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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26891, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397912

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of the study is to evaluate the reliability of shear wave elastography to assess the anterior and middle scalene muscles in healthy adult subjects.The study included 60 scalene muscles in 15 healthy subjects. High-resolution ultrasound and shear wave elastography were used to evaluate the anterior scalene and the middle scalene muscles. Stiffness values were measured.The mean shear elastic modulus showed the following values, right anterior scalene muscle 18.83 ±â€Š5.32 kPa, left anterior scalene muscle 21.71 ±â€Š4.8 kPa, right middle scalene muscle 12.84 ±â€Š5.2 kPa, left middle scalene muscle 19.76 ±â€Š5.30 kPa. Positive correlation was noted between the left middle scalene muscle and body mass index (P = .004). No difference in elasticity was noted between the right and left anterior scalene muscles; however, significant difference was noted between the right and left middle scalene muscles (P = .002).The results obtained in our study could be a reference point for future research considering different scalene muscle pathologies.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Músculos do Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Elasticidade , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Músculos do Pescoço/fisiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e25196, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726013

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to study sonoelastographic features of thesartorius muscle, and its relation to the demographic factors.The study included 70 muscles in 35 healthy subjects. High-resolution ultrasound and shearwave elastography were used to evaluate the sartorius muscle. Stiffness values were measured.The mean shear elastic modulus of the sartorius muscle was 21.96 ±â€Š5.1 kPa. Demographic factors showed no relation to the elastic modulus of the left sartorius muscle. Positive statistical correlation was noted between the elastic modulus of the right sartorius muscle, weight, and body mass index.Our results could be a reference point for evaluating sartorius muscle stiffness in future research considering different pathologies.


Assuntos
Módulo de Elasticidade , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Coxa da Perna/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e23999, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545992

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to investigate sonoelastographic features of the tibial nerve.The study included 72 tibial nerves in 36 healthy subjects. High resolution ultrasound and Shear wave elastography were used to evaluate the tibial nerve. Cross sectional area and stiffness were measured.The mean cross sectional area of the tibial nerve was 13.4 mm2. The mean shear elastic modulus of the tibial nerve in the short axis was 23.3 kPa. The mean shear elastic modulus of the tibial nerve in long axis was 26.1 kPa. The tibial nerve elastic modulus also showed no correlation with cross sectional area neither in the long axis nor short axis. Age, height, weight, and body mass index showed no correlation with tibial nerve elastic modulus in short or long axes.The elastic modulus of the tibial nerve has been determined in healthy subjects and can serve as a reference for future assessment of polyneuropathy.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Nervo Tibial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Módulo de Elasticidade/fisiologia , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Nervo Tibial/fisiologia , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Int Med Res ; 49(1): 300060520987938, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to examine the sonoelastographic features of the radial nerve in healthy subjects. METHODS: In this observational cross-sectional study, shear wave elastography was used to evaluate the radial nerve. The cross-sectional area and stiffness were measured. RESULTS: The study included 37 nerves in 20 healthy adult subjects. The mean cross-sectional area of the radial nerve at the arm was 6.1 mm2. The mean stiffness of the radial nerve in the short axis was 30.3 kPa, and that in the long axis was 34.9 kPa. The elasticity measurements were significantly different between the long axis and short axis. CONCLUSION: The elastic modulus of the radial nerve was studied in healthy subjects and can serve as a reference for future assessment of different radial nerve pathologies.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Adulto , Módulo de Elasticidade , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Nervo Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
Neurol Sci ; 42(6): 2425-2429, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33074450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to estimate the reference values of the brachial plexus roots at the interscalene groove. The physical and demographic characteristics of 59 healthy adult volunteers were studied. The CSA reference values and their correlations with weight, height, age, body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Fifty nine (27 males, 32 females) subjects were enrolled in the study. The mean cross sectional area of C5, C6 and C7 nerve roots were obtained. RESULTS: The mean CSA of the brachial plexus roots was as follows: C5 nerve root was 5.1 mm2 (range 1.7-11.1 ± 1.9 SD), C6 nerve root CSA 5.8 mm2 (range 1.7-12 ± 2.4 SD), and C7 nerve root 6.3 (range 1.6-19.6 ± 3.4 SD). There was a significant statistical difference between both sexes in our study. No statistical significant difference in tissue stiffness between dominant and nondominant hands. No statistical correlation was found between the CSA of the cervical nerve roots and different demographic factors. There was a positive statistical correlation between the CSA of C5 and both C6 and C7 nerve roots. Also positive significant statistical correlation was noted between the CSA of C6 and C7 nerve roots. CONCLUSION: The CSA reference values of the C5-C7 nerve roots has been determined in asymptomatic individuals and can serve as a reference when studying pathological conditions of these structures.


Assuntos
Plexo Braquial , Adulto , Plexo Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nervos Periféricos , Valores de Referência , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
6.
J Int Med Res ; 48(12): 300060520979445, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Shear wave elastography is a rapidly evolving new technique. The purpose of the present study was to determine the sonoelastographic features of the submandibular glands in healthy individuals. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 45 healthy individuals, whose submandibular glands were studied using shear wave elastography. The stiffness of both submandibular glands was measured and its relationships with the age, sex, body mass, body mass index (BMI), and height of the participants were assessed. RESULTS: The participants had a mean age of 31.82 ± 5.53 years, a mean height of 158.30 ± 7.16 cm, a mean body mass of 57.83 ± 8.84 kg, and a mean BMI of 22.99 ± 2.72 kg/m2. The mean shear elastic modulus of the right and left submandibular glands were 18.02 kPa and 19.09 kPa, respectively. Positive correlations were found between the elasticity of the right submandibular gland and the anthropometric parameters. CONCLUSION: The elastic modulus of the submandibular glands has been determined in healthy individuals and the data generated can serve as a reference for future studies of pathological conditions of these structures.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Glândula Submandibular , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Módulo de Elasticidade , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Glândula Submandibular/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
J Int Med Res ; 48(11): 300060520976048, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233974

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of shear wave elastography to measure the stiffness of the knee menisci in healthy adults. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study evaluated knee joints in healthy adults. Shear wave elastography was used to evaluate the anterior horn of the medial menisci bilaterally. The correlations between the mean elasticity bilaterally and age, weight, height and body mass index (BMI) were calculated using Pearson's correlation coefficient test. RESULTS: A total of 34 knee joints in 17 healthy subjects were evaluated. The mean ± SD shear elastic modulus of the anterior horn of the right medial meniscus was 24.86 ± 6.35 kPa and of the anterior horn of the left medial meniscus was 23.86 ± 4.49 kPa. A significant inverse correlation was observed between the right medial meniscus elasticity and height. Other demographic factors showed no significant relationship to the anterior horn of the right medial meniscus elasticity. A significant inverse correlation was observed between the anterior horn of the left medial meniscus elasticity and age, while a significant positive correlation was observed between left medial meniscus elasticity and BMI. CONCLUSION: These preliminary results suggest that shear wave elastography could be a potential tool to aid in studying the stiffness of the knee menisci.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Adulto , Módulo de Elasticidade , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Meniscos Tibiais/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
J Int Med Res ; 48(8): 300060520948754, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to obtain normative data of the distal femoral cartilage thickness in healthy adults by ultrasound. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 72 healthy adults. The demographic characteristics of the participants were recorded, and the thickness of the femoral articular cartilage was measured using a 5- to 18-MHz linear probe. RESULTS: Significant statistical difference towards the male side at left medial condyle (P = 0.001) and left lateral condyle (P = 0.009). Weakly positive statistical difference was noted towards the male side at right medial condyle (P = 0.06) and right lateral condyle (P = 0.07). The femoral cartilage thickness in the study participants did not correlate with weight, body mass index, and age (P >0.05). Positive statistical correlation with height noted in right medial condyle, right lateral condyle, right intercondylar area, and left medial condyle. CONCLUSION: This study increases the pool of normative data of femoral cartilage thickness measurements. Additionally, the findings of this study emphasize the fact that women have thinner cartilage than men in four of the studied parameters.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Articulação do Joelho , Adulto , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Ultrassonografia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(14): e19455, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243364

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to compare the distal femoral cartilage thickness of patients with type II diabetes mellitus with those of healthy subjects using ultrasonography. The study comprised 34 patients and 36 healthy subjects. Demographic characteristics of all the participants were recorded. The thickness of the femoral articular cartilage was measured using a 5-18MHzlinearprobe.Measurements were performed bilaterally from three points (intercondylar area, medial condyle, and lateral condyle). No significant difference could be found between patients and healthy subjects. Two demographic characteristics correlated positively with diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Fêmur/patologia , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Ultrassonografia
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