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1.
BJOG ; 127(1): 88-97, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term incidence of serious complications of surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study using a surgical registry. SETTING: Thirteen public hospitals in France. POPULATION: A cohort of 1873 women undergoing surgery between February 2017 and August 2018. METHODS: Preliminary analysis of serious complications after a mean follow-up of 7 months (0-18 months), according to type of surgery. Surgeons reported procedures and complications, which were verified by the hospitals' information systems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serious complication requiring discontinuation of the procedure or subsequent surgical intervention, life-threatening complication requiring resuscitation, or death. RESULTS: Fifty-two women (2.8%, 95% CI 2.1-3.6%) experienced a serious complication either during surgery, requiring the discontinuation of the procedure, or during the first months of follow-up, necessitating a subsequent reoperation. One woman also required resuscitation; no women died. Of 811 midurethral slings (MUSs), 11 were removed in part or totally (1.4%, 0.7-2.3%), as were two of 391 transvaginal meshes (0.5%, 0.1-1.6%), and four of 611 laparoscopically placed mesh implants (0.7%, 0.2-1.5%). The incidence of serious complications 6 months after the surgical procedure was estimated to be around 3.5% (2.0-5.0%) after MUS alone, 7.0% (2.8-11.3%) after MUS with prolapse surgery, 1.7% (0.0-3.8%) after vaginal native tissue repair, 2.8% (0.9-4.6%) after transvaginal mesh, and 1.0% (0.1-1.9%) after laparoscopy with mesh. CONCLUSIONS: Early serious complications are relatively rare. Monitoring must be continued and expanded to assess the long-term risk associated with mesh use and to identify its risk factors. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Short-term serious complications are rare after surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse, even with mesh.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Colposcopia/mortalidade , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
J Visc Surg ; 153(1): 15-9, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26658147

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Simulation as a method for practical teaching of surgical residents requires objective evaluation in order to measure the student's acquisition of knowledge and skills. The objectives of this article are to publish our evaluation and validation grids and also the measure of student satisfaction. METHOD: A teaching platform based on practical exercises with a porcine model was created in 2009 at seven French University Hospitals. Three times a year, 31 Diplôme d'Études Spécialisées Complémentaires (DESC) surgical residents underwent timed assessment of the performance of five surgical tasks: trocar insertion (trocars) testing the convergence of instruments (convergence), intra-corporeal knot tying (knots), running of the small intestine to find a lesion (exploration), and performance of a running suture closure of the peritoneum (closure). Two experts evaluated performances prospectively on grid score sheets specifically designed and validated for these exercises. We measured time, scores on a rating scale, and the interest and satisfaction of the residents. RESULTS: Data for 31 residents between May 2011 and March 2012 were analyzed. Rating scales were statistically validated and correlated (Kappa correlation coefficient K>0.69) for each task. The performance times of the most experienced residents decreased significantly for all tasks except for small bowel exploration (P=0.2). After four sessions, times were significantly improved with better quality (fewer errors and higher average scores [>88%]), regardless of the residents' experience. Of the participants, 92% were satisfied, 86% thought that the sessions improved their technical skills and 74% thought it had a favorable impact on their clinical practice. CONCLUSION: This study shows that the performance of surgical techniques can be improved through simulation, that HUFEG grids are valid, and that this teaching program is popular with surgical residents.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Internato e Residência , Laparoscopia/educação , Modelos Animais , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Adulto , Animais , Feminino , França , Humanos , Laparoscopia/normas , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudos Prospectivos , Suínos
4.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 37(4): 393-8, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25223848

RESUMO

PURPOSE: With the development of laparoscopy, new surgical techniques for colon resection were required. New anatomic plans of dissection were described for laparoscopic technique (medial to lateral approach) and the surgeons had to learn a complete different anatomy known as "laparoscopic anatomy". To help the surgeon through the milestones of laparoscopic colon resection, we propose an embryological and anatomical analysis of the changes of the colon and peritoneum during the foetal period to highlight the laparoscopic approach and surgical landmarks. METHODS: Seventeen human foetuses, age ranged from 7½ to 33 weeks were studied by dissections and histology. Three adult cadavers underwent laparoscopic colon surgery. RESULTS: Photographic representations of surgical views are displayed, and detailed descriptions applicable to anatomical structures are presented. CONCLUSION: Understanding the changes in the colon and peritoneum morphology leads to a clarification of the surgical technique for laparoscopic colon surgery.


Assuntos
Colo/embriologia , Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Peritônio/embriologia , Peritônio/cirurgia , Adulto , Cadáver , Dissecação , Feto/embriologia , Feto/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Colorectal Dis ; 15(12): 1499-503, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24103055

RESUMO

AIM: In the short term, implantation of a magnetic anal sphincter (MAS) is a safe and effective treatment for faecal incontinence (FI). In this paper we show that the initial results stand the test of time and patient satisfaction remains high in the medium term. METHOD: Data on 23 women [median age 64 (35-78) years] implanted with a MAS device between December 2008 and September 2012 were reviewed from a prospective database. Assessment was based on significant improvement of incontinence scores - the Cleveland Clinic Florida Incontinence Severity (CCF-IS) score, Faecal Incontinence Quality of Life (FIQoL) score - and patient satisfaction at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after surgery. RESULTS: The device was removed in two patients owing to complications. Median follow-up was 17.6 months. The median preoperative CCF-IS score was 15.2 and fell to 6.9, 7.7, 7.8 and 5.3 at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. The median FIQoL score significantly (P < 0.001) improved from 1.97 preoperatively to 3.19, 3.11, 2.92 and 2.93, respectively, at the same time periods. The concordance of the CCF-IS and FIQoL scores was 91%. Sixteen of the 23 patients were satisfied but only 14 would have recommended the MAS to someone else. Lack of improvement was the main reason for dissatisfaction. CONCLUSION: Good initial results tend to remain stable over time and about two-thirds of patients are satisfied after MAS implantation.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/cirurgia , Incontinência Fecal/cirurgia , Imãs , Satisfação do Paciente , Próteses e Implantes , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Gastroenterol Clin Biol ; 32(2): 188-91, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18496895

RESUMO

Malignant transformation of duplication cyst is a rare condition. The authors report the original case of a degenerated gastric duplication cyst in a 67-year-old patient. The histologic examination revealed a gastric duplication cyst infiltrated with both adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Local carcinomatosis was found at laparotomy. The patient died six months after complete macroscopic resection of the lesion, with metastatic disease.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Cistos/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Gastropatias/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Estômago/anormalidades , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário
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