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1.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14733, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389789

RESUMO

There is a growing body of evidence linking rosacea to various systemic disorders, even though data regarding the association between rosacea and cardiovascular diseases are presently controversial. We sought to investigate the potential association of rosacea with subclinical atherosclerosis and serum proinflammatory/proatherogenic markers. This study included 44 patients with rosacea and 44 age-matched and sex-matched healthy control subjects. Patients with traditional cardiovascular risk factors or a history of cardiovascular events were excluded. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data, including serum interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were assessed. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and carotid plaques were measured by carotid ultrasonography. Serum IL-1ß (P < .001), IL-6 (P < .001), TNF-α (P < .001), and hs-CRP (P < .001) levels were significantly higher in the patient group compared with the control group. Mean CIMT values did not differ significantly between the patient group and control group (P > .05). Patients with moderate to severe rosacea had a significantly greater CIMT than those with mild rosacea (P = .047). Rosacea patients with eye involvement had a significantly greater CIMT than those without eye involvement (P = .008). There was no significant correlation between CIMT values and inflammation parameters. As conclusion, in the absence of other traditional cardiovascular risk factors, rosacea does not seem to affect mean CIMT value. However, specific subgroups such as patients with moderate to severe disease or with eye involvement are associated with increased subclinical atherosclerosis and may require additional attention for cardiovascular disease prevention.

2.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 25(1): 39-45, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal perforation (EP) is a lethal surgical emergency that needs to be diagnosed and treated immediately. Diagnosis and treatment options for EP are limited due to its lower incidence. There are scoring systems proposed for this purpose; however, they cannot be applied to every patient. The recent trend in the treatment of EP is toward the non-operative approach over the surgical treatment methods. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate our treatment methods and outcomes in patients with EP. METHODS: Thirteen patients with EP treated in our clinic between 2013 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The Pittsburgh Perforation Severity Score (PSS), systemic condition status, and Clavien-Dindo Classification (CDC) score were assessed, and treatment methods were reviewed. Their effects on morbidity and mortality were examined using Fisher's exact test and biserial correlation test. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients (six males and seven females; median age 64 years) were included in the study. Ten patients were managed non-operative, and three were treated surgically. Of the 10 patients, two had additional surgery after non-operative management. The PSS, systemic condition status, CDC score, duration of stay in the hospital, time to diagnosis, presence of hypotension, and being in shock were strongly correlated with mortality (p<0.05). The PSS, CDC score, and stay in the intensive care unit were strongly correlated with morbidity (p<0.05). The comparison between the non-operative and operative groups did not yield a statistically significant difference in mortality and morbidity. CONCLUSION: Even if the scoring systems help to understand the severity of the condition, they are inadequate to determine the treatment option. Early diagnosis and treatment are the most important steps in management. Operative and non-operative treatment options are not superior to each other, but their complementary use will be more beneficial for the patients.


Assuntos
Perfuração Esofágica , Idoso , Perfuração Esofágica/epidemiologia , Perfuração Esofágica/mortalidade , Perfuração Esofágica/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
3.
Hemodial Int ; 23(1): 26-32, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30239113

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pericatheter bleeding (PB) following tunneled hemodialysis catheter (THC) placement is a common phenomenon. In addition to complicating securement of the THC, the PB may loosen the adhesive catheter dressing and delay wound healing. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether epinephrine-containing local anesthetics rather than plain ones reduce superficial PB after THC placement. METHODS: The study was based on the retrospective analysis of the prospectively gathered data. Forty-six patients receiving local analgesia during THC placement were randomly assigned in a double-blind manner to two groups according to local anesthetic mixtures used (n =22 to prilocaine group [group 1]; n =24 to epinephrine-containing lidocaine group [group 2]). Presence or absence of PB after the THC placement was evaluated. Differences between groups with and without controlling other variables were statistically analyzed. FINDINGS: Epinephrine-containing lidocaine (group 2) significantly reduced PB in comparison with prilocaine, P = 0.003. Use of epinephrine-containing lidocaine (group 2) was associated with a reduction in the likelihood of PB (Odds ratio = 0.017). Meanwhile, use of prilocaine (group 1) had 59.7 times higher odds in the likelihood of PB after THC placement. Lower rate of systolic blood pressure (SBP) in group 2 patients after 5 minutes of injections was also noted, P = 0.008. Epinephrine-containing lidocaine was well tolerated and caused no significant cardiovascular disturbance. DISCUSSION: Local infiltration of epinephrine-containing lidocaine instead of plain local anesthetics during THC insertion may reduce superficial PB and improve patient comfort.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Cateterismo/efeitos adversos , Epinefrina/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Lidocaína/uso terapêutico , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Vasoconstritores/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestésicos Locais/farmacologia , Cateterismo/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Epinefrina/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lidocaína/farmacologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vasoconstritores/farmacologia
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