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J Zoo Wildl Med ; 50(1): 225-230, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120682


Nannizziopsis crocodili, a contagious, keratinophilic fungus, was identified from biopsied tissue in a captive juvenile freshwater crocodile during an outbreak of severe multifocal dermatitis affecting four of five crocodiles. Lesions progressed from superficial, well-demarcated ulceration of scales, to black pigmentation, localized edema, erythema, and flattening of the scales. Treatment with topical enilconazole provided clinical improvement in three of four crocodiles but all developed terminal gout. One crocodile did not develop clinical disease despite long-term exposure. This is the first report of N. crocodili in freshwater crocodiles and in a location remote to the index Australian case.

Jacarés e Crocodilos , Dermatite/veterinária , Fungicidas Industriais/uso terapêutico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Micoses/veterinária , Onygenales/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Animais de Zoológico , Dermatite/diagnóstico , Dermatite/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatite/microbiologia , Micoses/diagnóstico , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/microbiologia
J Vet Diagn Invest ; 23(6): 1236-9, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22362810


Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that has been recognized as a cause of endometritis in mares. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis was used to characterize and compare isolates of P. aeruginosa from an outbreak of endometritis and unrelated isolates collected at the same time as the outbreak. The restriction endonuclease digestion patterns and antimicrobial resistance profiles of all outbreak isolates were identical. Therefore, a single strain of P. aeruginosa was responsible for the cases of endometritis. The unrelated isolates could be distinguished from the outbreak strain using the techniques outlined in the present study. The results establish that this pathogen was not venereally transmitted between all the horses from which it was isolated, but rather must have been disseminated, at least initially, from a contaminated water source. Once the water used to clean the mares and stallions was replaced, there were no further reports of endometritis caused by this organism on the affected stud. Furthermore, the fertility of the stallions was not affected, in spite of persistent carriage for 1 to 2 months. The current study has shown that the use of pulsed field gel electrophoresis has considerable value in epidemiological investigations of equine urogenital tract infections with P. aeruginosa.

Surtos de Doenças/veterinária , Endometrite/veterinária , Doenças dos Cavalos/microbiologia , Infecções por Pseudomonas/veterinária , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Endometrite/microbiologia , Feminino , Doenças dos Cavalos/epidemiologia , Cavalos , Masculino , New South Wales/epidemiologia , Infecções por Pseudomonas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Pseudomonas/microbiologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Vitória/epidemiologia , Microbiologia da Água
Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract ; 24(2): 239-59, v, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18652954


Assessment of peripheral blood leukocytes is the most common clinical pathology test in equine practice. It is always a part of complete body function assessment and frequently is used alone, or in conjunction with, fibrinogen to monitor response to treatment.

Hematologia/métodos , Doenças dos Cavalos/imunologia , Contagem de Leucócitos/veterinária , Leucócitos/imunologia , Leucócitos/fisiologia , Animais , Cavalos