bacteria subjected to an external alternating electric field using confocal microscopy. We demonstrate that rod-shaped living bacteria dispersed in a low salinity aqueous medium form different types of reversible freely suspended structures when subjected to an external alternating electric field. At low field strength, an oriented phase is observed where individual bacterium orients with its major axis aligned along the field direction. At intermediate field strength, bacteria align in the form of one-dimensional (1D) chains that lie along the field direction. Further, at high field strength, more bacteria associate with these 1D chains laterally to form a two-dimensional (2D) array. At higher bacterial concentration, these field-induced 2D arrays extend to form three-dimensional columnar structures. These results are discussed in the context of previously reported studies on bacterial self-assembly.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 44(32): 14403-10, 2015 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26200318

RESUMO

Reaction of [(η(5)-C5Me5)CoCl]2 with a two-fold excess of [LiBH4·thf] followed by heating with an excess of Se powder produces the dicobaltaselenaborane species [{(η(5)-C5Me5)Co}2B2H2Se2], , in good yield. The geometry of resembles a nido pentagonal [Co2B2Se2] bipyramid with a missing equatorial vertex. It can alternatively be seen as an open cage triple-decker cluster. Isolation of permits its reaction with [Fe2(CO)9] to give heterometallic diselenametallaborane [{(η(5)-C5Me5)Co}Fe(CO)3B2H2Se2], . The geometry of is similar to that of with one of the [(η(5)-C5Me5)Co] groups replaced by the isolobal, two-electron fragment [Fe(CO)3]. Both new compounds have been characterized by mass spectrometry, and by (1)H, (11)B and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. The structural architectures have been unequivocally established by crystallographic analysis. In addition, density functional theory calculations were performed to investigate the bonding and electronic properties. The large HOMO-LUMO gaps computed for both clusters are consistent with their thermodynamic stability. Natural bond order calculations predict the absence of metal-metal bonding interaction.


Assuntos
Cobalto/química , Modelos Teóricos , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Elétrons , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Teoria Quântica , Termodinâmica
8.
Dalton Trans ; 44(2): 669-76, 2015 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25385503

RESUMO

We report the synthesis, isolation and structural characterization of several moderately air stable nido-metallaboranes that represent boron rich open cage systems. The reaction of [Cp*CoCl]2, (Cp* = η(5)-C5Me5), with [BH3·thf] in toluene at ice cold temperature, followed by thermolysis in boiling toluene produced [(Cp*Co)B9H13], 1 [(Cp*Co)2B8H12], 2 and [(Cp*Co)2B6H10] 3. Building upon our earlier reactivity studies on rhodaboranes, we continue to explore the reactivity of dicobalt analogues of octaborane(12) cluster 3 with [Fe2(CO)9] and [Ru3(CO)12] at ambient conditions that yielded novel fused clusters [Fe2(CO)6(Cp*Co)2B6H10], 4 and [Ru4(CO)11(Cp*Co)2B3H3], 5 respectively. In an attempt to synthesize a heterometallic metallaborane compound we performed the reaction of [(Cp*Rh)2B6H10], 6 with [Cp*IrH4] that yielded a Ir-Ir double bonded compound [(Cp*Ir)2H3][B(OH)4], 7. All the new compounds have been characterized by IR, (1)H, (11)B, (13)C NMR spectroscopy, and the molecular structures were unambiguously established by X-ray diffraction analysis.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 53(2): 667-9, 2014 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24372198

RESUMO

The preparation, characterization, and electronic structure of the first heterometallic µ9-boride cluster [(Cp*Rh)2{Co6(CO)12}(µ-H)(BH)B)] has been reported. The interstitial boron atom in the title cluster is within the bonding contact of eight metal and one boron atom in a unique tricapped trigonal prism geometry.

10.
Chemistry ; 19(45): 15219-25, 2013 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24105718

RESUMO

The synthesis, structural characterization, and reactivity of new bridged borylene complexes are reported. The reaction of [{Cp*CoCl}2] with LiBH4·THF at -70 °C, followed by treatment with [M(CO)3(MeCN)3] (M=W, Mo, and Cr) under mild conditions, yielded heteronuclear triply bridged borylene complexes, [(µ3-BH)(Cp*Co)2(µ-CO)M(CO)5] (1-3; 1: M=W, 2: M=Mo, 3: M=Cr). During the syntheses of complexes 1-3, capped-octahedral cluster [(Cp*Co)2(µ-H)(BH)4{Co(CO)2}] (4) was also isolated in good yield. Complexes 1-3 are isoelectronic and isostructural to [(µ3-BH)(Cp*RuCO)2(µ-CO){Fe(CO)3}] (5) and [(µ3-BH)(Cp*RuCO)2(µ-H)(µ-CO){Mn(CO)3}] (6), with a trigonal-pyramidal geometry in which the µ3-BH ligand occupies the apical vertex. To test the reactivity of these borylene complexes towards bis-phosphine ligands, the room-temperature photolysis of complexes 1-3, 5, 6, and [{(µ3-BH)(Cp*Ru)Fe(CO)3}2(µ-CO)] (7) was carried out. Most of these complexes led to decomposition, although photolysis of complex 7 with [Ph2P(CH2)(n)PPh2] (n=1-3) yielded complexes 9-11, [3,4-(Ph2P(CH2)(n)PPh2)-closo-1,2,3,4-Ru2Fe2(BH)2] (9: n=1, 10: n=2, 11: n=3). Quantum-chemical calculations by using DFT methods were carried out on compounds 1-3 and 9-11 and showed reasonable agreement with the experimentally obtained structural parameters, that is, large HOMO-LUMO gaps, in accordance with the high stabilities of these complexes, and NMR chemical shifts that accurately reflected the experimentally observed resonances. All of the new compounds were characterized in solution by using mass spectrometry, IR spectroscopy, and (1)H, (13)C, and (11)B NMR spectroscopy and their structural types were unequivocally established by crystallographic analysis of complexes 1, 2, 4, 9, and 10.

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