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1.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12524, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467304

RESUMO

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder with 22 disease-causing genes reported to date. In some FA genes, monoallelic mutations have been found to be associated with breast cancer risk, while the risk associations of others remain unknown. The gene for FA type C, FANCC, has been proposed as a breast cancer susceptibility gene based on epidemiological and sequencing studies. We used the Oncoarray project to genotype two truncating FANCC variants (p.R185X and p.R548X) in 64,760 breast cancer cases and 49,793 controls of European descent. FANCC mutations were observed in 25 cases (14 with p.R185X, 11 with p.R548X) and 26 controls (18 with p.R185X, 8 with p.R548X). There was no evidence of an association with the risk of breast cancer, neither overall (odds ratio 0.77, 95%CI 0.44-1.33, p = 0.4) nor by histology, hormone receptor status, age or family history. We conclude that the breast cancer risk association of these two FANCC variants, if any, is much smaller than for BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutations. If this applies to all truncating variants in FANCC it would suggest there are differences between FA genes in their roles on breast cancer risk and demonstrates the merit of large consortia for clarifying risk associations of rare variants.

2.
J Ultrasound Med ; 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436342

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate different formulas for estimating fetal weight in diabetic pregnancies. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the precision of ultrasound fetal weight estimation in 756 pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes between 2002 and 2016. The estimated fetal weights (EFWs) were obtained within 7 days of delivery from 10 weight estimation formulas and were compared with pair-wise matched controls from 15,701 patients. The precision of the evaluated formulas for EFW was analyzed by median absolute percentage errors (MAPEs), mean percentage errors (MPEs), and proportions of estimates within 10% of actual birth weight. RESULTS: Among the tested formulas, the lowest MAPE was detected with formula I of Hadlock et al (Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985; 151:333-337), and the formula of Schild et al (Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2004; 23:30-35) had the highest proportion of estimates within the 10% range. The EFW in diabetic patients showed a slight trend toward overestimation in comparison with the matched controls (MPE estimates showed a trend toward more positive values). In most of the EFW formulas that were evaluated, no significant differences were detected in MAPEs and estimates within the 10% range. The MPE estimates with most formulas in both groups were close to zero. Overall, the differences between most of the evaluated formulas were small. CONCLUSIONS: Little evidence was found for differences in the accuracy of the EFW in diabetic pregnancies and controls. The Hadlock I formula showed the lowest MAPE, and the Schild formula had the highest proportion of estimates within the 10% range.

3.
Fertil Steril ; 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study how genetics may play a role in determining risk of chemotherapy-related amenorrhea (CRA) in young women with breast cancer. DESIGN: Genome-wide association study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Premenopausal women ≤45 years of age enrolled in one of these three trials were included if they had at least one menstrual case report form after chemotherapy ended and if they were of European ancestry. Forms during and up to 3 months after receipt of GnRH agonist were excluded. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms with post-chemotherapy menstruation adjusted for trial and arm, age, tamoxifen use, and nodal status. RESULT(S): The median age of the 1,168 women was 41 years (range 19-45). Among these, 457 (39%) never resumed menses after chemotherapy. Older age, tamoxifen use, and node-negative disease were associated with increased risk of CRA. Adjusting for these, rs147451859, in an intron of PPCDC (phosphopantothenoylcysteine decarboxylase), and rs17587029, located 5' upstream of RPS20P11 (ribosomal protein S20 pseudogene 11), were associated with post-chemotherapy menstruation. CONCLUSION(S): Genetic variation may contribute to risk of CRA. Better prediction of who will experience CRA may inform reproductive and treatment decision making in young women with cancer.

4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 10722, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31341222

RESUMO

Due to the increasing clinical application of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC), e.g. lipotransfer for breast reconstruction, this study aimed to gain novel insights regarding ADSC influence on breast tissue remodeling and determine patient-dependent factors affecting lipotransfer as well as begin to address its oncological risks. The ADSC secretome was analyzed from five normal breast reduction patients and contained elevated levels of growth factors, cytokines and proteins mediating invasion. ADSC/ADSC secretomes were tested for their influence on the function of primary mammary epithelial cells, and tumor epithelial cells using cell culture assays. ADSC/ADSC secretomes significantly stimulated proliferation, transmigration and 3D-invasion of primary normal and tumor epithelial cells. IL-6 significantly induced an EMT and invasion. The ADSC secretome significantly upregulated normal epithelial cell gene expression including MMPs and ECM receptors. Our study supports that ADSC and its secretome promote favorable conditions for normal breast tissue remodeling by changing the microenvironment. and may also be important regarding residual breast cancer cells following surgery.

6.
Ultraschall Med ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238380

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the longitudinal pattern of fetal heart rate short term variation (STV) and Doppler indices and their correlation to each other in severe growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, pregnancies with a birth weight below the 10th percentile, born between 24 and 34 gestational weeks with serial Doppler measurements in combination with a computerized CTG (cCTG) with calculated STV were included. Longitudinal changes of both Doppler indices and STV values were evaluated with generalized additive models, adjusted for gestational age and the individual. For all measurements the frequency of abnormal values with regard to the time interval before delivery and Pearson correlations between Doppler indices and STV values were calculated. RESULTS: 41 fetuses with a total of 1413 observations were included. Over the course of the whole study period, regression analyses showed no significant change of STV values (p = 0.38). Only on the day of delivery, a prominent decrease was observed (mean STV d28-22: 7.97 vs. mean STV on day 0: 6.8). Doppler indices of UA and MCA showed a continuous, significant deterioration starting about three weeks prior to delivery (p = 0.007; UA and p < 0.001, MCA). Correlation between any Doppler index and STV values was poor. CONCLUSION: Fetal heart rate STV does not deteriorate continuously. Therefore, cCTG monitoring should be performed at least daily in these high-risk fetuses. Doppler indices of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA), however, showed continuous deterioration starting about 3 weeks prior to delivery.

7.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 239: 21-29, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze preoperative and postoperative sexual function following surgery for deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) with and without bowel involvement. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with DIE who underwent surgery between 2001 and 2011 with segmental bowel resection (WB) or without segmental bowel resection (WOB) were surveyed using the German version of the Massachusetts General Hospital Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (KFSP). Responses were given on a six-point scale for the items sexual interest, sexual arousal, orgasm, lubrication, and general sexual satisfaction. As there are no cut-off values for the existence of sexual function disorders, a control group with no history of endometriosis was evaluated. Differences between the preoperative and postoperative results, as well as between WB, WOB, and a control group, were compared using the Wilcoxon test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients without bowel resection (mean age 34.3 years; mean follow-up 63.2 months), 87 patients with bowel resection (mean age 37.7 years; mean follow-up 69.6 months), and 100 control patients aged 21-58 years (mean age 35.0 years) were evaluated. Preoperatively, both treatment groups had significantly poorer scores in all categories in comparison with the control group. The WOB group improved significantly in all categories postoperatively, with no further significant differences from the control group. No significant postoperative improvement was observed in the WB group, and the group had significantly poorer scores in comparison with the control group. The number of previous operations is associated with significantly poorer postoperative KFSP results. Sterility and age > 40 years are associated with significantly less improvement in the KFSP, although with lower initial values. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with DIE with or without bowel involvement have significantly impaired sexual function preoperatively. Complete resection of endometriosis in the WOB group was able to improve sexual function, as the women had sexual scores similar to those in the healthy control group postoperatively. Possible explanations for the lack of postoperative improvement of sexual function after segmental bowel resection include the type of surgery carried out, or injury to the affected nerves resulting from the endometriosis.

8.
Physiol Behav ; 209: 112584, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228497

RESUMO

The aim of the present work is to investigate the association of salivary and cumulative cortisol levels with emotional and behavioral symptoms in a Franconian Cognition and Emotion Studies (FRANCES) general population cohort of 158 6- to 9 year old children. Salivary cortisol values were measured by one-day diurnal cortisol profile, whereas cumulative cortisol was estimated via one-month hair cortisol concentrations (rHCC). Nearly all significant associations of clinical symptoms with child cortisol indices were age dependent: We report emotional symptoms being associated with lower rHCC in younger children (6.06-7.54 years). In older children (7.55-9.41 years) behavioral problems were further associated with higher rHCC and lower salivary cortisol awakening responses. In summary, child clinical symptoms were stronger associated with markers of hair cortisol compared to salivary cortisol. To picture developmental mechanisms, we suggest longitudinal designs for cortisol measures of stress systems in children and adolescents.

9.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 300(3): 575-581, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of short-term variation (STV) and Doppler parameters with adverse perinatal outcome in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses at term. METHODS: In this retrospective single-center study 97 patients with singleton SGA fetuses at term (≥ 37 + 0 weeks' gestation) were examined. Inclusion criteria were a birth weight < 10th centile, cephalic presentation and planned vaginal birth. Only cases with available Doppler measurements of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) with calculated cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) in combination with a computerized CTG (cCTG) and STV 72 h prior to delivery were eligible for analysis. Pulsatility indices (PI) were converted into multiples of median (MoM), adjusted for gestational age. The association between Doppler indices and STV values with mode of delivery [secondary cesarean delivery (CD), operative vaginal delivery (OVD), as well as secondary CD and OVD due to fetal distress] and neonatal outcome [UA blood pH ≤ 7.15 and the need of admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)] was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There was a significant association between UA PI MoM and the rate of CD. CD due to fetal distress, OVD and OVD due to fetal distress did not show a correlation with the evaluated Doppler parameters. Furthermore, we did not find an association between low UA birth pH and Doppler parameters while neonates with the need of admission to NICU had significant higher UA PI MoM and significant lower MCA PI MoM and CPR MoM. Regarding STV, a significant effect of low STV on NICU admission was found while none of the other assessed outcome parameters were significantly associated with STV. CONCLUSION: STV and Doppler parameters in SGA fetuses at term are significantly associated to the rate of NICU admission.

10.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 611, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of postmenopausal, hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients varies despite clear therapy guidelines, favoring endocrine treatment (ET). Aim of this study was to analyze persistence of palliative aromatase inhibitor (AI) monotherapy in MBC patients. METHODS: EvAluate-TM is a prospective, multicenter, noninterventional study to evaluate treatment with letrozole in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. To assess therapy persistence, defined as the time from therapy start to the end of the therapy (TTEOT), two pre-specified study visits took place after 6 and 12 months. Competing risk survival analyses were performed to identify patient and tumor characteristics that predict TTEOT. RESULTS: Out of 200 patients, 66 patients terminated treatment prematurely, 26 (13%) of them due to causes other than disease progression. Persistence rate for reasons other than progression at 12 months was 77.7%. Persistence was lower in patients who reported any adverse event (AE) in the first 30 days of ET (89.5% with no AE and 56% with AE). Furthermore, patients had a lower persistence if they reported compliance problems in the past before letrozole treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Despite suffering from a life-threatening disease, AEs of an AI will result in a relevant number of treatment terminations that are not related to progression. Some subgroups of patients have very low persistence rates. Especially with regard to novel endocrine combination therapies, these data imply that some groups of patients will need special attention to guide them through the therapy process. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials Number: CFEM345DDE19.

11.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 54(8): 1057-1063, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087697

RESUMO

The vanadate-derivative dipotassium bisperoxo (5-hydroxy-pyridine-2-carboxylic) oxovanadate (V) (bpV(HOpic)), a pharmacological inhibitor of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), has been used in ovarian follicle culture systems for activation of follicular growth in vitro and suggested to be responsible for primordial follicle survival through indirect Akt activation. For pig ovarian tissue, it is still not clear which culture medium needs to be used, as well as which factors and hormones could influence follicular development; this also applies to bpV(HOpic) exposure. Therefore, ovarian cortical strips from pigs were cultured in 1 µM bpV(HOpic) (N = 24) or control medium (N = 24) for 48 hr. Media were then replaced with control medium and all tissue pieces incubated for additional 4 days. The strips were embedded in paraffin for histological determination of follicle proportions at the end of the culture period and compared to histological sections from tissue pieces without cultivation, which had been embedded right after preparation; comparison of healthy follicles for each developmental stage was performed to quantify follicle survival and activation. After 6-day culture, follicle activation occurred in tissue samples from both cultured groups but significantly more follicles showed progression of follicular development in the presence of 1 µM bpV(HOpic). The amount of non-vital follicles was not significantly increased during cultivation. BpV(HOpic) affects pig ovarian follicle development by promoting the initiation of follicle growth and development, similar as in rodent species and humans.

12.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215985, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31034489

RESUMO

Reproductive tissue engineering (REPROTEN) has been recently defined as the application of the tissue engineering approach targeting reproductive organs and several research works are focusing on this novel strategy. Being still an innovative field, most of the scaffold characterization techniques suitable for other tissue targets give inappropriate results, and there is the need to evaluate and investigate novel approaches. In particular the focus of this paper is the evaluation of the infiltration of ovarian follicles inside patterned electrospun scaffolds. Beyond the standard techniques, for the first time the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for this purpose is proposed and specific protocols for scaffold preparation are reported. Positive results in terms of evaluation of scaffolds incorporating follicles confirm this technique as highly effective for further applications in this field.

13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1741, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988301

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified more than 170 breast cancer susceptibility loci. Here we hypothesize that some risk-associated variants might act in non-breast tissues, specifically adipose tissue and immune cells from blood and spleen. Using expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) reported in these tissues, we identify 26 previously unreported, likely target genes of overall breast cancer risk variants, and 17 for estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer, several with a known immune function. We determine the directional effect of gene expression on disease risk measured based on single and multiple eQTL. In addition, using a gene-based test of association that considers eQTL from multiple tissues, we identify seven (and four) regions with variants associated with overall (and ER-negative) breast cancer risk, which were not reported in previous GWAS. Further investigation of the function of the implicated genes in breast and immune cells may provide insights into the etiology of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Locos de Características Quantitativas
14.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 175(3): 617-625, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Several clinical trials have investigated the prognostic and predictive usefulness of molecular markers. With limited predictive value, molecular markers have mainly been used to identify prognostic subgroups in which the indication for chemotherapy is doubtful and the prognosis is favorable enough for chemotherapy to be avoided. However, limited information is available about which groups of patients may benefit from additional therapy. This study aimed to describe the prognostic effects of Ki-67 in several common subgroups of patients with early breast cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed a single-center cohort of 3140 patients with HER2-, hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Five-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates were calculated for low (< 10%), intermediate (10-19%), and high (≥ 20%) Ki-67 expression levels, as assessed by immunohistochemistry, and for subgroups relative to age, body mass index, disease stage, tumor grade, and (neo-)adjuvant chemotherapy. It was also investigated whether Ki-67 had different effects on DFS in these subgroups. RESULTS: The 5-year DFS rates for patients with low, intermediate, and high levels of Ki-67 expression were 0.90, 0.89, and 0.77, respectively. Ki-67 was able to further differentiate patients with an intermediate prognosis into different prognostic groups relative to common clinical parameters. Patients with stage II breast cancer had 5-year DFS rates of 0.84, 0.88, and 0.79 for low, intermediate, and high levels of Ki-67 expression. Ki-67 had different prognostic effects in subgroups defined by age and tumor grade. CONCLUSIONS: Ki-67 may help identify patients in intermediate prognostic groups with an unfavorable prognosis who may benefit from further therapy.

15.
Int J Cancer ; 145(8): 2114-2121, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901076

RESUMO

One of the most common adverse events (AEs) occurring during treatment with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) is musculoskeletal pain. The aim of our study was to analyze the influence of preexisting muscle/limb pain and joint pain on the development of AI-induced musculoskeletal AEs. Women eligible for upfront adjuvant endocrine therapy with letrozole were included in the PreFace study, a multicenter phase IV trial. During the first treatment year, they were asked to record musculoskeletal AEs monthly by answering questions regarding pain symptoms and rating the pain intensity on a numeric rating scale from 0 (no pain) to 10 (very strong pain). Pain values were compared using nonparametric statistical tests. Overall, 1,416 patients were evaluable. The average pain value over all time points in women with preexisting muscle/limb pain was 4.3 (median 4.3); in those without preexisting pain, it was 2.0 (median 1.7). In patients without preexisting muscle/limb pain, pain levels increased relatively strongly within the first 6 months (mean increase +0.9, p < 0.00001) in comparison with those with preexisting pain (mean increase +0.3, p < 0.001), resulting in a statistically significant difference (p < 0.00001) between the two groups. The development of joint pain was similar in the two groups. Women without preexisting muscle/limb pain or joint pain have the greatest increase in pain after the start of adjuvant AI therapy. Women with preexisting pain have significantly higher pain values. The main increase in pain values takes place during the first 6 months of treatment.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1150, 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30718584

RESUMO

Recently, the interest of the scientific community is focused on the application of tissue engineering approach for the fertility restoration. In this paper innovative patterned electrospun fibrous scaffolds were fabricated and used as 3D system for porcine follicles culture. The obtained scaffolds demonstrated to be a suitable support which did not alter or interfere with the typical spherical follicles morphology. The fibrillar structure of the scaffolds mimics the morphology of the healthy native tissue. The use of porcine follicles implied many advantages respect to the use of mouse model. Relevant results showed that more than the scaffold pattern and struts dimension, the selection of proper biomaterials improve the follicles adhesion and development.

17.
In Vivo ; 33(2): 325-336, 2019 Mar-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30804109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The introduction of the opportunity to transplant a viable uterus into women for fulfilling their desire to have a child has awakened high expectations worldwide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sheep model was used to evaluate tools for optimizing measurement of blood flow in uterine transplantation. Intraoperatively, blood flow was measured using unidirectional Doppler and indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging. Postoperatively, an implantable Doppler probe served as a tool for clinical monitoring the patency of anastomosed vessels. RESULTS: ICG imaging showed complete vascularization of the uterus before and in short-term evaluation after surgery. The implantable Doppler probe proved to be highly suitable for assessing patency of vessels in a non-invasive way. Results of histology, and real-time polymerase chain reaction demonstrated viability of the transplanted uterus. CONCLUSION: Different methods to monitor vasculature patency have proven to be advantageous in supporting both surgeons and researchers in ensuring successful implementation of uterine transplantation.


Assuntos
Hemodinâmica , Ovinos/cirurgia , Útero/transplante , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fluorescência , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/química , Microcirurgia , Ovinos/fisiologia , Útero/irrigação sanguínea
18.
Br J Cancer ; 120(6): 647-657, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30787463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examined the associations between germline variants and breast cancer mortality using a large meta-analysis of women of European ancestry. METHODS: Meta-analyses included summary estimates based on Cox models of twelve datasets using ~10.4 million variants for 96,661 women with breast cancer and 7697 events (breast cancer-specific deaths). Oestrogen receptor (ER)-specific analyses were based on 64,171 ER-positive (4116) and 16,172 ER-negative (2125) patients. We evaluated the probability of a signal to be a true positive using the Bayesian false discovery probability (BFDP). RESULTS: We did not find any variant associated with breast cancer-specific mortality at P < 5 × 10-8. For ER-positive disease, the most significantly associated variant was chr7:rs4717568 (BFDP = 7%, P = 1.28 × 10-7, hazard ratio [HR] = 0.88, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.84-0.92); the closest gene is AUTS2. For ER-negative disease, the most significant variant was chr7:rs67918676 (BFDP = 11%, P = 1.38 × 10-7, HR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.16-1.39); located within a long intergenic non-coding RNA gene (AC004009.3), close to the HOXA gene cluster. CONCLUSIONS: We uncovered germline variants on chromosome 7 at BFDP < 15% close to genes for which there is biological evidence related to breast cancer outcome. However, the paucity of variants associated with mortality at genome-wide significance underpins the challenge in providing genetic-based individualised prognostic information for breast cancer patients.

19.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 2019 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30681416

RESUMO

Early breast cancer detection programs depend for effectiveness on the participation rate, which is affected by risk factor awareness. This study investigated changes in women's risk factor awareness between 2004 and 2016. Results from a 2004 survey of 2107 healthy women were compared with new data obtained using the same questionnaire in 2016, with 866 participants indicating their knowledge and perceptions regarding breast cancer incidence, risk factors, risk perceptions, and levels of concern. Logistic regression models assessed the influence of time point (2004 vs. 2016) on correct recognition of risk factors such as age at first childbirth, childlessness, lack of breastfeeding, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), and family history. Regression models were adjusted for common sociodemographic characteristics. Reproductive risk factors were regarded as influencing breast cancer risk less often. In 2004, age at first birth, childlessness, and lack of breastfeeding were regarded as risk factors by 24, 32, and 37%, respectively, in comparison with only 15, 18, and 23% in 2016. All changes were statistically significant. Awareness of HRT as a risk factor increased significantly (36-57%), and family history was recognized as a risk by 75 and 73% in 2004 and 2016, respectively. Most women recognized family history as a breast cancer risk factor. This did not change, reflecting the topic's media prominence. Awareness of HRT as a risk factor increased, probably owing to public information after the large HRT studies. It is unclear why reproductive risk factors are less frequently recognized; educational programs should address this information deficit.

20.
Breast ; 44: 81-89, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30690254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In breast cancer, large tumor size, positive nodal stage and a triple-negative tumor subtype are associated with reduced survival, but the interactions between these prognostic factors are not well understood. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Here we re-evaluated the impact of tumor size, nodal stage and tumor subtype on disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), distant disease-free survival (DDFS) and breast cancer specific survival (BCSS) in a retrospective analysis using data from the adjuvant SUCCESS A trial. Subgroup analyses were conducted to assess whether the effect of tumor size and nodal stage on survival depended on tumor subtype. RESULTS: Increasing tumor size, higher nodal stage and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) were associated with unfavorable prognosis (all p < 0.001). There was no significant interaction between tumor subtype and tumor size (p > 0.5 for all four survival endpoints), but we found significant interactions between tumor subtype and nodal stage (p < 0.05 for all four survival endpoints), with no differences in survival among tumor subtypes for patients with pN0 tumors (all p > 0.05) and pronounced differences in survival among tumor subtypes for patients with positive nodal stage (all p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This analysis confirms tumor size, nodal stage and tumor subtype as independent prognostic factors in high-risk early breast cancer. Nodal-positive patients with TNBC had a considerably worse outcome compared to nodal-positive patients with another tumor subtype. This underlines the importance for early detection particularly for patients with TNBC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT 2005-000490-21; ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02181101.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
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