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1.
Obes Surg ; 29(9): 2896-2903, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective treatment of morbid obesity. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) are the most popular procedures. We evaluated nutritional status, micro- and macronutrient intake, and oral hydration in patients before and regularly during 1 year after RYGBP and SG. METHODS: All patients that had been through bariatric surgery with at least 1-year post-surgery were retrospectively included in the study. All participants were evaluated once during the 2 months before the surgery and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Clinical and biological evaluations as well as dietary investigations were performed. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were included in this study (28 RYGBP and 29 SG). Patients in the RYGBP group had significantly higher body weight (132.3 ± 22 versus 122.2 ± 22.2 kg, p = 0.039) than patients in the SG group. Before surgery, total energy intake, oral hydration, and vitamin and mineral intakes were not different between the two groups. RYGBP and SG induced significant similar excess weight loss 1 year after surgery, 48.6 29.8% and 57.6 27.6% of body weight respectively. Energy intake significantly decreased 1 month after surgery and slightly increased from 1 to 12 months without reaching baseline intake levels. Macronutrient repartition did not change during follow-up. Oral hydration significantly decreased after RYGBP (- 58%) and showed a trend to be decreased after SG (- 49%). Sixty-five percent of patients still had vitamin D deficiency 1 year after surgery. Whatever the type of surgery, more than 20% had some vitamin deficiency 1 month after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Calories intake decreases after bariatric surgery, whatever the type of procedure. In addition, the prevalence of vitamin deficiency is high after bariatric surgery. Lastly, oral hydration is importantly decreased after bariatric surgery, especially after RYGBP.

2.
Joint Bone Spine ; 86(5): 600-609, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30822490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of periodontal treatment on clinical and biochemical parameters of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and quality of life (QoL) in patients with moderately active RA who were diagnosed with periodontitis. METHODS: In this open-label randomised controlled trial, RA subjects (n = 22) were allocated to "immediate" or "delayed" periodontal treatment (full-mouth non-surgical scaling and root planing, systemic antibiotics, and oral hygiene instructions). The main outcome was the 3-month change on the Disease Activity Score 28 based on the Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (DAS28-ESR). The Health Assessment Questionnaire and the General Oral Health Assessment Index were used to assess general and oral health QoL, respectively. RESULTS: Periodontal health significantly improved after periodontal treatment (P = 0.03). Periodontal treatment appeared to be safe but led to no significant effects on the DAS28-ESR (adjusted mean difference with 95% confidence interval (aMD) of -0.03 [-0.98; 0.92]). There was no evidence of improvement in the general QoL after periodontal treatment and no significant effect was found for the oral health QoL, despite a positive trend in the "psychological impacts" domain (aMD of 0.13 [-0.07; 0.33], P = 0.20). CONCLUSIONS: Although no clinical effect of periodontal treatment on RA was identified, this trial provides important data to support periodontal care in RA patients. Periodontal treatment is safe and reduces oral inflammation with a possible effect on oral health QoL. Since both periodontitis and RA are complex and multifactorial chronic diseases, it is likely that patient-centred approaches involving both oral health professionals and rheumatologists will contribute to optimal patient care. ISRCTN79186420.

3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 53, 2019 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) phenotype appears to be dichotomized in systemic or chronic articular forms. As biologicals and particularly interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-6 blockers play a more and more prominent role in the treatment, their place requires clarification. This study aimed to identify factors predictive of treatment response to anakinra or tocilizumab and investigate whether the choice of biotherapy and delays in the initiation of biotherapy influenced the likelihood of steroid discontinuation. METHODS: A multicenter exploratory retrospective study included all patients diagnosed with AOSD and receiving biological treatments in three regional hospitals until 2018. Clinical and biological characteristics at diagnosis and treatment-related data were collected. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was used to perform univariate analysis for quantitative variables, and Fisher's exact test was used for qualitative variables. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were included. All but one patient achieved remission with either anakinra or tocilizumab. Treatment responses depended on disease phenotype: the presence of arthritis and a chronic articular phenotype were associated with a substantial response to tocilizumab with p = 0.0009 (OR 36 [2.6-1703]) and p = 0.017 (OR 10 [1.22-92.6]), respectively, whereas the systemic form and the absence of arthritis were associated with a substantial response to anakinra with p = 0.0009 (OR 36 [2.6-1703]) and p = 0.017 (OR 10 [1.22-92.6]), respectively. Tocilizumab increased the likelihood of corticosteroid withdrawal (p = 0.029) regardless of delays in initiation or when it was initiated relative to other treatment in the overall therapeutic strategy. CONCLUSION: This study highlights the therapeutic implications of the phenotypic dichotomy of AOSD and should help us better codify AOSD treatment.

4.
RMD Open ; 5(1): e000763, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30792887

RESUMO

Objective: The objective was to investigate the short-term risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) or congestive heart failure (CHF) in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) or psoriasis initiating a biological therapy. Methods: Screening for the study was carried out using MEDLINE, Cochrane and Embase, from the inception of the database to December 2017. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF), anti-interleukin (IL)12/23, anti-IL23 and anti-IL17 agents for the treatment of PsA or psoriasis were included. Two investigators independently extracted MACEs or CHF data reported during the placebo-controlled phase. The primary outcome measures were the incidence of MACEs or CHF. Results: Of 753 references screened, 62 articles were selected, and 12 articles were added by manual searches. Accordingly 77 RCTs were included in the meta-analysis (MA) (10 174 patient-years (P-Y)). No significant difference was observed in MACE incidences in patients receiving anti-TNF, anti-IL12/23, anti-IL23 or anti-IL17 agents in comparison to the placebo. However, 10 MACEs were observed in the anti-IL12/23 group (1150 P-Y) compared with 1 in the placebo group (652 P-Y), with 0.01 -0.00 to 0.02 event/P-Y risk difference, which is not statistically significant. This trend was not observed in the anti-IL23 group. No significant difference was observed in CHF incidence in patients receiving biological agents in comparison to placebo. Conclusion: This MA of 77 RCTs did not reveal any significant change in the short-term risk of MACE or CHF in patients with PsA or psoriasis initiating a biological therapy.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30629341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) benefits metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but its efficacy appears to be moderate as compared to placebo. The aim of our study was to assess the current literature on the clinical and structural efficacy of HCQ for joints in RA patients. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBase, Cochrane Library and the American College of Rheumatology and European League Against Rheumatism annual meetings for reports of studies available up to November 2017 comparing the efficacy of HCQ in RA patients, in monotherapy or combined with other conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs). Data were extracted by one investigator and independently checked by another. RESULTS: The literature search revealed 197 articles and abstracts of potential interest, and finally 11 studies fulfilled inclusion criteria. The clinical and structural efficacy of HCQ was similar to or lower than that for methotrexate or sulfasalazine in monotherapy. HCQ combined with other DMARDs could increase the clinical efficacy. CONCLUSION: In addition to its metabolic benefit, combining HCQ with other DMARDs could provide some clinical improvement in patients with RA and inadequate response to previous csDMARDs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30570824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the cardiovascular risk of patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) remains poorly studied. We aimed to investigate the association between pSS and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of articles in MEDLINE and the COCHRANE library and recent abstracts from US and European meetings, searching for reports of randomized controlled studies of cardiovascular morbidity and cardiovascular mortality in pSS. The relative risk (RR) values for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality associated with pSS were collected and pooled in a meta-analysis with a random-effects model by using Review Manager (Cochrane collaboration). RESULTS: The literature search revealed 484 articles and abstracts of interest; 14 studies (67 124 pSS patients) were included in the meta-analysis. With pSS versus control populations, the risk was significantly increased for coronary morbidity (RR= 1.34, 95%CI: 1.06-1.38; p = 0.01), cerebrovascular morbidity (RR= 1.46, 95%CI: 1.43-1.49, p<0.00001), heart failure rate (odds ratio=2.54, 95%CI: 1.30-4.97, p<0.007), and thromboembolic morbidity (RR= 1.78, 95%CI: 1.41-2.25, p<0.00001), with no statistically significant increased risk of cardiovascular mortality (RR= 1.48, 95%CI: 0.77-2.85, p=0.24). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrates that pSS is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity, which suggests that these patients should be screened for cardiovascular comorbidities and considered for preventive interventions, in a multidisciplinary approach with cardiologists. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30092330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Skin pigmentation disorders in systemic sclerosis (SSc) have been sparsely described in the literature. Nevertheless, they could be a diagnostic and/or a severity marker. OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between pigmentation disorders and systemic involvement in SSc patients. METHODS: Five patterns of skin pigmentation disorders were defined: diffuse hyperpigmentation, sun-exposed area hyperpigmentation, head/neck/upper chest hypopigmentation, acral hypopigmentation and diffuse hypopigmentation. RESULTS: 239 patients were included, eighty-eight (36.8%) patients had skin pigmentation disorders as follows: diffuse and sun-exposed hyperpigmentation in 38.6% (n=34) and 27.3% (n=24) respectively, face/neck/chest hypopigmentation in 10.2% (n=9), diffuse hypopigmentation in 12.5% (n=11) and acral hypopigmentation in 17% (n=15). Diffuse hyperpigmentation, was associated with diffuse SSc (p= 0.001), increased modified Rodnan's skin score (mRSS) (p= 0.001) and and shorter duration of Raynaud (p=0.002) in univariate analysis but not in multivariate analysis. Moreover, diffuse hyperpigmentation was associated with digital ulcers (p= 0.005) confirmed by multivariate analysis OR 2.96 [1.28-6.89]. LIMITATIONS: This was a single-center retrospective study on a cohort of SSc patients. CONCLUSION: Screening for skin pigmentation disorders could be useful in the management of SSc patients to identify patients with a high risk of developing digital ulcers, a symptom of vascular involvement in SSc.

10.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 5446, 2018 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29615661

RESUMO

Spondyloarthritis (SpA) pathophysiology remains largely unknown. While the association with genetic factors has been established for decades, the influence of gut microbiota is only an emerging direction of research. Despite the remarkable efficacy of anti-TNF-α treatments, non-responders are frequent and no predictive factors of patient outcome have been identified. Our objective was to investigate the modifications of intestinal microbiota composition in patients suffering from SpA three months after an anti-TNF-α treatment. We performed 16S rDNA sequencing of 38 stool samples from 19 spondyloarthritis patients before and three months after anti-TNF-α treatment onset. SpA activity was assessed at each time using ASDAS and BASDAI scores. Some modifications of the microbiota composition were observed after three months of anti-TNF-α treatment, but no specific taxon was modified, whatever the clinical response. We identified a particular taxonomic node before anti-TNF-α treatment that can predict the clinical response as a biomarker, with a higher proportion of Burkholderiales order in future responder patients. This study suggests a cross-influence between anti-TNF-α treatment and intestinal microbiota. If its results are confirmed on larger groups of patients, it may pave the way to the development of predictive tests suitable for clinical practices.

11.
Joint Bone Spine ; 85(6): 663-668, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29631068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that primarily affects women of childbearing age. While the impact of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) on SLE activity and neonatal lupus occurrence has been evaluated in several studies, its role on prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of HCQ exposure on prematurity and IUGR during pregnancy in women with SLE. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis comparing prematurity and IUGR in SLE pregnancies exposed or not exposed to HCQ. The odds ratio of IUGR and prematurity were calculated and compared between pregnancies in each group according HCQ treatment. RESULTS: Six studies were included (3 descriptive cohort studies and 3 case series) totalling 870 pregnancies. Of the SLE pregnancies, 308 were exposed to HCQ and were compared to 562 not exposed to HCQ. There was no statistical difference for prematurity or IUGR between groups. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis failed to prove the efficacy of HCQ in the prevention of prematurity as well as IUGR during SLE pregnancies. Due to the heterogeneity of the studies, these results should be interpreted cautiously.

12.
Joint Bone Spine ; 85(1): 15-22, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28673789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this review, we summarise the clinical efficacy and safety of B-cell targeted therapies for primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane. Only articles reporting controlled or prospective studies of b-DMARDs modulating B cells in treatment of pSS were selected. The highest-quality studies were selected for meta-analysis. The primary outcome of interest was clinical efficacy at week 24 on fatigue, dryness, Schirmer test, salivary flow rate and the full ESSDAI score including biological domain. For the efficacy criteria used, the difference between rituximab and placebo groups was expressed as mean difference (MD). RESULTS: Eighteen articles (13 of rituximab, 3 of belimumab, 1 of epratuzumab and 1 of baminercept) were identified for detailed evaluation. 4 controlled randomised trials of rituximab treatment vs. placebo involving 300 patients were included for quantitative analysis. No significant differences were observed between groups in the meta-analysis of mean improvements between baseline and week 24 in fatigue VAS [MD -3,24 95% CI (-30,21 to 23,72)], oral dryness VAS [MD -8,41 95% CI (-35,06 to 18,24)], salivary flow rate [MD 0,04 95% CI (-0,03 to 0,11)] and Schirmer test [MD 0,35 95% CI (-2,13 to 2,82)]. Rituximab was relatively safe compared to placebo. CONCLUSION: Our review shows that rituximab is not effective in pSS with the designs and outcomes proposed in the trials. Controlled randomised trials are needed to prove the efficacy of belimumab and epratuzumab in this indication. The randomised controlled trial evaluating baminercept failed to achieve its primary endpoint.

13.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 7(1): 70-79, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27742755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcatheter techniques are emerging for left atrial (LA) decompression under venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). We aimed to assess whether balloon atrioseptostomy (BAS) is a safe and efficient strategy. METHODS: All patients who underwent percutaneous static BAS under VA-ECMO at four tertiary institutions were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2014, BAS was performed in 64 patients (32 adults and 32 children). Indications for ECMO support included acute myocarditis (31.3%) and non-myocarditis cardiac disease, mostly end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy (32.8%). BAS was required because of pulmonary oedema/haemorrhage and left ventricular (LV) distension. The mean balloon diameter was 21.8 ± 8.4mm. Adequate LA decompression was achieved in all patients. Mean LA pressure fell from 24.2 ± 6.9 mmHg to 7.8 ± 2.6 mmHg ( p < 0.001). The left-to-right atrial pressure gradient fell from 17.2 ± 7.1 mmHg to 0.09 ± 0.5 mmHg ( p < 0.001). Echocardiography showed an unrestrictive left-to-right atrial shunting in all patients. Improvement of day 1 chest X-ray was observed in 76.6% of patients, clinical status in 98.4% of patients and pulmonary haemorrhage in 14 out of 14 patients. Complications occurred in 9.4% of patients, representing pericardial effusion, fast atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation requiring defibrillation, transient complete heart block and femoral venous dissection requiring covered stent placement. In the 37 (57.8%) patients who were successfully decannulated, the median ECMO duration was 9 (range: 4-24) days. After a median follow-up of 12.3 (range: 0.1-142) months, 35.9% patients died, 17.2% received a LV assist device as a bridge to transplantation, 31.2% were transplanted and 56.2% were home discharged and alive. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous BAS may be a safe and efficient strategy for discharging the LA in both adults and children supported by VA-ECMO.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Septos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Septos Cardíacos/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Joint Bone Spine ; 85(5): 561-567, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29154920

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore acceptance and retention rate of biosimilar CT-P13 after switching from originator infliximab (OI) in patients with various rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Patients with stable rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS) or psoriatic arthritis (PsA) under OI were proposed to switch to CT-P13 at the same regimen. A prospective cohort of infliximab-naïve patients beginning CT-P13 and a retrospective cohort of patients treated with OI were used as controls. The primary outcome was to evaluate the retention rate of CT-P13. Secondary outcomes were the switch acceptance rate, reasons of failure and safety. RESULTS: Switch was proposed to 100 patients and accepted by 89 of them (63 AS, 12 PsA and 14 RA). After a median follow-up of 33 weeks, 72% of patients were still treated with CT-P13. This retention rate was significantly lower than the one found in our retrospective and prospective control cohorts: 88% and 90% respectively (P-value=0.0002). Within patients who asked to be reswitched to OI, 13/25 (52%) presented clinical disease activity, one developed serum sickness and 11 (44%) presented no objective activity. A subanalysis excluding these 11 patients abrogated difference in retention rates between the 3 cohorts (P-value=0.453). After reswitching to OI, patients without objective disease activity claimed to recover original efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Retention rate was lower after switching from OI to CT-P13 compared to our control cohorts. However, this difference faded after excluding patients without objective clinical activity, suggesting a reluctance of patients to the switch and a negative perception of the biosimilar.

15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(3): 393-398, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29146737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and type of rheumatic immune-related adverse events (irAEs) in patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), as well as the correlation with tumour response. METHODS: This was a single-centre prospective observational study including all cancer patients receiving ICIs. The occurrence of irAEs and tumour response was assessed on a regular basis. Patients who experienced musculoskeletal symptoms were referred to the department of rheumatology for clinical evaluation and management. RESULTS: From September 2015 to May 2017, 524 patients received ICIs and 35 were referred to the department of rheumatology (6.6%). All but one of the rheumatic irAEs occurred with anti-programmed cell death protein 1(PD-1)/PD-1 ligand 1(PD-L1) antibodies, with a median exposure time of 70 days. There were two distinct clinical presentations: (1) inflammatory arthritis (3.8%) mimicking either rheumatoid arthritis (n=7), polymyalgia rheumatica (n=11) or psoriatic arthritis (n=2) and (2) non-inflammatory musculoskeletal conditions (2.8%; n=15). One patient with rheumatoid arthritis was anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) positive. Nineteen patients required glucocorticoids, and methotrexate was started in two patients. Non-inflammatory disorders were managed with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics and/or physiotherapy. ICI treatment was pursued in all but one patient. Patients with rheumatic irAEs had a higher tumour response rate compared with patients without irAEs (85.7% vs 35.3%; P<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Since ICIs are used with increasing frequency, knowledge of rheumatic irAEs and their management is of major interest. All patients were responsive either to low-to-moderate doses of prednisone or symptomatic therapies and did not require ICI discontinuation. Furthermore, tumour response was significantly higher in patients who experienced rheumatic irAEs.

16.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(1): 98-103, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28970215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) has been shown to improve survival rates in other inflammatory diseases. We aimed to assess the available literature on the cardiovascular impact of HCQ in patients with RA. METHODS: We systematically searched for studies evaluating the effects of HCQ on cardiovascular outcomes of known risk factors for CVD in patients with RA. Databases searched were MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBase, Cochrane Library and the American College of Rheumatology and European League Against Rheumatism annual meetings. A meta-analysis was performed with a random-effects model, estimating mean differences (MDs), HRs and 95% CIs. Data were extracted by one investigator and independently checked by another. RESULTS: The literature search revealed 185 articles and abstracts of interest; further examination resulted in 16 studies fulfilling the criteria. The MDs between HCQ users and non-users in levels of total, low-density and high-density cholesterol and triglycerides were -9.8 (95% CI -14.0 to -5.6), -10.6 (95% CI -14.2 to -7.0), +4.1 (95% CI 2.2 to 6.0) and -19.2 (95% CI -27.2 to -11.1), respectively. Diabetes incidence was lower for HCQ ever users than never users (HR 0.59 (95% CI 0.49 to 0.70)). HCQ seemed to decrease insulin resistance and incidence of CVD, but data were too few for meta-analysis. CONCLUSION: Besides its limited efficacy for disease activity and progression, HCQ may benefit the metabolic profile and to a lesser extent cardiovascular events in patients with RA, which suggests its usefulness combined with other conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Doenças Metabólicas/etiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Humanos , Doenças Metabólicas/mortalidade , Diferença Mínima Clinicamente Importante , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue
17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(4): 515-522, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29187350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of losing remission, low disease activity (LDA) or radiographic progression in the case of (1) discontinuing or (2) tapering doses of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) compared with continuation of the initial treatment regimen in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with remission or LDA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature analysis was carried out through May 2017 on the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and international congress databases, selecting controlled trials comparing bDMARDs discontinuation/tapering versus continuation in RA patients with remission or LDA. The meta-analysis assessed the risk ratio (RR) and 95% CI of losing remission or LDA and the risk of radiographic progression after (1) discontinuing and (2) tapering doses of bDMARDs versus continuing the initial treatment. RESULTS: The meta-analysis comparing bDMARDs discontinuation versus continuation performed on nine trials showed an increased risk of losing remission (RR (95% CI)=1.97(1.43 to 2.73), P<0.0001) or LDA (RR (95% CI)=2.24(1.52 to 3.30), P<0.0001) and an increased risk of radiographic progression (RR (95% CI)=1.09(1.02 to 1.17), P=0.01) in case of bDMARD discontinuation. The meta-analysis comparing bDMARDs tapering versus continuation performed on 11 trials showed an increased risk of losing remission (RR (95% CI)=1.23(1.06 to 1.42), P=0.006) but no increased risk of losing LDA (RR (95% CI)=1.02 (0.85 to 1.23), P=0.81) nor any increased risk of radiographic progression (RR (95% CI)=1.09(0.94 to 1.26), P=0.26) in case of bDMARD tapering. CONCLUSION: Discontinuation of bDMARDs leads to an increased risk of losing remission or LDA and radiographic progression, while tapering doses of bDMARDs does not increase the risk of relapse (LDA) or radiographic progression, even though there is an increased risk of losing remission.

18.
J Invest Dermatol ; 138(1): 38-45, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28887107

RESUMO

In the course of the last 30 years, several studies have clearly documented that pruritus is a very frequent symptom of psoriasis and its impact on the patients' quality of life. The variety of available systemic treatments for psoriasis is increasing rapidly. Our objective was to assess their efficacy on pruritus based on a systematic literature review. A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed and Trip Database (from January 1990 to September 2016) to find published clinical trials for the treatments of psoriasis, and then a meta-analysis was performed. Among 516 articles identified, 35 studies were retained in the systematic review. At baseline, the high prevalence of pruritus (80-100%) was confirmed. The meta-analysis included 13 trials using a 0 to 10 itch scale and highlighted that all treatments evaluated reduced pruritus. Anti-IL-17, JAK inhibitors, adalimumab, and apremilast were all shown to be effective in reducing pruritus in psoriasis with variable effect size magnitudes. Our systematic review highlights that systemic treatments, including UVB phototherapy, improve pruritus in psoriasis but that it is not necessarily correlated with lesion recovering. Nonetheless, these results must be displayed carefully because there are so many variable endpoints in different studies.

19.
Joint Bone Spine ; 85(2): 147-153, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29183860

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is partially determined by the presence of specific autoantibodies often associated with specific clinical features. Recent studies report the presence of ACPA in SSc. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of ACPA in SSc and to assess their influence on clinical presentation of SSc. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed and Cochrane databases' publications between 1999 and March 2017. Search terms were: "systemic sclerosis [MeSH] AND (ACPA OR anti-CCP OR rheumatoid factor OR cohort OR value diagnostic)". In a first step, we selected cohorts with >50 SSc patients with ACPA identification, for ACPA frequency determination. In a second step, we included studies that analysed clinical profiles according to ACPA status. Meta-analyses were performed when at least two studies were available. RESULTS: First, we identified 13 observational studies with a total of 1231 SSc patients. The mean prevalence of ACPA in SSc was 9.2%. Secondly, we identified nine studies reporting clinical aspects according to ACPA status. Our meta-analyses showed a significant association between ACPA positivity and the presence of arthritis (odds ratio (OR)=22.48 [10.71-47.21]), joint erosions seen on X-rays (OR=14.79 [6.38-34.28]), pulmonary fibrosis (OR=2.75 [1.21-6.24]), oesophagus involvement (OR=2.72 [1.05-7.07]), and diffuse skin involvement (OR=2.21 [1.21-4.03]). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ACPA in scleroderma is 9.2%. Our meta-analysis shows an increased risk for erosive arthritis, pulmonary fibrosis, oesophagus involvement and diffuse skin involvement, in patients with ACPA-positive SSc. ACPA should be systematically included in SSc assessment.

20.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil ; 99(2): 383-389.e1, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28860095

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of exercise programs on disease activity and function in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) by a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DATA SOURCES: Medline via PubMed and Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Reports of RCTs examining the effectiveness of exercise programs for AS published up to May 2017. DATA EXTRACTION: Outcomes were evolution of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) after the completion of exercise programs. Modalities of exercise were compared and the use of biologic therapy was reported. DATA SYNTHESIS: After screening 190 abstracts, we selected 26 reports for detailed evaluation and finally investigated 8 trials that assessed a home-based exercise program (2/8), swimming (1/8), Pilates training (1/8), or supervised exercises (4/8), for a total of 331 patients with AS. Four trials included patients receiving antitumor necrosis factor therapy. All trials except one showed a decrease in BASDAI and BASFI with exercise. The weighted mean difference was -0.90 (95% confidence interval, -1.52 to -0.27; I2=69%; P=.005) for the BASDAI and -0.72 (95% confidence interval, -1.03 to -0.40; I2=0%; P<.00001) for the BASFI in favor of exercise programs. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the small number of patients and the heterogeneity of exercise programs in the RCTs included in this meta-analysis, its results support the potential of exercise programs to improve disease activity and body function in AS.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/reabilitação , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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