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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e063, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076188

RESUMO

FITOPROT, which contains curcuminoids and Bidens pilosa L. extract, is an innovative mucoadhesive formulation indicated for the topical treatment of chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with advanced and visible oral squamous cell carcinoma. The formulation is used as a mouthwash directly on tumor tissue of patients with advanced neoplasms, without triggering cancer cell proliferation or tumor invasiveness. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biological effects of FITOPROT on an oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SCC-4). The viability of SCC-4 cells was assessed after exposure to FITOPROT using MTT reduction assay. The effects of the mucoadhesive formulation on cell cycle progression and cell death parameters were evaluated using flow cytometry. In addition, the inflammatory profile of the tumor cells was evaluated using the cytometric bead array (CBA) assay. FITOPROT promoted a concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase (p < 0.05). Mitochondrial membrane potential was also altered after exposure to the formulation (p < 0.05), in parallel with a reduction in VEGF and IL-8 production (p = 0.01 and p = 0.05, respectively). In summary, the results indicate that FITOPROT reduces SCC-4 cell viability, promotes cell cycle arrest, modulates mitochondrial membrane potential, and exhibits antiangiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties, thus indicating its potential for topical use in patients with OM and visible tumors in the mouth.


Assuntos
Bidens , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Bucais , Apoptose , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Diarileptanoides , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e033, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729278

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of chronic inflammatory periapical diseases in different regions of Brazil and to compare with data from the literature. A multicenter study was carried out in four Brazilian referral centers in oral diagnosis. Histopathological records were reviewed, and all cases diagnosed microscopically as periapical granuloma, radicular cyst, and periapical abscess were included. Demographic and clinical data were collected. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square test were performed. A total of 10,381 cases of chronic inflammatory periapical diseases were found (13.8% of 74,931 archived specimens) over a period of 65 years. Radicular cysts were the most common lesion (59.9%). Women (56.1%) with a mean age of 37.01 years old (range 13 to 100 ± 14.42) and people of white skin color (59.2%) were the most affected individuals by chronic inflammatory periapical diseases. The lesions were generally asymptomatic (28.1%), located in the maxilla (60.1%), and posterior region (49.8%). The radicular cysts were larger when compared to periapical granulomas (p < 0.001). The disagreement between the clinical and histopathological diagnoses was higher when the final diagnosis was a periapical granuloma (p < 0.001). Chronic inflammatory periapical diseases continue to be common lesions affecting mainly adults. This should be a consequence of the burden of untreated caries in permanent teeth. Women are more affected and radicular cyst was the most common lesion.


Assuntos
Abscesso Periapical , Doenças Periapicais , Granuloma Periapical , Cisto Radicular , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Abscesso Periapical/epidemiologia , Doenças Periapicais/epidemiologia , Granuloma Periapical/epidemiologia , Cisto Radicular/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Lasers Med Sci ; 36(4): 903-912, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113075

RESUMO

To assess the effectiveness of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy (RT), using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) and the Patient-Reported Oral Mucositis (OM) Symptoms Scale (PROMS), and to correlate OM degree with the PROMS and OHIP-14 scores. Forty-eight patients undergoing RT for head and neck cancer were randomly assigned into two groups: PBMT group (n = 25)-daily PBMT associated with a preventive oral care program (POCP); and control group (n = 23)-receiving POCP exclusively. OHRQoL was assessed using the PROMS and OHIP-14 questionnaires. OM degrees were classified according to the World Health Organization and the National Cancer Institute scales. Assessments were performed at the 1st, 7th, 14th, 21st, and 30th RT sessions. PBMT was effective in preventing and treating severe OM. Both groups showed increased OHRQoL impacts throughout the RT sessions; however, higher impacts were observed in the control group, mainly at the final stage of treatment (21st and 30th RT sessions). Significant correlations were found between the severity of OM and PROMS scores in the total sample and the control group at all RT periods. PROMS and OM scores were positive correlated at 14th, 21st, and 30th RT sessions in the control group, suggesting that this instrument is useful in classifying OM. PBMT was effective in treating and preventing severe OM and OM-related symptoms, and with consequent positive impacts in OHRQoL in head and neck patients undergoing RT. The PROMS scale was helpful instrument for assessment of the severity of OM. Brazilian Clinical Trials database (ReBEC - RBR-5h4y4n), registered in Aug, 24th 2017.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Estomatite/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estomatite/etiologia , Estomatite/radioterapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e063, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1249369

RESUMO

Abstract: FITOPROT, which contains curcuminoids and Bidens pilosa L. extract, is an innovative mucoadhesive formulation indicated for the topical treatment of chemoradiotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with advanced and visible oral squamous cell carcinoma. The formulation is used as a mouthwash directly on tumor tissue of patients with advanced neoplasms, without triggering cancer cell proliferation or tumor invasiveness. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biological effects of FITOPROT on an oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SCC-4). The viability of SCC-4 cells was assessed after exposure to FITOPROT using MTT reduction assay. The effects of the mucoadhesive formulation on cell cycle progression and cell death parameters were evaluated using flow cytometry. In addition, the inflammatory profile of the tumor cells was evaluated using the cytometric bead array (CBA) assay. FITOPROT promoted a concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability and cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase (p < 0.05). Mitochondrial membrane potential was also altered after exposure to the formulation (p < 0.05), in parallel with a reduction in VEGF and IL-8 production (p = 0.01 and p = 0.05, respectively). In summary, the results indicate that FITOPROT reduces SCC-4 cell viability, promotes cell cycle arrest, modulates mitochondrial membrane potential, and exhibits antiangiogenic and anti-inflammatory properties, thus indicating its potential for topical use in patients with OM and visible tumors in the mouth.

5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e033, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1153604

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of chronic inflammatory periapical diseases in different regions of Brazil and to compare with data from the literature. A multicenter study was carried out in four Brazilian referral centers in oral diagnosis. Histopathological records were reviewed, and all cases diagnosed microscopically as periapical granuloma, radicular cyst, and periapical abscess were included. Demographic and clinical data were collected. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square test were performed. A total of 10,381 cases of chronic inflammatory periapical diseases were found (13.8% of 74,931 archived specimens) over a period of 65 years. Radicular cysts were the most common lesion (59.9%). Women (56.1%) with a mean age of 37.01 years old (range 13 to 100 ± 14.42) and people of white skin color (59.2%) were the most affected individuals by chronic inflammatory periapical diseases. The lesions were generally asymptomatic (28.1%), located in the maxilla (60.1%), and posterior region (49.8%). The radicular cysts were larger when compared to periapical granulomas (p < 0.001). The disagreement between the clinical and histopathological diagnoses was higher when the final diagnosis was a periapical granuloma (p < 0.001). Chronic inflammatory periapical diseases continue to be common lesions affecting mainly adults. This should be a consequence of the burden of untreated caries in permanent teeth. Women are more affected and radicular cyst was the most common lesion.

6.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e096, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813838

RESUMO

Regulatory T (Treg) cells can suppress antitumor immune response, but little is known about possible age-related differences in the number of these cells in the microenvironment of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). The aim of this study was to determine the number of FoxP3+ Treg cells in the microenvironment of OTSCC in young (≤ 45 years) and older (≥ 60 years) patients, and to correlate the findings with clinicopathological parameters (sex, tumor size/extent, regional lymph node metastasis, clinical staging, and histopathological grade of malignancy). Forty-eight OTSCCs (24 diagnosed in young patients and 24 diagnosed in older patients) were selected. Lymphocytes exhibiting nuclear immunopositivity for FoxP3 were quantified at the tumor invasive front and the results were analyzed statistically using the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test. FoxP3+ lymphocytes were observed in all cases assessed. The number of FoxP3+ lymphocytes in OTSCC tended to be higher in older patients (p = 0.055). Analysis of OTSCC in males and in early clinical stages revealed a higher number of Treg cells in older patients than in young ones (p < 0.05). In older patients, the number of Treg cells tended to be higher in smaller tumors (p = 0.079). Tumors with intense inflammatory infiltrate exhibited a larger number of Treg cells, both in young (p = 0.099) and older patients (p = 0.005). The results suggest a greater participation of Treg cells in immunoinflammatory responses in the microenvironment of OTSCC in older patients, particularly in males and in early stages.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Neoplasias da Língua , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
Oral Dis ; 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259363

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of programmed death-ligands 1 and 2 (PD-L1, PD-L2), programmed death-1 (PD-1), CD8 and granzyme B (GrB), as well as its correlation with the severity of oral lichen planus (OLP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a collaborative study, 33 cases of OLP were evaluated according to the latest criteria proposed by the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology (AAOMP/2016) and were submitted to immunohistochemistry. Positivity was measured semiquantitatively (PD-L1, PD-L2) and quantitatively (PD-1, CD8, GrB). The severity of OLP was assessed according to clinical subtype, symptomatology and response to corticosteroid therapy. RESULTS: Most OLPs were considered to be negative for PD-L1 (66.6%), but high expression of PD-L2 (96.9%) by keratinocytes and immunoinflammatory cells was observed. PD-1+ cell density/mm2 was reduced compared to CD8+ cells. A low cytotoxic immune response (CD8:GrB ratio) was also demonstrated. Interestingly, there were fewer GrB+ cells in the intraepithelial region in reticular OLP compared to erosive/bullous OLP. CONCLUSIONS: PD-L1/PD-1 pathways appear to be compromised in OLP due to low PD-L1 expression in most samples. In contrast, PD-L2 overexpression associated with a possible regulation of the cytotoxic immune response suggests an immune tolerance that may contribute to the chronic profile of OLP.

8.
Toxicol In Vitro ; 66: 104851, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259559

RESUMO

Considering the successful employment of alternative methods for eye toxicity assessment of products for regulatory purposes, and the recent advances in Brazilian legislative scenario, which adopted the UN GHS classification system for agrochemical formulations toxicity assessment, there is an emerging demand for strategies that allow the evaluation of such products. Based on this, the present study aimed to address the applicability of a mechanistic-based defined approach for eye toxicity assessment of agrochemical formulations. It was investigated the opacity/permeability, depth and location of corneal injury in bovine cornea, and vascular events in chorioallantoic membrane induced for different Brazilian agrochemicals using a Sequential Testing Strategy (STS). Cytotoxicity induced by the agrochemical formulations was evaluated by Short Time exposure (STE) (OECD TG 491) assay (step 1), corneal injury was investigated by standard Bovine Corneal Opacity and Permeability (BCOP) (OECD TG 437) followed by histopathological evaluation (step 2), and Hen Chorionic-allantoic Membrane test (HET-CAM) was used to evaluate vascular injury (step 3). The results demonstrated that the proposed defined approach enabled a classification corresponding UN GHS classification of agrochemical formulations while minimizing the use of live animals. Therefore, this approach may be useful for categorization of agrochemicals in Brazil according to the new regulatory scenario.


Assuntos
Agroquímicos/toxicidade , Alternativas aos Testes com Animais , Membrana Corioalantoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Córnea/efeitos dos fármacos , Irritantes/toxicidade , Animais , Bioensaio , Brasil , Bovinos , Galinhas , Membrana Corioalantoide/irrigação sanguínea , Córnea/metabolismo , Córnea/patologia , Opacidade da Córnea/induzido quimicamente , Permeabilidade , Testes de Toxicidade Aguda/métodos
9.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 21(4): 1097-1102, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objectives of the present study were to evaluate angiogenesis and mast cell density in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational, retrospective and quantitative study. The samples consisted of 60 tissue specimens from patients with squamous cell carcinoma, epithelial dysplasia and controls (n=20/group). Immunohistochemistry was performed using an anti-tryptase antibody to mast cells and anti-CD31 and anti-CD34 for blood vessels and we count the number of mast cells and determine the percentage of CD31 and CD34 antibody staining (vascular density). RESULTS: The mast cells had lower density in OSCC compared to control and dysplasia (p = 0.009). In angiogenesis, the expression of CD31 showed a higher percentage of blood vessels in OSCC (p < 0.001), however, CD34 showed no difference between groups (p=0.092). The CD31 antibody presented as a high immunostaining in oral mucosa than CD34. CONCLUSIONS: The increased vascularity in squamous cell carcinoma suggests that angiogenesis begins when malignant transformation starts that seems to be inversely associated with the number of mast cells.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Vasos Sanguíneos/patologia , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Mastócitos/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/complicações , Neovascularização Patológica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinogênese/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/irrigação sanguínea , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Mastócitos/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Bucais/imunologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 25(2): e283-e290, mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this experimental study was to compare the immunohistochemical expression of SOX2 and BCL-2 in Odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC) and Ameloblastoma (AB) specimens, and to identify a possible correlation in their expression.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to evaluate SOX2 and BCL-2 expression in OKC (n = 20) and AB (n = 20). The immunoexpression was analyzed by a quantitative and qualitative scoring system. The comparison between the immunoexpression of SOX 2 and BCL-2 was assessed by the Mann-Whitney U-test. Spearman's correlation coefficient evaluated the correlation between SOX2 and BCL-2 expressions.RESULTS: SOX2 and BCL-2 expression was observed in all specimens of OKC in the full thickness of the epithelium lining. SOX2 immunostaining was higher in OKC, in comparison with AB samples (P<0.05). BCL-2 immunostaining between OKC and AB was not statistically significant. There was no significant correlation between SOX2 and BCL-2 in OKC and AB specimens.CONCLUSIONS: SOX2 and BCL-2 expressions in OKC may suggest their relationship with the biological behavior of this lesion, and the higher expression of SOX2 might be an upstream influence on the Hh signaling pathway


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Cistos Odontogênicos/patologia , Ameloblastoma/patologia , Neoplasias Maxilomandibulares/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/análise , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Valores de Referência , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Int J Surg Pathol ; 28(5): 526-535, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31986944

RESUMO

A clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor is a rare benign odontogenic neoplasm, accounting for 33 cases described in the literature. In this article, we report a challenging example of clear cell variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor of the posterior maxilla in a 45-year-old female patient showing locally aggressive growth and recurrence. Microscopically, islands of polyhedral cells containing abundant cytoplasm, well-developed intercellular bridges blended with clear cells were observed. The nuclei were frequently pleomorphic and permeated by hyaline calcified material. Immunohistochemistry revealed positivity for pan-cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), cytokeratins (CK-14 and CK-19), Bcl-2, p53, and p63. The Ki-67 proliferative index was ~10%. As odontogenic tumors are rare, when a significant clear cell component is observed, the differential diagnosis with other lesions of the jaws with similar morphology, including other odontogenic tumors with prominent clear cell component, clear cell odontogenic carcinomas, and metastatic tumors, is difficult.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Maxilares/patologia , Tumores Odontogênicos/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Maxilares/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
12.
Oral Dis ; 26(1): 43-52, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral sarcomas from geographic regions of Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on biopsies obtained from January 2007 to December 2016 at twelve Brazilian oral and maxillofacial pathology centres. Gender, age, evolution time, clinical aspects, tumour location, tumour size at diagnosis, radiographic aspects and histopathological diagnosis were evaluated. Data were analysed using descriptive statistical methods. RESULTS: From 176,537, a total of 200 (0.11%) oral sarcomas were reported, and the most prevalent were osteosarcomas (74 cases; 37%) and Kaposi's sarcomas (52 cases; 26%). Males were more affected than females at a mean age of 32.2 years old (range of 3-87 years). The most common symptoms were swelling¸ localised pain and bleeding at a mean evolution time of 5.14 months (range <1-156 months). The lesions were mostly observed in the mandible (90 cases; 45%), with a mean tumour size of 3.4 cm (range of 0.3-15 cm). Radiographically, the lesions presented a radiolucent aspect showing cortical bone destruction and ill-defined limits. CONCLUSIONS: Oral sarcomas are rare lesions with more than 50 described subtypes. Osteosarcomas and Kaposi's sarcomas were the main sarcomas of the oral cavity in Brazil.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Sarcoma/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteossarcoma/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma de Kaposi/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 49(3): 219-226, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Analyze the clinical, demographic, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features of oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLEC). METHODS: Samples were retrospectively retrieved from five oral pathology services. Clinical and demographic data were collected from patient charts. Histopathological and immunohistochemical (CD3 and CD20) features were evaluated. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics and bivariate analyses (P ≤ .05). RESULTS: Seventy-seven cases were found among a total of 146 150 specimens (0.05%). OLEC was predominantly diagnosed in females (70.1%). Mean patient age was 46.51 years. The lesions arose mainly on the lateral border of the tongue (40.3%), measured up to 1 cm (61.0%), and were asymptomatic (64.9%). Twenty-four lesions (31.2%) were white. Forty-one cases (53.2%) presented lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate with no specific arrangement. The cystic lining was composed of a non-keratinized stratified epithelium (59.7%) presenting hyperplasia (39.0%). Connection with the surface, epithelium was found in 23 cases (29.9%) and 31 (40.3%) cases had two or more cystic cavities. The lumen content was predominantly desquamated cells (48.1%). Subgemmal neurogenous plaque was found in 11/42 (26.2%) cases involving the tongue. CD20+ cells predominated in 36/63 cases (57.2%), and lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate was not always continuous around the cystic cavity (52.4%). CONCLUSION: Lymphoepithelial cyst is an uncommon lesion of the oral cavity. The present study offers the largest sample of OLEC for which clinical, demographic, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features were evaluated. The clinical and demographic findings were similar to those described in previous reports, but the microscopic analyses revealed interesting aspects of the cystic epithelium and the lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate in OLEC.


Assuntos
Cistos/patologia , Epitélio/patologia , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Língua/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e096, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1132722

RESUMO

Abstract Regulatory T (Treg) cells can suppress antitumor immune response, but little is known about possible age-related differences in the number of these cells in the microenvironment of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC). The aim of this study was to determine the number of FoxP3+ Treg cells in the microenvironment of OTSCC in young (≤ 45 years) and older (≥ 60 years) patients, and to correlate the findings with clinicopathological parameters (sex, tumor size/extent, regional lymph node metastasis, clinical staging, and histopathological grade of malignancy). Forty-eight OTSCCs (24 diagnosed in young patients and 24 diagnosed in older patients) were selected. Lymphocytes exhibiting nuclear immunopositivity for FoxP3 were quantified at the tumor invasive front and the results were analyzed statistically using the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test. FoxP3+ lymphocytes were observed in all cases assessed. The number of FoxP3+ lymphocytes in OTSCC tended to be higher in older patients (p = 0.055). Analysis of OTSCC in males and in early clinical stages revealed a higher number of Treg cells in older patients than in young ones (p < 0.05). In older patients, the number of Treg cells tended to be higher in smaller tumors (p = 0.079). Tumors with intense inflammatory infiltrate exhibited a larger number of Treg cells, both in young (p = 0.099) and older patients (p = 0.005). The results suggest a greater participation of Treg cells in immunoinflammatory responses in the microenvironment of OTSCC in older patients, particularly in males and in early stages.

15.
J Clin Exp Dent ; 11(12): e1109-e1119, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824590

RESUMO

Background: The aim of the present series was to analyze the sociodemographic characteristics, clinicopathologic features, and oral health-related quality of life of 41 individuals with oral lichen planus (OLP). Material and Methods: In a retrospective analysis (1998-2018), individuals with a clinical diagnosis of OLP from a referral service of Oral Medicine of Brazil were invited for follow-up. The individuals were assessed using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) form. Histopathological data were reviewed according to the latest criteria proposed by the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology (AAOMP/2016). Results: This series mainly consisted of females (70.7%) in their forties (31.7%). The buccal mucosa (68.2%) was the most commonly affected site. Reticular (56.1%) and erosive (34.3%) appearances were the most frequent. According to OHIP-14, individuals with OLP at multiple sites in the oral cavity showed worse values in the handicap domain and those who did not respond to corticosteroids showed a higher score on the psychological discomfort domain. Conclusions: The findings of the present study, using the AAOMP/2016 criteria, agree with case series and retrospective studies reported in the literature. Besides, OLP in its more severe clinical forms had an influence on patient quality of life. Key words:Diagnosis, epidemiology, oral lichen planus, oral mucosa, quality of life.

16.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e103, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778473

RESUMO

The immunoexpression of p16, p53, and Bax in oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) in young and elderly patients is assessed based on clinical and morphological parameters. The sample consists of 60 OTSCC cases: 30 in young (age ≤ 45 years) and 30 in elderly (age ≥ 60 years) patients. Clinical (tumor size, regional node metastasis, distant metastasis, and clinical stage) and morphological (histological grade of malignancy) parameters were evaluated. Immunohistochemical quantitative analysis was performed using anti-p16, anti-p53, and anti-Bax antibodies. None of the evaluated proteins exhibited statistically significant differences between young and elderly patients (p>0.05). There was a significant association of p16 immunoexpression with clinical parameters in elderly patients. There were no associations of p53 and Bax with any of the clinico-morphological parameters. Correlations between p16 and Bax and between p53 and Bax immunoexpression were observed in young patients (r = 0.363; p = 0.048) and in elderly patients (r = 0.433; p = 0.017), respectively. In conclusion, the assessed proteins could not be used to determine differences in the biological behavior of OTSCC between young and elderly patients. Therefore, all proteins activated the pro-apoptotic pathway of OTSCC in both groups.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/análise , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/análise , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/análise , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Ciclo Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Carga Tumoral
17.
Braz Dent J ; 30(4): 404-409, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340232

RESUMO

Crossover studies continue to be published in spite of warnings about their inherent risks in relation to behavioral outcomes. This study took the opportunity of access to secondary data analysis in order to demonstrate the impact of a crossover design on the outcomes of randomized clinical trials aimed at the behavior of children during dental treatment. We evaluated the effect of the sequence of sedative administration, the sedative and the participant's age on the behavior of children undergoing two sequential dental visits. Eighteen uncooperative healthy young children were equally randomly assigned to: (G1) 1.0 mg/kg oral midazolam (first session) and oral placebo (second session); (G2) oral placebo (first) and 1.0 mg/kg oral midazolam (second). One trained observer assessed children's behavior. Data were analyzed by three-way mixed ANOVA. Both midazolam [mean(SD); 71.7%(16.5)] and placebo [48.6%(33.1)] produced more struggling behavior when they were administered in the first session compared to the second one (p=0.001). For the placebo, children aged 2-3 years exhibited more struggling behavior [G1 54.9%(36.2); G2 80.5%(8.3)] than those aged 4-5 years (p=0.04). Also, the reduction of percentage of struggling behavior was higher in G1 for older children (76.2%) and in G2 for younger children (32.9%). There were significant interactions between drug and sequence of administration, and between drug and age. The results of our study confirm the conventional wisdom that crossover study design is inappropriate to evaluate children's behavior/anxiety related-dental treatment under sedation and the results of crossover studies of dental sedation should be treated with extreme caution.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária , Sedação Consciente , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , Hipnóticos e Sedativos , Midazolam
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(4): 404-409, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011571

RESUMO

Abstract Crossover studies continue to be published in spite of warnings about their inherent risks in relation to behavioral outcomes. This study took the opportunity of access to secondary data analysis in order to demonstrate the impact of a crossover design on the outcomes of randomized clinical trials aimed at the behavior of children during dental treatment. We evaluated the effect of the sequence of sedative administration, the sedative and the participant's age on the behavior of children undergoing two sequential dental visits. Eighteen uncooperative healthy young children were equally randomly assigned to: (G1) 1.0 mg/kg oral midazolam (first session) and oral placebo (second session); (G2) oral placebo (first) and 1.0 mg/kg oral midazolam (second). One trained observer assessed children's behavior. Data were analyzed by three-way mixed ANOVA. Both midazolam [mean(SD); 71.7%(16.5)] and placebo [48.6%(33.1)] produced more struggling behavior when they were administered in the first session compared to the second one (p=0.001). For the placebo, children aged 2-3 years exhibited more struggling behavior [G1 54.9%(36.2); G2 80.5%(8.3)] than those aged 4-5 years (p=0.04). Also, the reduction of percentage of struggling behavior was higher in G1 for older children (76.2%) and in G2 for younger children (32.9%). There were significant interactions between drug and sequence of administration, and between drug and age. The results of our study confirm the conventional wisdom that crossover study design is inappropriate to evaluate children's behavior/anxiety related-dental treatment under sedation and the results of crossover studies of dental sedation should be treated with extreme caution.


Resumo Pouco se sabe sobre o impacto de um delineamento cruzado nos desfechos de ensaios clínicos randomizados voltados ao comportamento de crianças durante tratamento odontológico. Este estudo objetivou avaliar o efeito da sequência de administração do sedativo, da droga em si e da idade dos participantes no comportamento de crianças que receberam duas consultas odontológicas consecutivas. Dezoito crianças saudáveis não colaboradoras, 2-5 anos de idade, foram randomizadas em dois grupos: G1 - 1,0 mg/kg midazolam oral (primeira sessão) e placebo oral (segunda sessão); G2 - placebo (primeira) e 1,0 mg/kg midazolam oral (segunda). Um observador treinado avaliou o comportamento infantil. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA de três fatores (alfa=0,05). Midazolam [média(DP); 71,7%(16,5)] e placebo [48,6%(33,1)] resultaram em mais comportamento não cooperativo quando administrados na primeira sessão comparado com a segunda (p=0,001). Com o uso do placebo, crianças de 2-3 anos de idade exibiram mais comportamento não cooperativo [G1 54,9%(36,2); G2 80,5%(8,3)] que as de 4-5 anos de idade (p=0,04). Além disso, a porcentagem de redução do comportamento não cooperativo foi maior em crianças mais velhas em G1 (76,2%) e em crianças mais novas em G2 (32,9%). Considerando a avaliação do comportamento infantil sob sedação, a primeira sessão odontológica influenciou a segunda visita. Os resultados deste estudo confirmam a especulação de que o delineamento cruzado é inadequado para avaliar o comportamento odontológico relacionado à ansiedade/comportamento infantil; os resultados dos ensaios cruzados de sedação odontológica devem ser tratados com extrema cautela.

19.
Oral Oncol ; 93: 52-58, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31109696

RESUMO

The presence of lymphovascular invasion is considered a prognostic determinant for different human neoplasms and is frequently taken into account by surgeons and oncologists to determine patients' treatment. However, the exact frequency of this microscopic event and its prognostic impact for patients affected by adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to carry out a systematic review and meta-analysis to address the prevalence and the prognostic potential of lymphovascular invasion in head and neck AdCC. A literature search on PubMed, Scopus, ClinicalTrials.gov, Web of Science and ProQuest databases was undertaken in January 2019. The primary outcomes of interest were overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). The relative frequency of lymphovascular invasion and its possible association with other clinicopathological parameters were addressed. A total of 22 studies and 2117 patients were included in this study. The frequency of lymphovascular invasion ranged from 5.2% to 72.5%. Lymphovascular invasion was associated with an increased likelihood of lymph node metastasis (OR = 2.58; 95% CI 1.61-4.12; p = 0.0001) and death (OR = 3.09; 95% CI 1.82-5.26; p = 0.0001), solid/higher-grade AdCC were more likely to present lymphovascular invasion (OR = 5.51; 95% CI 1.87-16-21; p = 0.002) and patients with this microscopic finding had a significantly lower OS (HR = 8.30; 95% CI 1.68-40.91; p = 0.009) and DFS (HR = 3.76; 95% CI 1.13-12.53; p = 0.03). In conclusion, lymphovascular invasion seems to be a significant predictor of poor prognosis for head and neck AdCC patients.


Assuntos
Vasos Sanguíneos/patologia , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/irrigação sanguínea , Vasos Linfáticos/patologia , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/patologia , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/terapia , Terapia Combinada , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
J Endod ; 45(6): 716-723, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060815

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that acute periapical lesions present a greater potential for cyst formation. Recently, it was found that these lesions have cells with characteristics of pluripotent stem cells, which may influence cyst development. However, a more complete phenotype investigation of stem cells in a specific sample of periapical abscesses is required. The aim of this study was to analyze the immunohistochemical expression of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) markers in periapical abscesses and to evaluate differences in their expression in relation to acute and chronic periapical lesions. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to access MSC marker expression (CD44, CD73, and CD105) in samples of periapical abscesses (n = 10), granulomas (n = 10), cysts (n = 10), and apical papillae (n = 10). Immunohistochemical expression was evaluated by a quantitative scoring system. The chi-square test was used to assess the association between MSC marker expression and the histopathological diagnosis at a 5% significance level. RESULTS: CD44 and CD73 immunostaining was observed in mesenchymal cells located in the outer portion of the abscess and periapical cyst specimens. CD105 immunoexpression was found predominantly in mesenchymal and vascular endothelial cells of the lesions studied. MSC marker expression was higher in the periapical abscesses, with a significant association between MSCs and the histopathological diagnosis of an abscess (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The periapical region is a rich source of MSCs. The greater presence of MSCs in periapical abscesses found in this study could hold an important clue into understanding the pathological pathway of periapical cyst formation.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Abscesso Periapical , Granuloma Periapical , Cisto Radicular , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Abscesso Periapical/metabolismo , Células-Tronco
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