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1.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 31(4): 461-466, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901288

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Concomitant valvular heart valve disease is a frequent finding, with higher morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing redo surgical procedures. Our goal was to report our initial experience with combined transcatheter Inovare bioprosthesis implants for severe valve dysfunction. METHODS: Among 300 transcatheter procedures, a total of 6 patients had concurrent simultaneous transcatheter bioprosthesis implants for severe mitral bioprosthesis failure (valve-in-valve), with a second valve procedure that included native aortic (n = 2) or degenerated bioprostheses in the aortic position (n = 4). During the procedures, all patients were treated with a balloon-expandable Inovare transcatheter valve, using the transapical approach. RESULTS: Patients were highly symptomatic [New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class IV: 100%], with a mean age of 62 ± 5 years, yielding a mean European System for Cardiac Operative Risk II (EuroSCORE II) of 24.0 ± 10.1%. There was a mean of 1.6 ± 0.4 prior valve operations/patient, with a median time from prior mitral bioprosthesis surgery of 13.0 (9.2-20.0) years. Device success was 100% according to the Mitral Valve Academic Research Consortium and the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria. During the hospital stay, only 1 patient required dialysis, and the median intensive care unit and hospital lengths of stay were 5.0 (3.2-6.7) days and 16.0 (12.2-21.2) days, respectively. No deaths occurred at 30 days; at a median follow-up of 287 (194-437) days, 1 patient died of a non-cardiac cause and the rest of patients were in NYHA functional class I or II, with normofunctioning bioprostheses. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter double valve interventions using the Inovare bioprosthesis in this initial series were shown to be a reasonable alternative to redo surgical operations. The short- and mid-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes demonstrate promising results, although future studies with a larger number of patients and longer follow-up are warranted.

2.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-587890

RESUMO

Descrever características epidemiológicas e clínicas de pacientes internados com tuberculose (TB), além de avaliar o grau de conhecimento de profissionais de saúde acerca de conceitos fundamentais sobre TB e medidas de controle para pacientes com tuberculose pulmonar em ambiente hospitalar. Métodos: Estudo realizado em hospital terciário de Fortaleza-CE envolvendo pacientes internados com TB e profissionais de saúde responsáveis pela assistência. Uma primeira fase caracterizou-se por estudo retrospectivo com revisão de prontuários de pacientes admitidos com suspeita de TB. Em uma segunda etapa, estudo transversal com aplicação de questionário estruturado avaliou conhecimentos dos profissionais de saúde sobre o controle da TB em ambiente hospitalar. Resultados: Sessenta e sete pacientes admitidos com suspeita de TB tiveram seus prontuários avaliados. Entre os casos confirmados, a forma clínica mais freqüente foi a pulmonar (81,3%). Dos 55 pacientes internados com suspeita de tuberculose pulmonar, apenas 29 (52,7%) foram admitidos em leito de isolamento respiratório. Vinte e seis pacientes com suspeita de tuberculose pulmonar à admissão totalizaram 148 dias internados fora de isolamento respiratório (média de 4,1 dias/paciente). Avaliou-se o conhecimento de 159 profissionais de saúdeacerca de TB. Em relação à transmissão da TB, 107 (67,2%) desconheciam a transmissão por aerossóis e 109 (68,5%) desconheciam as formas clínicas que requerem isolamento respiratório. Conclusões: Tuberculose pulmonar é a forma clínica mais freqüente entre pacientes internados em hospital terciário de Fortaleza-CE. Parcela considerável de profissionais de saúde desconhece conceitos fundamentais relativos à tuberculose e essenciais para a assistência adequada e segura. Descritores: Tuberculose; Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa; Exposição a Agentes Biológicos; Pessoal de saúde.


To describe clinical and epidemiological characteristics of inpatients with tuberculosis (TB) and to assess the knowledge of health personnel on fundamental concepts about TB and control measures for pulmonary tuberculosis in a hospital environment. Methods: The study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in Fortaleza-CE and involved patients admitted with TB and health professionals responsible for assistance. A first phase was characterized by a retrospective study of medical records of patients admitted with suspected TB. In a second stage, a cross-sectional study with application of a structured questionnaire assessed the knowledge of health personnel on TB control measures in a hospital environment. Results: Sixty-seven patients admitted with suspected TB had their medical records assessed. Among the confirmed cases, the most frequent clinical form was pulmonary (81.3%). Out of 55 patients admitted with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis, only 29 (52.7%) were admitted in a respiratory isolation bed. Twenty-six patients with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis on admission stayed a total of 148 days out of a respiratory isolation bed (average 4.1 days / patient). The knowledge of 159 health professionals about TB was assessed. Regarding the transmission of TB, 107 (67.2%) were unaware of airborne transmission and 109 (68.5%) ignored the clinical forms that require respiratory isolation. Conclusions: Pulmonary tuberculosis is the most frequent clinical form among inpatients in a tertiary hospital in Fortaleza-CE. Considerable fraction of health personnel doesn?t know key concepts related to tuberculosis and essential for the proper and safe care. Descriptors: Tuberculosis; Infectious Disease Transmission; Exposure to Biological Agents; Health personnel.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Pessoal de Saúde , Tuberculose
3.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 279(3): 381-4, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18563423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osseous metaplasia is an unusual event in the gynecologic organs. It has been reported mostly in the endometrium and rarely in the cervix. CASE: The authors describe a rare case of bone formation in vaginal mucosa of a 52-year-old woman with chronic pelvic pain and exteriorization of bone from vaginal introit. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this finding has not been reported yet in the English medical literature.


Assuntos
Ossificação Heterotópica/patologia , Vagina/patologia , Doenças Vaginais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação Heterotópica/diagnóstico , Ossificação Heterotópica/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Vagina/cirurgia , Doenças Vaginais/diagnóstico , Doenças Vaginais/cirurgia
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