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1.
Am J Med Genet A ; 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654484

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Adams-Oliver syndrome (AOS) is a genetic disorder characterized by the association of aplasia cutis congenita (ACC), terminal transverse limb defect (TTLD), congenital cardiac malformation (CCM), and minor features, such as cutaneous, neurological, and hepatic abnormalities (HAs). The aim of the study is to emphasize phenotype-genotype correlations in AOS. METHODS: We studied 29 AOS patients. We recorded retrospectively detailed phenotype data, including clinical examination, biological analyses, and imaging. The molecular analysis was performed through whole exome sequencing (WES). RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients (100%) presented with ACC, the principal inclusion criteria in the study. Seventeen of twenty-one (81%) had cutis marmorata telangiectasia congenita, 16/26 (62%) had TTLD, 14/23 (61%) had CCM, 7/20 (35%) had HAs, and 9/27 (33%) had neurological findings. WES was performed in 25 patients. Fourteen of twenty-five (56%) had alterations in the genes already described in AOS. CCM and HAs are particularly associated with the NOTCH1 genotype. TTLD is present in patients with DOCK6 and EOGT alterations. Neurological findings of variable degree were associated sometimes with DOCK6 and NOTCH1 rarely with EOGT. CONCLUSION: AOS is characterized by a clinical and molecular variability. It appears that degrees of genotype-phenotype correlations exist for patients with identified pathogenic mutations, underlining the need to undertake a systematic but adjusted multidisciplinary assessment.

2.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 127: 109665, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526938

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: acoustic rhinometry (AR) is a non-invasive method measuring the nasal volume (NV) and the nasal minimal cross-sectional area (MCA), reflecting nasal obstruction. The first objective of this study was to measure and compare NV and MCA between 3 groups of children: "achondroplasia", "Down syndrome" and "control". The control group corresponded to children with suspicion of sleep disorder disease and without cranio-facial malformation. The second objective was to correlate AR measurements with the obstructive apnea-hypopnea index (OAHI). METHODS: prospective study between February and July 2017, in a tertiary care center. The following data were collected: demographic characteristics, medical and surgical history, NV, MCA, and OAHI. RESULTS: 83 children were included. The mean NV was lower in achondroplasia group compared to control group: 2.75 cm3 vs 3.60 cm3 (p = 0.02, 95% CI [0.0694, 0.7456]). Negative correlation was found between the NV and the OAHI for children with achondroplasia (T = -0.37; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: AR is an effective tool for assessing nasal obstruction in children. Nasal obstruction was correlated to OAHI in achondroplasia. AR could become a routine tool in the management of nasal obstruction of children with cranio-facial malformations.

3.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(9): 1884-1894, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313512

RESUMO

Brachyolmia is a skeletal dysplasia characterized by short spine-short stature, platyspondyly, and minor long bone abnormalities. We describe 18 patients, from different ethnic backgrounds and ages ranging from infancy to 19 years, with the autosomal recessive form, associated with PAPSS2. The main clinical features include disproportionate short stature with short spine associated with variable symptoms of pain, stiffness, and spinal deformity. Eight patients presented prenatally with short femora, whereas later in childhood their short-spine phenotype emerged. We observed the same pattern of changing skeletal proportion in other patients. The radiological findings included platyspondyly, irregular end plates of the elongated vertebral bodies, narrow disc spaces and short over-faced pedicles. In the limbs, there was mild shortening of femoral necks and tibiae in some patients, whereas others had minor epiphyseal or metaphyseal changes. In all patients, exome and Sanger sequencing identified homozygous or compound heterozygous PAPSS2 variants, including c.809G>A, common to white European patients. Bi-parental inheritance was established where possible. Low serum DHEAS, but not overt androgen excess was identified. Our study indicates that autosomal recessive brachyolmia occurs across continents and may be under-recognized in infancy. This condition should be considered in the differential diagnosis of short femora presenting in the second trimester.

4.
Eur J Med Genet ; : 103729, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319224

RESUMO

Non-ossifying fibromas are seen in different disorders recognizable by specific features. Indeed, osteoglophonic dysplasia (OD) is characterized by radiolucent bone lesions associated with severe short stature, dysmorphism and failure of dental eruption. This syndrome is caused by heterozygous activating mutations in the immunoglobulin-like D3 domain of the FGFR1 gene, encoding a tyrosine kinase. Here, we report three patients from the same family presenting with radiolucent bone lesions and teeth retentions. Exome sequencing allowed identification of a novel mutation c.917C > T, p. Pro306Leu in exon 7 of the FGFR1 gene. Our patients present with normal stature and no severe dysmorphism. This report describes a mild form of OD and expands the phenotype related to FGFR1 mutations. These findings emphasize the need to consider FGFR1 variants in the case of multiple non-ossifying bone lesions associated with dental eruption anomalies.

5.
Clin Genet ; 96(4): 309-316, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237352

RESUMO

Pycnodysostosis is a lysosomal autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia characterized by osteosclerosis, short stature, acro-osteolysis, facial features and an increased risk of fractures. The clinical heterogeneity of the disease and its rarity make it difficult to provide patients an accurate prognosis, as well as appropriate care and follow-up. French physicians from the OSCAR network have been asked to fill out questionnaires collecting molecular and clinical data for 27 patients issued from 17 unrelated families. All patients showed short stature (mean = -3.5 SD) which was more severe in females (P = .006). The mean fracture rate was moderate (0.21 per year), with four fractures in total average. About 75% underwent at least one surgery, with an average number of 2.1 interventions per patient. About 50% required non-invasive assisted ventilation due to sleep apnea (67%). About 29% showed psychomotor difficulties and 33% needed a school assistant or adapted schooling. No patient had any psychological evaluation or follow-up. Molecular data were available for 14 families. Growth hormone administration was efficient on linear growth in 40% of cases. We propose several axis of management, such as systematic cerebral MRI for Chiari malformation screening at diagnosis and regular psychological follow-up.

6.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 98, 2019 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP; OMIM#135100) is an ultra-rare, severely disabling genetic disease characterized by congenital malformation of the great toes and progressive heterotopic ossification (HO) in muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, and aponeuroses often preceded by painful, recurrent soft tissue swelling (flare-ups). The formation of HO leads to progressive disability, severe functional limitations in joint mobility, and to a shortened life-span. In this prospective natural history study, we describe the baseline, cross-sectional disease phenotype of 114 individuals with FOP. METHODS: All subjects underwent protocol-specified baseline assessments to determine their disease status. Cross-sectional analyses were performed using linear regression in which functional evaluations (Cumulative Analogue Joint Involvement Scale [CAJIS] and the FOP-Physical Function Questionnaire [FOP-PFQ]) and the burden of HO as measured by low-dose whole body CT (volume of HO and number of body regions with HO) were assessed. RESULTS: Findings from 114 subjects (age range 4 to 56 years) were evaluated. While subject age was significantly (p < 0.0001) correlated with increased CAJIS (r = 0.66) and FOP-PFQ scores (r = 0.41), the estimated mean increases per year (based on cross-sectional average changes over time) were small (0.47 units and 1.2%, respectively). There was also a significant (p < 0.0001) correlation between baseline age and HO volume (r = 0.56), with an estimated mean increase of 25,574 mm3/year. There were significant (p < 0.0001) correlations between the objective assessment of HO volume and clinical assessments of CAJIS (r = 0.57) and FOP-PFQ (r = 0.52). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the cross-sectional analysis of the baseline data, functional and physical disability as assessed by CAJIS and the FOP-PFQ increased over time. Although longitudinal data are not yet available, the cross-sectional analyses suggest that CAJIS and FOP-PFQ are not sensitive to detect substantial progression over a 1- to 2-year period. Future evaluation of longitudinal data will test this hypothesis. The statistically significant correlations between HO volume and the functional endpoints, and the estimated average annual increase in total HO volume, suggest that the formation of new HO will be measurable over the relative short-term course of a clinical trial, and represents an endpoint that is clinically meaningful to patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study ( NCT02322255 ) was first posted on 23 December, 2014.

7.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 14(1): 113, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122250

RESUMO

The original version of this article [1] unfortunately included an error to an author's name. Author Maja Di Rocco was erroneously presented as Maja DiRocco.The correct author name has been included in the author list of this Correction article and is already updated in the original article.

8.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(7): 1196-1204, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038846

RESUMO

Mucolipidosis (ML) is a rare lysosomal storage disorder with a wide spectrum of disease severity according to the type. Sleep-disordered breathing is recognized as a characteristic feature of ML but objective data are scarce. The aim of the study was to describe sleep data and medical management in children with ML α/ß. All patients with ML α/ß followed at a national reference center of ML were included. Five patients had ML II, one patient had ML III and one patient had ML II-III. One patient was started on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to allow extubation after prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation. The six other patients underwent sleep study at a median age of 1.8 years (range 4 months-17.4 years). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was observed in all patients with a median apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 36 events/hr (range 5-52) requiring continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or NIV. CPAP/NIV resulted in an improvement of nocturnal gas exchange and was continued in all patients with an excellent compliance. Two patients died. Systematic sleep studies are recommended at time of diagnosis in ML. CPAP or NIV are effective treatments of OSA, well tolerated, and may contribute to improve the quality of life of patients and caregivers.

9.
Clin Genet ; 96(3): 246-253, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090057

RESUMO

Two distinct genomic disorders have been linked to Xq28-gains, namely Xq28-duplications including MECP2 and Int22h1/Int22h2-mediated duplications involving RAB39B. Here, we describe six unrelated patients, five males and one female, with Xq28-gains distal to MECP2 and proximal to the Int22h1/Int22h2 low copy repeats. Comparison with patients carrying overlapping duplications in the literature defined the MidXq28-duplication syndrome featuring intellectual disability, language impairment, structural brain malformations, microcephaly, seizures and minor craniofacial features. The duplications overlapped for 108 kb including FLNA, RPL10 and GDI1 genes, highly expressed in brain and candidates for the neurologic phenotype.

10.
Genet Med ; 21(9): 2025-2035, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30723320

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lanosterol synthase (LSS) gene was initially described in families with extensive congenital cataracts. Recently, a study has highlighted LSS associated with hypotrichosis simplex. We expanded the phenotypic spectrum of LSS to a recessive neuroectodermal syndrome formerly named alopecia with mental retardation (APMR) syndrome. It is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by hypotrichosis and intellectual disability (ID) or developmental delay (DD), frequently associated with early-onset epilepsy and other dermatological features. METHODS: Through a multicenter international collaborative study, we identified LSS pathogenic variants in APMR individuals either by exome sequencing or LSS Sanger sequencing. Splicing defects were assessed by transcript analysis and minigene assay. RESULTS: We reported ten APMR individuals from six unrelated families with biallelic variants in LSS. We additionally identified one affected individual with a single rare variant in LSS and an allelic imbalance suggesting a second event. Among the identified variants, two were truncating, seven were missense, and two were splicing variants. Quantification of cholesterol and its precursors did not reveal noticeable imbalance. CONCLUSION: In the cholesterol biosynthesis pathway, lanosterol synthase leads to the cyclization of (S)-2,3-oxidosqualene into lanosterol. Our data suggest LSS as a major gene causing a rare recessive neuroectodermal syndrome.

11.
Neuroimage Clin ; 2018 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30497982

RESUMO

Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare congenital disorder (1/32000 births) characterized by distinctive facial features, intellectual disability, short stature, and dermatoglyphic and skeletal abnormalities. In the last decade, mutations in KMT2D and KDM6A were identified as a major cause of kabuki syndrome. Although genetic abnormalities have been highlighted in KS, brain abnormalities have been little explored. Here, we have investigated brain abnormalities in 6 patients with KS (4 males; Mage = 10.96 years, SD = 2.97 years) with KMT2D mutation in comparison with 26 healthy controls (17 males; Mage = 10.31 years, SD = 2.96 years). We have used MRI to explore anatomical and functional brain abnormalities in patients with KS. Anatomical abnormalities in grey matter volume were assessed by cortical and subcortical analyses. Functional abnormalities were assessed by comparing rest cerebral blood flow measured with arterial spin labeling-MRI. When compared to healthy controls, KS patients had anatomical alterations characterized by grey matter decrease localized in the bilateral precentral gyrus and middle frontal gyrus. In addition, KS patients also presented functional alterations characterized by cerebral blood flow decrease in the left precentral gyrus and middle frontal gyrus. Moreover, subcortical analyses revealed significantly decreased grey matter volume in the bilateral hippocampus and dentate gyrus in patients with KS. Our results strongly indicate anatomical and functional brain abnormalities in KS. They suggest a possible neural basis of the cognitive symptoms observed in KS, such as fine motor impairment, and indicate the need to further explore the consequences of such brain abnormalities in this disorder. Finally, our results encourage further imaging-genetics studies investigating the link between genetics, anatomical and functional brain alterations in KS.

12.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(12): 2740-2750, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30548201

RESUMO

The oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome (OAFNS) is a rare disorder characterized by the association of frontonasal dysplasia (widely spaced eyes, facial cleft, and nose abnormalities) and oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS)-associated features, such as preauricular ear tags, ear dysplasia, mandibular asymmetry, epibulbar dermoids, eyelid coloboma, and costovertebral anomalies. The etiology is unknown so far. This work aimed to identify molecular bases for the OAFNS. Among a cohort of 130 patients with frontonasal dysplasia, accurate phenotyping identified 18 individuals with OAFNS. We describe their clinical spectrum, including the report of new features (micro/anophtalmia, cataract, thyroid agenesis, polymicrogyria, olfactory bulb hypoplasia, and mandibular cleft), and emphasize the high frequency of nasal polyps in OAFNS (56%). We report the negative results of ALX1, ALX3, and ALX4 genes sequencing and next-generation sequencing strategy performed on blood-derived DNA from respectively, four and four individuals. Exome sequencing was performed in four individuals, genome sequencing in one patient with negative exome sequencing result. Based on the data from this series and the literature, diverse hypotheses can be raised regarding the etiology of OAFNS: mosaic mutation, epigenetic anomaly, oligogenism, or nongenetic cause. In conclusion, this series represents further clinical delineation work of the rare OAFNS, and paves the way toward the identification of the causing mechanism.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Craniofaciais/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Orelha Externa/anormalidades , Anormalidades do Olho/diagnóstico , Anormalidades do Olho/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Padrões de Herança , Fenótipo , Anormalidades do Sistema Respiratório/diagnóstico , Anormalidades do Sistema Respiratório/genética , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Facies , Feminino , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Crânio/anormalidades , Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
13.
Am J Med Genet A ; 2018 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30450712

RESUMO

Respiratory problems are common in Morquio-A syndrome (MPS IVA) but objective data on sleep-disordered breathing are scarce. The aim of our study was to review polygraphic (PG) findings and the need for noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in children with MPS IVA. A retrospective review of the clinical charts and PG of 16 consecutive children (7 boys, mean age 10.5 ± 4.2 years) with MPS IVA seen over a period of 3 years was performed. The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was 69% with only five patients, all younger than 10 years old, having a normal PG. Four patients had mild OSA (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] ≥1.5 and <5 events/hr), three patients had moderate OSA (AHI ≥5 and <10 events/hr), and three patients had severe OSA (AHI ≥ 10 events/hr). Among the 10 patients with OSA, 3 had prior adenoidectomy ± tonsillectomy and 6 were on enzyme replacement therapy. Only one patient had a central apnea index >5 events/hr despite prior cervico-occipital decompression. Six patients, all older than 11 years old, were started on CPAP or NIV because of severe OSA (n = 4), nocturnal hypoventilation (n = 1), or impossibility to be weaned from NIV after an acute respiratory failure (n = 1). Prevalence of OSA is high in patients with MPS IVA, underlying the importance of a systematic screening for sleep-disordered breathing. CPAP and NIV are efficient and well accepted for treating sleep-disordered breathing.

14.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 2018 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281842

RESUMO

Clinical trials for orphan diseases are critical for developing effective therapies. One such condition, fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP; MIM#135100), is characterized by progressive heterotopic ossification (HO) that leads to severe disability. Individuals with FOP are extremely sensitive to even minor traumatic events. There has been substantial recent interest in clinical trials for novel and urgently-needed treatments for FOP. The International Clinical Council on FOP (ICC) was established in 2016 to provide consolidated and coordinated advice on the best practices for clinical care and clinical research for individuals who suffer from FOP. The Clinical Trials Committee of the ICC developed a focused list of key considerations that encompass the specific and unique needs of the FOP community - considerations that are endorsed by the entire ICC. These considerations complement established protocols for developing and executing robust clinical trials by providing a foundation for helping to ensure the safety of subjects with FOP in clinical research trials.

15.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 26(11): 1611-1622, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30006632

RESUMO

Acrodysostosis (MIM 101800) is a dominantly inherited condition associating (1) skeletal features (short stature, facial dysostosis, and brachydactyly with cone-shaped epiphyses), (2) resistance to hormones and (3) possible intellectual disability. Acroscyphodysplasia (MIM 250215) is characterized by growth retardation, brachydactyly, and knee epiphyses embedded in cup-shaped metaphyses. We and others have identified PDE4D or PRKAR1A variants in acrodysostosis; PDE4D variants have been reported in three cases of acroscyphodysplasia. Our study aimed at reviewing the clinical and molecular findings in a cohort of 27 acrodysostosis and 5 acroscyphodysplasia cases. Among the acrodysostosis cases, we identified 9 heterozygous de novo PRKAR1A variants and 11 heterozygous PDE4D variants. The 7 patients without variants presented with symptoms of acrodysostosis (brachydactyly and cone-shaped epiphyses), but none had the characteristic facial dysostosis. In the acroscyphodysplasia cases, we identified 2 PDE4D variants. For 2 of the 3 negative cases, medical records revealed early severe infection, which has been described in some reports of acroscyphodysplasia. Subdividing our series of acrodysostosis based on the disease-causing gene, we confirmed genotype-phenotype correlations. Hormone resistance was consistently observed in patients carrying PRKAR1A variants, whereas no hormone resistance was observed in 9 patients with PDE4D variants. All patients with PDE4D variants shared characteristic facial features (midface hypoplasia with nasal hypoplasia) and some degree of intellectual disability. Our findings of PDE4D variants in two cases of acroscyphodysplasia support that PDE4D may be responsible for this severe skeletal dysplasia. We eventually emphasize the importance of some specific assessments in the long-term follow up, including cardiovascular and thromboembolic risk factors.

16.
J Med Genet ; 55(6): 422-429, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29459493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Segmentation defects of the vertebrae (SDV) are non-specific features found in various syndromes. The molecular bases of SDV are not fully elucidated due to the wide range of phenotypes and classification issues. The genes involved are in the Notch signalling pathway, which is a key system in somitogenesis. Here we report on mutations identified in a diagnosis cohort of SDV. We focused on spondylocostal dysostosis (SCD) and the phenotype of these patients in order to establish a diagnostic strategy when confronted with SDV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used DNA samples from a cohort of 73 patients and performed targeted sequencing of the five known SCD-causing genes (DLL3, MESP2, LFNG, HES7 and TBX6) in the first 48 patients and whole-exome sequencing (WES) in 28 relevant patients. RESULTS: Ten diagnoses, including four biallelic variants in TBX6, two biallelic variants in LFNG and DLL3, and one in MESP2 and HES7, were made with the gene panel, and two diagnoses, including biallelic variants in FLNB and one variant in MEOX1, were made by WES. The diagnostic yield of the gene panel was 10/73 (13.7%) in the global cohort but 8/10 (80%) in the subgroup meeting the SCD criteria; the diagnostic yield of WES was 2/28 (8%). CONCLUSION: After negative array CGH, targeted sequencing of the five known SCD genes should only be performed in patients who meet the diagnostic criteria of SCD. The low proportion of candidate genes identified by WES in our cohort suggests the need to consider more complex genetic architectures in cases of SDV.

17.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 26(6): 912-918, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29483668

RESUMO

Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the phenotypic variability between parent and offspring carrying the same genomic imbalance, including unmasking of a recessive variant by a chromosomal deletion. Here, 19 patients with neurodevelopmental disorders harboring a rare deletion inherited from a healthy parent were investigated by whole-exome sequencing to search for SNV on the contralateral segment. This strategy allowed us to identify a candidate variant in two patients in the NUP214 and NCOR1 genes. This result demonstrates that the analysis of the genes included in non-deleted contralateral allele is a key point in the etiological investigation of patients harboring a deletion inherited from a parent. Finally, this strategy is also an interesting approach to identify new recessive intellectual disability genes.

18.
J Med Genet ; 55(4): 278-284, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29358272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stüve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS) is characterised by bowing of the lower limbs, respiratory distress and hyperthermia that are often responsible for early death. Survivors develop progressive scoliosis and spontaneous fractures. We previously identified LIFR mutations in most SWS cases, but absence of LIFR pathogenic changes in five patients led us to perform exome sequencing and to identify homozygosity for a FAM46A mutation in one case [p.Ser205Tyrfs*13]. The follow-up of this case supported a final diagnosis of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), based on vertebral collapses and blue sclerae. METHODS AND RESULTS: This prompted us to screen FAM46A in 25 OI patients with no known mutations.We identified a homozygous deleterious variant in FAM46A in two affected sibs with typical OI [p.His127Arg]. Another homozygous variant, [p.Asp231Gly], also classed as deleterious, was detected in a patient with type III OI of consanguineous parents using homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing.FAM46A is a member of the superfamily of nucleotidyltransferase fold proteins but its exact function is presently unknown. Nevertheless, there are lines of evidence pointing to a relevant role of FAM46A in bone development. By RT-PCR analysis, we detected specific expression of FAM46A in human osteoblasts andinterestingly, a nonsense mutation in Fam46a has been recently identified in an ENU-derived (N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea) mouse model characterised by decreased body length, limb, rib, pelvis, and skull deformities and reduced cortical thickness in long bones. CONCLUSION: We conclude that FAM46A mutations are responsible for a severe form of OI with congenital bowing of the lower limbs and suggest screening this gene in unexplained OI forms.

19.
Bone ; 109: 285-290, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28866367

RESUMO

The Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) Connection Registry is an international, voluntary, observational study that directly captures demographic and disease information initially from patients with FOP (the patient portal) and in the near future from treating physicians (the physician portal) via a secure web-based tool. It was launched by the International FOP Association (IFOPA) with a guiding vision to develop and manage one unified, global, and coordinated Registry allowing the assembly of the most comprehensive data on FOP. This will ultimately facilitate greater access and sharing of patient data and enable better and faster development of therapies and tracking their long-term treatment effectiveness and safety. This report outlines the FOP Connection Registry's design and procedures for data collection and reporting, as well as the long-term sustainability of Registry. Patient-reported, aggregate data are summarized for the first 196 enrolled patients, representing participation from 42 countries and approximately 25% of the world's known FOP population. Fifty-seven percent of the current Registry participants are female with a mean age of 23.8years (median=21years, range=1, 76years). Among the Registry participants who provided their FOP type, 51% reported FOP Classic (R206H), 41% reported FOP Type Unknown, and 8% reported FOP Variant. Patients reported 5.4years (median=3.0years, range=0, 45.8years) as the mean age at which they noticed their first FOP symptoms and a mean age at final FOP diagnosis of 7.5years (median=5.0years, range=0.1, 48.4years). Information on the patients' diagnostic journeys in arriving at a correct diagnosis of FOP is also presented. These early patient-reported data suggest that the IFOPA's vision of one, unified, global, and coordinated approach to the FOP Connection Registry is well underway to being realized. In addition, the positive response from the FOP patient community to the initial launch of the Registry's patient portal has created a solid foundation upon which to build the largest international registry for monitoring the clinical progression of FOP among patients.


Assuntos
Miosite Ossificante , Ossificação Heterotópica , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
20.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 12(1): 123, 2017 06 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28666455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare, severely disabling, and life-shortening genetic disorder that causes the formation of heterotopic bone within soft connective tissue. Previous studies found that the FOP prevalence was about one in every two million lives. The aim of this study is to estimate the FOP prevalence in France by probabilistic record-linkage of 2 national databases: 1) the PMSI (Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information), an administrative database that records all hospitalization activities in France and 2) CEMARA, a registry database developed by the French Centres of Reference for Rare Diseases. RESULTS: Using a capture-recapture methodology to adjust the crude number of patients identified in both data sources, 89 FOP patients were identified, which results in a prevalence of 1.36 per million inhabitants (CI95% = [1.10; 1.68]). FOP patients' mean age was 25 years, only 14.9% were above 40 years, and 53% of them were males. The first symptoms - beside toe malformations- occurred after birth for 97.3% of them. Mean age at identified symptoms was 7 years and above 18 years for only 6.9% of patients. Mean age at diagnosis was 10 years, and above 18 years for 14.9% of the patients. FOP patients were distributed across France. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the challenge of ascertaining patients with rare diseases, we report a much higher prevalence of FOP in France than in previous studies elsewhere. We suggest that efforts to identify patients and confirm the diagnosis of FOP should be reinforced and extended at both national and European level.


Assuntos
Miosite Ossificante/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
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