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1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5680, 2019 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952919

RESUMO

The climatic preferences of the species determine to a large extent their response to climate change. Temperature preferences have been shown to play a key role in driving trends in animal populations. However, the relative importance of temperature and precipitation preferences is still poorly understood, particularly in systems where ecological processes are strongly constrained by the amount and timing of rainfall. In this study, we estimated the role played by temperature and precipitation preferences in determining population trends for birds and butterflies in a Mediterranean area. Trends were derived from long-term biodiversity monitoring data and temperature and precipitation preferences were estimated from species distribution data at three different geographical scales. We show that population trends were first and foremost related to precipitation preferences both in birds and in butterflies. Temperature preferences had a weaker effect on population trends, and were significant only in birds. The effect of precipitation on population trends operated in opposite directions in the two groups of species: butterfly species from arid environments and bird species from humid habitats are decreasing most. Our results indicate that, although commonly neglected, water availability is likely an important driver of animal population change in the Mediterranean region, with highly contrasting impacts among taxonomical groups.

2.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 14(41): e1899, 02/2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-996071

RESUMO

Os participantes do 1º Simpósio Internacional de Saúde Planetária, reunidos em Porto Alegre, propõem que se dissemine a discussão do tema e se articule a resposta e a contribuição do sistema de saúde aos crescentes desafios que enfrenta a saúde da população decorrentes da mudança climática, poluição, redução da biodiversidade e outros fatores ambientais


The participants of the 1st International Symposium on Planetary Health, held in Porto Alegre, propose to disseminate the discussion of the theme and articulate the response and contribution of the health system to the growing challenges facing the health of the population due to climate change, pollution, reduction of biodiversity and other environmental factors.


Los participantes del 1º Simposio Internacional de Salud Planetaria, reunidos en Porto Alegre, proponen la diseminación de la discusión del tema y articulación de la respuesta y la contribución del sistema de salud a los crecientes desafíos que enfrenta la salud de la población derivada del cambio climático, contaminación, reducción de la biodiversidad y otros factores ambientales.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Sistemas de Saúde , Biodiversidade , Poluição Ambiental
3.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 14(41): e1992, 02/2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-981953

RESUMO

A WONCA, em conjunto com a Planetary Health Alliance, lançou uma conclamação para a ação dos MFCs do mundo pela saúde planetária. Este comentário discute os efeitos das mudanças ambientais e a conclamação em relação o papel do médico de família na perspectiva da saúde planetária.


WONCA, with the Planetary Health Alliance, issued a declaration calling family doctors of the world to act on planetary health. This commentary discusses environmental changes and the call in relation to the role of the family doctor in the perspective of planetary health.


WONCA, junto con la Planetary Health Alliance, lanzó un llamamiento a la acción de los medicos de familia del mundo por la salud planetaria. Este comentario discute los efectos de los cambios ambientales y el llamamiento y el papel del médico de familia en la perspectiva de la salud planetaria.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Saúde Ambiental , Medicina de Família e Comunidade
5.
Fam Syst Health ; 36(2): 175-181, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29389147

RESUMO

Rural proofing ensures that policies, practice guidelines, strategies, and techniques can be applied to rural populations with approximately equal benefit as what would be obtained in urban areas. Extending this concept internationally, the authors argue the importance of global proofing mental health strategies developed in well-resourced, high-income areas in order to determine their appropriateness in areas that have resource poverty such as middle- and low-income countries. An example is used to illustrate both rural and global proofing. Through this example, the authors demonstrate how they proofed urban-inspired models of mental health care in rural areas of the United States. The result is a model of rural mental health care that emphasizes collaborative care and telemental health. This model is now being global proofed in Brazil. The authors describe the application of this model in a remote rural town in Brazil. Consistent with World Health Organization recommendations, the integration of mental health care into primary care medical settings is being discovered as essential to addressing mental health disparities worldwide. (PsycINFO Database Record

7.
Sci Rep ; 5: 12395, 2015 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26205828

RESUMO

How common are cryptic species--those overlooked because of their morphological similarity? Despite its wide-ranging implications for biology and conservation, the answer remains open to debate. Butterflies constitute the best-studied invertebrates, playing a similar role as birds do in providing models for vertebrate biology. An accurate assessment of cryptic diversity in this emblematic group requires meticulous case-by-case assessments, but a preview to highlight cases of particular interest will help to direct future studies. We present a survey of mitochondrial genetic diversity for the butterfly fauna of the Iberian Peninsula with unprecedented resolution (3502 DNA barcodes for all 228 species), creating a reliable system for DNA-based identification and for the detection of overlooked diversity. After compiling available data for European butterflies (5782 sequences, 299 species), we applied the Generalized Mixed Yule-Coalescent model to explore potential cryptic diversity at a continental scale. The results indicate that 27.7% of these species include from two to four evolutionary significant units (ESUs), suggesting that cryptic biodiversity may be higher than expected for one of the best-studied invertebrate groups and regions. The ESUs represent important units for conservation, models for studies of evolutionary and speciation processes, and sentinels for future research to unveil hidden diversity.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Borboletas/genética , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Animais , Espanha
8.
Zootaxa ; 3937(2): 201-47, 2015 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25947469

RESUMO

A morphological study with the use of scanning electron microscope of 67 species of Iberian Lycaenidae is presented. The study covers all the genera present in the area and shows an extraordinary variation in chorionic characters that allows egg diagnosis for most species. A morphometric study showed that the eggs from the sample have sizes that are correlated with adult size, but some species showed larger egg size than expected. Species hibernating at the egg stage proved to have on average larger sizes than those overwintering at other stages, probably because this trait might be favourable to endure the adverse conditions taking place during the winter. A cladistic analysis was performed using morphologic and morphometric characters from the egg with the result of poor discriminant power. However, some formal taxonomic groups such as the genera Lycaena and Satyrium were supported by our analysis due to specific apomorphic characters.


Assuntos
Borboletas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Óvulo/ultraestrutura , Animais , Borboletas/classificação , Borboletas/genética , Borboletas/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Filogenia
11.
Porto Alegre; s.n; 2010. 11 p.
Tese em Português | Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-935022

RESUMO

Este trabalho tem por finalidade consolidar informações sobre o efeito da mudança climática quanto às alterações no perfil de demanda, no volume da demanda, na composição e capacitação das equipes e no orçamento para atenção primária à saúde.


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Brasil , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Saúde Pública , Sistema Único de Saúde
13.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 19(9): 783-7, 2007 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17700264

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between ineffective oesophageal motility and reflux oesophagitis controlling for hiatal hernia, hypotensive lower oesophageal sphincter and male sex in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. METHODS: A total of 387 patients with reflux disease (mean age, 46 years, 42% men) were consecutively selected from a database. All patients underwent upper endoscopy, oesophageal manometry and 24 h oesophageal pH-metry in accordance with a standardized protocol. Reflux disease was confirmed either by endoscopy (oesophagitis grade I-IV according to Savary-Miller) or by pH-metry (increased acid exposure). Hiatal hernia was diagnosed endoscopically, whereas ineffective oesophageal motility and hypotensive lower oesophageal sphincter were characterized during manometry testing. The association between ineffective oesophageal motility and reflux oesophagitis was assessed by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 166 patients with oesophagitis (mean age 45 years, 49% men) and 221 without oesophagitis (mean age 46 years, 37% men) were present. Prevalences of ineffective oesophageal motility, hiatal hernia, hypotensive lower oesophageal sphincter and male sex were significantly higher in patients with oesophagitis compared with those without oesophagitis (P<0.05). Ineffective oesophageal motility was independently associated with oesophagitis after multivariate logistic regression analysis (odds ratio=1.68; 95% confidence interval=1.04-2.70). CONCLUSION: Ineffective oesophageal motility is associated with reflux oesophagitis, independently of hiatal hernia, hypotensive lower oesophageal sphincter and male sex.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Motilidade Esofágica/complicações , Esofagite Péptica/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtornos da Motilidade Esofágica/diagnóstico , Monitoramento do pH Esofágico , Esofagoscopia , Feminino , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Hérnia Hiatal/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Manometria/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Fatores Sexuais
14.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 135(2): 149-53, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17329012

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of changes in smoking habit with maternal weight gain. STUDY DESIGN: We questioned 4000 pregnant women > or =20 years about previous and current smoking habits during a second trimester visit to general prenatal clinics in 6 Brazilian cities, from 1991 to 1995, and followed their weight, through chart review, to term. RESULTS: Of women who reported stopping smoking (915, 23% of the total), 240 (26.2%) stopped during pregnancy. The median number of cigarettes smoked/day among those who reported continued smoking (717, 18%) decreased from 10 to 5 with pregnancy. In linear regression models adjusting for age, educational attainment, ethnicity, prepregnancy body mass index, parity and clinical center, ex-smokers gained 1.03 kg (95%CI 0.59-1.46) more than those reporting never smoking, this difference being greater: 1.54 kg (95%CI 0.78-2.30) in those who reported quitting while pregnant. The size of weight gain in both continuing smokers and ex-smokers was proportional to the reduction in daily number of cigarettes smoked during pregnancy, being 0.38 kg (95%CI 0.07-0.68) greater for each 10 cigarettes reduced (p=0.007). CONCLUSION: Decreasing the quantity of cigarettes smoked in pregnancy, although important for maternal and child health, is associated with maternal weight gain.


Assuntos
Gravidez/fisiologia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Ganho de Peso/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
La Rioja; s.n; 1985. 61 p. tab. (59774).
Monografia em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-59774
17.
Córdoba; [s.n.]; 1920. 52 h p. (107566).
Tese em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-107566
18.
Córdoba; [s.n.]; 1920. 52 h p. (54747).
Tese em Espanhol | BINACIS | ID: bin-54747
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