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1.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 82, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of poor self-rated sleep and to identify the population subgroups most susceptible to the problem. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, population-based study developed with data from the Health Survey conducted in the city of Campinas (ISACamp 2014/2015). Data from a sample of 1,998 individuals aged 20 years or older were analyzed. The self-rated quality of sleep was analyzed according to socio-demographic characteristics, morbidities, health behaviors and feeling of well-being. The association of sleep quality with different complaints and characteristics of sleep was also analyzed. Adjusted prevalence ratios were estimed using Poisson multiple regression model allowing for the sample weights. RESULTS: Prevalence of poor self-rated sleep was 29.1% and showed to be significantly higher in women, in individuals aged from 40 to 50 years, migrants, without occupation, physically inactive in leisure context, with common mental disorder (PR = 1.59), with greater number of health problems (PR = 2.33), poor self-rated health (PR = 1.61), and life dissatisfaction. Poor sleep was strongly associated with reports of difficulty in initiating sleep (PR = 4.17), in maintaining sleep (PR = 4.40) and with never or almost never feeling well when waking up (PR = 4.52). CONCLUSIONS: The results identify the population subgroups with poor quality of sleep that deserve greater attention. It also highlight the need to consider, in addition to the presence of comorbidities, mental health and the feeling of well-being in the care of patients with sleep problems and in the interventions planed for promoting healthy sleep.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/fisiopatologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Autoimagem , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190011.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596382

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: High income concentration prevails in Brazil and socioeconomic status influences living and health conditions, including dietary quality. OBJECTIVE: To measure the magnitude of social inequalities in the food quality profile of the Brazilian population. METHOD: We analyzed data from 60,202 adults who participated in the 2013 National Health Survey. The prevalence of indicators of food quality was estimated according to gender, ethnicity, income, schooling, and health insurance. We calculated prevalence ratios using multiple Poisson regression. RESULTS: Healthy food consumption was more prevalent among females, white people, and individuals with higher socioeconomic status. However, we also found a higher prevalence of some foods considered unhealthy, such as sweets, sandwiches, snacks, and pizzas, among the most favored social segments, in women, and white people, expressing the concomitance of healthy and unhealthy eating habits. The comparison between the consumption of skim and low-fat milk according to income (prevalence ratio - PR = 4.48) presented the most significant difference. CONCLUSION: In addition to the expressive social inequality identified in the Brazilian food profile, mixed patterns were detected, including healthy and unhealthy foods. These results point out the need for monitoring and promoting healthy eating habits, taking into account the social inequalities and contradictions concerning food intake.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Inquéritos Nutricionais/métodos , Classe Social , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190013.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze social inequalities in the prevalence of indicators of active aging in the Brazilian older adult population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 11,177 older adults who participated in the Brazilian National Health Survey in 2013. We estimated the prevalence of five domains of active aging (social activities, civic engagement, leisure-time physical activity, paid work, and volunteer work) according to gender, ethnicity, schooling, income, and private health insurance. Prevalence ratios and confidence intervals were calculated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: The percentage of involvement in organized social activities, civic engagement, and physical activity was 25.1, 12.4, and 13.1%, respectively. Regarding work, 20.7% of the sample had a paid job, and 9.7% participated in volunteer work. Women had a higher prevalence of participation in organized social activities and volunteer work; while civic engagement and paid work were more frequent among men. White people were more likely to participate in social activities, volunteer work, and leisure-time physical activity, explained by their schooling. The strata with a higher level of schooling, income, and who had private health insurance showed a greater incidence of participation in all activities studied. CONCLUSION: The five activities analyzed are challenging for the proposed policy of active aging, as they are marked by considerable social inequality.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Exercício/fisiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Classe Social , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho/fisiologia , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190014.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the socioeconomic and demographic differences in medication use to control hypertension and diabetes mellitus in Brazil. METHOD: Data from the National Health Survey (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde - PNS) performed in Brazil in 2013 with a representative sample of the population aged 18years old or older were analyzed. The use of medications for hypertension and diabetes according to income, education, race, possession of a private health insurance plan and region of household were estimated. Theprevalence ratios adjusted for sex and age were also estimated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: 81.4% of the hypertensive population used medication to control the disease. The use was higher among females, white/Caucasian individuals and those with a private health plan. In the case of diabetes mellitus, 80.2% of the population used medication to control the disease and the use was higher in elderly patients, patients with a higher level of education, patients with a private health plan, and patients in the Southeast region. Inequalities according to income and health plan were small even in the strata of sex, age and geographic region analyzed. CONCLUSION: We found a high use of medication to control hypertension and diabetes. Socioeconomic inequalities in use were not expressive, probably due to medication policies that promote greater and equitable access to medicines in Brazil.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190015.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596386

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite the improvement in oral health conditions observed in the Brazilian population, there are still high social inequalities that must be monitored. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate income inequality in oral hygiene practices, oral health status and the use of dental services in the adult and senior Brazilian population. METHODS: Data from the National Health Survey conducted in 2013 (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde - PNS 2013) were used for the population aged 18 years old or older. RESULTS: Inequalities were found among the income strata in most of the oral health indicators evaluated. The greatest inequalities were observed in the use of dental floss, in hygiene practices (PR = 2.85 in adults and PR = 2.45 in seniors), and in total tooth loss (PR = 6.74 in adults and PR = 2.24 in seniors) and difficulty in chewing (PR = 4.49 in adults and PR = 2.67 in seniors) among oral condition indicators. The magnitude of inequalities was high in both groups in most oral condition indicators. Income was a factor that persisted in limiting access to dental services, and even the lower income segments had high percentages that paid for dental consultations. CONCLUSION: Based on data from the first PNS, the findings of this study enabled the identification of oral health and dental care aspects more compromised by income differentials, thus, contributing to the planning of dental care in Brazil and to stimulate the monitoring of these disparities with data from future surveys.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/métodos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Classe Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(9): 3237-3246, set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019679

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivou-se estimar a prevalência de ingestão de açúcares de adição dentro do limite máximo de 5% da energia total da dieta, segundo variáveis demográficas, socioeconômicas, de comportamentos relacionados à saúde e estado nutricional, em adolescentes. Trata-se de estudo transversal de base populacional, com amostra por conglomerados e em dois estágios. A quantidade de açúcar livre da dieta foi estimada por meio do Recordatório de 24 horas. Dos 924 adolescentes avaliados, apenas 20,1% (IC95%: 16,8-23,9) se enquadraram na recomendação de não exceder 5% das calorias totais com açúcares de adição. Maiores prevalências de atendimento à recomendação foram verificadas no sexo masculino (22,0%), nos adolescentes de 15-19 anos (24,3%), nos não naturais do estado de São Paulo (30,4%), nos que tinham menor tempo de tela (27,5%), nos que possuíam menor número de equipamentos domésticos (0-7: 29,5%; 8-15: 20,3%) e naqueles com escores superiores de qualidade da dieta (tercil 2: 17,7%, tercil 3: 37,2%). Os resultados apontam os fatores associados ao consumo de açúcares de adição numa perspectiva epidemiológica, revelando uma simultaneidade de comportamentos inadequados, ou seja, os adolescentes que ingerem mais açúcares também apresentam maior tempo de tela e pior qualidade global da dieta.


Abstract The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of added sugar intake within the maximum limit of 5% of the total energy of the diet and test associations with demographic/socioeconomic characteristics, health-related behaviors and nutritional status in adolescents. A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with two-stage cluster sampling. The amount of free sugar in the diet was estimated using a 24-hour dietary recall. Among the 924 adolescents evaluated, only 20.1% (95% CI: 16.8-23.9) met the recommendation of not exceeding 5% of total calories with added sugar. Higher prevalence rates of adherence to the recommendation were found among males (22.0%), adolescents aged 15 to 19 years (24.3%), those born outside the state of São Paulo (30.4%), those with less screen time (27.5%), those with a lower number of household appliances (0-7: 29.5%; 8-15: 20.3%) and those with higher diet quality scores (2nd tertile: 17.7%; 3rd tertile: 37.2%). The findings demonstrate factors associated with added sugar intake from an epidemiological perspective, revealing the simultaneity of inappropriate behaviors, that is, the adolescents who consume more sugar also have longer screen time and worse overall diet quality.

7.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190044, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432987

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several factors can lead to changes in dietary practices of the older adults; which contributes with nutritional recommendations not being met. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of inadequate dietary fiber consumption and to identify associated factors. METHODOLOGY: Population-based, cross-sectional study that used data from a health survey in the municipality of Campinas, SP, Brazil, held in 2008/2009, in which 1,509 individuals aged 60 or older were assessed. Food consumption was estimated through a 24-hour recall, and the prevalence of inadequacy was calculated according to the Institute of Medicine's cut-off point for total fiber (30 g/day for men and 21 g/day for women). Associated factors were identified using the hierarchical Poisson regression model to estimate the prevalence, adjusted for block distal (sociodemographic) and proximal variables (health and lifestyle indicators). RESULTS: Inadequate consumption was observed in 90.1% of the population, and after adjustments in the final model, this rate remained significantly higher among males (RP = 1.06), seniors with a partner (RP = 1.05), lower income (RP = 0.95), physically inactive (RP = 1.05) and those who would not like to change body weight (RP = 1.05). CONCLUSION: Considering that inadequacy of dietary fiber was very high, the whole 60-year-old or older population must be targeted for nutritional intervention in order to ensure adequate intake of this nutrient.


Assuntos
Inquéritos sobre Dietas/estatística & dados numéricos , Dieta/estatística & dados numéricos , Fibras na Dieta , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 37(4): 419-427, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291446

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of gluten intake according to demographic, socioeconomic, and health-related behavioral variables in adolescents. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study with a two-stage cluster sampling, conducted in Campinas, São Paulo, in 2008-2009. Foods containing gluten were identified using a 24-hour Recall. We calculated the prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios with multiple Poisson regression. RESULTS: The study had a sample of 924 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. Among the foods assessed, 26.9% (confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI 25.3-28.6) contained gluten. We found a higher prevalence of gluten intake in younger individuals (10 to 14 years), as well as in subgroups of adolescents who had a higher number of household appliances, attended school, consumed fewer beans and vegetables during the week (<4 times), and whose head of the family had better education level (≥12 years of schooling). The main food sources of gluten in their diet were: bread, cakes, and cereals (30.2%), chocolate milk (14%), chicken nuggets (12.3%), and cookies (11%). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study show the epidemiological profile associated with gluten intake in adolescents and could support actions aimed at promoting healthy eating habits and preventing gluten-related diseases.

9.
Qual Life Res ; 28(11): 3037-3046, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240538

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of emotional problems on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) according to the type of emotional problem, degree of limitation, and perceived control of the problem with treatment. METHOD: A population-based cross-sectional study with probabilistic stratified cluster sampling was conducted in 2014 and 2015 in the city of Campinas, Brazil. A total of 2145 individuals aged 18 years or older participated in the study. HRQoL was evaluated using the SF-36® questionnaire. The dependent variables were the score of the eight scales of the SF-36®. The independent variables were self-perceived emotional problems, type of emotional problem (according to ICD 10), degree of limitation, and perceived control of the problem with treatment. Mean scores were calculated and regression coefficients were adjusted for sex, age, number of health problems, and chronic diseases using multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of emotional problems was 32.7%. Among the individuals with a problem, the mean SF-36® scores were lower on all domains. Regarding the type of emotional problem, a complaint of depression exerted a stronger negative impact on HRQoL scores than anxiety. Moreover, a greater degree of limitation caused by the problem led to lower mean SF-36® scores. The negative impact on HRQoL was substantially greater among those who did not have the problem under control. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the findings underscore the importance of the prevention and control of emotional problems with the aim of reducing the impact on HRQoL.

10.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 28(1): e2018047, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970069

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to analyze the survival of people with AIDS and association with schooling and race/skin color. METHODS: this was a retrospective cohort study of people diagnosed with AIDS between 1998 and 1999, in the South and Southeast regions of Brazil. We used survival analysis (Kaplan-Meier method), stratified by schooling and race/skin color and multivariate analysis was performed using Cox regression. RESULTS: the study included 2,091 people who had survived at 60 months, with 65% survival among White participants and 62% among Black/brown participants. Irregular use of antiretroviral (HR=11.2 - 95%CI8.8;14.2), and age ≥60 years (HR=2.5 - 95%CI1.4;4.4) were related to lower survival; schooling >8 years (HR=0.4 - 95%CI0.3;0.6) and being female (HR=0.6 - 95%CI0.5;0.8) were positively related to survival; those with less schooling had lower survival. CONCLUSION: lower schooling levels overlap race/skin color differences in relation to survival; these inequalities explain the differences found, despite the policies on universal access to antiretroviral.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/mortalidade , Fármacos Anti-HIV/administração & dosagem , Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Pigmentação da Pele , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/etnologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos de Coortes , Escolaridade , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
11.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 28(1): e2018047, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1001961

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: analisar a sobrevida de pessoas com aids e sua associação com escolaridade e raça/cor da pele. Métodos: coorte de diagnosticados entre 1998 e 1999, nas regiões Sul e Sudeste do Brasil, com análise de sobrevida (método de Kaplan--Meier), estratificada por escolaridade e raça/cor da pele; a análise multivariada foi realizada mediante regressão de Cox. Resultados: foram incluídas 2.091 pessoas com sobrevida em 60 meses, a percentuais de 65% entre brancos e 62% entre pretos/pardos; o uso irregular de antirretrovirais (HR=11,2 - IC95%8,8;14,2) e a idade ≥60 anos (HR=2,5 - IC95%1,4;4,4) foram relacionados com menor sobrevida; escolaridade >8 anos (HR=0,4 - IC95%0,3;0,6) e sexo feminino (HR=0,6 - IC95%0,5;0,8) relacionaram-se positivamente com sobrevida; os menos escolarizados tiveram sobrevida menor. Conclusão: menor escolaridade sobrepôs-se às diferenças de raça/cor da pele, quando relacionada à sobrevida; tais desigualdades explicaram as diferenças observadas, mesmo com políticas de acesso universal aos antirretrovirais.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar la sobrevida de personas con sida y su asociación con escolaridad y raza/color de la piel. Métodos: cohorte de diagnosticados entre 1998 y 1999, en las regiones Sur y Sudeste de Brasil, con análisis de supervivencia (Kaplan-Meier), estratificados por educación y raza/color de la piel; el análisis multivariante se realizó con regresión de Cox. Resultados: fueron incluidas 2.091 personas con sobrevida de 60 meses, a porcentuales de 65% entre blancos y 62% entre negros/pardos; el uso irregular de antirretrovirales (HR=11,2 - IC95%8,8;14,2) y la edad ≥60 años (HR=2,5 - IC95%1,4;4,4) se relacionaron con una menor sobrevida; escolaridad >8 años (HR=0,4 - IC95%0,3;0,6) y sexo femenino (HR=0,6 - IC95%0,5;0,8) se relacionaron positivamente con sobrevida; los menos escolarizados tuvieron sobrevida menor. Conclusión: menor escolaridad se superpuso a las diferencias de raza/color de la piel referida, cuando relacionada a la supervivencia; tales desigualdades explicaron las diferencias observadas, aún con políticas de acceso universal a antirretrovirales.


Abstract Objective: to analyze the survival of people with AIDS and association with schooling and race/skin color. Methods: this was a retrospective cohort study of people diagnosed with AIDS between 1998 and 1999, in the South and Southeast regions of Brazil. We used survival analysis (Kaplan-Meier method), stratified by schooling and race/skin color and multivariate analysis was performed using Cox regression. Results: the study included 2,091 people who had survived at 60 months, with 65% survival among White participants and 62% among Black/brown participants. Irregular use of antiretroviral (HR=11.2 - 95%CI8.8;14.2), and age ≥60 years (HR=2.5 - 95%CI1.4;4.4) were related to lower survival; schooling >8 years (HR=0.4 - 95%CI0.3;0.6) and being female (HR=0.6 - 95%CI0.5;0.8) were positively related to survival; those with less schooling had lower survival. Conclusion: lower schooling levels overlap race/skin color differences in relation to survival; these inequalities explain the differences found, despite the policies on universal access to antiretroviral.

12.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22: e190044, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020566

RESUMO

RESUMO: Introdução: Vários fatores podem gerar mudanças nas práticas alimentares dos idosos, contribuindo para que as recomendações nutricionais não sejam atendidas. Objetivo: Estimar a prevalência de inadequação do consumo de fibras alimentares e seus fatores associados. Metodologia: Estudo transversal de base populacional que utilizou dados do Inquérito de Saúde no Município de Campinas, realizado em 2008/2009, no qual foram analisados 1.509 indivíduos ≥ 60 anos. O consumo alimentar foi estimado por meio do recordatório de 24 horas, e foi calculada a prevalência de inadequação de acordo com o ponto de corte para fibras totais do Institute of Medicine de 30 g/dia para homens e 21 g/dia para mulheres. Os fatores associados foram identificados utilizando modelo hierárquico de regressão de Poisson para estimativa das razões de prevalência, ajustados por variáveis de bloco distal (sociodemográficos) e bloco proximal (condições de saúde e indicadores de estilo de vida). Resultados: A inadequação do consumo de fibras alimentares foi observada em 90,1% da população, significantemente maior no sexo masculino (RP = 1,06), em idosos com parceiro (RP = 1,05), de menor renda (RP = 0,95), inativos fisicamente (RP = 1,05) e naqueles que não gostariam de mudar o peso corporal (RP = 1,05). Conclusão: Considerando que a inadequação de fibras alimentares foi muito elevada, toda a população de 60 anos ou mais deve ser alvo de intervenção nutricional para garantir o aporte adequado desse nutriente.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Several factors can lead to changes in dietary practices of the older adults; which contributes with nutritional recommendations not being met. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of inadequate dietary fiber consumption and to identify associated factors. Methodology: Population-based, cross-sectional study that used data from a health survey in the municipality of Campinas, SP, Brazil, held in 2008/2009, in which 1,509 individuals aged 60 or older were assessed. Food consumption was estimated through a 24-hour recall, and the prevalence of inadequacy was calculated according to the Institute of Medicine's cut-off point for total fiber (30 g/day for men and 21 g/day for women). Associated factors were identified using the hierarchical Poisson regression model to estimate the prevalence, adjusted for block distal (sociodemographic) and proximal variables (health and lifestyle indicators). Results: Inadequate consumption was observed in 90.1% of the population, and after adjustments in the final model, this rate remained significantly higher among males (RP = 1.06), seniors with a partner (RP = 1.05), lower income (RP = 0.95), physically inactive (RP = 1.05) and those who would not like to change body weight (RP = 1.05). Conclusion: Considering that inadequacy of dietary fiber was very high, the whole 60-year-old or older population must be targeted for nutritional intervention in order to ensure adequate intake of this nutrient.

13.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52Suppl 2(Suppl 2): 1s, 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379296
14.
PLoS One ; 13(11): e0207921, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30475871

RESUMO

This study analyzed differences between men and women regarding the use of psychotropic drugs and associated factors in a population of adults and seniors in the city of Campinas, Brazil. A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the ISACamp 2014/2015 health survey in the city of Campinas. The sample was composed of 1999 individuals aged 20 years or older. For each sex, prevalence rates and prevalence ratios were estimated for the use of psychotropic drugs according to demographic characteristics, socioeconomic characteristics, health problems, degree of limitation and type of emotional/mental problem. The most used classes of medications were also determined. The prevalence of the use of psychotropic drugs was 11.7% (7.3% among men and 15.8% among women). The most common therapeutic classes were antidepressants (38.2%) and benzodiazepines (24.0%). The frequency of antidepressant use was higher among women (44.3%) than men (25.5%). Regarding associated factors, reports of emotional/mental problems were associated with the greater use of this type of drug in both sexes. Among the men, white skin color, a lack of an occupational activity, a greater number of complaints of health problems and the occurrence of insomnia were associated with the use psychotropic drugs. Among the women, a significant increase in the use of these drugs was found with the increase in age and higher prevalence rates were found among those with a higher level of schooling, those with a greater number of diagnosed chronic diseases and those with a common mental disorder. The present results confirm the greater use of psychotropic agents, especially antidepressants, in the female sex and reveal that the pattern of associated factors differs between sexes. It is therefore necessary to understand the peculiarities of each sex that exert an influence on the perception of health problems and the desire to seek care, which, in turn, affect the use of psychotropic agents.

15.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(11): e00173317, 2018 Nov 23.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30484561

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze prevalence rates and gender and age differences in indicators of active aging in elders participating in the Campinas Municipal Health Survey in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil (2014-2015). We estimated prevalence rates for participation by the elderly in twelve activities pertaining to four dimensions and calculated the prevalence ratios with Poisson regression. The study population consisted of 986 elderly. The results showed that 40.2% of the elderly participated in sociocultural activities, 25.3% were physically active in their leisure time, 21.7% used the Internet, 22.1% performed paid work, and only 2.6% were taking courses. In the social dimension, the only gender difference was in religious practice, which was less prevalent in men (PR = 0.67). In the dimension of physical activity, men were more active at work (PR = 2.10), in commuting (PR = 1.61), and in their leisure time (PR = 1.44). There was no gender difference in the intellectual dimension, and men were more active in paid work, (PR = 1.78). The analyses by age brackets showed that in men, only physical activity at work and paid work presented lower prevalence in the group eighty years and older. Among the oldest elderly women, lower prevalence rates were seen in six activities, which suggests a possible differential effect of advanced age between the sexes. The results show important rates of participation by elderly in some indicators of active aging, besides challenges in activities that are performed rarely and gender differences in participation.

16.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(10): e00198717, 2018 10 22.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365748

RESUMO

The objective was to compare the estimates for prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and behavioral measures to control these diseases. Data were analyzed for the adult population from Health Surveys in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008, and 2015. Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated for the following: hypertension, diabetes, and practices to control these diseases (diet, physical activity, oral medication, insulin, nothing). Estimates were compared by age and sex-adjusted Poisson regression and analyzed according to the 20-59-years and 60-and-older age brackets. The data were presented comparing 2008 to 2003 and 2015 to 2003. Among persons 20 to 59 years of age, there was an increase in the prevalence rates for: hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.03-1.60) and diet for both periods (2003-2008, PR = 2.04; 95%CI: 1.42-2.91; and 2003-2015, PR = 1.51; 95%CI: 1.05-2.15). Among persons 60 years and older: diabetes (PR = 1.29; 95%CI: 1.08-1.56) and oral medication to control diabetes (PR = 1.38; 95%CI: 1.17-1.63), both in 2003-2015; hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.19; 95%CI:1.05-1.39); and diet and oral medication to control hypertension in 2003-2008 (PR = 1.20; 95%CI: 0.95-1.51 and PR = 1.02; 95%CI: 0.95-1.09, respectively). The results are important for surveillance and monitoring of the target indicators and provide backing for planning health care activities in the city of São Paulo. Linking and aligning effective and integrated interventions is indispensable for reducing and controlling these chronic noncommunicable diseases.

17.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(10): 3115-3122, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365830

RESUMO

Given the Constitutional Amendment 95 and the economic crisis, we discussed the possible effects of austerity measures on the achievement of the goals established for the control of chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in the country. The trends of NCDs and risk factors were analyzed, according to data from epidemiological surveys and mortality data from the Global Burden of Disease study. The resultsindicate a trend of stability in mortality rates by NCD in 2015 and 2016. Brazilians with low schooling, in general, have a higher prevalence of risk factors and a lower prevalence of protective factors. In the 2015-2017 period, previously favorable trends reversed for indicators such as fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity, tobacco trends stabilized, and alcohol intake increased. In conclusion, should these trends be maintained, it is unlikely that Brazil will achieve the goals previously agreed upon with the World Health Organization and the United Nations to curb NCDs and their risk factors.

18.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(10): e00198717, oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974576

RESUMO

Resumo: O objetivo foi comparar as estimativas de prevalência de diabetes, hipertensão e as medidas de controle para estas doenças. Foram analisados dados de população adulta provenientes dos Inquéritos de Saúde no Município de São Paulo, Brasil, 2003, 2008 e 2015. Foram estimadas as prevalências e seus intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%) para as variáveis: hipertensão, diabetes e as práticas de controle para estas doenças (dieta alimentar, atividade física, medicamento oral, insulina, não faz nada). As estimativas foram comparadas por regressão de Poisson ajustada por sexo e idade, e analisadas segundo os domínios 20-59 e 60 anos e mais. Os dados foram apresentados comparando-se os anos de 2008 em relação a 2003 e 2015 em relação a 2003. Entre as pessoas de 20-59 anos, observou-se aumento nas prevalências de: hipertensão no período 2003-2015 (RP = 1,27; IC95%: 1,03-1,60) e dieta alimentar para ambos os períodos (2003-2008, RP = 2,04; IC95%: 1,42-2,91; e 2003-2015, RP = 1,51; IC95%: 1,05-2,15). Dentre as pessoas com 60 anos e mais: diabetes (RP = 1,29; IC95%: 1,08-1,56) e medicamento oral para controlar a diabetes (RP = 1,38; IC95%: 1,17-1,63), ambos no período 2003-2015; hipertensão no período 2003-2015 (RP = 1,19; IC95%: 1,05-1,39); e dieta alimentar e medicamento oral para controlar a hipertensão no período 2003-2008 (RP = 1,20; IC95%: 0,95-1,51 e RP = 1,02; IC95%: 0,95-1,09, respectivamente). Os resultados são importantes para a vigilância e monitoramento dos indicadores analisados, e fornecem subsídio ao planejamento de ações em saúde no Município de São Paulo. Articular e alinhar ações efetivas e integradas é imprescindível para a redução e controle dessas doenças.


Abstract: The objective was to compare the estimates for prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and behavioral measures to control these diseases. Data were analyzed for the adult population from Health Surveys in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008, and 2015. Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated for the following: hypertension, diabetes, and practices to control these diseases (diet, physical activity, oral medication, insulin, nothing). Estimates were compared by age and sex-adjusted Poisson regression and analyzed according to the 20-59-years and 60-and-older age brackets. The data were presented comparing 2008 to 2003 and 2015 to 2003. Among persons 20 to 59 years of age, there was an increase in the prevalence rates for: hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.03-1.60) and diet for both periods (2003-2008, PR = 2.04; 95%CI: 1.42-2.91; and 2003-2015, PR = 1.51; 95%CI: 1.05-2.15). Among persons 60 years and older: diabetes (PR = 1.29; 95%CI: 1.08-1.56) and oral medication to control diabetes (PR = 1.38; 95%CI: 1.17-1.63), both in 2003-2015; hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.19; 95%CI:1.05-1.39); and diet and oral medication to control hypertension in 2003-2008 (PR = 1.20; 95%CI: 0.95-1.51 and PR = 1.02; 95%CI: 0.95-1.09, respectively). The results are important for surveillance and monitoring of the target indicators and provide backing for planning health care activities in the city of São Paulo. Linking and aligning effective and integrated interventions is indispensable for reducing and controlling these chronic noncommunicable diseases.


Resumen: El objetivo fue comparar las estimativas de prevalencia de diabetes, hipertensión y las medidas de control para estas enfermedades. Se analizaron datos de población adulta, procedentes de encuestas de salud en el municipio de São Paulo, Brasil, de 2003, 2008 y 2015. Se estimaron las prevalencias y sus intervalos de 95% de confianza (IC 95%) para las variables: hipertensión, diabetes y prácticas de control para estas enfermedades (dieta alimentaria, actividad física, medicamento oral, insulina, no hacer nada). Las estimativas se compararon por regresión de Poisson, ajustada por sexo y edad, y se analizaron según los dominios 20-59 y 60 años o más. Los datos se presentaron comparándose los años de 2008, en relación a 2003, y 2015 en relación a 2003. Entre las personas de 20-59 años, se observó un aumento en las prevalencias de hipertensión durante el período 2003-2015 (RP = 1,27; IC95%: 1,03-1,60) y dieta alimentaria para ambos períodos (2003-2008, RP = 2,04; IC95%: 1,42-2,91; y 2003-2015, RP = 1,51; IC95%: 1,05-2,15). Entre las personas con 60 años o más: diabetes (RP: 1,29; IC95%: 1,08-1,56) y medicamento oral para controlar la diabetes (RP = 1,38; IC95%: 1,17-1,63), ambos durante el período 2003-2015; hipertensión durante el período 2003-2015 (RP = 1,19; IC95%: 1,05-1,39); además de dieta alimentaria y medicamento oral para controlar la hipertensión, durante el período 2003-2008 (RP = 1,20; IC95%: 0,95-1,51 y RP = 1,02; IC95%: 0,95-1,09, respectivamente). Los resultados son importantes para la vigilancia y monitoreo de los indicadores analizados, y proporcionan apoyo a la planificación de acciones en salud en el municipio de São Paulo. Coordinar y alinear acciones efectivas e integradas es imprescindible para la reducción y control de esas enfermedades.

19.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 81, 2018 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183843

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sampling plan of the Health Survey of the City of São Paulo (ISA-Capital 2015) regarding the accuracy of estimates and the conformation of domains of study by the Health Coordinations of the city of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: We have described the population, domains of study, and sampling procedures, including stratification, calculation of sample size, and random selection of sample units, of the Health Survey of the City of São Paulo, 2015. The estimates of proportions were analyzed in relation to precision using the coefficient of variation and the design effect. We considered suitable the coefficients below 30% at the regional level and 20% at the city level and the estimates of the design effect below 1.5. We considered suitable the strategy of establishing the Health Coordinations as domains after verifying that, within the coordinations, the estimates of proportions for the age and sex groups had the minimum acceptable precision. The estimated parameters were related to the subjects of use of services, morbidity, and self-assessment of health. RESULTS: A total of 150 census tracts were randomly selected, 30 in each Health Coordination, 5,469 households were randomly selected and visited, and 4,043 interviews were conducted. Of the 115 estimates made for the domains of study, 97.4% presented coefficients of variation below 30%, and 82.6% were below 20%. Of the 24 estimates made for the total of the city, 23 presented coefficient of variation below 20%. More than two-thirds of the estimates of the design effect were below 1.5, which was estimated in the sample size calculation, and the design effect was below 2.0 for 88%. CONCLUSIONS: The ISA-Capital 2015 sample generated estimates at the predicted levels of precision at both the city and regional levels. The decision to establish the regional health coordinations of the city of São Paulo as domains of study was adequate.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Morbidade , Autoavaliação , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Amostragem , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
20.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 82, 2018 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in a population-based approach, the association of extreme sleep duration with sociodemographic factors, health, and well-being. METHODS: We analyzed the data from the 2014/2015 Health Survey in the city of Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil (ISACamp), performed with 1,969 individuals (≥ 20 years old). Associations between the independent variable and short (≤ 6 hours) and long (≥ 9 hours) sleep were determined using the Rao-Scott chi-square test. The analyses were adjusted with multinomial logistic regression models. RESULTS: Men, individuals aged 40 to 59, those with higher schooling, those who have one (OR = 1.47, 95%CI 1.02-2.12), two (OR = 1.73, 95%CI 1.07-2.80), or three or more (OR = 1.62, 95%CI 1.16-2.28) chronic diseases, and those with three or more health problems (OR = 1.96, 95%CI 1.22-3.17) were more likely to have a short sleep. The chance of long sleep was higher in widowers and lower in those who have more years of schooling, with higher income, worked, lived with more residents at home, and reported three or more diseases (OR = 0.68, 95%CI 0.48-0.97) and health problems. The chance of either short (OR = 2.41, 95%CI 1.51-3.87) or long sleep (OR = 2.07, 95%CI 1.23-3.48) was higher in unhappy individuals. CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the higher chance of short sleep duration among men, among persons in productive age, and among those with a higher level of schooling in a Brazilian city. The association of short sleep with comorbidities and the association of happiness with extremes of sleep duration were also important results to understand the relation of sleep duration with health and well-being.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
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