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1.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(7): 690-696, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare c-kit-positive interstitial Cajal-like cells (ICC) and Caveolin-1 protein levels as a pacemaker and signaling molecules, on ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) specimens, between two groups of pediatric patients with and without ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). METHODS: We evaluated the UPJ specimens of 45 pediatric patients operated between 2005- 2012 retrospectively. Group 1 included 37 patients who underwent dismembered pyeloplasty due to UPJO. Eight patients underwent nephrectomy by the other reasons (renal tumor, trauma etc) and had normal UPJ were accepted as Group 2. The specimens were examined immunohistochemically with CD117 and Caveolin-1 antibody. According to the total number of ICC; 0-5 cells were accepted as a few (1), 610 cells as moderate (2), and > 10 as many (3). According to the staining intensity of Caveolin-1 at muscle tissue, a subjective evaluation was performed as; mild staining (1), moderate staining (2) and strong staining (3). RESULTS: The mean value of ICC distribution was calculated 1.37 ± 0.54 in Group 1 and 2.13 ± 0.64 in Group 2 (p = 0.003), and the median value of ICC distribution was found 1 [1-3] in Group 1 and 2 [1-3] in Group 2 (p = 0.008). Median values for the intensity of staining with Caveolin-1 were found 2 [1-3] in the Group 1, and 2.5 [2-3] in the Group 2 (p = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: A decrease in ICC and Caveolin-1 levels support that there may be a relationship between ICC and Caveolin-1 for UPJO associated with signal transduction and peristalsis in urinary system.

4.
Urology ; 129: 126-131, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the histopathologic correlation of recently described subclassification of Bosniak category 3 cysts (3s and 3n). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 106 patients who underwent partial/radical nephrectomy due to a complex renal cyst (≥Bosniak 3) were retrospectively reviewed. All the scans of the patients were reevaluated by 2 experienced uroradiologists. Bosniak 3 cysts were reclassified as 3n (nodularity on the cyst wall/septae) and 3s (septated cysts without nodularity) as described in a recently published paper. Group 1 consisted of patients with Bosniak 3s, Group 2 consisted of patients with Bosniak 3n, and Group 3 consisted of patients with Bosniak 4 cysts. Three groups were compared according to patients' characteristics, radiological findings, histopathologic results, and survival outcomes. RESULTS: There were 52 patients in Bosniak 3 group and 54 patients in Bosniak 4 group. Mean follow-up was 35.3 months. Among Bosniak 3 cysts, 37 lesions were classified in 3s and 15 were classified in 3n. Malignancy was higher in 3n group than 3s (86.7% vs 54.1%, P= .026). Lesion size was significantly lower for malignant cysts compared to benign ones in the patients with Bosniak 3 lesions (44.2 ± 27.5 vs 80 ± 55.9 P= .005). In the subgroups, malignant lesions were significantly smaller than benign lesions in 3s group similar to general Bosniak 3 group. Most of the Bosniak 3 lesions were organ confined and low grade. CONCLUSION: The subclassification of Bosniak 3 cysts as 3s and 3n can help to differentiate highly suspicious malignant lesions from the relatively less suspicious ones.

5.
Turk J Urol ; 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30978166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of preoperative hydronephrosis and ureteral orifice involvement (UOI) on survival of patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC) for bladder cancer (BC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 162 patients with BC underwent RC between January 2006 and March 2017. Patients were divided into two groups for both presences of preoperative hydronephrosis and orifice involvement at final pathology. Additionally, tumors with orifice involvement were subgrouped histopathologically after RC as those with only UOI and those with invasive to the ureter with an additional concurrent site at final pathology. RESULTS: Preoperative hydronephrosis was detected in 57 patients. Preoperative and postoperative creatinine on month 3 were higher in the preoperative hydronephrosis (+) group (p<0.001). In addition, postoperative T stage, surgical margin positivity, invasion of urethra, and pathological upstaging were higher in this group. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were better in the hydronephrosis (-) group than in the hydronephrosis (+) group (p=0.001 and p=0.001, respectively). Preoperative hydronephrosis was found to be an independent factor in pathological upstaging. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of UOI. Group 1 consisted of patients without UOI, and group 2 with UOI. Preoperative hydronephrosis, hydronephrosis grade, and T stage were statistically higher in tumors with UOI. Moreover, CSS and OS were lower in group 2 than in group 1. CONCLUSION: Preoperative hydronephrosis and UOI are predicting factors on survival of patients undergoing RC for BC. Preoperative hydronephrosis was found to be an independent factor in pathological upstaging.

7.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(1): 75-79, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741656

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate colonizations onbiofilm layers of Double J (D-J) catheters implanted forkidney stones or ureteral stones under sterile conditions. METHODS: D-J catheters implanted between January2012 and February 2014 and removed in 0-90 days,were examined in microbiology laboratory prospectively.Fifty two patients divided into three groups regardingthe duration of the D-J catheters as; 0-30 days, 31-60days, 61-90 days. The colonization (≥1.000 colony)was reported after biofilm layer on D-J catheter was holdin culture media. The upper, middle and lower parts ofthe catheters were analyzed seperately. RESULTS: Thirty five patients had symptomatic urinarytract infection or positive urine culture after implantationwere excluded from the study. Colonization on biofilm layer was detected in 11 patients (21.15%) [Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS): 3, Escherichia coli (E. coli): 3, Candida species (Candida spp.): 3, Klebsiella species (Klebsiella spp.): 2]. The rates of colonization according to the duration of the catheterization were; 12.5% in 0-30 days, 18.51% in 30-60 days, 29.4% in 60-90 days (Group 1 vs 2; .696 , group 1 vs group 3; .356 , group 2 vs group 3; .401). The rates of colonization according to the location of the catheter were; 100% in upper and lower parts, 54.4% in middle part (Group 1 vs 2; .011, group 1 vs group 3; , group 2 vs group 3; .011). CONCLUSIONS: Colonization on catheters is possibleeven in the sterile urinary conditions according to thepresent findings. The risk of colonization increases 1.5times in 30-60 days and 2.5 times in 60-90 days comparedto the first 30 days. Besides the risk of colonizationincreases about 2 times in the convoluted edges ofthe catheter compared with the middle part. Thus, D-Jcatheter should be removed as soon as possible and therisk of colonization should be minimalized.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Cateterismo , Escherichia coli , Cateteres Urinários , Humanos , Cateteres Urinários/microbiologia
8.
Arch. esp. urol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(1): 75-79, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-181063

RESUMO

Objetive: To evaluate colonizations on biofilm layers of Double J (D-J) catheters implanted for kidney stones or ureteral stones under sterile conditions. Methods: -J catheters implanted between January 2012 and February 2014 and removed in 0-90 days, were examined in microbiology laboratory prospectively. Fifty two patients divided into three groups regarding the duration of the D-J catheters as; 0-30 days, 31-60 days, 61-90 days. The colonization (≥1.000 colony) was reported after biofilm layer on D-J catheter was hold in culture media. The upper, middle and lower parts of the catheters were analyzed seperately. Results:Thirty five patients had symptomatic urinary tract infection or positive urine culture after implantation were excluded from the study. Colonization on biofilm layer was detected in 11 patients (21.15%) [Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS): 3, Escherichia coli (E. coli): 3, Candida species (Candida spp.): 3, Klebsiella species (Klebsiella spp.): 2]. The rates of colonization according to the duration of the catheterization were; 12.5% in 0-30 days, 18.51% in 30-60 days, 29.4% in 60-90 days (Group 1 vs 2; p=0.696 , group 1 vs group 3; p=0.356 , group 2 vs group 3; p=0.401). The rates of colonization according to the location of the catheter were; 100% in upper and lower parts, 54.4% in middle part (Group 1 vs 2; p=0.011, group 1 vs group 3; p=1, group 2 vs group 3; p=0.011). Conclusions: Colonization on catheters is possible even in the sterile urinary conditions according to the present findings. The risk of colonization increases 1.5 times in 30-60 days and 2.5 times in 60-90 days compared to the first 30 days. Besides the risk of colonization increases about 2 times in the convoluted edges of the catheter compared with the middle part. Thus, D-J catheter should be removed as soon as possible and the risk of colonization should be minimalized


Objetivo: Evaluar la colonización de las capas de biofilm de los catéteres doble J (DJ) implantados por litiasis renal o ureteral bajo condiciones estériles. Métodos: Los catéteres DJ implantados entre enero 2012 y febrero 2014 y retirados en 0-90 días fueron examinados de forma prospectiva en el laboratorio de microbiología. Cincuenta y dos pacientes fueron divididos en tres grupos conforme al tiempo del DJ: 0-30 días, 31-60 días y 61-90 días. La colonización (>100.000 colonias) fue comunicada tras el cultivo de la capa de biofilm del catéter. Se analizaron por separado las zonas superior, media e inferior de los catéteres DJ. Resultados: 35 pacientes que tenían infección urinaria sintomática o cultivo de orina positivo después del implante fueron excluidos del estudio. Se detectó colonización de la capa de biofilm en 11 pacientes (21,5%) [estafilococo coagulasa negativo (SCN): 3, Escherichia coli (E.coli): 3, Cándida especies (Cándida spp: 3, Klebsiela especies (Klebsiela spp.): 2] Las tasas de colonización de acuerdo con el tiempo de catéter fueron 12,5% en 0-30 días, 18,51% en 30-60 días, 29,4% en 60-90 días (Grupo 1 vs 2; ,696 , grupo 1 vs grupo 3; ,356, grupo 2 vs grupo 3; ,401). Las tasas de colonización de acuerdo con la localización del catéter fueron del 100% en las porciones superior e inferior y 54% en la porción media (Grupo 1 vs 2; ,011, grupo 1 vs grupo 3; , grupo 2 vs grupo 3; ,011). Conclusiones: La colonización de los catéteres es posible incluso en condiciones de orina estéril de acuerdo con los hallazgos presentes. El riesgo de colonización aumenta 1,5 veces en 30-60 días y 2,5 veces en 60-90 días comparado con los primeros 30 días. Además, el riesgo de colonización aumenta unas 2 veces en los extremos espirales del catéter en comparación con la porción media. Así, los catéteres DJ deben ser retirados tan pronto como sea posible y el riesgo de colonización debe ser minimizado


Assuntos
Humanos , Biofilmes , Cateterismo , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Cateteres Urinários/microbiologia , Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia
9.
Arch Ital Urol Androl ; 90(3): 172-175, 2018 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30362682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of variant histology on pathological and survival findings in patients undergoing radical cystectomy due to muscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 146 patients with radical cystectomy performed due to muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma between January 2006 to November 2016 at our clinic were investigated. The preoperative and postoperative data of patients with variant histology were compared with nonvariant urothelial carcinoma patients. Then of patients with variant histology only those with squamous differentiation (SqD) were compared with nonvariant urothelial carcinoma patients in terms of preoperative, postoperative and survival data. RESULTS: Of the 146 patients, 23 had carcinoma with variant histology. Of these, 17 had SqD, 4 had glandular differentiation, 1 patient had plasmocytoid variant and 1 patient had sarcomatoid variant. In patients with variant histology, postoperative T stage and upstaging was higher, with no difference observed in terms of overall and cancer-specific survival compared with nonvariant urothelial cancer patients. SqD patients were observed to have higher postoperative T stage compared to nonvariant urothelial cancer patients, with no significant difference observed in terms of survival. CONCLUSIONS: In cystectomy pathologies, patients with variant histology (especially SqD patients) were observed to have proportionally higher T stage compared to nonvariant urothelial carcinoma; however there were no significant differences for overall survival and cancer-specific survival.

11.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 50(9): 1557-1562, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054864

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the utility of attenuation value (Hounsfield unit) of the filled bladder on computed tomography (CT) images and the association of these values with simultaneously obtained urine culture results. METHODS: Between January 2016 and December 2017, retrospective data of 58 patients who were admitted to the emergency department for various symptoms were examined. All patients were evaluated with urine dipstick microscopy, urine culture, and abdominal CT simultaneously. Group 1 consisted of patients with positive urine culture (n = 28) and Group 2 consisted of patients with negative urine culture (n = 30). The attenuation value of urine in the bladder at the level of the bladder trigone was measured inside an elliptical drawing covering all the urine inside the bladder excluding the bladder wall on axial non-contrast CT images. The predictive value of this calculated attenuation value for urine culture positivity was evaluated. RESULTS: The median attenuation value was - 6 (range - 17.8 to + 11) and 12 (range 0-32) in group 1 and group 2 (p < 0.001). According to cut-off value of - 1 attenuation value, sensitivity for predicting urine culture positivity was 92.9%, whereas specificity was 100% (AUC: 0.977 p < 0.001). Urine culture was positive in all of the 26 patients with attenuation value < - 1, whereas only two of the 32 patients with attenuation value > - 1 had urine culture positivity (p < 0.001 OR 14). CONCLUSION: The attenuation value of the urine in the defined area of the bladder may aid in the diagnosis of urinary infection with high sensitivity and specificity and without any additional cost.

12.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 50(8): 1397-1405, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980924

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the predictive value of stone measurements by including a novel method on non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) images for stone composition. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients who had stone analysis, NCCT images, and underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy between 2013 and 2016. Patient characteristics, stone measurements on NCCT images, and stone analysis results were evaluated. Hounsfield unit (HU) values (maximum (HUmax), minimum (HUmin), and average (HUave) of HU values) were investigated on NCCT images. HUdiff was calculated as the difference between the HUmax and the HUmin values. Patients were divided into seven stone groups and data were compared. Then patients were separately divided into two groups according to mineral complexity (mono-mineral and multi-mineral groups) and calcium-based (calcium and other stone groups) evaluation. RESULTS: In the study, 115 patients were evaluated. Age, gender, HUmin, HUmax, and HUave were significantly different between the stone groups. HUdiff and HUave were found to be 341.5 HU (AUC = 0.719, p = 0.017) and 1051.5 HU (AUC = 0.701, p = 0.029) as cut-off, respectively. Seventy of 72 > 341.5 HUdiff patients and 64 of 67 > 1051.5 HUave patients had multi-mineral stones (p = 0.001, OR 9.26, and p = 0.028, OR 4.27), respectively. In multivariate analysis, > 341.5 HUdiff rate was significantly higher in multi-mineral and calcium stone groups; HUave was also significantly higher in the calcium stone group. CONCLUSIONS: HUdiff and HUave were significant predictors of mineral complexity. HUdiff of < 341.5 HU showed 81.8% sensitivity and 67.2% specificity for identification of mono-mineral stones.

13.
Eurasian J Med ; 50(2): 137-138, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30002585

RESUMO

Intrauterine device (IUD) insertion is a long-acting and one of the most effective modes of reversible contraception. Complications that most commonly arise following IUD insertion are failed insertion, pain, vasovagal reactions, infection, menstrual abnormalities, and expulsion. In this paper, we present the case of a woman who experienced hydronephrosis due to the migration of IUD into the ureter after 30 years of insertion. To the best of our knowledge, this is the third such case reported in the literature.

14.
Urolithiasis ; 2018 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29869167

RESUMO

The residual fragments in patients with preoperative and intraoperative culture positivity may serve as an infection focus. The aim of this study was to assess the importance of residual fragments for developing SIRS in patients with stone culture and/or RPUC positivity. After obtaining institutional review board approval, a total of 729 patients who undergone PCNL for renal stones were included in this study. Residual fragments accepted to be positive if any fragment was detected irrespective of size. All patients were followed-up postoperatively for SIRS criteria. The patients were then followed-up for residual stone-related events and infectious complications. 94 of the 729 patients have developed SIRS postoperatively. SIRS positivity was more common among males and found to be associated with higher stone burden and presence of staghorn stone. Patients with residual fragments after PCNL also had higher rates of SIRS. In the subgroup analysis of 203 patients who had post-PCNL residual fragments, the peroperative stone and/or RPUC positivity was not found to be associated with the development of the SIRS. Although presence of residual fragments after PCNL is associated with SIRS development, stone culture and/or RPUC positivity has no additional risk for development of post-PCNL infectious complications in patients with residual fragments.

19.
Can Urol Assoc J ; 9(7-8): E511-3, 2015 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26279727

RESUMO

Bilateral collecting system duplication is a very rare abnormality, including the splitting of the ureteric bud. Complete ureteral duplication with two separate openings in the urinary bladder is also extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of bilateral ureteral stones in bilateral duplicated collecting system.

20.
Korean J Urol ; 54(6): 383-7, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23789047

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the reliability of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in pediatric patients by comparing complications between pediatric patients and adults by use of the modified Clavien grading system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 74 pediatric (0 to 16 years) and 535 adult (17 years and older) patients who underwent PNL owing to kidney stone disease between January 2005 and December 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. The complications in the pediatric and adult patients were classified in five grades according to the modified Clavien system. RESULTS: The most frequent cause of grade I complications was fever requiring antipyretics, which was seen in 4 pediatric patients (5.4%) and 30 adult patients (5.6%). Grade II complications (blood transfusions, <12 hours urinary leakage) were observed in 11 pediatric patients (14.8%) and 80 adult patients (14.9%). Grade III complications were also seen in 6 pediatric patients (8.1%) (grade IIIb; D-J catheter implantation under general anesthesia) and 78 adult patients (14.5%) (grade IIIa; D-J catheter implantation and angio-embolization under local anesthesia). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of grade I, II, or III complications (p>0.05). Colonic injury occured in one patient (1.3%) in the pediatric group (grade IVa). In the adult group, one patient (0.2%) died as the result of myocardial infarction (grade V). CONCLUSIONS: Thanks to technological developments and minimalization of the equipment used, when indicated, pediatric patients can be safely treated with PNL with low complication rates similar to those in adult patients.

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