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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253616, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355880

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of the volatile oil of Alpinia zerumbet (VOAz) on caveolin-1 gene expression and muscular fibrosis. The rats were immobilized to induce fibrosis of the gastrocnemius muscle, and they were treated with VOAz. Collagen quality was assessed by histology and the expression of the caveolin-1 (CAV-1) gene was evaluated using qPCR. Histomorphological analysis indicated a significant reduction in the perimeter, width, and intensity of collagen in the treated groups, thus showing that the oil was effective in regulating the quality of collagen at the three concentrations. The results of expression levels suggested a decrease in the lesioned group and in two treatment groups (0.0115 µg/g and 0.009 µg/g). However, with the lowest concentration (0.0065 µg/g), no significant difference was observed, with levels similar to those found in healthy tissue. Therefore, the results showed that VOAz has the potential to be a non-invasive and low-cost alternative to aid in the treatment of muscular fibrosis.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do óleo volátil de Alpinia zerumbet (OVAz) na expressão do gene da caveolina-1 e na fibrose muscular. Os ratos foram imobilizados para induzir a fibrose do músculo gastrocnêmio, e foram tratados com OVAz. A qualidade do colágeno foi avaliada com histologia e à expressão do gene caveolina-1 (CAV-1) foi avaliada usando qPCR. A análise histomorfológica indicou uma redução significativa no perímetro, largura e intensidade do colágeno nos grupos tratados. Os resultados dos níveis de expressão sugeriram diminuição nos grupos de lesão e em dois grupos de tratamento (0,0115 µg/g e 0,009 µg/g). No entanto, com a menor concentração (0,0065 µg/g), não foi observada diferença significativa, apresentando níveis semelhantes aos encontrados em tecido saudável. O uso do OVAz foi eficaz para reverter as alterações do colágeno causadas pela fibrose, e sua menor concentração apresentou uma possível tendência de aumento na expressão do CAV-1. Portanto, os resultados mostraram que o OVAz tem potencial para ser uma alternativa não invasiva e de baixo custo para auxiliar no tratamento da fibrose muscular.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Alpinia/química , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Músculos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrose , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Brasil , Ratos Wistar , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Músculos/patologia
2.
Braz J Biol ; 84: e253616, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932639

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effect of the volatile oil of Alpinia zerumbet (VOAz) on caveolin-1 gene expression and muscular fibrosis. The rats were immobilized to induce fibrosis of the gastrocnemius muscle, and they were treated with VOAz. Collagen quality was assessed by histology and the expression of the caveolin-1 (CAV-1) gene was evaluated using qPCR. Histomorphological analysis indicated a significant reduction in the perimeter, width, and intensity of collagen in the treated groups, thus showing that the oil was effective in regulating the quality of collagen at the three concentrations. The results of expression levels suggested a decrease in the lesioned group and in two treatment groups (0.0115 µg/g and 0.009 µg/g). However, with the lowest concentration (0.0065 µg/g), no significant difference was observed, with levels similar to those found in healthy tissue. Therefore, the results showed that VOAz has the potential to be a non-invasive and low-cost alternative to aid in the treatment of muscular fibrosis.


Assuntos
Alpinia , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Músculos/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Alpinia/química , Animais , Brasil , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose , Músculos/patologia , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
3.
Epidemiol Infect ; 146(9): 1184-1193, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29781414

RESUMO

Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer and the prevalence of HPV types varies depending on the geographic region. Therefore, this study assessed the prevalence of HPV types in women with cervical lesions from Sergipe state, Northeastern Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted in women with cervical lesions from March to December 2014. These lesions were investigated by PCR and HPV types were identified by DNA sequencing. 432 patients were included, of which 337 patients tested positive for HPV. Eighteen different HPV types were detected, and high-risk HPV types were detected in 69.2%. HPV 16 (63.4%) was the most prevalent HPV type found, followed by HPV 66 (4.6%), HPV 18 (1.6%) and HPV 45 (1.4%). These results highlight the importance of the high prevalence of HPV 66, which is a possibly carcinogenic virus type not covered by the available vaccines. The prevalence of HPV 16 was high in the studied population, reaffirming the importance of young vaccination. However, the high prevalence of HPV 66 found in this study shows the importance of monitoring the diversity of HPV types in different populations and geographic regions to better understand the impacts of current HPV vaccines.


Assuntos
Alphapapillomavirus/classificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alphapapillomavirus/genética , Alphapapillomavirus/isolamento & purificação , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , DNA Viral/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
4.
Genet Mol Res ; 14(3): 11389-95, 2015 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26436380

RESUMO

Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) has been widely used for epidemiological and phylogenetic purposes ow-ing to its rapidity and efficiency. The aim of this study was to perform genome typing of Salmonella samples isolated from different sources by RAPD profiling. Thirty-three Salmonella samples from the bacterial collection of the Laboratório de Virologia Comparada, Departamento de Morfologia, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, Brazil, and two standard samples were used. RAPD profiling was conducted using six primers of the Ready-To-Go RAPD system. The amplified products were electro-phoresed on 5% polyacrylamide gel and silver-stained. RAPD analysis resulted in reproducible and stable banding patterns and showed high genetic diversity among the isolated strains. The Primer P1-generated dendrogram showed an epidemiologic relationship between the human and poultry isolated samples, highlighting the usefulness of RAPD for molecular typing and epidemiological studies.


Assuntos
Tipagem Molecular , Aves Domésticas/microbiologia , Infecções por Salmonella/epidemiologia , Salmonella/classificação , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Filogenia , Técnica de Amplificação ao Acaso de DNA Polimórfico
5.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(4): 8776-82, 2014 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25366769

RESUMO

Aedes aegypti and A. albopictus represent the two most important species of mosquitoes in relation to dengue virus transmission both in the Americas and Asia. However, the study of theses species generally requires the establishment of a colony for the larvae to hatch, or waiting for the adult development to perform its taxonomic classification, which is time consuming. Thus, the establishment of new methods aimed at obtaining DNA directly from the mosquito eggs is relevant. Accordingly, we compared a new approach based on Chelex(®) 100 resin with the standard STE method to extract DNA from the eggs of Aedes spp to molecularly identify these vectors. The Chelex(®) 100 resin approach was very efficient, as satisfactory amounts of DNA were obtained, making it possible to amplify and sequence a mitochondrial DNA barcode region widely used to identify species. The STE protocol yielded substantial amounts of DNA, but the 260/280 optical density ratio indicated a low quality, precluding amplification. This new method proved quite effective in obtaining DNA from even a single mosquito egg, and it can thus be applied in population genetic studies of various vector insects to enhance monitoring programs.


Assuntos
Aedes/genética , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico/métodos , DNA/genética , Óvulo/metabolismo , Aedes/classificação , Aedes/virologia , Animais , Sequência de Bases , DNA/química , DNA/isolamento & purificação , DNA Mitocondrial/química , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Vírus da Dengue/fisiologia , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Insetos Vetores/classificação , Insetos Vetores/genética , Insetos Vetores/virologia , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Óvulo/citologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Especificidade da Espécie
6.
J Virol Methods ; 192(1-2): 55-8, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23669103

RESUMO

Bovine papillomavirus (BPV) is a diverse group of double-stranded DNA oncogenic viruses, which have been detected in epithelial lesions and body fluids. Most studies of BPV infection rely on a single method for DNA detection; however the use of any single method or technique may underestimate the true prevalence of this virus. The purpose of this study was to compare two PCR strategies for the detection of BPV in skin lesions and fluids: these involve the use of BPV type-specific and consensus primers. Seventy-two cutaneous lesions, 57 blood samples and 59 semen samples were collected. PCR was used with the FAP consensus primers and BPV type-specific primers (for BPVs 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9 and 10), along with sequencing assays, to detect the BPV types. Phylogenetic analysis was carried out by means of the maximum likelihood method. It was found that both FAP and BPV type-specific primer sets could amplify BPV types of DNA in skin lesions, blood and semen samples. However, the BPV type-specific primers were more sensitive than the consensus primers and were able to detect co-infection of BPV in the samples. The consensus primers amplified five BPV types and were more suitable for detecting new putative BPV types. Thus, account should be taken of both PCR primer systems to identify co-infection, the presence of novel viruses, and avoid false-negative results.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Virologia/métodos , Animais , Sangue/virologia , Bovinos , Primers do DNA/genética , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Sêmen/virologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Pele/virologia , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/veterinária , Dermatopatias/virologia
7.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(1): 400-7, 2013 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23420364

RESUMO

Bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs) cause many benign and malignant lesions in cattle and other animals. Twelve BPV types have been identified so far, and several putative novel BPV types have been detected based on the analysis of L1 gene fragments, generated by FAP59/64 and MY11/09 primers. Phylogenetic trees are important in studies that describe novel BPV types. However, topological mistakes could be a problem in such studies. Therefore, we made use of entropy to find phylogenetic informative regions in the BPV L1 gene sequences from all 12 BPVs. Six data sets were created and phylogenetically compared to each other using neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood methods of phylogenetic tree reconstruction. We found two major regions in the L1 gene, using an entropy-based approach, which selects regions with low information complexity. More robust phylogenetic trees were obtained with these regions, when compared to the ones obtained with FAP59/64 and MY11/09 primers. More robust phylogenetic trees are important to accurately position novel BPV types, subtypes and variants. We conclude that an entropy-based approach is a good methodology for selecting regions of the L1 gene of BPVs that could be used to design more specific and sensitive degenerate primers, for the development of improved diagnostic methods.


Assuntos
Primers do DNA/química , Genes Virais , Papillomaviridae/genética , Animais , Bovinos , Entropia , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos
8.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 59(5): 441-7, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22225995

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of different types of Bovine papillomavirus (BPV) in cattle skin lesions and to identify new viral types in Brazil. A total of 72 skin lesions were analysed from 66 different bovines by PCR using degenerate and specific primers, and subsequent sequencing. Sequencing quality was determined using Staden package with Phred 30. Similarity analysis was performed with BioEdit and BLAST programs to verify the identity with known BPV types. Phylogenetic analysis was carried out using Maximum Likelihood method with TIM3 + G as nucleotide substitution model in PAUP*, and 1000 non-parametric bootstrap replicates. Analyses revealed the presence of ten different types of BPV in the samples, with the exception of BPV7. The presence of co-infections was very high as almost all samples (89%) were co-infected. A putative new BPV11 subtype was also found in lesions from different animals. These results add significant knowledge about the prevalence and diversity of BPV infection in Brazilian cattle, which could be used in future studies aiming at the development of more specific treatment and diagnostic methods.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos/virologia , Coinfecção/veterinária , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/veterinária , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Animais , Bovinos , Coinfecção/virologia , Filogenia
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