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Langmuir ; 37(33): 10233-10240, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387499


An improved procedure for the preparation of aerogel granules of polytetrafluoroethylene-graphene oxide (PTFE-GO) with a composition of 50:50 (in wt %) and a specific density of 35 ± 2 mg/cm3 is described. The technique practically excludes the granule cracking. The specific density of the pellets after reduction using hydrazine vapor and annealing at 370 °C decreased to 29 ± 2 mg/cm3. The PTFE-reduced GO (rGO) pellets obtained were tested as a recyclable sorbent for isopropyl alcohol (IPA) in sorption/combustion cycles. It has been shown that the aerogel sorption capacity for IPA increases from 35.6 to 39.3 g/g as a result of alcohol burning off. During the combustion of IPA, the temperature of an individual pellet can exceed 300 °C. When several contingent pellets are burned, the temperature of their heating increases. The fine-pored structure of the near-surface layer of the granule is destroyed during the alcohol burning, the internal structure with larger pores is exposed, and the relative proportion of PTFE on the surface of the granules decreases. It was also shown that the specific surface area of PTFE-rGO increases from 26 to 49 m2/g during cycling.

Langmuir ; 36(30): 8680-8686, 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631066


A mixture of water suspensions of graphene oxide (GO) and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was used to make the films GO-PTFE (50:50). They became conductive (2.0-2.8 S/cm) while maintaining flexibility after reduction with hydrazine and subsequent annealing at 370 °C. The structure and morphology of the reduced films (rGO-PTFE) are examined in detail by means of a number of techniques such as scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman, and contact angle wetting. The results of the films tested as current collectors in a metal-free supercapacitor with electrodes from microwave exfoliated GO and an acid (1 M H2SO4) electrolyte are presented.