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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(21): 9931-9946, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638797

RESUMO

RORγt is an important nuclear receptor that regulates the production of several pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-17 and IL-22. As a result, RORγt has been identified as a potential target for the treatment of various immunological disorders such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases. Structure and computer-assisted drug design led to the identification of a novel series of tricyclic RORγt inverse agonists with significantly improved in vitro activity in the reporter (Gal4) and human whole blood assays compared to our previous chemotype. Through careful structure activity relationship, several potent and selective RORγt inverse agonists have been identified. Pharmacokinetic studies allowed the identification of the lead molecule 32 with a low peak-to-trough ratio. This molecule showed excellent activity in an IL-2/IL-23-induced mouse pharmacodynamic study and demonstrated biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced preclinical model of psoriasis.

2.
J Med Chem ; 62(7): 3228-3250, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893553

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases and is essential for B cell receptor (BCR) mediated signaling. BTK also plays a critical role in the downstream signaling pathways for the Fcγ receptor in monocytes, the Fcε receptor in granulocytes, and the RANK receptor in osteoclasts. As a result, pharmacological inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. This article will outline the evolution of our strategy to identify a covalent, irreversible inhibitor of BTK that has the intrinsic potency, selectivity, and pharmacokinetic properties necessary to provide a rapid rate of inactivation systemically following a very low dose. With excellent in vivo efficacy and a very desirable tolerability profile, 5a (branebrutinib, BMS-986195) has advanced into clinical studies.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(18): 3080-3084, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30097367

RESUMO

Incorporation of a suitably-placed electrophilic group transformed a series of reversible BTK inhibitors based on carbazole-1-carboxamide and tetrahydrocarbazole-1-carboxamide into potent, irreversible inhibitors. Removal of one ring from the core of these compounds provided a potent irreversible series of 2,3-dimethylindole-7-carboxamides having excellent potency and improved selectivity, with the additional advantages of reduced lipophilicity and molecular weight.

4.
J Med Chem ; 60(12): 5193-5208, 2017 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28541707

RESUMO

PI3Kδ plays an important role controlling immune cell function and has therefore been identified as a potential target for the treatment of immunological disorders. This article highlights our work toward the identification of a potent, selective, and efficacious PI3Kδ inhibitor. Through careful SAR, the successful replacement of a polar pyrazole group by a simple chloro or trifluoromethyl group led to improved Caco-2 permeability, reduced Caco-2 efflux, reduced hERG PC activity, and increased selectivity profile while maintaining potency in the CD69 hWB assay. The optimization of the aryl substitution then identified a 4'-CN group that improved the human/rodent correlation in microsomal metabolic stability. Our lead molecule is very potent in PK/PD assays and highly efficacious in a mouse collagen-induced arthritis model.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Células CACO-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Células CACO-2/imunologia , Cães , Canal de Potássio ERG1/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/tratamento farmacológico , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pirazóis/química , Pirazóis/metabolismo , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Coelhos
5.
J Med Chem ; 59(19): 9173-9200, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27583770

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases. BTK plays an essential role in B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated signaling as well as Fcγ receptor signaling in monocytes and Fcε receptor signaling in mast cells and basophils, all of which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease. As a result, inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. This article details the structure-activity relationships (SAR) leading to a novel series of highly potent and selective carbazole and tetrahydrocarbazole based, reversible inhibitors of BTK. Of particular interest is that two atropisomeric centers were rotationally locked to provide a single, stable atropisomer, resulting in enhanced potency and selectivity as well as a reduction in safety liabilities. With significantly enhanced potency and selectivity, excellent in vivo properties and efficacy, and a very desirable tolerability and safety profile, 14f (BMS-986142) was advanced into clinical studies.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Isomerismo , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Quinazolinas/química , Quinazolinas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
J Med Chem ; 59(17): 7915-35, 2016 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27531604

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) belongs to the TEC family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases and plays a critical role in multiple cell types responsible for numerous autoimmune diseases. This article will detail the structure-activity relationships (SARs) leading to a novel second generation series of potent and selective reversible carbazole inhibitors of BTK. With an excellent pharmacokinetic profile as well as demonstrated in vivo activity and an acceptable safety profile, 7-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-4-[2-methyl-3-(4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-3-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole-1-carboxamide 6 (BMS-935177) was selected to advance into clinical development.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/química , Carbazóis/química , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinazolinonas/química , Administração Oral , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Antirreumáticos/síntese química , Antirreumáticos/farmacocinética , Antirreumáticos/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Carbazóis/síntese química , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Cães , Humanos , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Permeabilidade , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Quinazolinonas/síntese química , Quinazolinonas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinonas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 26(2): 662-666, 2016 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26631321

RESUMO

A novel cyclohexenyl series of CCR2 antagonists has been discovered. This series of small, rigid compounds exhibits submicromolar binding affinity for CCR2. Modification of the substituents on the cyclohexene ring led to the identification of potent CCR2 antagonists. Progress from initial lead 5 (IC50=700nM) to (-)-38 (IC50=9.0nM) is discussed.


Assuntos
Cicloexenos/química , Cicloexenos/farmacologia , Receptores CCR2/antagonistas & inibidores , Cicloexenos/síntese química , Descoberta de Drogas , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Receptores CCR2/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 6(4): 439-44, 2015 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25893046

RESUMO

We describe the hybridization of our previously reported acyclic and cyclic CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) antagonists to lead to a new series of dual antagonists of CCR2 and CCR5. Installation of a γ-lactam as the spacer group and a quinazoline as a benzamide mimetic improved oral bioavailability markedly. These efforts led to the identification of 13d, a potent and orally bioavailable dual antagonist suitable for use in both murine and monkey models of inflammation.

10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 18(2): 586-95, 2008 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18160284

RESUMO

Conformational analysis of the 3-benzylpiperidine in CCR3 antagonist clinical candidate 1 (BMS-639623) predicts that the benzylpiperidine may be replaced by acyclic, conformationally stabilized, anti-1,2-disubstituted phenethyl- and phenpropylamines. Ab initio calculations, enantioselective syntheses, and evaluation in CCR3 binding and chemotaxis assays of anti-1-methyl-2-hydroxyphenethyl- and phenpropylamine-containing CCR3 antagonists support this conformational correlation.


Assuntos
Piperidinas/química , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Receptores CCR3/antagonistas & inibidores , Ureia/análogos & derivados , Ciclização , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Conformação Molecular , Ureia/química , Ureia/farmacologia
11.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 17(11): 2992-7, 2007 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17418570

RESUMO

DPC168, a benzylpiperidine-substituted aryl urea CCR3 antagonist evaluated in clinical trials, was a relatively potent inhibitor of the 2D6 isoform of cytochrome P-450 (CYP2D6). Replacement of the cyclohexyl central ring with saturated heterocycles provided potent CCR3 antagonists with improved selectivity against CYP2D6. The favorable preclinical profile of DPC168 was maintained in an acetylpiperidine derivative, BMS-570520.


Assuntos
Compostos de Benzil/química , Compostos de Benzil/farmacologia , Inibidores do Citocromo P-450 CYP2D6 , Compostos de Fenilureia/química , Piperidinas/química , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Receptores de Quimiocinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Compostos de Benzil/síntese química , Bioensaio , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Camundongos , Pan troglodytes , Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia , Piperidinas/síntese química , Receptores CCR3 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 14(21): 5269-73, 2004 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15454209

RESUMO

Structural features of a 5-amidinoindole inhibitor of factor Xa, which displayed modest inhibition of factor IXa were varied to increase potency and improve selectivity for factor IXa.


Assuntos
Fator IXa/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator IXa/química , Inibidores do Fator Xa , Fator Xa/química , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/química , Modelos Moleculares , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Especificidade por Substrato
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