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1.
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol ; 223(6): 373-394, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801169

RESUMO

AIMS: This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recently published scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. METHODS: The members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements based on the international literature. The Recommendations and Statements were adopted following a formal consensus process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). RECOMMENDATIONS: Part 2 of this short version of the guideline presents Statements and Recommendations on the tertiary prevention of preterm birth and the management of preterm premature rupture of membranes.


Assuntos
Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Nascimento Prematuro , Sociedades Médicas , Prevenção Terciária , Incompetência do Colo do Útero , Áustria , Feminino , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/prevenção & controle , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/terapia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Obstetrícia , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Nascimento Prematuro/terapia , Sistema de Registros
2.
Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol ; 223(5): 304-316, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623006

RESUMO

AIMS: This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recent scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. METHODS: Based on the international literature, the members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements. These were adopted following a formal process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting was done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). RECOMMENDATIONS: Part I of this short version of the guideline lists Statements and Recommendations on the epidemiology, etiology, prediction and primary and secondary prevention of preterm birth.


Assuntos
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Nascimento Prematuro , Áustria , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/etiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Primária , Sistema de Registros , Prevenção Secundária , Sociedades Médicas
3.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd ; 79(8): 800-812, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423016

RESUMO

Aims This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recent scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. Methods Based on the international literature, the members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements. These were adopted following a formal process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting was done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). Recommendations Part I of this short version of the guideline lists Statements and Recommendations on the epidemiology, etiology, prediction and primary and secondary prevention of preterm birth.

4.
Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd ; 79(8): 813-833, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423017

RESUMO

Aims This is an official guideline of the German Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (DGGG), the Austrian Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (ÖGGG) and the Swiss Society for Gynecology and Obstetrics (SGGG). The aim of this guideline is to improve the prediction, prevention and management of preterm birth based on evidence obtained from recently published scientific literature, the experience of the members of the guideline commission and the views of self-help groups. Methods The members of the participating medical societies and organizations developed Recommendations and Statements based on the international literature. The Recommendations and Statements were adopted following a formal consensus process (structured consensus conference with neutral moderation, voting done in writing using the Delphi method to achieve consensus). Recommendations Part 2 of this short version of the guideline presents Statements and Recommendations on the tertiary prevention of preterm birth and the management of preterm premature rupture of membranes.

5.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 235: 116-120, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826159

RESUMO

Paediatric and Adolescent Gynaecology (PAG) is a multidisciplinary field combining aspects of gynaecology but also includes paediatrics, endocrinology, genetics, radiology, psychology and urology. Specialist knowledge is warranted for the care of these youngsters, and it is important that doctors attending to the gynaecological needs of children must understand that they are not just "little women". Their needs and accompanying clinical approaches required are very different from those of adults in this sensitive area, as is the spectrum of diseases and problems. A multidisciplinary collaboration is as important as the establishment and adoption of standards in education, training and management. The situation in Europe in PAG is varied, reflecting the relative youth of this area of special interest and thereby allowing for earlier consolidation of standards and services across Europe. This article summarises the background to PAG in Europe, inequitable current provision of care and issues relating to education and training all of which are relevant in providing a common approach to PAG problems and endeavouring to obtain the best outcomes. There remains huge diversity how the services for "young women" are currently delivered across different countries within Europe. A concerted European approach is urgently required to streamline standards of training and clinical care, to ensure high quality care by using agreed national and European pathways.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Adolescente , Medicina do Adolescente/métodos , Serviços de Saúde da Criança , Ginecologia/métodos , Pediatria/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Assistência à Saúde , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Ginecologia/organização & administração , Humanos , Obstetrícia/métodos , Obstetrícia/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Gravidez , Sociedades Médicas , Conselhos de Especialidade Profissional
6.
Fetal Diagn Ther ; 30(3): 194-202, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21709403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of associations in serum free ß-hCG and PAPP-A between successive pregnancies on the performance of screening for trisomy 21 at 11-13 weeks' gestation. METHODS: In 8,499 women with two consecutive pregnancies, including 49 women with fetal trisomy 21 in the second pregnancy, the correlation in serum free ß-hCG multiples of the median (MoM) and PAPP-A MoM between pregnancies was determined, and the effects of correcting for the correlation on the performance of screening was estimated. RESULTS: There were significant associations between pregnancies in free ß-hCG MoM (r = 0.4435) and PAPP-A MoM (r = 0.4796). In screening by maternal age and biochemistry at a risk cutoff of 1 in 100, in the second pregnancies the false-positive rate was 35.5% for those with screen-positive results in the first pregnancy, and this was reduced to 17.1% after adjustment for the results of the first pregnancy. Similarly, in women with screen-negative results in the first pregnancy, adjustment for the results improved the detection rate in the second pregnancy from 66.7 to 81.2%. CONCLUSIONS: In screening for trisomy 21, adjustment for the biochemical findings in a previous pregnancy has major effects on individual patient-specific risks, increases the detection rate and reduces the false-positive rate.


Assuntos
Gonadotropina Coriônica Humana Subunidade beta/sangue , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico , Proteína Plasmática A Associada à Gravidez/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Funções Verossimilhança , Idade Materna , Medição da Translucência Nucal , Gravidez , Primeiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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