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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(27): 32022-32030, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196177

RESUMO

It is a generally accepted perspective that type-II nanocrystal quantum dots (QDs) have low quantum yield due to the separation of the electron and hole wavefunctions. Recently, high quantum yield levels were reported for cadmium-based type-II QDs. Hence, the quest for finding non-toxic and efficient type-II QDs is continuing. Herein, we demonstrate environmentally benign type-II InP/ZnO/ZnS core/shell/shell QDs that reach a high quantum yield of ∼91%. For this, ZnO layer was grown on core InP QDs by thermal decomposition, which was followed by a ZnS layer via successive ionic layer adsorption. The small-angle X-ray scattering shows that spherical InP core and InP/ZnO core/shell QDs turn into elliptical particles with the growth of the ZnS shell. To conserve the quantum efficiency of QDs in device architectures, InP/ZnO/ZnS QDs were integrated in the liquid state on blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as down-converters that led to an external quantum efficiency of 9.4% and a power conversion efficiency of 6.8%, respectively, which is the most efficient QD-LED using type-II QDs. This study pointed out that cadmium-free type-II QDs can reach high efficiency levels, which can stimulate novel forms of devices and nanomaterials for bioimaging, display, and lighting.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(20): 8758-8764, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921048

RESUMO

BiVO4 is one of the most promising photoanode materials for water-splitting systems. Nitrogen incorporation into a BiVO4 surface overcomes the known bottleneck in its charge-transfer kinetics into the electrolyte. We explored the role of nitrogen in the surface charge recombination and charge-transfer kinetics by employing transient photocurrent spectroscopy at the time scale of surface recombination and water oxidation kinetics, transient absorption spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We attributed the activity enhancement mechanism to the accelerated V5+/V4+ redox process, in which incorporated nitrogen suppresses a limiting surface recombination channel by increasing the oxygen vacancies.

3.
Opt Lett ; 45(15): 4104-4107, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32735234

RESUMO

We report, for the first time to our knowledge, tunable continuous-wave laser action in the Tm3+:BaY2F8 (BYF) crystal near 2.3 µm. In the experiments, a BYF crystal doped with 3 at. % thulium was end pumped with a narrow-linewidth, tunable Ti3+:sapphire laser with up to 920 mW of incident power. Lasing was achieved for the two pump polarizations of E//x and E//y. The best power performance was obtained in the case of E//x, double-end pumping, where 100 mW of output power was obtained at 2290 nm with 920 mW of pump power and 1% output coupler. The laser could be continuously tuned from 2233 to 2385 nm. Excitation spectra for E//x and E//y pumping were measured in the 760-810 nm range, and the optimum pumping wavelength was determined to be 779 nm for E//x. By using the lifetime and lasing threshold data, the stimulated emission cross section at 2290 nm was further determined to be (0.66±0.06)×10-24m2.

4.
iScience ; 23(7): 101272, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32590328

RESUMO

Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) are promising building blocks for luminescent solar concentrators (LSCs). For their widespread use, they need to simultaneously satisfy non-toxic material content, low reabsorption, high photoluminescence quantum yield, and large-scale production. Here, copper doping of zinc carboxylate-passivated InP core and nano-engineering of ZnSe shell facilitated high in-device quantum efficiency of QDs over 80%, having well-matched spectral emission profile with the photo-response of silicon solar cells. The optimized QD-LSCs showed an optical quantum efficiency of 37% and an internal concentration factor of 4.7 for a 10 × 10-cm2 device area under solar illumination, which is comparable with the state-of-the-art LSCs based on cadmium-containing QDs and lead-containing perovskites. Synthesis of the copper-doped InP/ZnSe QDs in gram-scale and large-area deposition (3,000 cm2) onto commercial window glasses via doctor-blade technique showed their scalability for mass production. These results position InP-based QDs as a promising alternative for efficient solar energy harvesting.

5.
Opt Lett ; 44(19): 4662-4665, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568411

RESUMO

We report the shortest femtosecond pulses directly generated from a solid-state laser that is mode locked by using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber (SWCNT-SA). In the experiments, we used a 660 nm diode-pumped, low-threshold extended-cavity Cr:LiSAF laser operating around 850 nm with a repetition rate of 47.9 MHz. The SWCNT-SA mode-locked Cr:LiSAF laser produced 21 fs pulses with a time-bandwidth product of 0.56 by using only 210 mW of pump power. Pump-probe spectroscopy measurements showed that the SWCNT-SA exhibited saturable absorption with slow and fast decay times of 2.7 ps and 0.4 ps. The single-pass modulation depth and saturation fluence of the SWCNT-SA were further determined as 0.3% and 45 µJ/cm2 at the pump wavelength of 850 nm.

6.
Appl Opt ; 57(8): 1772-1776, 2018 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29521958

RESUMO

We report on an experimental demonstration of a 1200-nm pumped Tm3+:Lu2O3 ceramic laser. By using a gain-switched, tunable Cr4+:forsterite laser, the excitation spectrum was measured, with optimum pumping bands centered near 1198 nm, 1204 nm, and 1211 nm. The highest slope efficiency of 21.5% was obtained at the pump wavelength of 1204 nm. Comparative energy efficiency measurements performed near 1200-nm and 800-nm pumping further showed that nearly 40% improvement was obtained in slope efficiency measured with respect to the incident pump energy for 1200-nm pumping. A transition was further observed from single-wavelength operation at 2066 nm to dual-wavelength operation near 2066 nm and 1967 nm for absorbed pump energies above 50 µJ. In this regime, two consecutive output pulses were observed in the time domain. The shortest temporal duration of the first pulse was 1.1 µs at the incident pulse energy of 105 µJ. The duration and build-up time of the second pulse remained around 5.9 µs and 18.5 µs. We believe that the improved energy efficiency demonstrated for the 1.5% Tm3+:Lu2O3 ceramic with 1200-nm pumping can be used as an alternative scheme for the excitation of Tm3+:Lu2O3 ceramic lasers.

7.
Opt Lett ; 43(6): 1315-1318, 2018 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29543280

RESUMO

We report, to the best of our knowledge, the shortest femtosecond pulses generated from a Kerr-lens mode-locked (KLM) Alexandrite laser operating near 750 nm. The Alexandrite gain medium was pumped with a continuous-wave (cw), 532 nm laser, and the performance of both the short and extended resonators was investigated. The use of an extended cavity eliminated the multi-wavelength spectral instabilities observed during the cw operation of the short cavity. Furthermore, since the repetition rate of the Alexandrite laser was reduced from 107 to 5.6 MHz, the resulting increase in the intracavity pulse energy provided enhanced Kerr nonlinearity and eliminated the Q-switching instabilities during mode-locked operation. The KLM MPC Alexandrite laser produced nearly transform-limited, 70 fs pulses at a pulse repetition rate of 5.6 MHz with only 1 W of pump power. The time-bandwidth product was further measured to be 0.331.

8.
Opt Lett ; 42(7): 1404-1407, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28362780

RESUMO

We experimentally show that a voltage-controlled graphene-gold supercapacitor saturable absorber (VCG-gold-SA) can be operated as a fast saturable absorber with adjustable linear absorption at wavelengths as low as 795 nm. This was made possible by the use of a novel supercapacitor architecture, consisting of a high-dielectric electrolyte sandwiched between a graphene and a gold electrode. The high-dielectric electrolyte allowed continuous, reversible adjustment of the Fermi level and, hence, the optical loss of the VCG-gold-SA up to the visible wavelengths at low bias voltages of the order of a few volts (0-2 V). The fast saturable absorber action of the VCG-gold-SA and the bias-dependent reduction of its loss were successfully demonstrated inside a femtosecond Ti3+:sapphire laser operating near 800 nm. Dispersion compensation was employed by using dispersion control mirrors and a prism pair. At a bias voltage of 1.2 V, the laser operated with improved power performance in comparison with that at zero bias, and the VCG-gold-SA initiated the generation of nearly transform-limited pulses as short as 48 fs at a pulse repetition rate of 131.7 MHz near 830 nm. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the shortest wavelength where a VCG-gold-SA has been employed as a mode locker with adjustable loss.

9.
Opt Lett ; 41(5): 910-3, 2016 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26974078

RESUMO

We report, for the first time to the best of our knowledge, use of a graphene-gold supercapacitor as a voltage controlled fast saturable absorber for femtosecond pulse generation. The unique design involving only one graphene electrode lowers the insertion loss of the device, in comparison with capacitor designs with two graphene electrodes. Furthermore, use of the high-dielectric electrolyte allows reversible, adjustable control of the absorption level up to the visible region with low bias voltages of only a few volts (0-2 V). The fast saturable absorber action of the graphene-gold supercapacitor was demonstrated inside a multipass-cavity Cr:forsterite laser to generate nearly transform-limited, sub-100 fs pulses at a pulse repetition rate of 4.51 MHz at 1.24 µm.

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