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3.
Radiol Bras ; 52(4): 217-221, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435081

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the correlation of morphological criteria of the cecal appendix using computed tomography (CT) and the possible risk of developing acute appendicitis. Materials and Methods: Cases were defined as patients with surgically confirmed acute appendicitis who had undergone CT at least twice: at diagnosis and at least one month prior. Controls were defined as emergency patients with abdominal pain who had undergone abdominal CT that excluded acute appendicitis and had also undergone CT at least one month before. Results: 100 cases and 100 controls were selected for inclusion in the final analysis. Comparisons between the cases and controls revealed the following: mean transverse diameter of 0.6 cm (range, 0.4-1.0 cm) versus 0.6 cm (range, 0.6-0.8 cm; p = 0.37); mean length of 6.6 cm (range, 3.5-9.7 cm) versus 6.6 cm (range, 4.5-8.3 cm; p = 0.87); mean angle of 100° (range, 23-178°) versus 86° (range, 43-160°; p = 0.01); vertical descending orientation in 56% versus 45% (p = 0.2); absence of gas in 69% versus 77% (p = 0.34); and presence of an appendicolith in 17% versus 8% (p = 0.08). Conclusion: Hypothetical risk factors for obstruction of the vermiform appendix detected on CT were not associated with acute appendicitis. That suggests that factors other than those related to mechanical obstruction are implicated in the pathogenesis of acute appendicitis.

4.
Radiol Bras ; 52(4): 254-261, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435088

RESUMO

More than half of patients over 50 years of age have had at least one focal renal lesion detected as an incidental finding during an ultrasound, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging examination. Although the majority of such lesions can be easily detected and correctly characterized, misdiagnoses may occur and are often related to methodological limitations, inappropriate imaging protocols, or misinterpretation. This pictorial essay provides recommendations on how to recognize benign and malignant renal processes that can be potentially missed or mischaracterized in imaging studies.

5.
Radiol. bras ; 52(4): 254-261, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020313

RESUMO

Abstract More than half of patients over 50 years of age have had at least one focal renal lesion detected as an incidental finding during an ultrasound, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging examination. Although the majority of such lesions can be easily detected and correctly characterized, misdiagnoses may occur and are often related to methodological limitations, inappropriate imaging protocols, or misinterpretation. This pictorial essay provides recommendations on how to recognize benign and malignant renal processes that can be potentially missed or mischaracterized in imaging studies.


Resumo Mais da metade dos pacientes com mais de 50 anos de idade pode ter pelo menos uma lesão renal focal detectada de modo incidental em estudos de imagem, como ultrassonografia, tomografia computadorizada ou ressonância magnética. Embora a maioria dessas lesões possa ser facilmente caracterizada, erros de diagnóstico podem ocorrer e geralmente estão relacionados a limitações de métodos, protocolos de imagem inadequados e interpretação incorreta. Este ensaio iconográfico aborda recomendações sobre como reconhecer e interpretar lesões focais renais em estudos de imagem.

6.
Radiol. bras ; 52(4): 217-221, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020321

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the correlation of morphological criteria of the cecal appendix using computed tomography (CT) and the possible risk of developing acute appendicitis. Materials and Methods: Cases were defined as patients with surgically confirmed acute appendicitis who had undergone CT at least twice: at diagnosis and at least one month prior. Controls were defined as emergency patients with abdominal pain who had undergone abdominal CT that excluded acute appendicitis and had also undergone CT at least one month before. Results: 100 cases and 100 controls were selected for inclusion in the final analysis. Comparisons between the cases and controls revealed the following: mean transverse diameter of 0.6 cm (range, 0.4-1.0 cm) versus 0.6 cm (range, 0.6-0.8 cm; p = 0.37); mean length of 6.6 cm (range, 3.5-9.7 cm) versus 6.6 cm (range, 4.5-8.3 cm; p = 0.87); mean angle of 100° (range, 23-178°) versus 86° (range, 43-160°; p = 0.01); vertical descending orientation in 56% versus 45% (p = 0.2); absence of gas in 69% versus 77% (p = 0.34); and presence of an appendicolith in 17% versus 8% (p = 0.08). Conclusion: Hypothetical risk factors for obstruction of the vermiform appendix detected on CT were not associated with acute appendicitis. That suggests that factors other than those related to mechanical obstruction are implicated in the pathogenesis of acute appendicitis.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a correlação de critérios morfológicos do apêndice cecal por tomografia computadorizada (TC) e o risco de apendicite aguda. Materiais e Métodos: Casos foram definidos como apendicite aguda confirmada cirurgicamente que tiveram pelo menos dois exames de TC: um no diagnóstico de apendicite aguda e outro no mínimo um mês antes. O grupo controle foi definido como pacientes emergenciais com dor abdominal com TC de abdome excluindo apendicite aguda e com TC prévia pelo menos um mês antes. Resultados: 100 casos e 100 controles foram selecionados. A comparação das variáveis dos casos e controles revelou: diâmetro transverso médio de 0,6 cm (faixa: 0,4-1,0 cm) versus 0,6 (faixa: 0,6-0,8 cm) (p = 0,37); comprimento médio de 6,6 cm (faixa: 3,5-9,7 cm) versus 6,6 cm (faixa: 4,5-8,3 cm) (p = 0,87); ângulo médio de 100° (faixa: 23-178°) versus 86° (faixa: 43-160°) (p = 0,01); orientação descendente em 56% versus 45% (p = 0,2); ausência de gás em 69% versus 77% (p = 0,34) e presença de apendicólito em 17% versus 8% (p = 0,08). Conclusão: Fatores obstrutivos hipotéticos do apêndice cecal na TC não foram associados a apendicite aguda. Isso sugere que outros fatores diferentes de obstrução mecânica podem estar implicados na gênese da apendicite aguda.

7.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(3): eAO4615, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare qualitatively and quantitatively, in terms of image quality, a new biexponential diffusion sequence protocol with the standard monoexponential diffusion protocol on multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: This study had a prospective data collection and cross-sectional analysis. Between August and November 2017, a total of 70 patients who underwent multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging due to clinical suspicion of prostatic neoplasia were recruited. The images obtained were evaluated by two independent readers regarding subjective/qualitative criteria (six criteria) and objective/quantitative criteria (three criteria), always comparing the monoexponential to biexponential acquisition protocols. The results were compared by statistical analysis (interobserver agreement - Gwet coefficient; analysis of the qualitative variables - Stuart-Maxwell test; and analysis of the quantitative variables - Wilcoxon test). RESULTS: After exclusion of four patients, the final sample consisted of 66 patients. A good/excellent inter observer agreement was stablished for subjective criteria (except in one criteria). For the qualitative analysis the amount of good or excellent evaluations was higher for the monoexponential protocol (except in one category), with evidence of significant differences for three criteria (diffusion weighted imaging global quality; diffusion weighted imaging signal-to-noise ratio; and apparent diffusion coefficient signal-to-noise ratio). For the quantitative data analysis, the monoexponential protocol showed less variability of the anteroposterior diameters, meaning less distortion of the images, and better estimated signal-to-noise ratio. CONCLUSION: In our data, the quality of the images of the monoexponential standard diffusion sequence was qualitatively and quantitatively superior to those of the biexponential diffusion weighted imaging sequence.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Estudos Prospectivos , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
8.
Radiol Bras ; 52(3): 155-160, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210687

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate progression rate of Bosniak category IIF complex renal cysts and the malignancy rate among surgically resected cysts. Materials and Methods: We performed a database search for complex renal cysts classified as Bosniak category IIF on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging between January 2008 and April 2016. Follow-up examinations (computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging) were used in order to evaluate progression (Bosniak category reclassification) and stability, the latter being defined as remaining stable for a minimum of six months. Pathology reports were used as the reference to assess the malignancy rate of surgically resected cysts. Results: A total of 152 cysts in 143 patients were included in the final analysis. Seven cysts (4.6%) were reclassified on follow-up studies, and mean time to progression was 20 months (range, 1 month to 4 years). Three cysts were surgically resected. All three were diagnosed as low-grade malignant renal cell carcinomas (RCCs): one clear cell RCC and two papillary RCCs. The remaining 145 cysts remained unchanged after a mean follow-up period of 28 months (range, 6 to 118 months). Conclusion: The progression rate in Bosniak category IIF cysts was low. Even lesions that were upgraded on follow-up remained stable, indicating an indolent behavior. Our data support the idea of conservative management of Bosniak IIF renal cyst.

9.
Radiol. bras ; 52(3): 155-160, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012924

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To evaluate progression rate of Bosniak category IIF complex renal cysts and the malignancy rate among surgically resected cysts. Materials and Methods: We performed a database search for complex renal cysts classified as Bosniak category IIF on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging between January 2008 and April 2016. Follow-up examinations (computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging) were used in order to evaluate progression (Bosniak category reclassification) and stability, the latter being defined as remaining stable for a minimum of six months. Pathology reports were used as the reference to assess the malignancy rate of surgically resected cysts. Results: A total of 152 cysts in 143 patients were included in the final analysis. Seven cysts (4.6%) were reclassified on follow-up studies, and mean time to progression was 20 months (range, 1 month to 4 years). Three cysts were surgically resected. All three were diagnosed as low-grade malignant renal cell carcinomas (RCCs): one clear cell RCC and two papillary RCCs. The remaining 145 cysts remained unchanged after a mean follow-up period of 28 months (range, 6 to 118 months). Conclusion: The progression rate in Bosniak category IIF cysts was low. Even lesions that were upgraded on follow-up remained stable, indicating an indolent behavior. Our data support the idea of conservative management of Bosniak IIF renal cyst.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de progressão das lesões císticas renais complexas Bosniak II-F e a taxa de neoplasia maligna nas lesões ressecadas cirurgicamente. Materiais e Métodos: Realizamos uma pesquisa no banco de dados da nossa instituição reunindo lesões císticas renais complexas classificadas como Bosniak II-F em exames de tomografia computadorizada ou ressonância magnética, de janeiro de 2008 a abril de 2016. Foram utilizados exames de acompanhamento (tomografia computadorizada ou ressonância magnética) para avaliar a progressão na categoria Bosniak, com um mínimo de seis meses de estabilidade. Os relatórios de patologia foram utilizados como referência para avaliar a taxa de neoplasia maligna de lesões ressecadas cirurgicamente. Resultados: Um total de 152 lesões em 143 pacientes foi incluído na análise final. Sete lesões foram reclassificadas em estudos de acompanhamento (4,6%) e o tempo médio de progressão foi de 20 meses (1 mês a 4 anos). Três pacientes tiveram cistos ressecados cirurgicamente, todos diagnosticados como carcinoma de células renais: um do subtipo células claras e dois papilíferos, todos de baixo grau. As 145 lesões restantes permaneceram inalteradas, com seguimento médio de 28 meses (6 a 118 meses). Conclusão: A taxa de progressão nos cistos categoria Bosniak II-F foi baixa. Mesmo as lesões que tiveram upgrade da categoria de Bosniak no seguimento permaneceram estáveis, indicando um comportamento indolente. Nossos dados apoiam a ideia de tratamento conservador do cisto renal Bosniak II-F.

11.
Clin Nucl Med ; 44(7): e433-e434, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058690

RESUMO

We report a case of a 43-year-old man who underwent a radical prostatectomy 3 years before the procedure (June 2015) for a locally advanced Gleason 7(4 + 3) prostate adenocarcinoma (pT3aN0), with negative surgical margins, followed by salvage radiotherapy. He also underwent antiandrogen therapy for biochemical relapse (bicalutamide) from October 2016 through May 2017, but prostate-specific antigen continued to rise (2.5 ng/mL [December 2017] and 3.3 ng/mL [February 2018]). At this point, he underwent a Ga-prostate-specific membrane antigen PET/CT, and after multidisciplinary discussion, the therapeutic option chosen was image-guided salvage cryoablation.


Assuntos
Criocirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Oligopeptídeos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
12.
Radiol Bras ; 52(2): 123-127, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31019343

RESUMO

Acute penile conditions, which typically have a traumatic, vascular, or infectious etiology, are rather uncommon and often require prompt medical evaluation. Penile emergencies can be treated conservatively or surgically, and their management often relies on the results of imaging examinations. Because of its high spatial resolution and wide availability, as well as the fact that it does not involve the use of ionizing radiation, ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice in the initial evaluation of penile emergencies. Inconclusive cases can be further evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging. The main purpose of this pictorial essay is to review the main penile emergencies, by presenting illustrative cases, focusing on radiologic findings, and discussing the roles played by the various imaging methods.

13.
Radiol. bras ; 52(2): 123-127, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1002990

RESUMO

Abstract Acute penile conditions, which typically have a traumatic, vascular, or infectious etiology, are rather uncommon and often require prompt medical evaluation. Penile emergencies can be treated conservatively or surgically, and their management often relies on the results of imaging examinations. Because of its high spatial resolution and wide availability, as well as the fact that it does not involve the use of ionizing radiation, ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice in the initial evaluation of penile emergencies. Inconclusive cases can be further evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging. The main purpose of this pictorial essay is to review the main penile emergencies, by presenting illustrative cases, focusing on radiologic findings, and discussing the roles played by the various imaging methods.


Resumo As condições agudas do pênis são raras, geralmente relacionadas a causas traumáticas, vasculares ou infecciosas, e muitas vezes requerem avaliação médica imediata. As emergências penianas podem ter tratamento conservador ou cirúrgico e muitas vezes dependem dos exames de imagem. A ultrassonografia é a modalidade de imagem de escolha na avaliação inicial das emergências penianas, em virtude da alta resolução espacial, ampla disponibilidade e ausência de radiação ionizante desse método. A ressonância magnética deve ser considerada em casos inconclusivos, oferecendo maior campo de visão e detalhes precisos sobre o local e extensão das lesões. O principal objetivo deste ensaio iconográfico é revisar as principais emergências do pênis por meio de casos ilustrativos, com foco nos achados radiológicos e no papel dos métodos de imagem.

14.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 44(4): 1633, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30284604

RESUMO

The original version of this article contained a mistake in the co-author's first name. The co-author name should read as "Mariana Athaniel Silva Rodrigues" instead of "Marina Athaniel Silva Rodrigues". It is now corrected with this erratum.

15.
Acad Radiol ; 26(8): 1017-1022, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30268722

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate interobserver agreement of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) v2 category among radiologists with different levels of experience. The secondary objective was to evaluate the positivity for significant cancer among each category (splitting category 4 into two) and among different lesion sizes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board and ethics comitee approved retrospective study. Eight radiologists with different levels of experienced in prostatic magnetic resonance imaging-two more experienced, four with intermediate experience, and two abdominal radiology fellows-interpreted 160 lesions. Reference standard was fusion-targeted biopsy. Percentage agreement, k coefficients, and analysis concordance were used. RESULTS: Coefficient of concordance according to categories was 0.71 considering both zones, 0.72 for peripheral zone (PZ) and 0.44 for peripheral zone (TZ). Agreement for PI-RADS score of 3 or greater was 0.48 in PZ and 0.57 in TZ. Tumor positivity rates were 54.3% and 66.0% for PI-RADS 3 + 1 and 4 for PZ, respectively; and 25.0 and 49.2% for PI-RADS 3 + 1 and 4 for TZ, respectively (p < 0.001 in both analysis). Lesions <10, 10-14, and ≥15 mm had 55.3%, 74.6%, and 93.5% of positivity rates for cancer in PZ (p = 0.002 and <0.001) and 26.7%, 56.5%, and 59.6% in TZ, respectively (p = 0.245 and 0.632). Sensitivities, specificities, and accuracies of magnetic resonance imaging for prostate cancer using PI-RADS v2 were 76%, 72%, and 74% for PZ; and 76%, 69%, and 71% for TZ, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study shows that PI-RADS v2 has overall good interobserver agreement among radiologists with different levels of experience. PI-RADS category 3 + 1 showed lower positivity rates for significant cancer compared to category 4. Lastly, lesions 10-14 mm has similar positivity rates compared to ≥15 mm for TZ lesions.

17.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAO4615, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1011995

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare qualitatively and quantitatively, in terms of image quality, a new biexponential diffusion sequence protocol with the standard monoexponential diffusion protocol on multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: This study had a prospective data collection and cross-sectional analysis. Between August and November 2017, a total of 70 patients who underwent multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging due to clinical suspicion of prostatic neoplasia were recruited. The images obtained were evaluated by two independent readers regarding subjective/qualitative criteria (six criteria) and objective/quantitative criteria (three criteria), always comparing the monoexponential to biexponential acquisition protocols. The results were compared by statistical analysis (interobserver agreement − Gwet coefficient; analysis of the qualitative variables − Stuart-Maxwell test; and analysis of the quantitative variables − Wilcoxon test). Results: After exclusion of four patients, the final sample consisted of 66 patients. A good/excellent inter observer agreement was stablished for subjective criteria (except in one criteria). For the qualitative analysis the amount of good or excellent evaluations was higher for the monoexponential protocol (except in one category), with evidence of significant differences for three criteria (diffusion weighted imaging global quality; diffusion weighted imaging signal-to-noise ratio; and apparent diffusion coefficient signal-to-noise ratio). For the quantitative data analysis, the monoexponential protocol showed less variability of the anteroposterior diameters, meaning less distortion of the images, and better estimated signal-to-noise ratio. Conclusion: In our data, the quality of the images of the monoexponential standard diffusion sequence was qualitatively and quantitatively superior to those of the biexponential diffusion weighted imaging sequence.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar qualitativa e quantitativamente, em termos de qualidade de imagem, um novo protocolo de sequência de difusão biexponencial com o protocolo de difusão monoexponencial padrão, em ressonância magnética multiparamétrica da próstata. Métodos: Estudo com coleta prospectiva e análise transversal. Entre agosto e novembro de 2017, foram recrutados 70 pacientes que realizaram ressonância magnética multiparamétrica da próstata, por suspeita de neoplasia prostática. As imagens obtidas por ambas as sequências foram avaliadas por dois leitores independentes, quanto a critérios de avaliação subjetiva/qualitativa (seis critérios) e objetiva/quantitativa (três critérios), sempre comparando os protocolos de aquisição monoexponencial e biexponencial. Os resultados foram comparados por análise estatística (concordância interobservador − coeficiente de Gwet; análise das variáveis qualitativas − teste de Stuart-Maxwell; e análise das variáveis quantitativas − testes de Wilcoxon). Resultados: Após exclusão de quatro pacientes, a amostra final foi composta por 66 pacientes. Uma boa/excelente concordância interobservador foi estabelecida para critérios subjetivos (exceto em um critério). Para a análise qualitativa, a quantidade de avaliações boas ou excelentes foi maior para o protocolo monoexponencial (exceto em uma categoria), com evidências de diferenças significativas para três critérios (qualidade global da imagem ponderada em difusão, relação sinal-ruído na imagem ponderada em difusão e relação sinal-ruído ADC). Para a análise quantitativa dos dados, o protocolo monoexponencial apresentou menor variabilidade dos diâmetros anteroposteriores, o que significou menos distorção das imagens, e melhor relação sinal-ruído estimada. Conclusão: Em nossos dados, a qualidade das imagens da sequência de difusão padrão monoexponencial foi qualitativa e quantitativamente superior àquelas da sequência teste biexponencial.

19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1129-1138, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975650

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Dynamic-contrast enhanced (DCE) sequence is used to increase detection of small lesions, based on increased vascularization. However, literature is controversy about the real incremental value of DCE in detection of clinically significant (CS) prostate cancer (PCa), since absence of enhancement does not exclude cancer, and enhancement alone is not definitive for tumor. Purpose: To test the hypothesis that DCE images do not increase CS PCa detection on MRI prior to biopsy, comparing exams without and with contrast sequences. Material and Materials and Methods: All men who come to our institution to perform MRI on a 3T scanner without a prior diagnosis of CS PCa were invited to participate in this study. Reference standard was transrectal prostate US with systematic biopsy and MRI/US fusion biopsy of suspicious areas. Radiologists read the MRI images prospectively and independently (first only sequences without contrast, and subsequently the entire exam) and graded them on 5-points scale of cancer suspicion. Results: 102 patients were included. Overall detection on biopsy showed CS cancer in 43 patients (42.2%), clinically non-significant cancer in 11 (10.8%) and negative results in 48 patients (47%). Positivities for CS PCa ranged from 8.9% to 9.8% for low suspicion and 75.0% to 88.9% for very high suspicion. There was no statistical difference regarding detection of CS PCa (no statistical difference was found when compared accuracies, sensitivities, specificities, PPV and NPV in both types of exams). Inter-reader agreement was 0.59. Conclusion: Exams with and without contrast-enhanced sequences were similar for detection of CS PCa on MRI.

20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(6): 1106-1113, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-975665

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: Ultrasound-magnetic resonance imaging (US-MRI) fusion biopsy (FB) improves the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to compare the Gleason upgrading (GU) rates and the concordance of the Gleason scores in the biopsy versus final pathology after surgery in patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) systematic random biopsies (SRB) versus US-MRI FB for PCa. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of data that were collected prospectively from January 2011 to June 2016 from patients who underwent prostate biopsy and subsequent radical prostatectomy. The study cohort was divided into two groups: US-MRI FB (Group A) and TRUS SRB (Group B). US-MRI FB was performed in patients with a previous MRI with a focal lesion with a Likert score ≥3; otherwise, a TRUS SRB was performed. Results: In total, 73 men underwent US-MRI FB, and 89 underwent TRUS SRB. The GU rate was higher in Group B (31.5% vs. 16.4%; p=0.027). According to the Gleason grade pattern, GU was higher in Group B than in Group A (40.4% vs. 23.3%; p=0.020). Analyses of the Gleason grading patterns showed that Gleason scores 3+4 presented less GU in Group A (24.1% vs. 52.6%; p=0.043). The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed a higher bias in Group B than in Group A (-0.27 [-1.40 to 0.86] vs. −0.01 [-1.42 to 1.39]). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the only independent predictor of GU was the use of TRUS SRB (2.64 [1.11 - 6.28]; p=0.024). Conclusions: US-MRI FB appears to be related to a decrease in GU rate and an increase in concordance between biopsy and final pathology compared to TRUS SRB, suggesting that performing US-MRI FB leads to greater accuracy of diagnosis and better treatment decisions.

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