Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.357
Filtrar
1.
Atherosclerosis ; 324: 46-51, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) has been suggested as a marker of plasma atherogenicity. This study aimed to assess the association between AIP and the rapid progression of coronary atherosclerosis using serial coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). METHODS: A total of 1488 adults (60.9 ± 9.2 years, 58.9% male) who underwent serial CCTA with a median inter-scan period of 3.4 years were included. AIP was defined as the base 10 logarithm of the ratio of the concentrations of triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Rapid plaque progression (RPP) was defined as the change of percentage atheroma volume (PAV) ≥1.0%/year. All participants were divided into three groups based on AIP tertiles. RESULTS: Baseline total PAV (median [interquartile range (IQR)]) (%) (group I [lowest]: 1.91 [0.00, 6.21] vs. group II: 2.82 [0.27, 8.83] vs. group III [highest]: 2.70 [0.41, 7.50]), the annual change of total PAV (median [IQR]) (%/year) (group I: 0.27 [0.00, 0.81] vs. group II: 0.37 [0.04, 1.11] vs. group III: 0.45 [0.06, 1.25]), and the incidence of RPP (group I: 19.7% vs. group II: 27.3% vs. group III: 31.4%) were significantly different among AIP tertiles (all p < 0.05). In multiple logistic regression analysis, the risk of RPP was increased in group III (odds ratio: 1.52, 95% confidence interval: 1.02-2.26; p = 0.042) compared to group I after adjusting for clinical factors and baseline total PAV. CONCLUSIONS: Based on serial CCTA findings, AIP is an independent predictive marker for RPP beyond traditional risk factors.

2.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734354

RESUMO

Secondary (or functional) mitral regurgitation (SMR) occurs frequently in chronic heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, resulting from LV remodelling that prevents coaptation of the valve leaflets. Secondary mitral regurgitation contributes to progression of the symptoms and signs of HF and confers worse prognosis. The management of HF patients with SMR is complex and requires timely referral to a multidisciplinary Heart Team. Optimization of pharmacological and device therapy according to guideline recommendations is crucial. Further management requires careful clinical and imaging assessment, addressing the anatomical and functional features of the mitral valve and left ventricle, overall HF status, and relevant comorbidities. Evidence concerning surgical correction of SMR is sparse and it is doubtful whether this approach improves prognosis. Transcatheter repair has emerged as a promising alternative, but the conflicting results of current randomized trials require careful interpretation. This collaborative position statement, developed by four key associations of the European Society of Cardiology-the Heart Failure Association (HFA), European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI), European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), and European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA)-presents an updated practical approach to the evaluation and management of patients with HF and SMR based upon a Heart Team approach.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693618

RESUMO

AIMS: Controversial results have been published regarding the influence of pulmonary vein (PV) anatomical variations on outcomes after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). However, no data are available on the impact of PV orientation on the long-term success rates of point-by-point PVI. We sought to determine the impact of PV anatomy and orientation on atrial fibrillation (AF)-free survival in patients undergoing PVI using the radiofrequency point-by-point technique. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively included 448 patients who underwent initial point-by-point radiofrequency ablation for AF at our department. Left atrial computed tomography angiography was performed before each procedure. PV anatomical variations, ostial parameters (area, effective diameter, and eccentricity), orientation, and their associations with 24-month AF-free survival were analysed. PV anatomical variations and ostial parameters were not predictive for AF-free survival (all P > 0.05). Univariate analysis showed that female sex (P = 0.025) was associated with higher rates of AF recurrence, ventral-caudal (P = 0.002), dorsal-cranial (P = 0.034), and dorsal-caudal (P = 0.042) orientation of the right superior PV (RSPV), on the other hand, showed an association with lower rates of AF recurrence, when compared with the reference ventral-cranial orientation. On multivariate analysis, both female sex [odds ratio (OR) 1.83, 95% CI 1.15-2.93, P = 0.011] and ventral-caudal RSPV orientation, compared with ventral-cranial orientation, proved to be independent predictors of 24-month AF recurrence (OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.19-0.71, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Female sex and ventral-caudal RSPV orientation have an impact on long-term arrhythmia-free survival. Assessment of PV orientation may be a useful tool in predicting AF-free survival and may contribute to a more personalized management of AF.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709096

RESUMO

AIMS : To investigate the change in atherosclerotic plaque volume in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and declining renal function, using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). METHODS AND RESULTS: In total, 891 participants with analysable serial CCTA and available glomerular filtration rate (GFR, derived using Cockcroft-Gault formulae) at baseline (CCTA 1) and follow-up (CCTA 2) were included. CKD was defined as GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Declining renal function was defined as ≥10% drop in GFR from the baseline. Quantitative assessment of plaque volume and composition were performed on both scans. There were 203 participants with CKD and 688 without CKD. CKD was associated with higher baseline total plaque volume, but similar plaque progression, measured by crude (57.5 ± 3.4 vs. 65.9 ± 7.7 mm3/year, P = 0.28) or annualized (17.3 ± 1.0 vs. 19.9 ± 2.0 mm3/year, P = 0.25) change in total plaque volume. There were 709 participants with stable GFR and 182 with declining GFR. Declining renal function was independently associated with plaque progression, with higher crude (54.1 ± 3.2 vs. 80.2 ± 9.0 mm3/year, P < 0.01) or annualized (16.4 ± 0.9 vs. 23.9 ± 2.6 mm3/year, P < 0.01) increase in total plaque volume. In CKD, plaque progression was driven by calcified plaques whereas in patients with declining renal function, it was driven by non-calcified plaques. CONCLUSION: Decline in renal function was associated with more rapid plaque progression, whereas the presence of CKD was not.

5.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 14(3): e012072, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain has demonstrated incremental prognostic value over LV ejection fraction in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. However, LV global longitudinal strain does not take into consideration the effect of afterload. Novel speckle-tracking echocardiographic indices of myocardial work integrate blood pressure measurements (afterload) with LV global longitudinal strain. The present study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of global LV myocardial work efficiency (GLVMWE; reflecting LV performance) obtained from pressure-strain loops with echocardiography in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: A total of 507 ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients (mean age, 61±11 years; 76% men) were retrospectively analyzed. LV ejection fraction and GLVMWE were measured by transthoracic echocardiography within 48 hours of admission. GLVMWE was defined as the ratio of constructive work divided by the sum of constructive and wasted work in all LV segments and expressed as a percentage. Spline curve analysis was used to define the association between reduced GLVMWE and all-cause death. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 80 months (interquartile range, 67-97 months), 40 (8%) patients died. Patients with reduced GLVMWE (<86%) showed higher cumulative rates of all-cause mortality (17.5% versus 4.7%; log-rank P<0.001) in comparison with patients with preserved GLVMWE (≥86%). Reduced GLVMWE (<86%) showed an independent association with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio, 3.167 [95% CI, 1.679-5.972]; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Reduced GLVMWE (<86%) measured by transthoracic echocardiography within 48 hours of admission in ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction patients is associated with worse long-term survival.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720759

RESUMO

Background - Atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence following catheter ablation remains high. Recent studies have shown a relation between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and AF. EAT secretes several pro- and anti-inflammatory adipokines that directly interact with the adjacent myocardium. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether posterior left atrial (LA) adipose tissue attenuation, as marker of inflammation, is related to AF recurrences after catheter ablation. Methods - Consecutive patients with symptomatic AF referred for first AF catheter ablation who underwent CT were included. The total EAT and posterior LA adipose tissue were manually traced and adipose tissue was automatically recognized as tissue with Hounsfield units (HU) between -195 and -45. The attenuation value of the posterior LA adipose tissue was assessed and the population divided according to the mean HU value (-96.4 HU). Results - In total, 460 patients (66% male, age 61 ± 10 years) were included in the analysis. After a median follow-up of 18 months (IQR 6-32), 168 (37%) patients had AF recurrence. Patients with higher attenuation (≥-96.4 HU) of the posterior LA adipose tissue showed higher AF recurrence rates compared to patients with lower attenuation (<-96.4 HU) (log-rank test p=0.046). Univariate analysis showed an association between AF recurrence and higher posterior LA adipose tissue attenuation (≥-96.4 HU) (p<0.05). On multivariable analysis posterior LA adipose tissue attenuation (HR 1.26; 95% CI 0.90-1.76; p=0.181) remained a promising predictor of AF recurrence following catheter ablation. Conclusions - Posterior LA adipose tissue attenuation is a promising predictor of AF recurrence in patients who undergo catheter ablation. Higher adipose tissue attenuation might signal increased local inflammation and serve as an imaging biomarker of increased risk of AF recurrence.

7.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667451

RESUMO

Chronic pressure-overload induces right ventricular (RV) adaptation to maintain RV-pulmonary arterial (PA) coupling. RV remodeling is frequently associated with secondary tricuspid regurgitation (TR) which may accelerate uncoupling. Our aim is to determine whether the non-invasive analysis of RV-PA coupling could improve risk stratification in patients with secondary TR. A total of 1,149 patients (median age 72[IQR, 63 to 79] years, 51% men) with moderate or severe secondary TR were included. RV-PA coupling was estimated using the ratio between two standard echocardiographic measurements: tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP). The risk of all-cause mortality across different values of TAPSE/PASP was analyzed with a spline analysis. The cut-off value of TAPSE/PASP to identify RV-PA uncoupling was based on the spline curve analysis. At the time of significant secondary TR diagnosis the median TAPSE/PASP was 0.35 (IQR, 0.25 to 0.49) mm/mm Hg. A total of 470 patients (41%) demonstrated RV-PA uncoupling (<0.31 mm/mm Hg). Patients with RV-PA uncoupling presented more frequently with heart failure symptoms had larger RV and left ventricular dimensions, and more severe TR compared to those with RV-PA coupling. During a median follow-up of 51 (IQR, 17 to 86) months, 586 patients (51%) died. The cumulative 5-year survival rate was lower in patients with RV-PA uncoupling compared to their counterparts (37% vs 64%, p < 0.001). After correcting for potential confounders, RV-PA uncoupling was the only echocardiographic parameter independently associated with all-cause mortality (HR 1.462; 95% CI 1.192 to 1.793; p < 0.001). In conclusion, RV-PA uncoupling in patients with secondary TR is independently associated with poor prognosis and may improve risk stratification.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33744010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Posterior mitral valve leaflet prolapse repair can be performed by leaflet resection or chordal replacement techniques. The impact of these techniques on left ventricular function remains a topic of debate, considering the presumed better preservation of mitral-ventricular continuity when leaflet resection is avoided. We explored the effect of different posterior mitral valve leaflet repair techniques on postoperative left ventricular function. METHODS: In total, 125 patients were included and divided into 2 groups: leaflet resection (n = 82) and isolated chordal replacement (n = 43). Standard and advanced echocardiographic assessments were performed preoperatively, directly postoperatively, and at late follow-up. In addition, left ventricular global longitudinal strain was measured and corrected for left ventricular end-diastolic volume to adjust for the significant changes in left ventricular volumes. RESULTS: At baseline, no significant intergroup difference in left ventricular function was observed measured with the corrected left ventricular global longitudinal strain (resect: 1.76% ± 0.58%/10 mL vs respect: 1.70% ± 0.57%/10 mL, P = .560). Postoperatively, corrected left ventricular global longitudinal strain worsened in both groups but improved significantly during late follow-up, returning to preoperative values (resect: 1.39% ± 0.49% to 1.71% ± 0.56%/10 mL, P < .001 and respect: 1.30% ± 0.45% to 1.70% ± 0.54%/10 mL, P < .001). Mixed model analysis showed no significant effect on the corrected left ventricular global longitudinal strain when comparing the 2 different surgical repair techniques over time (P = .943). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that both leaflet resection and chordal replacement repair techniques are effective at preserving postoperative left ventricular function in patients with posterior mitral valve leaflet prolapse and significant regurgitation.

9.
Int J Cardiol ; 331: 316-321, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are several methods to quantify mitral regurgitation (MR) by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). The interoperability of these methods and their reproducibility remains undetermined. OBJECTIVE: To determine the agreement and reproducibility of different MR quantification methods by CMR across all aetiologies. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with MR were recruited (primary MR = 12, secondary MR = 10 and MVR = 13). Patients underwent CMR, including cines and four-dimensional flow (4D flow). Four methods were evaluated: MRStandard (left ventricular stroke volume - aortic forward flow by phase contrast), MRLVRV (left ventricular stroke volume - right ventricular stroke volume), MRJet (direct jet quantification by 4D flow) and MRMVAV (mitral forward flow by 4D flow - aortic forward flow by 4D flow). For all cases and MR types, 520 MR volumes were recorded by these 4 methods for intra-/inter-observer tests. RESULTS: In primary MR, MRMVAV and MRLVRV were comparable to MRStandard (P > 0.05). MRJet resulted in significantly higher MR volumes when compared to MRStandard (P < 0.05) In secondary MR and MVR cases, all methods were comparable. In intra-observer tests, MRMVAV demonstrated least bias with best limits of agreement (bias = -0.1 ml, -8 ml to 7.8 ml, P = 0.9) and best concordance correlation coefficient (CCC = 0.96, P < 0.01). In inter-observer tests, for primary MR and MVR, least bias and highest CCC were observed for MRMVAV. For secondary MR, bias was lowest for MRJet (-0.1 ml, PNS). CONCLUSION: CMR methods of MR quantification demonstrate agreement in secondary MR and MVR. In primary MR, this was not observed. Across all types of MR, MRMVAV quantification demonstrated the highest reproducibility and consistency.

10.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2021 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33521873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with the novel radiopharmaceutical Fluorine-18 Flurpiridaz has been shown in Phase 1, 2, and first Phase 3 clinical studies to be safe and effective in diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD). We describe the methodology of the second FDA-mandated phase 3 prospective, open-label, international, multi-center trial of F-18 Flurpiridaz PET MPI. METHODS: The primary study end point is to assess the diagnostic efficacy of F-18 Flurpiridaz PET MPI in the detection of significant CAD [≥ 50% by quantitative invasive coronary angiography (ICA)] in patients with suspected CAD. The secondary endpoints are to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of F-18 Flurpiridaz PET MPI compared to Tc-99 m-labeled SPECT MPI in the detection of CAD in all patients and in the following subgroups: (1) females; (2) patients with body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2; and (3) diabetic patients. This trial's design differs from the first phase 3 trial in that (1) comparison to SPECT is now a secondary end point; (2) patients with known CAD are excluded; and (3) both SPECT and PET MPI are performed before ICA. CONCLUSIONS: This second phase 3 study will provide additional evidence on the diagnostic efficacy of F-18 Flurpiridaz PET MPI in the detection of significant CAD. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03354273.

11.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640367

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess differences in etiology, comorbidities, echocardiographic parameters, and prognosis between men and women with significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR). Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of 1569 patients (age 71 [62 to 78] years) at first diagnosis of significant TR were compared between men and women. Patients with congenital heart disease or previous tricuspid valve surgery were excluded. TR etiologies were defined as primary, left valvular disease related, left ventricular (LV) dysfunction related, pulmonary hypertension related, or isolated. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality. Sex-specific differences in outcomes were compared in the total population and after propensity score matching. There were 798 (51%) women and 771 (49%) men in the study population. Women were diagnosed with significant TR at an older age compared with men (72 [62 to 79] years vs. 70 [61 to 77] years; p = 0.003). The TR etiology in women was more often left valvular disease related and isolated whereas men more often had LV dysfunction related TR. In the total population women had better 10-year survival compared with men (49% vs. 39%; p=0.001). After propensity score matching, the influence of sex on survival was neutralized (p = 0.228) but the TR etiologies remained significantly associated with all-cause mortality. Patients with left valvular disease or LV dysfunction related TR had lower survival compared with patients with primary TR (p = 0.004 and p = 0.019, respectively). In conclusion, long-term survival of patients with significant TR was similar between men and women after propensity score matching, while the etiology of TR remained significantly associated with all-cause mortality.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A novel tricuspid regurgitation (TR) grading system, using vena contracta (VC) width and effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA), was proposed and validated based on its prognostic usefulness. BACKGROUND: The clinical need of a new grading system for TR has recently been emphasized to depict the whole spectrum of TR severity, particularly beyond severe TR (massive or torrential). METHODS: TR severity was characterized in 1,129 patients with moderate or severe secondary TR (STR). Recently proposed cutoff values of VC width were more effective in differentiating the prognosis of patients with moderate STR, whereas EROA cutoff values performed better in characterizing the risk of patients with more severe STR. Therefore, these 2 parameters were combined into a novel grading system to define moderate (VC <7 mm), severe (VC ≥7 mm and EROA <80 mm2), and torrential (VC ≥7 mm and EROA ≥80 mm2) STR. RESULTS: A total of 143 patients (13%) showed moderate STR, whereas 536 patients (47%) had severe STR, and 450 (40%) had torrential STR. Patients with torrential STR had larger right ventricular (RV) dimensions, lower RV systolic function, and were more likely to receive diuretics. The cumulative 10-year survival rate was 53% for moderate, 45% for severe, and 35% for torrential STR (p = 0.007). After adjusting for potential confounders, torrential STR retained an association with worse prognosis compared with other STR grades (hazard ratio: 1.245; 95% confidence interval: 1.023 to 1.516; p = 0.029). CONCLUSIONS: A novel STR grading system was able to capture the whole range of STR severity and identified patients with torrential STR who were characterized by a worse prognosis.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify distinct patient groups and their association with outcome based on the patient similarity network using quantitative coronary plaque characteristics from coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). BACKGROUND: Coronary CTA can noninvasively assess coronary plaques quantitatively. METHODS: Patients who underwent 2 coronary CTAs at a minimum of 24 months' interval were analyzed (n = 1,264). A similarity Mapper network of patients was built by topological data analysis (TDA) based on the whole-heart quantitative coronary plaque analysis on coronary CTA to identify distinct patient groups and their association with outcome. RESULTS: Three distinct patient groups were identified by TDA, and the patient similarity network by TDA showed a closed loop, demonstrating a continuous trend of coronary plaque progression. Group A had the least coronary plaque amount (median 12.4 mm3 [interquartile range (IQR): 0.0 to 39.6 mm3]) in the entire coronary tree. Group B had a moderate coronary plaque amount (31.7 mm3 [IQR: 0.0 to 127.4 mm3]) with relative enrichment of fibrofatty and necrotic core (32.6% [IQR: 16.7% to 46.2%] and 2.7% [IQR: 0.1% to 6.9%] of the total plaque, respectively) components. Group C had the largest coronary plaque amount (187.0 mm3 [IQR: 96.7 to 306.4 mm3]) and was enriched for dense calcium component (46.8% [IQR: 32.0% to 63.7%] of the total plaque). At follow-up, total plaque volume, fibrous, and dense calcium volumes increased in all groups, but the proportion of fibrofatty component decreased in groups B and C, whereas the necrotic core portion decreased in only group B (all p < 0.05). Group B showed a higher acute coronary syndrome incidence than other groups (0.3% vs. 2.6% vs. 0.6%; p = 0.009) but both group B and C had a higher revascularization incidence than group A (3.1% vs. 15.5% vs. 17.8%; p < 0.001). Incorporating group information from TDA demonstrated increase of model fitness for predicting acute coronary syndrome or revascularization compared with that incorporating clinical risk factors, percentage diameter stenosis, and high-risk plaque features. CONCLUSIONS: The TDA of quantitative whole-heart coronary plaque characteristics on coronary CTA identified distinct patient groups with different plaque dynamics and clinical outcomes. (Progression of AtheRosclerotic PlAque DetermIned by Computed TomoGraphic Angiography Imaging [PARADIGM]; NCT02803411).

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to examine the independent prognostic value of whole-heart atherosclerosis progression by serial coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). METHODS: The multi-center PARADIGM study includes patients undergoing serial CCTA for symptomatic reasons, ≥2 years apart. Whole-heart atherosclerosis was characterized on a segmental level, with co-registration of baseline and follow-up CCTA, and summed to per-patient level. The independent prognostic significance of atherosclerosis progression for MACE (non-fatal myocardial infarction [MI], death, unplanned coronary revascularization) was examined. Patients experiencing interval MACE were not omitted. RESULTS: The study population comprised 1166 patients (age 60.5 â€‹± â€‹9.5 years, 54.7% male) who experienced 139 MACE events during 8.2 (IQR 6.2, 9.5) years of follow up (15 death, 5 non-fatal MI, 119 unplanned revascularizations). Whole-heart percent atheroma volume (PAV) increased from 2.32% at baseline to 4.04% at follow-up. Adjusted for baseline PAV, the annualized increase in PAV was independently associated with MACE: OR 1.23 (95% CI 1.08, 1.39) per 1 standard deviation increase, which was consistent in multiple subpopulations. When categorized by composition, only non-calcified plaque progression associated independently with MACE, while calcified plaque did not. Restricting to patients without events before follow-up CCTA, those with future MACE showed an annualized increase in PAV of 0.93% (IQR 0.34, 1.96) vs 0.32% (IQR 0.02, 0.90), P â€‹< â€‹0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Whole-heart atherosclerosis progression examined by serial CCTA is independently associated with MACE, with a prognostic threshold of 1.0% increase in PAV per year.

19.
Am J Cardiol ; 143: 60-66, 2021 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359195

RESUMO

The present study aimed to examine differences in left- and right atrial characteristics between atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). For this, 420 patients (mean age 68 ± 10 years, 73% female) with first diagnosis of AF and baseline echocardiography were included. Of these, 143 COPD patients were compared with 277 patients without COPD matched by age, gender and body surface area. Additionally 38 healthy controls without cardiovascular risk factors, matched for age, were included. For all 3 groups, left atrial (LA) volumes and diameter, LA reservoir strain (LASr), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), right atrial (RA) area and diameter, RA reservoir strain (RASr) and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion were evaluated on transthoracic echocardiography. Baseline characteristics were similar in patients with and without COPD except for smoking and a history of heart failure (42% vs 11%, p < 0.001 and 48% vs 37%, p = 0.036 for COPD and non-COPD patients, respectively). Also, COPD patients less often used ß-blockers (63% vs 75%, p = 0.017). There were no significant differences in LVEF, LA volume and RA area between COPD and non-COPD patients. Compared to the controls, AF patients had impaired LVEF, LASr and RASr. Only RASr was significantly worse in COPD patients as compared to non-COPD patients (15.3% [9.0 to 25.1] vs 19.6% [11.8 to 28.5], p = 0.013). Additionally, a trend towards worse RASr was observed with increasing COPD severity. In conclusion, AF patients with concomitant COPD have more impaired RA function compared to patients without COPD but with similar atrial size and LA function.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Atrial , Ecocardiografia , Átrios do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Volume Sistólico , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...