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1.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(10): 835-843, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-6625

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: Los niveles circulantes de la proteína de unión del factor de crecimiento de tipo insulina 2 (IGFBP2) aumentan en la insuficiencia renal crónica (IRC), y se asocian con un mayor riesgo de mortalidad en la miocardiopatía dilatada. Dado que la IRC se asocia con una mayor mortalidad en la insuficiencia cardiaca (IC), hemos investigado si, en pacientes con IC de distinta etiología, IGFBP2 se asocia con la IRC, y si la IRC modifica el valor pronóstico de esta proteína. MÉTODOS: Se estudiaron pacientes con IC (n=686, edad media 66,6 años, 32,7% mujeres) durante 3,5 años (min-máx: 0,1-6 años). Los pacientes se clasificaron como IRC con una tasa de filtrado glomerular estimada disminuida (TFGe <60ml/min/1,73 m2) y como pacientes con TFGe ≥ 60ml/min/1,73 m2. IGFBP2 se determinó en suero mediante ELISA. RESULTADOS: La IGFBP2 sérica estaba aumentada (p <0,001) en los pacientes con IRC y TFGe <60ml/min/1,73 m2 (n=290, 42,3%), comparados con aquellos con TFGe ≥ 60 ml/min/1,73 m2. IGFBP2 se asociaba directamente con el NT-proBNP e inversamente con la TFGe (p <0,001), independientemente de factores confundentes. Además, IGFBP2 se asociaba directa e independientemente con la mortalidad cardiovascular y por cualquier causa (p <0,001) en todos los pacientes, mostrando en los pacientes con IRC y TFGe <60ml/min/1,73 m2 mayor asociación con muerte cardiovascular (p interacción <0,05) y valor pronóstico añadido sobre factores de riesgo relevantes. CONCLUSIONES: Los niveles séricos de IGFBP2 se asocian con un empeoramiento de la función renal en pacientes con IC y con un mayor riesgo de muerte cardiovascular, principalmente en los pacientes con IC y IRC con una TFGe disminuida


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Preliminary results suggest that high circulating insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) levels are associated with mortality risk in heart failure (HF) patients. As IGFBP2 levels are increased in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is associated with a higher mortality risk in HF patients, we examined whether IGFBP2 is associated with CKD in HF patients, and whether CKD modifies the prognostic value of this protein in HF patients. METHODS: HF patients (n=686, mean age 66.6 years, 32.7% women) were enrolled and followed up for a median of 3.5 (min-max range: 0.1-6) years. Patients were classified as having CKD with decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR <60mL/min/1.73 m2) or as having CKD with nondecreased eGFR (≥ 60mL/min/1.73 m2). Serum IGFBP2 was detected by ELISA. RESULTS: IGFBP2 was increased (P <.001) in CKD patients with decreased eGFR (n=290, 42.3%) compared with patients with nondecreased eGFR. IGFBP2 was directly associated with NT-proBNP (P <.001) and inversely associated with eGFR (P <.001), with both associations being independent of confounding factors. IGFBP2 was directly and independently associated with cardiovascular and all-cause death (P <.001) in the whole group of patients, but showed a stronger association with cardiovascular death in CKD patients with decreased eGFR (P for interaction <.05), improving risk prediction in these patients over clinically relevant risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Serum IGFBP2 is associated with impaired renal function and prognosticates cardiovascular death in patients with HF and CKD with decreased eGFR. Thus, there is an effect modification of CKD on circulating IGFBP2 and on its association with cardiovascular mortality in HF patients

3.
J Card Fail ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying patients at risk of poor diuretic response in acute heart failure (AHF) is critical to make prompt adjustments in therapy. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the circulating levels of soluble ST2 predict the cumulative diuretic efficiency (DE) at 24- and 72-hour in patients with AHF and concomitant renal dysfunction (RD). METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a post-hoc analysis of the IMPROVE-HF trial, in which we enrolled 160 patients with AHF and RD [estimated glomerular filtrate rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73m2]. DE was calculated as the net fluid output produced per 40 mg of furosemide equivalents. The association between sST2 and diuretic efficiency was evaluated by using multivariate linear regression analysis. The median (interquartile range) cumulative DE at 24- and 72-hour was 747 ml (490-1167) and 1844 ml (1142-2625), respectively. The median (interquartile range) sST2, and mean eGFR were 72 ng/mL (47-117), and 34.0±8.5 ml/min/1.73m2, respectively. In a multivariable setting, higher sST2 were significant and non-linearly related to lower DE both at 24- and 72-hour (P=0.002 and P=0.019, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and RD at presentation, circulating levels of sST2 were independently and negatively associated with a poor diuretic response, both at 24- and 72-hour.

4.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040491

RESUMO

AIMS: The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effect of ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) in patients with heart failure (HF) and iron deficiency (ID) have not been completely characterized. The Myocardial-IRON trial was a double-blind, randomized trial that evaluated myocardial iron repletion following FCM vs. placebo in 53 patients with HF and ID. In this post hoc analysis, we evaluated whether treatment with FCM was associated with cardiac magnetic resonance changes in left and right ventricular function (LVEF and RVEF, respectively) at different points of systolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included patients from the Myocardial-IRON trial with left and right ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD and RVSD, respectively) at enrolment. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate changes at 7 and 30 days on LVEF and RVEF at cardiac magnetic resonance. At enrolment, 27 (50.9%) and 38 (71.7%) patients had LVEF < 40% (LVSD1 ) or <45% (LVSD2 ), respectively, and 10 (18.9%) and 17 (32.1%) patients had RVEF < 45% (RVSD1 ) or <51% in women and <52% in men (RVSD2) , respectively. Treatment with FCM was associated with a significant improvement in LVEF at 30 days (LVSD1 : Δ2.3%, P < 0.001; LVSD2 : Δ4.1, P = 0.014). FCM was also associated with a significant and early improvement in RVEF at 7 days (RVSD1 : Δ6.9%, P = 0.003; RVSD2 : Δ3.2%, P = 0.003) that persisted at 30 days (RVSD1 : Δ8.1%, P < 0.001; RVSD2 : Δ4.7%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HF and systolic dysfunction with ID, FCM was associated with short-term improvement in LVEF and, especially, in RVEF.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031713

RESUMO

Background Myocardial fibrosis is key for atrial fibrillation (AF) maintenance. We aimed to test the efficacy of ablating cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-detected atrial fibrosis plus pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Methods - This was an open label, parallel-group, randomized, controlled trial. Patients with symptomatic drug-refractory AF (paroxysmal and persistent) undergoing first or repeat ablation were randomized in a 1:1 basis to receive PVI plus CMR-guided fibrosis ablation (CMR group) or PVI alone (PVI-alone group). The primary endpoint was the rate of recurrence (>30 seconds) at 12 months of follow-up using a 12-lead ECG and Holter monitoring at 3, 6, and 12 months. The analysis was conducted by intention-to-treat. Results - In total, 155 patients (71% male, age 59±10, CHA2DS2-VASc 1.3±1.1, 54% Paroxysmal AF) were allocated to the PVI-alone group (N=76) or CMR group (N=79). First ablation was performed in 80% and 71% of patients in the PVI-alone and CMR groups, respectively. The mean atrial fibrosis burden was 12% (only 〜50% of patients had fibrosis outside the pulmonary vein area). 100% and 99% of patients received the assigned intervention in the PVI-alone and CMR group, respectively. The primary outcome was achieved in 21 patients (27.6%) in the PVI-alone group and 22 patients (27.8%) in the CMR group (odds ratio[OR]: 1.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.50-2.04; p=0.976). There were no differences in the rate of adverse events (3 in the CMR group and 2 in the PVI-alone group; p=0.68). Conclusions - A pragmatic ablation approach targeting CMR-detected atrial fibrosis plus PVI was not more effective than PVI alone in an unselected population undergoing AF ablation with low fibrosis burden.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096241

RESUMO

Inflammation plays an important role in atherosclerosis. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and particularly myocardial infarction (MI), are associated with a systemic inflammatory response that may accelerate coronary atherosclerotic processes, leading to plaque destabilization and increased risk of further cardiovascular events. These considerations provide a conceptual framework for the use of anti-inflammatory therapies in patients with chronic coronary syndrome or ACS. Following the diverging results of trials on canakinumab and methotrexate, the Colchicine Cardiovascular Outcomes Trial (COLCOT) and the Low-Dose Colchicine trial-2 (LoDoCo2) have sparked new interest in the perspective of an anti-inflammatory therapy for CAD by showing that colchicine confers a prognostic benefit in patients with a recent MI or CCS, respectively. Colchicine blocks multiple steps of the inflammatory cascade and modulates also platelet function and endothelial activation. It has a better safety profile than canakinumab and is a very inexpensive drug throughout the world. We deemed it useful to reappraise the available literature on colchicine and coronary artery disease to assess the likelihood that it might become part of the therapeutic armamentarium of this condition.

7.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094495

RESUMO

The co-occurrence of cancer and heart failure (HF) represents a significant clinical drawback as each disease interferes with the treatment of the other. In addition to shared risk factors, a growing body of experimental and clinical evidence reveals numerous commonalities in the biology underlying both pathologies. Inflammation emerges as a common hallmark for both diseases as it contributes to the initiation, and progression of both HF and cancer. Under stress, malignant and cardiac cells change their metabolic preferences to survive, which makes these metabolic derangements a great basis to develop intersection strategies and therapies to combat both diseases. Further, genetic predisposition and clonal hematopoiesis are common drivers for both conditions and they hold great clinical relevance in the context of personalized medicine. Also, altered angiogenesis is a common hallmark for failing hearts and tumors and represents a promising substrate to target in both diseases. Cardiac cells and malignant cells interact with their surrounding environment called stroma. This interaction mediates the progression of the 2 pathologies and understanding the structure and function of each stromal component may pave the way for innovative therapeutic strategies and improved outcomes in patients. The interdisciplinary collaboration between cardiologists and oncologists is essential to establish unified guidelines. Also, preclinical models that mimic the human situation, where both pathologies coexist, are needed to understand all the aspects of the bidirectional relationship between cancer and HF. Finally, adequately powered clinical studies, including all ages, and men and women, with proper adjudication of both cancer and CV end points, are essential to accurately study these two pathologies at the same time.

8.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058803

RESUMO

Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSA) compromises the efficacy of atrial fibrillation (AF) control strategies. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may ameliorate arrhythmia control especially in early AF stages (new-onset AF). We investigated a practical screening strategy to determine the likelihood of CPAP indication in new-onset AF patients. Seventy-seven consecutive patients with new-onset (< 1 month) AF were prospectively evaluated. Of them, 4 were excluded due to previously diagnosed OSA. The remaining 73 (68% persistent AF) fulfilled the Epworth, Berlin and STOP-BANG questionnaires, an ambulatory polysomnography being performed thereafter in all them in order to determine the apnea-hipopnea index (AHI). CPAP was indicated following conventional criteria. The variables associated with the diagnosis of OSA, with the AHI value and with CPAP indication were investigated by means of descriptive, univariate and multivariate analysis. The prevalence of OSA of any degree and CPAP indication was 82% and 37%, respectively. The variables associated (p < 0.05) with a higher AHI were male gender, body mass index, obesity, hypertension and high-risk scoring at the Berlin and STOP-BANG questionnaires. In the multivariate analysis, the STOP-BANG scoring proved superior to conventional risk factors and became the only variable predicting CPAP indication (OR 4.5 [1.9 - 10.6]; p = 0.01), an optimized cutoff value of ≥ 4 being newly established (sensitivity/specificity 76/65%). In conclusion, in patients referred with new-onset AF we documented a high risk of OSA and of need for CPAP. A STOP-BANG scoring of ≥ 4 in our population was a practical screening alternative to direct polysomnography in this setting.

9.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059937

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The CardioMEMS device is inserted into the pulmonary artery and allows monitorization of pulmonary artery pressure in heart failure patients. Previous studies have shown a reduction in hospitalizations for heart failure and an improvement in quality of life in the group of patients monitored with the device. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients managed in a multidisciplinary heart failure clinic implanted with the sensor were consecutively included from June 2019 to February 2020. This is the first experience with a cardioMEMS device published in Spain. RESULTS: The device was successfully implanted in all cases without severe complications or sensor failures, allowing precise adjustment of medical treatment that led to very few heart failure readmissions. DISCUSSION: Wireless pulmonary artery pressure monitoring will probably become an essential component in the management of selected HF patients.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sacubitril/valsartan, vericiguat, and the sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) dapagliflozin and empagliflozin proved effective in phase 3 trials on heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS: We compared the treatment arms (sacubitril/valsartan, vericiguat, and SGLT2i) with the respective control arms (standard-of-care [SOC]) through a network meta-analysis of the phase 3 trials (PARADIGM-HF, VICTORIA, DAPA-HF, EMPEROR-Reduced), a phase 2 trial on vericiguat and the HFrEF subgroup of DECLARE-TIMI 58. RESULTS: There was a trend towards decreased risk of cardiovascular (CV) death or HF hospitalization with SGLT2i than sacubitril/valsartan (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.05) and vericiguat (HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.73 to 0.94). A non-significant effect of SGLT2i on CV mortality compared to sacubitril/valsartan (HR 1.04, 95% CI 0.88 to 1.24) and vericiguat (HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.63 to 1.22) was found. SGLT2i demonstrated the greatest effect on HF hospitalization (HR 0.69, 95% CI 0.62 to 0.77) over the SOC, as well as a significant benefit over vericiguat (HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.66 to 0.89), but not over sacubitril/valsartan (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.75 to 1.02). SGLT2i were ranked as the most effective therapy, followed by sacubitril/valsartan and vericiguat. CONCLUSIONS: Based on an indirect comparison, SGLT2i therapy is not associated with a significantly lower risk of CV death or HF hospitalization or CV death alone compared to sacubitril/valsartan or vericiguat. The risk of HF hospitalization does not differ significantly between patients on SGLT2i or sacubitril/valsartan, while dapagliflozin is superior to vericiguat. REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO ID 186351.

11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(20): e017159, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054490

RESUMO

Background Coronary artery disease remains a major cause of death despite better outcomes of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to analyze data from the Ruti-STEMI registry of in-hospital, 28-day, and 1-year events in patients with STEMI over the past 3 decades in Catalonia, Spain, to assess trends in STEMI prognosis. Methods and Results Between February 1989 and December 2017, a total of 7589 patients with STEMI were admitted consecutively. Patients were grouped into 5 periods: 1989 to 1994 (period 1), 1995 to 1999 (period 2), 2000 to 2004 (period 3), 2005 to 2009 (period 4), and 2010 to 2017 (period 5). We used Cox regression to compare 28-day and 1-year STEMI mortality and in-hospital complication trends across these periods. Mean patient age was 61.6±12.6 years, and 79.3% were men. The 28-day all-cause mortality declined from period 1 to period 5 (10.4% versus 6.0%; P<0.001), with a 40% reduction after multivariable adjustment (hazard ratio [HR], 0.6; 95% CI, 0.46-0.80; P<0.001). One-year all-cause mortality declined from period 1 to period 5 (11.7% versus 9.0%; P=0.001), with a 24% reduction after multivariable adjustment (HR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.60-0.98; P=0.036). A significant temporal reduction was observed for in-hospital complications including postinfarct angina (-78%), ventricular tachycardia (-57%), right ventricular dysfunction (-48%), atrioventricular block (-45%), pericarditis (-63%), and free wall rupture (-53%). Primary ventricular fibrillation showed no significant downslope trend. Conclusions In-hospital STEMI complications and 28-day and 1-year mortality rates have dropped markedly in the past 30 years. Reducing ischemia-driven primary ventricular fibrillation remains a major challenge.

12.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(9): 734-740, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-6273

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: En endocarditis infecciosa (EI), la decisión quirúrgica es difícil. Un alto porcentaje de pacientes con indicación quirúrgica no son intervenidos. El objetivo fue evaluar el pronóstico a corto y largo plazo de los pacientes con indicación quirúrgica, comparando los que se sometieron a cirugía con los que no lo hicieron. MÉTODOS: Se incluyeron 271 pacientes con EI izquierda e indicación quirúrgica tratados en el centro desde 2003 a 2018. Ochenta y tres pacientes (31%) no fueron finalmente operados. El objetivo primario fue la mortalidad a 60 días y el secundario desde el día 61 a los 3 años de seguimiento. Se realizó regresión de Cox multivariable y emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión. RESULTADOS: A los 60 días, 40 (21,3%) pacientes operados y 53 (63,9%) pacientes no intervenidos fallecieron (p <0,001). El riesgo de mortalidad a 60 días fue superior en los pacientes no intervenidos (HR = 3,59; IC95%, 2,16-5,96; p <0,001). La ausencia de diagnóstico microbiológico, la insuficiencia cardiaca, el shock y el bloqueo auriculoventricular fueron otros predictores independientes del objetivo primario. Del día 61 a los 3 años del seguimiento no hubo diferencias significativas del riesgo de muerte entre el grupo operado y los no intervenidos (HR = 1,89; IC95%, 0,68-5,19; p = 0,220). Las variables independientes asociadas con el objetivo secundario fueron los antecedentes de EI, diabetes mellitus y el índice de Charlson. Los resultados fueron consistentes tras el emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión. CONCLUSIONES: Dos tercios de los pacientes con indicación quirúrgica no intervenidos fallecieron antes de 60 días. Entre los supervivientes, la mortalidad a largo plazo depende más de factores relacionados con comorbilidad previa que del tratamiento recibido durante el ingreso


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: In infective endocarditis (IE), decisions on surgical interventions are challenging and a high percentage of patients with surgical indication do not undergo these procedures. This study aimed to evaluate the short- and long-term prognosis of patients with surgical indication, comparing those who underwent surgery with those who did not. METHODS: We included 271 patients with left-sided IE treated at our institution from 2003 to 2018 and with an indication for surgery. There were 83 (31%) surgery-indicated not undergoing surgery patients with left-sided infective endocarditis (SINUS-LSIE). The primary outcome was all-cause death by day 60 and the secondary outcome was all-cause death from day 61 to 3 years of follow-up. Multivariable Cox regression and propensity score matching were used for the analysis. RESULTS: At the 60-day follow-up, 40 (21.3%) surgically-treated patients and 53 (63.9%) SINUS-LSIE patients died (P <.001). Risk of 60-day mortality was higher in SINUS-LSIE patients (HR, 3.59; 95%CI, 2.16-5.96; P <.001). Other independent predictors of the primary endpoint were unknown etiology, heart failure, atrioventricular block, and shock. From day 61 to the 3-year follow-up, there were no significant differences in the risk of death between surgically-treated and SINUS-LSIE patients (HR, 1.89; 95%CI, 0.68-5.19; P=.220). Results were consistent after propensity score matching. Independent variables associated with the secondary endpoint were previous IE, diabetes mellitus, and Charlson index. CONCLUSIONS: Two-thirds of SINUS-LSIE patients died within 60 days. Among survivors, the long-term mortality depends more on host conditions than on the treatment received during admission

13.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(9): 758-762, sept. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-6276

RESUMO

El síndrome de Bayés es una nueva entidad clínica, caracterizada por la combinación de bloqueo interauricular (BIA) avanzado en el electrocardiograma de superficie con fibrilación auricular (FA) y otras arritmias auriculares. Este síndrome se asocia con un riesgo incrementado de ictus, demencia y mortalidad. El BIA avanzado se diagnostica con la presencia de una onda P ≥ 120ms de morfología bifásica (±) en derivaciones de cara inferior. Se produce por un bloqueo completo del haz de Bachmann que causa una despolarización retrógrada de la aurícula izquierda desde zonas cercanas a la unión auriculoventricular. La miocardiopatía auricular fibrótica es el sustrato anatómico del BIA avanzado. La disincronía inducida por el BIA avanzado funciona como desencadenante y mecanismo de mantenimiento de la FA. Esta alteración de la arquitectura auricular produce remodelado auricular, estasis sanguínea e hipercoagulabilidad, lo cual desencadena la cascada trombogénica. El BIA avanzado, incluso sin arritmias auriculares documentadas, también se ha relacionado con FA, ictus, demencia y mortalidad. Sin embargo, todavía no se ha demostrado el beneficio de la anticoagulación para los pacientes sin FA documentada. Por lo tanto, es recomendable una búsqueda proactiva de FA en los pacientes con BIA avanzado


Bayés syndrome is a new clinical entity, characterized by the association of advanced interatrial block (IAB) on surface electrocardiogram with atrial fibrillation (AF) and other atrial arrhythmias. This syndrome is associated with an increased risk of stroke, dementia, and mortality. Advanced IAB is diagnosed by the presence of a P-wave ≥ 120ms with biphasic morphology (±) in inferior leads. The cause of IAB is complete Bachmann bundle blockade, leading to retrograde depolarization of the left atrium from areas near the atrioventricular junction. The anatomic substrate of advanced IAB is fibrotic atrial cardiomyopathy. Dyssynchrony induced by advanced IAB is a trigger and maintenance mechanism of AF. This alteration of the atrial architecture produces atrial remodeling, blood stasis and hypercoagulability, triggering the thrombogenic cascade. The presence of advanced IAB, even in patients without documented atrial arrhythmias, has also been associated with AF, stroke, dementia, and mortality. However, in these patients, there is no evidence to support the use of anticoagulation. Therefore, in patients with advanced IAB, a proactive search for AF is recommended

14.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125) and B-type natriuretic peptides are surrogate markers of congestion in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). The aim of the study was to assess the association between CA125 and NT-proBNP and congestion parameters in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective multicentre observational study that included 191 patients hospitalised for AHF. We recorded the presence of pleural effusion, peripheral oedema and inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter during the first 24-48 hours after admission and evaluated their independent association with CA125 concentrations and the amino-terminal fraction of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). The mean age was 73.4 ± 12 years, 79 (41.4%) were women, and 127 (66.5%) had left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%. The median of CA125, NT-proBNP and IVC diameter was 58 (22.7-129) U/mL, 3,985 (1,905-9,775) pg/mL and 21 (17-25) mm, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that CA125 was positively and independently associated with the presence of peripheral oedema, pleural effusion and elevated IVC levels. NT-proBNP was associated with pleural effusion and IVC diameter but not with oedema. The addition of CA125 increased the discriminatory capacity of the baseline model to identify peripheral oedema and pleural effusion, but not NT-proBNP. The most important predictor of ICV dilation was CA125 (R2 = 48.3%). CONCLUSION: In patients with AHF, serum CA125 levels are associated more significantly than NT-proBNP with a state of congestion.

15.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946858

RESUMO

The association between atrial fibrillation, stroke, and interatrial block (IAB) (P-wave duration ≥120 ms) is well recognized, particularly in the case of advanced IAB. We aimed to assess the association of IAB with mild cognitive impairment. Advanced Characterization of Cognitive Impairment in Elderly with Interatrial Block was a case-control multicenter study, conducted in subjects aged ≥70 years in sinus rhythm without significant structural heart disease. Diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment was performed by an expert geriatrician, internist, or neurologist in the presence of changes in cognitive function (Mini Mental State Examination score 20 to 25) without established dementia. A total of 265 subjects were included. Mean age was 79.6 ± 6.3 years and 174 (65.7%) were women; there were 143 cases with mild cognitive impairment and 122 controls with normal cognitive function. Compared with controls, cases had longer P-wave duration (116.2 ± 13.8 ms vs 112.5 ± 13.3 ms, p = 0.028), higher prevalence of IAB (73 [51.0%] vs 38 [31.1%], p = 0.001), higher prevalence of advanced IAB (28 [19.6%] vs 10 [8.2%], p = 0.002), and higher MVP ECG risk score (2.7 ± 1.4 vs 2.2 ± 1.3, p = 0.004). IAB was independently associated with mild cognitive impairment, both for partial (odds ratio 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1 to 3.9) and advanced IAB (odds ratio 2.8, 95% CI: 1.1 to 6.7). In conclusion, in subjects aged ≥70 years without significant structural heart disease, IAB is independently associated with mild cognitive impairment. This association is stronger in the case of advanced IAB.

16.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964683

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety profile in terms of changes in renal function after co-treatment with sacubitril/valsartan and empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre observational analysis included 108 patients with T2D and HFrEF treated with both agents: baseline sacubitril/valsartan (Group A; n = 43), baseline empagliflozin (Group B; n = 42), or both agents initiated simultaneously (Group C; n = 23). The primary endpoint was estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) dynamics across treatment groups. A binary characterization of worsening renal function (WRF)/improved renal function (IRF) was included in the primary endpoint. WRF and IRF were defined as an increase/decrease in serum creatinine ≥ 0.3 mg/dL or GFR ≥ 20%. Changes in quantitative variables were evaluated using joint modelling of survival and longitudinal data (JM). Rates and their treatment differences were determined by Poisson regression. The mean left ventricle ejection fraction and eGFR were 32 ± 6% and 70 ± 28 mL/min/1.73 m2 , respectively. At a median follow-up of 1.01 years (inter-quartile range 0.71-1.50), 377 outpatient visits were recorded. Although there were differences in GFR trajectories over time within each treatment, they did not achieve statistical significance (omnibus P = 0.154). However, when these differences were contrasted among groups, there was a significant decrease in GFR in Group A as compared with Group B (P = 0.002). The contrast between Groups C and B was not significant (P = 0.430). These differences were also reflected when the rates for WRF and IRF were contrasted among treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The co-administration of sacubitril/valsartan and empagliflozin in patients with HFrEF and concomitant T2D appears to be safe in terms of renal function.

17.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945600

RESUMO

Self-care is essential in the long-term management of chronic heart failure. Heart failure guidelines stress the importance of patient education on treatment adherence, lifestyle changes, symptom monitoring and adequate response to possible deterioration. Self-care is related to medical and person-centred outcomes in patients with heart failure such as better quality of life as well as lower mortality and readmission rates. Although guidelines give general direction for self-care advice, health care professionals working with patients with heart failure need more specific recommendations. The aim of the management recommendations in this paper is to provide practical advice for health professionals delivering care to patients with heart failure. Recommendations for nutrition, physical activity, medication adherence, psychological status, sleep, leisure and travel, smoking, immunization and preventing infections, symptom monitoring, and symptom management are consistent with information from guidelines, expert consensus documents, recent evidence and expert opinion.

18.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(8): 615-622, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET1-6252

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: La denervación renal es una intervención percutánea para el tratamiento de la hipertensión arterial resistente. Estudios aleatorizados han mostrado resultados contradictorios sobre su eficacia. Se presentan los resultados de un registro de denervación en pacientes con hipertensión resistente según práctica clínica en España. MÉTODOS: Registro multicéntrico de pacientes consecutivos con hipertensión arterial resistente tratados con denervación renal en España en el periodo 2009-2018. RESULTADOS: Se ha incluido a 125 pacientes (media de edad, 56±años; el 41% mujeres; media de 14±9 años de evolución de la hipertensión). La presión arterial sistólica y diastólica en la consulta y ambulatoria de 24 h disminuyeron a los 6 meses de la intervención (de 166±20/95±16 a 149±22/87±16mmHg y de 151±14/89±12 a 143±15/84±11; ambas, p < 0,0001). A los 12 meses se mantenía la reducción en la presión arterial con una disminución en el número de fármacos antihipertensivos de 4,9±1,2 a 4,4±1,5 (p = 0,0001). No hubo complicaciones importantes relacionadas con el procedimiento. La tasa de respuesta a la denervación al año fue del 80%, si bien con una amplia variabilidad entre centros. CONCLUSIONES: La denervación renal en pacientes con hipertensión resistente se relacionó con una disminución de las cifras de presión arterial en la consulta y, lo que es más importante, en la monitorización ambulatoria de presión arterial, con una disminución significativa del tratamiento farmacológico


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Renal denervation is a percutaneous intervention for the treatment of resistant hypertension. Randomized studies have shown contradictory results on its efficacy. We present the results of a renal denervation registry for the treatment of resistant hypertension in real-life patients in Spain. METHODS: Multicenter registry of consecutive patients with resistant hypertension treated with renal denervation in Spain between 2009 and 2018. RESULTS: We included 125 patients (mean age, 56 years; 41% female; mean onset of hypertension 14±9 years previously). Office systolic and diastolic blood pressure and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring decreased 6 months after the intervention (166±20/95±16 to 149±22/87±16 mmHg and 151±14/89±12 to 143±15/84±11, both P <.0001). At 12 months, the blood pressure reduction was maintained and the number of antihypertensive drugs decreased from 4.9±1.2 to 4.4±1.5 (P=.0001). There were no significant procedure-related complications. The response rate to denervation at 1 year was 80%, but there were wide differences between centers. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with resistant hypertension, treatment with renal denervation was related to a decrease in office blood pressure and, more importantly, in ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, with a significant reduction in pharmacological treatment

20.
Open Heart ; 7(2)2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI) has demonstrated its efficacy in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, patients with STEMI ≥75 years receive less P-PCI than younger patients despite their higher in-hospital morbimortality. The objective of this analysis was to determine the effectiveness of P-PCI in patients with STEMI ≥75 years. METHODS: We included 979 patients with STEMI ≥75 years, from the ATención HOspitalaria del Síndrome coronario study, a registry of 8142 consecutive patients with acute coronary syndrome admitted at 31 Spanish hospitals in 2014-2016. We calculated a propensity score (PS) for the indication of P-PCI. Patients that received or not P-PCI were matched by PS. Using logistic regression, we compared the effectiveness of performing P-PCI versus non-performance for the composite primary event, which included death, reinfarction, acute pulmonary oedema or cardiogenic shock during hospitalisation. RESULTS: Of the included patients, 81.5 % received P-PCI. The matching provided two groups of 169 patients with and without P-PCI. Compared with its non-performance, P-PCI presented a composite event OR adjusted by PS of 0.55 (95% CI 0.34 to 0.89). CONCLUSIONS: Receiving a P-PCI was significantly associated with a reduced risk of major intrahospital complications in patients with STEMI aged 75 years or older.

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