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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(68): 9418-9421, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30091439

RESUMO

Dioxygen adsorbs in the end-on configuration on-top of the Fe atoms of an iron phthalocyanine monolayer supported on Ag(100) and is partly cleaved at room temperature to produce O/FePc/Ag(100). Scanning tunnelling microscopy coupled to density functional theory calculations gives the first experimental evidence of the substrate involvement in the O2 bond dissociation.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 9(10): 2510-2517, 2018 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29688007

RESUMO

The challenge of synthesizing graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with atomic precision is currently being pursued along a one-way road, based on the synthesis of adequate molecular precursors that react in predefined ways through self-assembly processes. The synthetic options for GNR generation would multiply by adding a new direction to this readily successful approach, especially if both of them can be combined. We show here how GNR synthesis can be guided by an adequately nanotemplated substrate instead of by the traditionally designed reactants. The structural atomic precision, unachievable to date through top-down methods, is preserved by the self-assembly process. This new strategy's proof-of-concept compares experiments using 4,4''-dibromo-para-terphenyl as a molecular precursor on flat Au(111) and stepped Au(322) substrates. As opposed to the former, the periodic steps of the latter drive the selective synthesis of 6 atom-wide armchair GNRs, whose electronic properties have been further characterized in detail by scanning tunneling spectroscopy, angle resolved photoemission, and density functional theory calculations.

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 19(21): 13604-13613, 2017 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28518198

RESUMO

The relationships between the photophysics and structural properties of 4,7-dithien-2-yl-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole as a function of solvent polarity are investigated both experimentally and by computational methods. Stationary fluorescence measurements are consistent with a model envisaging the presence of three types of conformers in equilibrium in the ground state. They are characterized by different relative orientations of the thiophene rings. Due to a low rotational barrier, the sample in solution is characterized by a distribution of relative internal orientations. By applying the Kawski method, we evaluate the average dipole moment of ground and excited states of the three types of conformers. The ground state dipole moments are small and similar for the three types of conformers. On the contrary, dipole moments differ substantially in the excited state. X-ray diffraction of a single crystal confirms the presence of an orientational disorder of thiophene rings. Transient absorption UV-visible spectroscopy experiments allows the identification of the main mechanisms responsible for the large Stokes shift observed in this push-pull molecule. Time dependent spectra provide a picture of the relaxation processes occurring after excitation: the primary step is an internal charge transfer assisted by thiophene ring planarization which occurs on a time scale ranging from 0.88 to 1.3 picoseconds depending on solvent polarity. Moreover, time-resolved fluorescence measurements are consistent with a mechanism involving planarization accompanied by a stabilization of the charge transfer state as observed in polar solvents. In the latter, longer fluorescence lifetimes are observed along with a quantum yield decrease due to the activation of specific non-radiative relaxation channels. The photophysical behavior of 4,7-dithien-2-yl-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole in a solid matrix of polymethyl methacrylate is similar to that observed in solution, but the overall non-radiative process rate is slow with respect to that in the liquid phase. As a consequence, the radiative processes are enhanced giving rise to a fluorescence quantum yield of 90%. Such behavior is consistent with the proposed relaxation model.

4.
ACS Nano ; 10(2): 2644-51, 2016 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26841052

RESUMO

The tunable properties of molecular materials place them among the favorites for a variety of future generation devices. In addition, to maintain the current trend of miniaturization of those devices, a departure from the present top-down production methods may soon be required and self-assembly appears among the most promising alternatives. On-surface synthesis unites the promises of molecular materials and of self-assembly, with the sturdiness of covalently bonded structures: an ideal scenario for future applications. Following this idea, we report the synthesis of functional extended nanowires by self-assembly. In particular, the products correspond to one-dimensional organic semiconductors. The uniaxial alignment provided by our substrate templates allows us to access with exquisite detail their electronic properties, including the full valence band dispersion, by combining local probes with spatial averaging techniques. We show how, by selectively doping the molecular precursors, the product's energy level alignment can be tuned without compromising the charge carrier's mobility.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 51(63): 12593-6, 2015 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26154619

RESUMO

The surface-assisted synthesis of gold-organometallic hybrids on the Au(111) surface both by thermo- and light-initiated dehalogenation of bromo-substituted tetracene is reported. Combined X-ray photoemission (XPS) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) data reveal a significant increase of the surface order when mild reaction conditions are combined with 405 nm light irradiation.

6.
Chemistry ; 21(15): 5826-35, 2015 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25711882

RESUMO

Dibromotetracene molecules are deposited on the Cu(110) surface at room temperature. The complex evolution of this system has been monitored at different temperatures (i.e., 298, 523, 673, and 723 K) by means of a variety of complementary techniques that range from STM and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) to high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy (XPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS). State-of-the-art density-functional calculations were used to determine the chemical processes that take place on the surface. After deposition at room temperature, the organic molecules are transformed into organometallic monomers through debromination and carbon-radical binding to copper adatoms. Organometallic dimers, trimers, or small oligomers, which present copper-bridged molecules, are formed by increasing the temperature. Surprisingly, further heating to 673 K causes the formation of elongated chains along the Cu(110) close-packed rows as a consequence of radical-site migration to the thermodynamically more stable molecule heads. Finally, massive dehydrogenation occurs at the highest temperature followed by ring condensation to nanographenic patches. This study is a paradigmatic example of how intermolecular coupling can be modulated by the stepwise control of a simple parameter, such as temperature, through a sequence of domino reactions.

7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 137(5): 1802-8, 2015 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25582946

RESUMO

We report on a stepwise on-surface polymerization reaction leading to oriented graphene nanoribbons on Au(111) as the final product. Starting from the precursor 4,4″-dibromo-p-terphenyl and using the Ullmann coupling reaction followed by dehydrogenation and C-C coupling, we have developed a fine-tuned, annealing-triggered on-surface polymerization that allows us to obtain an oriented nanomesh of graphene nanoribbons via two well-defined intermediate products, namely, p-phenylene oligomers with reduced length dispersion and ordered submicrometric molecular wires of poly(p-phenylene). A fine balance involving gold catalytic activity in the Ullmann coupling, appropriate on-surface molecular mobility, and favorable topochemical conditions provided by the used precursor leads to a high degree of long-range order that characterizes each step of the synthesis and is rarely observed for surface organic frameworks obtained via Ullmann coupling.

8.
Chemistry ; 20(44): 14296-304, 2014 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25200655

RESUMO

We explore a photochemical approach to achieve an ordered polymeric structure at the sub-monolayer level on a metal substrate. In particular, a tetraphenylporphyrin derivative carrying para-amino-phenyl functional groups is used to obtain extended and highly ordered molecular wires on Ag(110). Scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory calculations reveal that porphyrin building blocks are joined through azo bridges, mainly as cis isomers. The observed highly stereoselective growth is the result of adsorbate/surface interactions, as indicated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. At variance with previous studies, we tailor the formation of long-range ordered structures by the separate control of the surface molecular diffusion through sample heating, and of the reaction initiation through light absorption. This previously unreported approach shows that the photo-induced covalent stabilization of self-assembled molecular monolayers to obtain highly ordered surface covalent organic frameworks is viable by a careful choice of the precursors and reaction conditions.

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