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1.
Arch. med ; 21(1): 113-124, 2021/01/03.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148388

RESUMO

Objetivo: la promoción de la salud en términos positivos y de bienestar, implica concebirla como el proceso en el que la comunidad aumenta el control sobre su salud, y la mejora. Las universidades tienen grandes capacidades para ello; por ejemplo, en ferias de salud que rompen los esquemas tradicionales unidireccionales y pasivos de los programas de salud. El programa de salud integral de la Universidad Veracruzana (México) implementó en su primera etapa estrategias para la promoción, prevención y tratamiento de enfermedades. Más tarde incorporó una visión más integral acorde a las necesidades enmarcadas en los objetivos sostenibles y la promoción de la salud comenzó a realizarse a través de ferias. No obstante, la comunidad universitaria dudaba que su realización tuviera beneficios. Materiales y métodos: se evaluó el efecto de las ferias en la salud y bienestar percibido por los estudiantes y su entorno y se identificaron las virtudes y fortalezas de carácter, las cuales son esenciales para la vida en bienestar. Resultados: la participación de los estudiantes en las ferias de salud les aporta conocimientos y habilidades para mejorar su salud, así como para adoptar estilos de vida acordes al autocuidado y la sustentabilidad. Además, las 24 fortalezas están presentes en todos los estudiantes, aunque el autocontrol fue la fortaleza menos presente. Conclusiones: las ferias son espacios que promueven la salud, al lograr transmitir y apropiar información, al mismo tiempo que acercan y educan a diferentes públicos de manera efectiva lúdica..Au


Objective: the promotion of health in positive and well-being terms implies conceiving it as the process in which the community increases control over its health and improves it. Universities in this sense have great capacities for their promotion, for example, health fairs break the traditional unidirectional and passive schemes of health programs. The comprehensive health program of the Universidad Veracruzana, implemented in its first stage strategies for the promotion, prevention and treatment of diseases. Later, it incorporated a more comprehensive vision according to the needs framed in the sustainable objectives and the promotion of health began to be carried out through fairs. However, there was a perception in the university community that its implementation had no benefits. Materials and methods: the effect of the fairs on the perceived health and well-being of the students and their environment was evaluated, and the virtues and strengths of character, which are essential for life in well-being, were identified. Results: the participation of the students provides them with knowledge and skills to improve their health, as well as to adopt lifestyles consistent with self-care and sustainability. In addition, the 24 strengths are present in all students, although self-control was the least present strength. Conclusions: fairs are spaces that promote health, by transmitting and appropriating information, at the same time that they approach and educate different audiences in an effective playful way..Au


Assuntos
Adulto Jovem , Estudantes , Educação em Saúde
2.
Ansiedad estrés ; 26(2/3): 136-147, jul.-dic. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-1795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although in the 1940s there was an important decrease in global maternal/infant mortality rates, by the 1990s these rates had become stagnant. Many strategies to decrease maternal/infant mortality had been used, which included the prevention of pregnancy complications. Several studies showed an association between these complications and the stress perceived during pregnancy. However, there are some discrepancies which challenge this association. We believe that these discrepancies are due to the lack of understanding about the pregnant stress response and consequently the ways it is measured. The aim of this study was to understand how pregnant women perceive motherhood, pregnancy stressors and the psychological factors that attenuate the stress response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted that explores the perception of gestational stress in 32 pregnant women who were recruited in different Health Centers. Semi-structured interviews were carried out which were conducted by the PhD student in charge of the project and each interview lasted 15-20 min. Since the interviews were audio-recorded they were transcribed and the information was then categorized according to the three issues raised in the objective (motherhood, pregnancy stressors, and psychological factors that attenuate the stress response). RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We found that the gestational stress response and also its magnitude are influenced not only by how women perceive the aspects, but also and most importantly by its articulation. Likewise, results show that gestational stress is only attenuated when women perceive and cope with both the positive and negative aspects of pregnancy and motherhood


OBJETIVO: Si bien en 1940 hubo una disminución importante en las tasas globales de mortalidad materno/infantil, hacia 1990 estas tasas se estancaron. Desde entonces se han utilizado muchas estrategias para disminuir la mortalidad materno/infantil, las cuales incluyen la prevención de las complicaciones del embarazo. Varios estudios mostraron una asociación entre estas complicaciones y el estrés percibido durante el embarazo. Sin embargo, hay algunas discrepancias que desafían esta asociación. Creemos que estas discrepancias se deben al poco entendimiento que tenemos sobre la respuesta al estrés durante el embarazo y, en consecuencia, en la forma en que esta se mide. Es por ello que el objetivo de este estudio es comprender cómo las mujeres embarazadas perciben la maternidad, los estresores propios del embarazo y los factores psicológicos que modulan la respuesta al estrés. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo que explora la percepción sobre el estrés gestacional en 32 mujeres embarazadas que eran derechohabientes de los centros de salud. Para ello se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas, las cuales fueron realizadas por la estudiante de doctorado encargada del proyecto, y cada una tuvo una duración de 15 a 20 min. Puesto que las entrevistas fueron audiograbadas, se transcribieron y se categorizó la información de acuerdo con los 3 temas planteados en el objetivo (percepción de la maternidad, estresores propios del embarazo y factores psicológicos moduladores de estrés). RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES: Encontramos que la respuesta del estrés gestacional y su magnitud son influidas no solo por la percepción que tiene la mujer de estos aspectos, sino sobre todo por su articulación. Además, los resultados muestran que el estrés gestacional solo se atenúa cuando las mujeres perciben y enfrentan tanto los aspectos positivos como los negativos del embarazo y la maternidad

3.
Enferm Clin ; 2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933847

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine the anthropometric indicator that is most strongly associated with the percentage of body fat and self-regulation of eating behaviour and physical activity among young university students. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 3,869 Mexican university students, of which 53.9% were women. Standard procedures for anthropometry were followed, including weight, height and waist circumference. This data was used for calculating Body Mass Index (BMI), A Body Shape Index, waist-to-height ratio, Body Roundness Index and Conicity index. The self-regulation of eating habits scale and the self-regulation of physical activity scale were used. Mean with standard deviation, percentages and Pearson correlation coefficient were estimated. RESULTS: The group of men shown a higher prevalence of excess weight compared to the women. Inverse correlations between most anthropometric indices and self-regulation of eating behaviour and physical activity were found. However, in all cases the correlations were weak. The percentage of fat had a medium frequency of association with Conicity index and high with BMI, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio and Body Roundness Index, where the BMI showed the highest correlation coefficient CONCLUSIONS: The BMI shows the highest magnitude of association with percentage of body fat in university students among the indicators analysed. Therefore it is suggested that nurses use BMI to determine obesity because it is easy to calculate.

4.
Span J Psychol ; 23: e26, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32662375

RESUMO

Gestational stress is associated with many maternal and child complications, however, this association must be taken with care, since there are studies that find inconsistent results between stress measures and maternal complications. It is believed that the lack of convergence is due to the way in which gestational stress is evaluated.The aim of the present study was to design and validate an instrument based on a bio-psycho-social model of gestational stress. The design and validation process of the inventory was divided into four phases: (a) Construction of the items bank and content validity, (b) construct validity, (c) inventory reliability and (d) convergent and discriminant validity with psychometric instruments that have been used in other investigations to evaluate gestational stress.A valid and reliable Stressors and Modulators of Gestational Stress Inventory (SMGSI) conformed by two scales was developed: (a) Gestational stressors, which is formed by two factors, the psychological stressors and social stressors with a variance of 48.5% and 51.8% and a reliability of .79 and .67, respectively; and (b) gestational stress modulators integrated by 8 items that explain 55.2% of the variance and with a reliability of .92. In conclusion, a valid and reliable tool was obtained that measures gestational stress from a bio-psycho-social perspective. This inventory allows for the identification of allostatic and pantostatic stress, making it useful as a diagnostic tool to prevent maternal and childhood complications that are associated with chronic gestational stress.

5.
Span. j. psychol ; 23: e26.1-e26.15, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196601

RESUMO

Gestational stress is associated with many maternal and child complications, however, this association must be taken with care, since there are studies that find inconsistent results between stress measures and maternal complications. It is believed that the lack of convergence is due to the way in which gestational stress is evaluated. The aim of the present study was to design and validate an instrument based on a bio-psycho-social model of gestational stress. The design and validation process of the inventory was divided into four phases: (a) Construction of the items bank and content validity, (b) construct validity, (c) inventory reliability and (d) convergent and discriminant validity with psychometric instruments that have been used in other investigations to evaluate gestational stress. A valid and reliable Stressors and Modulators of Gestational Stress Inventory (SMGSI) conformed by two scales was developed: (a) Gestational stressors, which is formed by two factors, the psychological stressors and social stressors with a variance of 48.5% and 51.8% and a reliability of .79 and .67, respectively; and (b) gestational stress modulators integrated by 8 items that explain 55.2% of the variance and with a reliability of .92. In conclusion, a valid and reliable tool was obtained that measures gestational stress from a bio-psycho-social perspective. This inventory allows for the identification of allostatic and pantostatic stress, making it useful as a diagnostic tool to prevent maternal and childhood complications that are associated with chronic gestational stress


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Projetos de Pesquisa , Gestantes/psicologia , Apoio Social , Depressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Rev. mex. med. forense cienc. salud ; 5(supl.3): 145-148, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MOSAICO - Saúde integrativa | ID: biblio-1147485

RESUMO

Introducción. La herbolaria constituye el recurso más conocido y accesible para la población mexicana por lo que la OMS, reconoce su valor terapéutico. Objetivo. Determinar si existe efectividad antibacteriana de plantas medicinales utilizadas en aceites esenciales, pastas y enjuagues dentales, a través de la revisión de reportes científicos previamente publicados. Materiales y Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en: Pubmed y SciELO de artículos relacionados con las palabras clave, en inglés, publicados de marzo 2015-marzo 2020. Resultados. Del total de los artículos revisados encontramos 170 y seleccionamos 56 para el presente estudio. Conclusiones. El uso de plantas en aceites esenciales, pastas y enjuagues dentales es efectivo ante las bacterias presentes en boca debido a la presencia de compuestos polifenólicos bioactivos que poseen efectos antibacterianos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Plantas Medicinais , Antibacterianos , Cremes Dentais , Bases de Dados Bibliográficas , Medicina Tradicional , México , Antissépticos Bucais
7.
Liberabit ; 25(2): 267-285, jul.-dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143228

RESUMO

Objetivos: realizar el análisis de la estructura interna de la versión en español de la Escala de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff (PWBS-E) en estudiantes universitarios (n = 1700; 54.75% mujeres; Medad = 19.23) de una institución pública en Veracruz, México. Método: La estructura interna de la PWBS-E fue evaluada mediante el análisis factorial confirmatorio (CFA), el modelamiento de ecuaciones estructurales exploratorio (ESEM) y el análisis factorial exploratorio (EFA). La confiabilidad del constructo fue estimada con el coeficiente α y de las puntuaciones con el coeficiente α. Resultados: indicaron que una estructura unidimensional y breve (19 ítems) posee mayor respaldo empírico. Además, se evidenció la existencia de un factor de método asociado a ítems invertidos en los modelos multidimensionales. En cuanto a la confiabilidad, se hallaron indicadores aceptables en ambos niveles (constructo y puntuaciones). Conclusiones: se discuten los hallazgos y las implicancias prácticas de la versión breve de la PWBS-E en universitarios


Objectives: This paper aimed to analyze the internal structure of the Spanish version of the Ryff ’s psychological well-being scale (PWBS-E) among college students (n = 1700, 54.75% females, Mage = 19.23) who attend a public institution located in Veracruz, Mexico. Method: The internal structure of the PWBS-E was assessed using the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) and exploratory factor analysis (EFA), while the reliability of the construct was estimated with the ù coefficient and the reliability of the scores, with the α coefficient. Results: Suggested that a short and unidimensional structure (19 items) provides greater empirical support. In addition, a method factor associated with inverted items in multidimensional models was evidenced. Regarding the reliability, acceptable indicators were found in both levels (construct and scores). Conclusions: This paper addresses both the findings and practical implications of the short version of the PWBS-E among college students.

8.
Rev. senol. patol. mamar. (Ed. impr.) ; 32(1): 3-11, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-187027

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: El cáncer de mama (CaMa) es la neoplasia más común en las mujeres. La Organización Mundial de la Salud estima que el 30% de las muertes por CaMa son debidas a factores asociados a estilos de vida. En México hay una epidemia de obesidad, que favorece la aparición de hipertensión arterial y diabetes mellitus 2. No obstante, la prevalencia y contribución clínica de esta tríada en el desarrollo del CaMa y su interacción con los factores de riesgo conocidos han sido poco estudiados. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó asociación de obesidad, la hipertensión arterial y la diabetes mellitus 2 y de los factores de riesgo para CaMa (reportados en los expedientes clínicos de mujeres con y sin diagnóstico de CaMa del Hospital N.° 71 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social) y su peso proporcional, con la ausencia o presencia de diagnóstico de CaMa. Resultados: Solo los antecedentes heredofamiliares y el tabaquismo, de los factores de riesgo reconocidos para CaMa, mostraron asociación con el diagnóstico de CaMa. Tampoco las enfermedades metabólicas mostraron diferencias. No obstante, el peso proporcional de todas las variables sí mostró significación estadística en el grupo con CaMa. Conclusiones: La visión clásica de que los factores de índole clínico per se son determinantes para el desarrollo de CaMa necesita ser modificada. Es necesario realizar estudios que consideren la interrelación que guardan los factores de riesgo entre sí y otros trastornos que se han normalizado en la población


Introduction and objectives: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common neoplasm in women worldwide. The World Health Organisation estimates that 30% of deaths due to BC are associated with lifestyle factors. In Mexico there is an obesity epidemic, which favours the appearance of hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2). However, there have been few studies of the prevalence and clinical contribution of this triad in the development of BC and its interaction with known risk factors. Materials and methods: We analysed the association of obesity, hypertension and DM2, and risk factors for BC (reported in the clinical files of women with and without a diagnosis of BC in Hospital N.° 71 of the Mexican Institute of Social Security) and their proportional weight, with the presence or absence of a BC diagnosis. Results: Among the recognised risk factors for BC, only a hereditary family history and smoking were associated with a diagnosis of BC. Metabolic diseases showed no differences. However, the proportional weight of all the variables was statistically significant in the group with BC. Conclusions: There is a need to modify the classical view that clinical factors per se determine the development of BC. Studies are needed that analyse the interrelation between risk factors and other disorders that have become highly prevalent in the population


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , México/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pesos e Medidas Corporais
9.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 106(2): 92-7, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24852734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental erosion (DE) is the loss of the hard tissues of the tooth produced by the action of gastric juice, pepsin and acid on the dental enamel, its frequency ranges from 5 to 53.41 %. In Mexico there are no reports on the frequency and possible association. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of dental erosion and its relationship to GERD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, observational, descriptive and comparative study was conducted in 60 patients diagnosed with GERD and 60 healthy patients at the Institute of Medical and Biological Research of the Universidad Veracruzana in Veracruz city. Anthropometric characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene, alcohol consumption, smoking, ED index and Index of decayed/missing dental pieces/sealed and correlation between severity of ED and GERD were analyzed. RESULTS: 78.67 % of patients with GERD had ED, 23.33 % corresponded to grade 0, 41.67 % to N1, N2 and 23.33 % to 11.67 % to N3. Predominance of females (2,3:1). The mean age was 50.92 +/- 13.52 years. The severity of dental erosion was significantly related to the severity of reflux, halitosis, CPO index and poor eating habits. There was no statistically significant difference in the other variables analyzed. CONCLUSIONS: Dental erosion has a high frequency in patients with GERD and reflux characteristics are directly related to their severity and therefore should be considered as a manifestation of GERD extraesophageal.


Assuntos
Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Erosão Dentária/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia
10.
Rev. esp. enferm. dig ; 106(2): 92-96, feb. 2014. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-122879

RESUMO

Antecedentes: la erosión dental (ED) es la pérdida de los tejidos duros del diente producida entre otras cosas por la acción del jugo gástrico, la pepsina y el ácido sobre el esmalte dentario, su prevalencia varía entre 5 y 53,41 %. En México no existen publicaciones sobre su frecuencia y posible asociación. Objetivo: establecer la prevalencia de las erosiones dentales y su relación con la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE). Pacientes y métodos: estudio prospectivo, observacional, descriptivo y comparativo realizado en 60 pacientes con diagnóstico de ERGE y 60 sujetos sanos en el Instituto de Investigaciones Médico-Biológicas de la Universidad Veracruzana en la ciudad de Veracruz. Se analizaron las características antropométricas, hábitos alimentarios, higiene oral, consumo de alcohol, tabaquismo, índice de ED e índice de piezas dentales cariadas/perdidas/obturadas (CPO) y la correlación entre severidad de ED y la ERGE. Resultados: El 78,67 % de los pacientes con ERGE presentaron ED; el 23,33 % correspondieron al grado N0, 41,67 % al N1, 23,33 % al N2 y 11,67 % al N3. Predominó el género femenino (2,3:1). La edad promedio fue 50,92 ± 13,52 años. La gravedad de la erosión dental se relacionó significativamente con la severidad del reflujo, halitosis, índice CPO y con malos hábitos alimentarios. No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en las demás variables analizadas. Conclusiones: la erosión dental tiene una alta frecuencia en pacientes con ERGE y las características del reflujo se relacionan directamente con su severidad por lo cual debe ser considerada como una manifestación extraesofágica más de la ERGE (AU)


Background: Dental erosion (DE) is the loss of the hard tissues of the tooth produced by the action of gastric juice, pepsin and acid on the dental enamel, its frequency ranges from 5 to 53.41 %. In Mexico there are no reports on the frequency and possible association. Objective: To establish the prevalence of dental erosion and its relationship to GERD. Patients and methods: Prospective, observational, descriptive and comparative study was conducted in 60 patients diagnosed with GERD and 60 healthy patients at the Institute of Medical and Biological Research of the Universidad Veracruzana in Veracruz city. Anthropometric characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene, alcohol consumption, smoking, ED index and Index of decayed/missing dental pieces/sealed and correlation between severity of ED and GERD were analyzed. Results: 78.67 % of patients with GERD had ED, 23.33 % corresponded to grade 0, 41.67 % to N1, N2 and 23.33 % to 11.67 % to N3. Predominance of females (2,3:1). The mean age was 50.92 ± 13.52 years. The severity of dental erosion was significantly related to the severity of reflux, halitosis, CPO index and poor eating habits. There was no statistically significant difference in the other variables analyzed. Conclusions: Dental erosion has a high frequency in patients with GERD and reflux characteristics are directly related to their severity and therefore should be considered as a manifestation of GERD extraesophageal (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Erosão Dentária/epidemiologia , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comportamento Alimentar , Fumar/epidemiologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Índice de Higiene Oral , Distribuição por Idade e Sexo
11.
Rev. ADM ; 61(6): 219, nov.-dic. 2004. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-400131

RESUMO

Introducción: el bruxismo es común y multifactorial que puede producir desgaste dental. Objetivo: identificar la relación de desgaste dental y bruxismo en universitarios. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, longitudinal, observacional, mediante examen odontológico y cuestionario directo de las molestias del bruxismo y su desgaste dental. Resultados: se encuestaron 78 universitarios con desgaste dental, 24 femeninos (30.76 por ciento) y 54 masculinos (69.23 por ciento), que perciben el desgaste dental , 65 casos (83.33 por ciento), 22 femeninos (34.92 por ciento) con edad media de 22.5 años y desviación estándar de 7.7781; 41 masculinos (65.07 por ciento) con edad media de 30.5 años y desviación estándar de 19.01918. Que no percibían hasta ese momento el desgaste dental 15 casos (19.23 por ciento), la mayoría sin conciencia de rechinar los dientes por la noche y sin molestias, pero con percepción muy clara de bruxismo en situaciones emocionales y percepción de desgaste dental en la mayoría de los casos. Para atender adecuadamente al bruxópata con desgaste dental deben tomarse en cuenta factores familiares, emocionales y alteraciones temporomaxilares que deben ser diagnosticadas y tratadas adecuadamente. Conclusiones: es muy elevado el desgaste dental en universitarios con bruxismo, hay predominio del sexo masculino con pocas molestias y percepción del desgaste


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Bruxismo , Bruxismo do Sono/psicologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Prospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Análise Estatística , México
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