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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326611

RESUMO

Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a rare complication with no curative option. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) may be considered for eligible patients and has been understudied in t-MDS. We report 47 consecutive patients with t-MDS after an ASCT who underwent allo-HSCT with a median age of 58 years (range, 30 to 71 years) at transplantation and a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 0.7 to 107). The median overall survival (OS) was 6.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 0 to 19 months). OS rates were 45% (29% to 60%) and 30% (15% to 45%) at 1 and 3 years after transplantation, respectively. On univariate analysis, prior therapy for t-MDS before allo-HSCT (P = .02) and mismatched donors (P = .004) were associated with poor OS. Three-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM) and relapse rates were 44% (25% to 63%) and 41% (22% to 61%), respectively. Mismatched donors (P < .001) were associated with higher NRM and a high-risk MDS (P = .008) with a higher relapse risk. On multivariate analysis, HLA mismatch was associated with higher NRM (hazard ratio, 6.21; 95% CI, 1.63 to 23.62; P = .007). In conclusion, our results suggest that one third of the patients who develop t-MDS after an ASCT for lymphoma are cured after an allo-HSCT. The use of mismatched donors with standard graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis should be avoided in such an indication for allo-HSCT. It will be worthwhile to see if the implementation of cyclophosphamide post-transplantation will improve the outcome with mismatched donors.

2.
Haematologica ; 2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097628

RESUMO

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation remains the only curative treatment for sickle-cell anemia, but the place of myeloablative conditioning remains to be defined. The aim of the present study was to analyze long-term outcomes, including chimerism, sickle-cell anemia-related events and biological data (hemoglobin, reticulocytes, HbS%), and fertility, in a French series of 234 SCA-patients younger than 30 years who received (1988-2012) a matched-sibling-donor stem cell transplantation following standardized myeloablative conditioning (Busulfan, Cyclophosphamide and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin). Since the first report of the series (1988-2004), 151 new consecutive patients with sickle-cell anemia were similarly transplanted. Considering death, non-engraftment or rejection (donor cells<5%) as events, the 5-year event-free survival was 97.9% (95% confidence interval:95.5-100%), confirming at least 95% chance of cure since year 2000. In the overall cohort (n=234, median follow-up of 7.9 years), event-free survival was not associated with age, but chronic-graft-vs-host disease was independently associated with recipien's age>15 (hazard ratio=4.37,P=0.002) and lower (5-15 vs 20 mg/kg) anti-thymocyte globulin dose (hazard ratio=4.55,P=0.001). At one year, 44% of patients had mixed chimerism (5-95% donor cells), but those prepared with anti-thymocyte globulin had no graft rejection. No events related to sickle cell anemia occurred in patients with mixed chimerism, even those with 15-20% donor cells, but hemolytic anemia stigmata were observed with donor cells<50%. Currently, myeloablative transplantation with matched-sibling donor has a higher event-free survival (98%) in patients younger than 30 than that reported for non-myeloablative conditioning (88%). Nevertheless, the risk of chronic graft-vs-host disease in older patients and need for fertility preservation might be indications in patients older than 15 for a non-myeloablative conditioning.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129355

RESUMO

Prognosis of patients with graft failure is dismal, and retransplantation is the sole option for long-term survival. To address the interest of haploidentical transplantation as a salvage option in this context, we analyzed data from 24 patients with graft failure or loss retransplanted with a haploidentical donor who received post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis (GVHD). Fludarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning was used in 23 patients and the Baltimore regimen in 14 patients. The median delay between previous and salvage transplantation for graft failure was 63 days (range, 39 to 98). In addition to PTCy, all patients received cyclosporine, and 22 patients also received mycophenolate mofetil for GVHD prophylaxis. With a median follow-up of 353 days (range, 16 to 2010), 1-year overall survival (OS) was 56% (95% confidence interval, 38% to 81%). Transplant complications accounted for 80% of deaths. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day +30 was 79%. Cumulative incidence of grades II to IV acute GVHD at day 100 was 14%, and 1-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 31%. One-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 13%. Stem cell source did not impact on engraftment, GVHD, relapse, or OS. Salvage haploidentical transplant with PTCy for rescuing graft failure patients leads to an acceptable 1-year OS and might be a valid option in this poor situation.

5.
J Infect ; 79(1): 36-42, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075291

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to prospectively evaluate the incidence and the clinical relevance on hematopoietic reconstitution of HHV-6 infection in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (ASCT) recipients. METHODS: HHV-6 DNA load was measured in whole blood specimens once during the 7 days before stem cell re-infusion and once a week after transplantation until hematopoietic recovery. Active HHV-6 infection was defined by 2 consecutive positive DNA loads. RESULTS: from July 2012 to February 2015, 196 adult patients undergoing ASCT were enrolled. Twenty-two (11.2%) patients developed active HHV-6 infection with a cumulative incidence of 19% at 40 days after transplantation. The onset of active HHV-6 infection occurred with a median of 13 days after stem cell re-infusion. HHV-6 infection was associated with an increased frequency of non-infectious complications (OR = 5.05; 95%CI 1.78-14.32; P < 0.001). Moreover, the severity of these non-infectious complications was higher in recipients exhibiting HHV-6 infection (OR = 4.62; 95%CI 1.32-16.2; p < 0.01). Delayed neutrophils 10 (IQR: 8-14) vs 8 (IQR: 6-11) days and platelets recoveries 15 (IQR: 11.8-18.5) vs 8 (IQR: 4-14) days were observed in patients with active HHV-6 infection compared to non-infected ones. CONCLUSIONS: in this study, 11.2% ASCT recipients presented active HHV-6 infection associated with significantly delayed hematologic reconstitution.

6.
Neuro Oncol ; 2019 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare form of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma. PCNSL is a distinct subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with over 95% of tumors belonging to the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) group. We have conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on immunocompetent patients to address the possibility that common genetic variants influence the risk of developing PCNSL. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of two new genome-wide association studies of PCNSL totaling 475 cases and 1,134 controls of European ancestry. To increase genomic resolution, we imputed >10 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using the 1000 Genomes Project combined with UK10K as reference. In addition we performed a transcription factor binding disruption analysis and investigated the patterns of local chromatin patterns by capture Hi-C data. RESULTS: We identified independent risk loci at 3p22.1 (rs41289586, ANO10, P = 2.17 x 10-8) and 6p25.3 near EXOC2 (rs116446171, P = 1.95 x 10-13). In contrast the lack of an association between rs41289586 and DLBCL, suggests distinct germline predisposition to PCNSL and DLBCL. We found looping chromatin interactions between non-coding regions at 6p25.3 (rs11646171) with the IRF4 promoter and at 8q24.21 (rs13254990) with the MYC promoter, both genes with strong relevance to B-cell tumorigenesis. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge this is the first study providing insight into the genetic predisposition to PCNSL. Our findings represent an important step in defining the contribution of common genetic variation to the risk of developing PCNSL.

7.
Ann Hematol ; 98(8): 1973-1980, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111177

RESUMO

High-dose chemotherapy before autologous transplantation is a therapeutic option as consolidation in primary or relapsed lymphoma. Even if BEAM conditioning is generally used, alternative conditioning regimens have been published. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of 177 adult patients with lymphoma whose conditioning treatment included a BAM (busulfan, aracytine, and melphalan) regimen. With a median follow-up of 17.4 months, 2-year estimates of overall survival and progression-free survival for the entire group were 87% and 70.5%, respectively. Mucositis was the main reported complications and infectious episodes were described in 80.2% of patients. According to multivariate analysis, high performance status and age at diagnosis were adverse factors for survival and increased the risk of disease relapse and death. Despite its limitations, this retrospective study suggests that BAM combination is a valid conditioning regimen in lymphoma patients, with an acceptable rate of toxicity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/terapia , Mucosite/diagnóstico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , França , Humanos , Linfoma/classificação , Linfoma/mortalidade , Masculino , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Melfalan/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosite/induzido quimicamente , Mucosite/patologia , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo
10.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(5): 1501-1511, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30663016

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The use of autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) in autoimmune disease (AD) patients has increased progressively worldwide. We retrospectively analysed the long-term outcome of AHSCT for AD reported to the French Society for Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC). METHOD: All French AD patients (≥ 18 years at transplant) with a first AHSCT between 1997 and 2013 were included. Primary data were derived from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry, and additional data were obtained through a specific questionnaire designed for the study. Primary end-point was overall survival (OS). Secondary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) and non-relapse mortality (NRM). RESULTS: Ninety-four AD patients were included, of whom 71% suffered from rheumatologic diseases (n = 67, including 56 systemic sclerosis (SSc)), 16% from neurological disease (n = 15, including 14 multiple sclerosis (MS)) and 13% from various other AD (n = 12). After a median (interquartile range, IQR) follow-up of 83 months (38-130), OS at 5 and 10 years were 77% (95% CI 68.5-86.2) and 64% (95% CI 51.7-76.3), and for PFS 51% (95% CI 40.4-61.6) and 44% (95% CI 32.8-55.3), respectively. Overall, NRM was 8.7% (95% CI 4.0-15.5) at day 100, 9.8% (95% CI 4.8-16.9) at 5 years and 13.6% (95% CI 6.9-22.5) at 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: This first SFGM-TC retrospective report shows long-term benefit of AHSCT in AD patients with acceptable toxicity.

11.
Bull Cancer ; 106(1): 12-23, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612698

RESUMO

The editorial board of Bulletin du Cancer presents some hot topics published or presented in major oncology meetings in 2018. This selection is related to pediatric oncology and to solid and hemato-malignancies in adults, with immunotherapy approaches (checkpoints or CAR-T) as one of the major breakthroughs. Putative impacts on daily practices are discussed, in order to detail what will really change our practice.


Assuntos
Oncologia/tendências , Neoplasias/terapia , Adulto , Criança , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Imunoterapia/tendências
13.
Bull Cancer ; 106(1S): S35-S39, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580911

RESUMO

Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) can be proposed to treat or prevent the relapse of malignant hemopathies following allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The efficiency has been mainly reported in the treatment of CML and low-grade lymphomas while the anti-tumoral activity is less in forms of acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes. The GVL benefit should always be compared to the possible toxic effects of GVHD. This article updates the initial SFGM-TC recommendations, proposed in 2013, that were focused on the use of DLI. Doses of DLI in the context of haplo-identical stem cell transplantation are now indicated. We confirm that remaining mobilized stem cells may be used as classical DLI. The definition and the place of preemptive and prophylactic DLI are precisely given. Recommendations regarding the quality of thawed DLI as well as necessary clinical and biological follow-up are also described in detail.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Linfócitos T/transplante , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Criopreservação , Efeito Enxerto vs Leucemia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Recidiva , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/normas , Doadores de Tecidos , Transplante Homólogo
14.
Ther Drug Monit ; 2018 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30299429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic drug monitoring of carboplatin is based on its unbound clearance (CLU) determined by Bayesian analysis on unbound (U) concentrations. However, the ultrafiltration of plasma samples presents technical and time constraints. Therefore, the present study aims to estimate CLU using total plasma (P) concentrations. METHODS: U and P concentration data of 407 patients were obtained from two clinical studies in which actual CLU had been determined for each patient. The patients were then split into development (277 patients) and prospective datasets (130 patients). Two approaches were evaluated. PK-model-only approach: a three-compartment pharmacokinetic (PK) model based on U and P concentrations and taking into account the protein binding process was developed. The model with patient covariates was also evaluated. Linear regression approach: an equation (CLU = a·CLP + b) was obtained by linear regression analysis between actual CLU and CLP which is the total plasma clearance obtained by analyzing P concentrations according to a two-compartment PK model. Predictive performance was then assessed within the prospective dataset by estimating CLU from P concentrations using each approach and computing the relative percentage error (PE) between estimated CLU and actual CLU. RESULTS: The linear regression equation was CLU (L/h) = 1.15 CLP (L/h) + 0.13. The mean PE (MPE) between CLU (estimated using the equation) and the actual CLU was +1.2% (ranging from -31% to +33%) and the mean absolute PE (MAPE) was 9.7%. With the three-compartment PK model, the MPE was +2.3% (ranging from -41% to +31%), and the MAPE was 11.1%. Inclusion of covariates in the three-compartment model did not improve the estimation of CLU [MPE: +6.3% (from -33% to +37%); MAPE=11.4%]. CONCLUSIONS: The linear equation gives a relatively good estimation of CLU based on P concentrations, making PK-based carboplatin dose adaptation possible for centers without ultrafiltration facilities.

16.
Curr Res Transl Med ; 2018 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30206045

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We developed a prognostic scoring system to evaluate the prognosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients surviving more than 100 days allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation after (allo-HCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a landmark analysis on a derivation cohort of 393 cases to identify prognostic factors for 3-year overall survival. Potential predictor variables included demographic and clinical data, transplantation modalities and early post-transplant complications. The scoring system was tested against a validation cohort which included 391 patients. RESULTS: Complications occurring before day 100 such as relapse [HR = 6.7; 95%CI, 4.5-10.0] (4 points), lack of platelet recovery [HR, 3.6; 95%CI, 2.2-5.8] (2 points), grade-II acute GVHD [HR = 1.7; 95%CI, 1.2-2.5] (1 point) and grade-III/IV [HR = 2.6; 95%CI, 1.8 -3.8] (2 points) were the only independent predictors of 3-year OS. The 3-year OS associated with low (0), intermediate (1-3) and high (≥4) risk scores was respectively 70%, 46% and 6%. The model performed consistently in both cohorts, with good calibration. CONCLUSION: This post-transplant scoring system is a powerful predictor of outcome after allo-HCT for MDS, and can provide useful guidance for clinicians. Additional studies are required to evaluate this scoring system for other hematologic malignancies.

17.
Bull Cancer ; 105(9): 743-745, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119830

RESUMO

Due to immunotherapy, a new era of treatment is opening up for the treatment of solid cancers and hematological tumors. T cells genetically modified with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR-T cells) have recently been proved efficient in hematological malignancies expressing CD19. On June 20th 2018, the European Medicines Agency gave a favorable opinion on two types of anti-CD19 CAR-T cells - tisagenlecleucel and axicabtagène ciloleucel - in the management of malignant hemopathies B after two lines of treatment. Their remarkable efficacy has been demonstrated in the first clinical trials conducted in the United States, but they present new and potentially serious side effects (cytokine release syndrome, neurotoxicity, among others). However, this new class of gene therapy raises practical problems regarding its production circuit, its delivery conditions and its high cost.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética/métodos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Leucemia de Células B/terapia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/uso terapêutico , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Criança , Terapia Genética/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia
18.
Oncologist ; 23(8): 948-955, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29934413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Brain metastases (BM) from adult soft tissue or bone sarcomas are rare, and sparse data exist on their prognostic factors and management. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 15 centers of the French Sarcoma Group, plus one Canadian and one Swiss center, to report on clinical, histological, and treatment characteristics and to identify predictive factors of outcome. RESULTS: Between 1992 and 2012, 246 patients with a median age of 50 years (range: 16-86) were managed for BM. BM included 221 cerebral and cerebellar metastases and 40 cases of meningeal sarcomatosis. The most frequent histopathological subtype was leiomyosarcoma (18.7%). Histological grade was high in 118 (48%) cases. Surgery of BM was carried out for 38 (15.5%) patients. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy were administered in 168 (68.3%) and 91 (37.0%) patients, respectively. Irrespective of treatment modality, BM were controlled in 113 patients (45.9%), including 31 partial responses (12.6%) and 18 complete responses (7.3%). The median overall survival from diagnosis of brain metastasis was 2.7 months (range: 0-133). In the multivariate analysis, the following parameters influenced overall survival: chemotherapy (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.38; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.26-0.48), surgery (HR = 0.40; 95% CI: 0.22-0.72), stereotactic radiotherapy (HR = 0.41; 95% CI: 0.19-0.90), whole-brain radiotherapy (HR = 0.51; 95% CI: 0.35-0.76), and grade (HR = 0.65; 95% CI: 0.43-0.98). CONCLUSION: BM of sarcomas are rare and associated with a dismal outcome. Multidisciplinary management with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery is associated with a better survival. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The incidence of brain and meningeal metastasis in bone and soft tissue sarcomas is estimated between 1% and 8%. Published data are derived from small retrospective case series, often in the pediatric population. A prognostic index is important to guide both clinical decision-making and outcomes research, but one such is lacking for adult sarcoma patients with brain metastases. The current study describes brain metastasis in a large cohort of sarcoma patients. This study, conducted within the French Sarcoma Group, describes the natural history of sarcoma brain metastasis and enables the proposal of strategic recommendations for subsequent clinical trials and for the management of such patients.

19.
Am J Hematol ; 2018 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29726580

RESUMO

Matching for HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 loci (8/8 match) is currently the gold standard for unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). In Europe, patients are also matched at the HLA-DQB1 loci (10/10 match). However, there is increasing evidence that matching at HLA-DRB3/4/5 loci may help to lower transplant-related morbidity and mortality. We therefore investigated the impact of HLA-DRB3/4/5 mismatches on outcomes in 1975 patients who received a first 10/10 matched unrelated donor (MUD) HCT in France from 2000 to 2012 for a hematological malignancy. High-resolution typing was performed at HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1, -DPB1, and -DRB3/4/5 loci for all donor/recipient pairs. Compared with DRB3/4/5-matched pairs, patients who received a MUD HCT from a DRB3/4/5 mismatched donor had a significantly increased risk of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (Adjusted Hazard Ratio (HR) 1.43 (1.07 to 1.90)) associated with lower graft-versus-host disease-free and relapse-free survival (GRFS) (Adjusted HR 1.20 (1.02 to 1.42)). Conversely, we observed no differences in terms of chronic GVHD, nonrelapse mortality, relapse and overall survival. However, we believe that patients stand to benefit from DRB3/4/5 loci being considered for unrelated donor selection to improve GRFS and then quality of life after unrelated HCT.

20.
Blood ; 132(7): 750-754, 2018 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29760162

RESUMO

Outcomes remain poor for refractory severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients. Alternative donor transplantation may be considered, but results from previous studies are not encouraging. We conducted a prospective nationwide phase 2 study to assess unrelated cord blood (CB) transplantation (CBT) efficacy and safety in refractory SAA patients (Aplastic Anemia and Cord Blood Transplantation protocol). To demonstrate a significant difference in 1-year survival from 20% (null hypothesis) to 50% (alternative hypothesis), we needed to include 25 transplanted patients and therefore included 26 (median age, 16 years). Eligibility criteria required 1 or 2 unrelated CB units, containing separately or together >4 × 107 frozen nucleated cells (NCs) per kilogram of recipient body weight. Conditioning regimen comprised fludarabine (FLU), cyclophosphamide (CY), antithymocyte globulin (ATG), and 2-Gy total body irradiation (TBI). With a median follow-up of 38.8 months, engraftment occurred in 23 patients (88%); cumulative incidences of grade II-IV acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease were 45.8% and 36%, respectively. Twenty-three patients were alive at 1 year, with an 88.5% overall survival (OS) rate, differing significantly from the expected 20% (P < .0001; 84% OS at 2 years). CBT with units containing ≥4 × 107 frozen NCs per kilogram is therefore a valuable curative option for young adults with refractory SAA and no available matched unrelated donors. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01343953.

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