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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35441414

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Data about atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation using high-power short duration (HPSD) radiofrequency ablation in the elderly population is still scarce. The aim of our study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of HPSD ablation in patients over 75 years compared to younger patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients older than 75 years with paroxysmal or persistent AF undergoing a first-time AF ablation using 50 W HPSD ablation approach were analyzed in this retrospective observational analysis and compared to a control group <75 years. Short-term endpoints included intraprocedural reconnection of at least one pulmonary vein (PV) and intrahospital and AF recurrence during 3 months blanking period, as well as a long-term endpoint of freedom from atrial arrhythmias of antiarrhythmic drugs after 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 540 patients underwent a first AF ablation with HPSD (66 ± 10 years; 58% male; 47% paroxysmal AF). Mean age was 78 ± 2.4 and 63 ± 6.3 years (p < .001), respectively. Elderly patients were significantly more often women (p < .001). The procedure, fluoroscopy, and ablation were comparable. Elderly patients revealed significantly more often extra-PV low-voltage areas requiring additional left atrial ablations (p < .001). Overall complication rates were low; however, elderly patients revealed higher major complication rates mainly due to unmasking sick sinus syndrome (p = .003). Freedom from arrhythmia recurrences was comparable (68% vs. 76%, log-rank p = .087). Only in the subgroup of paroxysmal AF, AF recurrences were more common after 12 months (69% vs. 82%; log-rank p = .040; hazard ratio: 1.462, p = .044) in the elderly patients. In multivariable Cox regression analysis of the whole cohort persistent AF, female gender, diabetes mellitus and presence of left atrium low-voltage areas, but not age >75 years were associated with AF recurrences. CONCLUSION: HPSD AF ablation of patients >75 years in experienced centers is safe and effective. Therefore, age alone should not be the reason to withhold AF ablation from vital elderly patients due to only a slightly worse outcome and safety profile. In paroxysmal AF, elderly patients have more recurrences compared to the younger control group.

2.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 33(5): 920-927, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35233883

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: High power short duration (HPSD) ablation proved to be an effective and safe ablation technique for atrial fibrillation (AF). In former case series, a significant amount of postablation coagulation at the catheter tip as well as silent cerebral lesions (SCL) in postprocedural cerebral magnetic resonance (cMRI) have been identified in patients undergoing de-novo AF ablations with very high power 90 W short duration (vHPvSD) ablations using the QDot ablation catheter in combination with a novel RF generator (nGEN, Biosense Webster). Therefore, the RF generator software has been recently modified. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing a first AF ablation including pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with vHPvSD (90 W, with a predefined ablation time of 3 s at posterior left atrium (LA) wall sites and 4 s at other ablation sites) using the QDOT Micro ablation catheter (Biosense Webster) in conjunction with the technically modified nGEN RF generator (software V1c; Biosense Webster) were included. Procedural characteristics including first-pass isolation per pulmonary vein (PV) pair and early reconnection location within the 30-min waiting period were recorded. In all patients postablation endoscopy to document any thermal esophageal injury (EDEL) and in eligible patients a cMRI to detect silent cerebral events (SCEs)/lesions were performed. All acute procedure-related complications were recorded during the time until hospital discharge. Furthermore, short-term and midterm success after 3 and 6-12 months of follow-up was investigated. In total, 34 consecutive patients (67 ± 9 years; 62% male; 68% paroxysmal AF) were included. First-pass isolation of all PVs was achieved in 6/34 (18%) patients. First-pass isolation was seen in 37/68 (54%) of PV pairs. Early reconnection occurred in 11 (32%) patients (including reconnections at posterior LA wall sites n = 6 and at nonposterior sites n = 5). No patient had an EDEL (0%). In 6/23 (26%) patients undergoing postablation cerebral MRI SCEs were identified. In six patients, coagulation on the catheter tip was detected at the end of the procedure. No further peri- or postprocedural complications were detected. Early AF recurrence before discharge was seen in 1/34 (3%) of the patients included in this study. Within 3 months 10/34 (29%) revealed AF recurrence during blanking period. After a mean follow-up of 7 months, 31/34 (88%) patients revealed sinus rhythm. CONCLUSION: AF ablation using 90 W vHPvSD with a specialized ablation catheter in conjunction with a recently modified RF generator was associated with no EDEL in the whole study cohort and 26% SCEs in a subgroup of patients undergoing acute postablation cerebral MRI. Accordingly, to our previously published results, a relevant number of catheter tip coagulations was identified in this patient cohort even after modifications of the RF generator. The vHPvSD ablation technique using the present and the previous generator seems to be associated with a very low rate of esophageal injury. However, the recently revised generator software also produced a relevant number of catheter tip coagulum formation and SCEs.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Esôfago , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Hellenic J Cardiol ; 2022 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The PASCAL device is a transcatheter edge-to-edge repair system (TEER) for treatment of mitral regurgitation (MR). The PASCAL Ace as a newer version of the PASCAL device consists of a thinner profile without a spacer. The aim of the study was to examine the functional and hemodynamic outcome after TEER with the PASCAL Ace device in a real-world cohort. METHODS: Between September 2020 and August 2021, all consecutive patients with MR 3+/4+ treated percutaneously with PASCAL Ace were included in this study. Primary endpoints included successful device implantation, device success, improvement of exercise capacity, quality of life, and a composite of all-cause mortality, non-fatal stroke, myocardial infarction, new need for renal replacement therapy or severe bleeding at 30 days and 5 month. RESULTS: 49/66 patients had a functional etiology. Overall success rate was 98.5%. At follow-up, 84.7% of the patients had MR grade ≤ 1. TEER was associated with an improvement of LV ejection fraction (45% to 53%, p = 0.048). 86.5% were in NYHA class I or II. 6-minute-walking distance improved by 79m (p = 0.009). Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) improved by 19 points (p = 0.012). NT-proBNP levels decreased from 4832 to 2137 pg/dl (p = 0.003). Mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressures improved from 21 to 15mmHg (p = 0.001). At 5 month, a total of 3 patients died, none of cardiovascular cause. CONCLUSION: PASCAL Ace is safe and effective in treating MR, resulting in a sustained MR reduction, a reverse cardiac remodelling, improvement of exercise capacity, quality of life, NT-proBNP levels and hemodynamics at follow-up.

4.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 110(4): 224-231, 2022.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35291859

RESUMO

CME: Plantar fasciitis Abstract. Plantar fasciitis is a common pathology in general practice. There are diverse treatment options described in the literature, but no simple treatment algorithm for general practice has been published yet. In this article, we present an evidence-based and simple treatment algorithm for use in busy general practices. Important to note, adequate patient education is crucial since the patient himself has a great influence on the healing process. In most cases, conservative treatment is promising and remission can be achieved within weeks or a few months.


Assuntos
Fasciíte Plantar , Fasciíte Plantar/diagnóstico , Fasciíte Plantar/terapia , Humanos
5.
Europace ; 2022 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35134155

RESUMO

AIMS: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using radiofrequency (RF) ablation is an effective treatment option for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). This study aims to investigate the safety of high-power short duration (HPSD) with emphasis on oesophageal lesions after PVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing AF ablation with HPSD (50 W; ablation index (AI)-guided; target AI 350 for posterior wall ablation, AI 450 for anterior wall ablation) using the ThermoCool SmartTouch SF catheter were included. Patients underwent post-ablation oesophageal endoscopy to detect and categorize thermal oesophageal injury (EDEL). Occurrence and risk factors of oesophageal lesions and perforating complications were analysed. A total of 1033 patients underwent AF ablation with HPSD. Of them, 953 patients (67.6 ± 9.6 years; 58% male; 43% paroxysmal AF; 68% first PVI) underwent post-procedural oesophageal endoscopy and were included in further analyses. Median procedure time was 82.8 ± 24.4 min with ablation times of 16.1 ± 9.2 min. Thermal oesophageal injury was detected in 58 patients (6%) (n = 29 Category 1 erosion, n = 29 Category 2 ulcerous). One patient developed oesophageal perforation (redo, 4th AF ablation). No patient died. Using multivariable regression models, increased total ablation time [odds ratio (OR) 1.029, P = 0.010] and history of stroke (OR 2.619, P = 0.033) were associated with increased incidence of EDEL after AF ablation, whereas increased body mass index was protective (OR 0.980, P = 0.022). CONCLUSION: Thermal oesophageal lesions occur in 6% of HPSD AF ablations. The risk for development of perforating complications seems to be low. Incidence of atrio-oesophageal fistula (0.1%) is comparable to other reported series about RF ablation approaches.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655759

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of ventricular tachycardia (VT) catheter ablation in patients with structural heart disease (SHD) in relation to the presence of an intramural septal substrate. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing VT ablation between January 2019 and October 2020 were included. All patients were stratified based on the presence of relevant septal substrate and freedom from VT recurrences were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 199 consecutive patients (64.2 ± 13.0 years; 89% male; 55% ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM)) undergoing VT ablation were included. 129/199 patients (65%) showed significant septal substrate (55/90 patients (61%) with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) compared to 74/109 patients (68%) with ICM; p = 0.37). Acute procedural success with elimination of all inducible VTs was achieved in 66/70 patients (94%) without and in 103/129 patients (80%) with a septal substrate (p = 0.007). In the cohort including patients with a clinical FU, 15/60 patients (25%) without a septal substrate and 48/123 patients (39%) with a septal substrate experienced VT recurrence during a FU of 8.1 ± 5.9 months (p = 0.069). CONCLUSION: Presence of septal VT substrate in patients with a structural heart disease or coronary artery disease is common. Acute success of VT catheter ablation was significantly higher and mid-term success tended to be higher in patients without a septal substrate.

8.
J Clin Med ; 10(21)2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768567

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent comorbidity in patients with severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR) undergoing transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) and has been shown to significantly worsen their outcome. However, data on the impact of AF treatment strategy in this rapidly growing cohort of patients is unknown. In a multicenter, observational cohort study, 542 consecutive patients undergoing TMVR were enrolled, and subsequently, comprehensive survival analyses according to AF status and therapy were performed using propensity score matching and Cox regression. In the analyzed cohort, 373 (73.3%) of the TMVR patients had concomitant AF. Of these patients, 212 (59%) were on rate control therapy and 161 (41%) were on rhythm control therapy. At 3 years, significantly reduced cumulative survival was observed for patients on rhythm compared to patients on rate control (46.7% (75/161) vs. 56.5% (91/161), p = 0.032). Amiodarone was used to a substantial extent for rhythm control and found to be an independent mortality predictor (Hazard Ratio 1.5, 95%CI 1.1-2.1, p = 0.04). The adverse outcome of concomitant AF in TMVR patients was confirmed (AF: 47.3% (126/266) vs. non-AF: 58.3% (78/133), p = 0.047). Rhythm control achieved almost exclusively pharmacologically is associated with an adverse outcome compared to the rate control of AF in TMVR. This raises awareness of the importance of AF and its treatment, as this seems to be a promising key point for improving the prognosis of TMVR patients.

9.
J Cardiol ; 78(6): 577-585, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The PASCAL system (Edwards Lifescience, Irvine, CA, USA) is a novel device for edge-to-edge treatment of mitral regurgitation (MR). The aim of our study was to examine the functional and hemodynamic outcome after repair of functional (FMR) and degenerative mitral regurgitation (DMR) using the PASCAL system in a real-world setting. METHODS: A total 92 consecutive patients with symptomatic MR 3+/4+ were treated in our institute using the PASCAL device. Primary endpoints included procedural success, clinical success, and major adverse event rate at 30 days and 7 months. RESULTS: 68.5% had a functional and 31.5% a degenerative etiology. Overall success rate was achieved in 97.8% patients (98.4% FMR, 96.6% DMR). At follow-up, 85.7% of the patients (89.2% FMR, 78.3% DMR) had MR grade ≤ 1. 96.4% (97.4% FMR, 94.4% DMR) were in New York Heart Association class I or II. Six-minute walking distance improved by 96 m (92 m FMR, 106 m DMR), Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire improved by 19 points (19 points FMR, 19 points DMR). Pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (proBNP) levels decreased from 4673 to 2179 pg/dl (5239-2018 pg/ml FMR, 3418-2530 pg/ml DMR) and mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure from 21 to 16 mmHg (21-17 mmHg FMR, 19-13 mmHg DMR). At 30 days, there was 1 cardiovascular death (1.2%) with DMR. At 1 year, Kaplan-Meier survival was 86% (86% FMR, 86% DMR). CONCLUSIONS: Severe MR can successfully and safely be treated with the PASCAL device regardless of etiologies. This interventional approach resulted in a sustained MR reduction, improvement in exercise capacity, quality of life, proBNP levels, and hemodynamics in FMR and DMR at follow-up.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 32(3): 695-703, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33442930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate short-term efficacy and incidence of ablation-induced endoscopically detected esophageal injury in patients undergoing high-power, short-duration (HPSD) pulmonary vein isolation using a novel irrigated radiofrequency ablation catheter and ablation generator setup. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, who underwent AF ablation using an irrigated radiofrequency ablation catheter specifically designed for a HPSD ablation approach (50 W, with a target Ablation Index of 350 at posterior wall), received postablation esophageal endoscopy after ablation. In total 45 consecutive patients (67 ± 10 years; 58% male; 42% paroxysmal AF) undergoing AF ablation using a specialized ablation catheter (QDOT) were included in the study. Thirty-one of 45 patients (69%) underwent a first-time pulmonary vein isolation (Group 1, 67 ± 11 years; 55% male; 48% paroxysmal AF). Fourteen patients (31%) underwent a redo AF procedure (Group 2, 66 ± 8 years; 64% male; 29% paroxysmal AF). Patients undergoing first-time pulmonary vein isolation were included in the final analysis. In these patients an endoscopically detected esophageal lesion (EDEL) was detected in 5 of 31 (16%) patients (erosion n = 2, ulcer n = 3). Mean contact force at posterior wall ablation sites was significantly lower in patients with postprocedural EDEL compared with patients without EDEL (11.9 ± 0.8 g vs. 15.6 ± 4.7 g). CONCLUSION: PVI using a specialized high-power ablation catheter in conjunction with a HPSD ablation approach results in a 16% incidence of EDEL in first AF ablation candidates. Future studies evaluating high-power short duration ablation strategies should include esophageal endoscopy to estimate the risk of clinically relevant esophageal complications.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Cateteres/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Temperatura , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(5): 628-639, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32845361

RESUMO

AIMS: To examine the functional and hemodynamic mid-term outcome at 5 months of mitral regurgitation (MR) reduction using the PASCAL repair system. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between July 2019 and February 2020 31 consecutive patients with MR 3 +/4 + (mean age 77.5 years, all in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV, STS score 9.1 ± 7.4) underwent MR reduction in our institute using the PASCAL device. 61.3% had a functional, 29.0% a degenerative, and 9.7% a mixed etiology. Successful implantation was achieved in 30/31 (96.8%) patients. 27/31 patients (87.1%) completed 5-month follow-up with clinical, echocardiographic, laboratory and hemodynamic assessment. At 5 months, 70.4% of the patients had MR grade ≤ 1 (p < 0.001). 85.2% were in NYHA class I or II (p < 0.001). Six-minute walk distance improved by 145 m (p = 0.010), Kansas City cardiomyopathy questionnaire and European quality of life 5 dimensions questionnaire (EQ5D) improved by 31 (p < 0.001) and 9 points (p = 0.001), respectively. Mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure decreased significantly from 22.1 ± 9 mmHg to 17.3 ± 8 mmHg (p = 0.041) and right atrial pressure from 10.3 ± 6 mmHg to 8.0 ± 6 mmHg (p = 0.013) from baseline to 5 months. In addition, propensity score matching showed that PASCAL and MitraClip procedures resulted in equally hemodynamic and functional improvement. CONCLUSION: MR reduction of severe MR with the PASCAL device is feasible and safe regardless of etiologies. Mid-term follow-up at 5 months showed a sustained MR reduction, improvement of exercise capacity, quality of life, proBNP levels and hemodynamics regarding pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and right atrial pressure.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Arterial/fisiologia , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Seguimentos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Pressão Propulsora Pulmonar/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 79(1): 37-46, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No studies have been conducted to date on the association between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), statin use classified into low, medium, and high statin dosages, and dementia in German general practices. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this retrospective case-control study was to investigate the relationship between elevated LDL-C, statins, and dementia in elderly persons followed in general practices in Germany. METHODS: This study included patients aged 65 or older with an initial dementia diagnosis between January 2015 and December 2019 and at least one documented LDL-C value within the year prior to the dementia diagnosis. These patients were treated in one of 963 general practices which document LDL-C in Germany. Dementia cases were matched to non-dementia controls using propensity scores based on age, sex, and comorbidities. Logistic regression models were conducted to assess a possible association between accelerated LDL-C, statins, and dementia. RESULTS: The study included 12,236 patients with dementia and 12,236 non-dementia controls. In total, 2,528 of the dementia patients were diagnosed with vascular dementia. The use of all dosages of statin use was negatively associated with all-cause dementia (OR: 0.80 for low dose, OR: 0.92 for medium dose, and OR: 0.85 for high dose) and with vascular dementia (OR: 0.61 for low dose, OR: 0.77 for medium dose, and OR: 0.74 for high dose). There was no clinically relevant association between elevated LDL-C and dementia. CONCLUSION: A negative association was found between all dosage use of statin therapy and all-cause dementia and vascular dementia in elderly patients in general practices in Germany.


Assuntos
LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Demência/epidemiologia , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Demência Vascular/epidemiologia , Feminino , Medicina Geral , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Pontuação de Propensão , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2020: 6542028, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent comorbidity in patients with severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR). Recent studies show a deleterious outcome of patients with concomitant AF after transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR). This underlines the essential need for additional strategies that ameliorate the prognosis of these patients. Fundamental data on AF characteristics and treatment regimes in this special cohort of patients are lacking. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 542 consecutive patients with severe MR undergoing TMVR in three tertiary heart centers with special focus on AF type and underlying treatment strategies. RESULTS: The prevalence of concomitant AF was 73.3%, and AF did not affect the procedural success or the incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events. The patients with AF were more frequently >75 years, had more tricuspid regurgitation, and less coronary artery disease than non-AF patients. The distribution of AF types was 32% paroxysmal AF, 27% persistent AF, and 41% permanent AF. Except for a higher degree in severe tricuspid regurgitation and a higher likelihood of male sex, no substantial differences were observed while comparing permanent and nonpermanent AF patients. The predominant treatment regime was rate control (57%), with only beta blockers (BB) in the majority of persistent and permanent AF patients, while additional digitalis or a pacemaker was used infrequently. Rhythm control was mainly achieved with BB alone in paroxysmal AF patients and with additional antiarrhythmic drugs in the majority of persistent AF patients. Interventional rhythm control therapy was performed in 2.5% and 30.9% of paroxysmal and persistent AF patients, respectively. The guideline-adherent use of oral anticoagulants was comparable and high in both groups (91.9% in nonpermanent vs. 90.1% in permanent AF). CONCLUSION: This is the first study to provide necessary information for the understanding of the current clinical practice in dealing with TMVR patients. Since evidence suggests that AF is not a benign concomitant disease, further investigations are needed to assess the prognostic impact of these different AF treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Antiarrítmicos , Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Idoso , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Conduta do Tratamento Medicamentoso , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
J Cardiol ; 75(2): 134-139, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonagenarians are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) based solely on their age. The aim of our study was to evaluate survival of nonagenarians with severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) after TAVR as compared to an age- and sex-matched general population. METHODS: From 2009 to 2017, 1052 consecutive patients ≥80 years scheduled for TAVR were included. Patients were divided into three groups depending on their age at the time of the procedure: 80-84 (Group 1), 85-89 (Group 2) and ≥90 years (Group 3). Survival of patients treated with TAVR was compared to the life expectancy of an age- and sex-matched cohort in the general population. RESULTS: Nonagenarians were more likely to experience major access-site complications than their younger counterparts (7.6% Group 1 vs. 10.1% Group 2 vs. 17.6% Group 3, p=0.016). One-year mortality in nonagenarians was higher as compared to the general population (27.8% vs. 20.0%). After two years, the mortality curves between the TAVR patients and the general population converged (39.2% vs. 37.5%) and were lower after five years. CONCLUSIONS: During the observation period of five years, carefully selected nonagenarians treated with TAVR had at least the same mortality rate as an age- and sex-matched general population after two years despite procedure-associated complications. The negative prognostic impact of the severe AS was completely eliminated by TAVR.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico
15.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 9(1): 52-61, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29543035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2008, the German Cardiac Society certified 256 Chest Pain Units (CPUs). Little is known about adherence to recommended performance measures in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) presenting to CPUs. We investigated guideline-adherence regarding critical time intervals and selected performance measures in German Chest Pain Units. METHODS: From 2008 to 2014, 23,804 consecutive patients with suspected ACS were prospectively enrolled in the Chest Pain Unit registry of the German Cardiac Society. RESULTS: Median time from symptom onset to first medical contact was 2 h in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and 4 h in patients with unstable angina and non-STEMI (NSTEMI). In patients with STEMI, median time from hospital admission to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was 40 min and median time from first medical contact to PCI was 1 h 35 min. Primary PCI was performed in 94.7% of patients with STEMI, 70.0% of patients with NSTEMI and 37.4% of patients with unstable angina. PCI was performed during the first 24 h in 79.5% of patients with NSTEMI and the first 72 h in 89.0% of patients with unstable angina. Electrocardiograms were performed in 99.5% after a median of 6 min after admission and obtained within 10 min in 71%. Interestingly, 56.1% of patients were found to have non-ACS diagnoses, underlining the importance of access to additional diagnostic modalities including echocardiography, stress testing or computed tomography. CONCLUSIONS: Guideline-adherence regarding critical time intervals and primary PCI rates is good in German Chest Pain Units. More than half of patients admitted with suspected ACS had non-ACS diagnoses. Improvements in pre-hospital time delays through public awareness programmes are warranted.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/ética , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Angina Instável/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Teste de Esforço/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades Hospitalares/organização & administração , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(11): 2256-2261, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559655

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ablation index (AI), a novel parameter defining energy application at single ablation lesions, calculated by integration of ablation time, energy, catheter stability, and contact force, has been documented to be associated with effective lesions and higher ablation efficacy. Using a prespecified target AI in addition to acute lesion efficacy may affect local collateral damage like esophageal thermal injury when used for guiding radiofrequency (RF) ablation at the posterior left atrial (LA) wall. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients undergoing first AF ablations using AI were included. Ablation energy was reduced to 25 W when ablating at posterior LA wall. Two different individually defined AI target values were used (300 and 350 for posterior wall ablation). Esophageal endoscopy (EE) was performed 1 to 3 days after ablation procedure to document and categorize endoscopically detected esophageal thermal lesion (EDEL). Two-hundred and eleven consecutive patients with postprocedural EE were included. Incidence of EDEL was 14% (29 of 211 patients; mild category 1 lesions in 22 of 29 patients (76%) and severe category 2 lesions (ulcers > 5 mm) in 7 of 29 patients (24% of EDEL group, 3% of total group). Ablation time at posterior LA wall (9.5 vs 9.0 minutes [P = .67]) was comparable in patients with and without EDEL. CONCLUSION: LA posterior wall RF ablation adopting AI ≤350 was associated with 14% esophageal thermal injury including 3% of severe esophageal thermal ulcers. This incidence is comparable to historic control groups with non AI-guided AF ablation.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Esôfago/lesões , Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Esofagoscopia , Esôfago/efeitos dos fármacos , Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
17.
EuroIntervention ; 15(10): 884-891, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270034

RESUMO

AIMS: In the absence of randomised data, we aimed to compare the transapical ACURATE and transfemoral ACURATE neo with the SAPIEN 3 prosthesis using propensity matching. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2012 to 2016, 1,306 patients at three German centres received either the ACURATE/ACURATE neo prosthesis (n=591) or the SAPIEN 3 prosthesis (n=715). Through nearest neighbour matching with exact allocation for access route and centre, pairs of 329 patients (250 transfemoral, 79 transapical) per group were determined. Patients were 81 years old on average and had a logistic EuroSCORE I of 19%. Predilatation and post-dilatation were more frequent in the ACURATE group (97.6% versus 52.1%, p<0.001 for predilatation and 40.4% versus 11.6%, p<0.001 for post-dilatation), but rapid pacing for implantation was used less frequently (37.1% versus 98.2%, p<0.001). More-than-mild aortic regurgitation at postoperative echocardiography was 12.0% for the ACURATE group and 3.1% for the SAPIEN group, p≤0.001). More-than-mild aortic regurgitation in the ACURATE group differed amongst the centres with 6.0% (3/50) in centre A, 34.1% (29/85) in centre B and 3.4% (6/181) in centre C. Patients in the ACURATE group less frequently had pacemaker implantation compared to the SAPIEN 3 group (11.9% versus 18.5%, p=0.020), 30-day mortality was 4.6% versus 2.1%, respectively, p=0.134, and one-year survival was 83.1% (95% CI: 77.6-87.4) versus 88.8% (95% CI: 84.0-92.2). CONCLUSIONS: In this propensity score analysis, patients treated with the transapical ACURATE or transfemoral ACURATE neo prosthesis less frequently had pacemakers at 30 days but had more aortic regurgitation and lower one-year survival.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(4): 741-748, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30456460

RESUMO

To evaluate diagnostic impact of clinical use of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) in patients with suspected stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and its consequences in daily practice for patient management, depending on stress test results in daily practice. Between 2009 and 2014 of a total population of 1352 patients of the German Cardiac Computed Tomography (CT) Registry who had previously undergone stress tests, CCTA visualizations were carried out on the coronary arteries with suspected stable CAD. Patients were divided into three groups according to stress test results: Group 1 with inconclusive (n = 178, 13.2%), Group 2 with ischemia in stress test (n = 372, 27.5%) and Group 3 without ischemia in stress test (n = 802, 59.3%). The test of preference was the stress electrocardiogram (ECG), which was performed more frequently in patients without ischemia in stress test as compared to those with ischemia (96.3% vs. 93.0%, p = 0.015). The incidence of detected obstructive CAD was lower in patients with suggested ischemia in stress test as compared to patients with inconclusive results (14.1% vs. 21.1%, p = 0.037). There was no difference in the incidence of an obstructive CAD in patients with and without ischemia in stress test (14.1% vs. 15.8%, p = 0.440). CCTA is a reliable, non-invasive option for ruling-out obstructive CAD irrespective of the stress test result.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Eletrocardiografia , Teste de Esforço , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 55(4): 744-750, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30418538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with increased mortality as compared to the transfemoral (TF) access. Possible mechanisms include different patient risk profiles as well as an intrinsic injury caused by the access route itself. METHODS: All consecutive patients scheduled for TAVI between January 2009 and June 2016 at a single centre were evaluated. A comparison of 30-day mortality and morbidity rates for patients undergoing TF or transapical (TA) TAVI was performed according to the criteria of the Valve Academic Research Consortium 2. RESULTS: During the investigated period, 1130 patients (TF: n = 619, TA: n = 511) were scheduled for TAVI. TA patients had a higher operative risk profile (logistic EuroSCORE: 24% vs 17%; P < 0.001). Unadjusted 30-day mortality rate was higher in TA than in TF patients, albeit this difference was not significant [TA: 6.7%, TF: 4.8%; odds ratio (OR) 1.3 (0.8-2.3); P = 0.216]. The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed the logistic EuroSCORE and institutional experience, but not the access mode as independent predictors of 30-day mortality. Major access-site complications occurred with a similar frequency in both groups [TA: 9.4%; TF: 9.2%; OR 1.02 (0.68-1.53); P = 0.915]. Unadjusted long-term mortality rate was higher after TA TAVI. After adjustment, the Cox regression analysis revealed similar long-term mortality rates after TF and TA TAVI [hazard ratio 1.1 (0.88-1.36)]. CONCLUSIONS: The increased mortality of patients undergoing TA TAVI is associated with the patient risk profile and the institutional experience but not with the access mode itself.


Assuntos
Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Eur Radiol ; 28(8): 3432-3440, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29426987

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare image quality, observer confidence, radiation exposure in the standard-dose (SD-CCTA) and low-dose (LD-CCTA) protocols of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: CCTA was performed in 303 patients using a CT scanner with 16-cm coverage (111 scans during sinus rhythm (SR); 192 during AF). LD-CCTA was used in 218 patients; SD-CCTA in 85 patients suspected of having coronary artery disease (CAD). Image quality and observer confidence were evaluated on 5-point scales. Radiation doses were recorded. RESULTS: Image quality was superior in the SD-CCTA compared to the LD-CCTA (SR 1.45±0.40; AF 1.72±0.46; vs. SR 1.83±0.48; AF 1.92±0.50; p < 0.001). Observers were more confident with SD-CCTA than with LD-CCTA (SR 1.38±0.33; AF 1.61±0.43; vs. SR 1.70±0.45; AF 1.82±0.50; p < 0.001). Radiation doses in AF were significantly higher than in the SR (LD-CCTA, 1.68±0.71 mSv; SD-CCTA, 3.72±1.95 mSv; vs. LD-CCTA, 1.3 ±0.52 mSv; SD-CCTA, 2.67±1.47 mSv; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Using a low-dose protocol in AF, radiation exposure can be decreased by 50 % at the expense of 20 % impaired image quality. A low-dose CCTA protocol can be considered in young patients, whereas the standard-dose protocol is recommended for older patients and those suspected of having CAD. KEY POINTS: • Whole-heart CT allows visualization of the coronary arteries in atrial fibrillation. • Low-dose CT decreases radiation exposure by 50%, image quality by 20%. • Standard-dose CT seems advantageous when concomitant coronary artery disease is suspected.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/instrumentação , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/instrumentação , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doses de Radiação , Feminino , Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição à Radiação
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