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Blood ; 134(Supplement_1): 44, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724018

RESUMO

DISCLOSURES: Bader: Riemser, Neovii: Research Funding; Medac: Patents & Royalties, Research Funding; Amgen (Brasil), Novartis: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau; Celgene: Consultancy. Risitano:Alexion: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Achillion: Research Funding; Apellis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Apellis: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Biocryst: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Alexion: Honoraria, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau; Amyndas: Consultancy; Samsung: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Samsung: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Roche: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Research Funding; Amyndas: Consultancy; Biocryst: Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Pfizer: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Ra Pharma: Research Funding; Ra Pharma: Research Funding; Alnylam: Research Funding; Alnylam: Research Funding; Achillion: Research Funding. Peffault de Latour:Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Amgen: Research Funding; Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding; Alexion: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding.

4.
Bull Cancer ; 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586527

RESUMO

Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been growing steadily since 2012. The SFGM-TC has twice published guidelines concerning T-cell repleted haploidentical grafts with high dose cyclophosphamide post-transplantation. The 2013 workshop recommended using the non-myeloablative Baltimore protocol with bone marrow and developed prospective protocols to evaluate these transplantations. The 2015 workshop reported improved results of reduced conditioning regimens in Hodgkin's lymphoma and intensive conditioning in myeloid hemopathies, and a similar outcome with 10/10 HLA matched donor with the same disease-risk score thus raising the question of the qualifier "alternative" for haploidentical transplants. The current work concerns the criteria for selecting the donor. The main criterion remains the absence of anti-HLA antibodies directed against the donor present in the recipient sera (DSA - Donor Specific Antibodies). In case of DSA and in the absence of an alternative donor, desensitization protocols exist. The other criteria are impossible to prioritize: age, sex, CMV, and blood type. The degree of relatedness and the number of HLA incompatibilities do not seem to be a criterion of choice. The 'ideal' donor would be a young man, CMV-matched, without major ABO incompatibility with a marrow transplant. There is insufficient data for the KIR-ligand and NIMA/NIPA mismatch. Peripheral stem cell grafts appear to yield more acute GVHD than bone marrow grafts after intensive conditioning, but with comparable survival rates. Based on the literature review, the comparison of haploidentical with unrelated donors encourages inclusion in existing national protocols randomizing these different donors.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636397

RESUMO

In many healthcare settings, benchmarking for complex procedures has become a mandatory requirement by competent authorities, regulators, payers and patients to assure clinical performance, cost-effectiveness and safe care of patients. In several countries inside and outside Europe, benchmarking systems have been established for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), but access is not universal. As benchmarking is now integrated into the FACT-JACIE standards, the EBMT and JACIE established a Clinical Outcomes Group (COG) to develop and introduce a universal system accessible across EBMT members. Established systems from seven European countries (United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium, France, Germany, Spain, Switzerland), USA and Australia were appraised, revealing similarities in process, but wide variations in selection criteria and statistical methods. In tandem, the COG developed the first phase of a bespoke risk-adapted international benchmarking model for one-year survival following allogeneic and autologous HSCT based on current capabilities within the EBMT registry core dataset. Data completeness, which has a critical impact on validity of centre comparisons, is also assessed. Ongoing development will include further scientific validation of the model, incorporation of further variables (when appropriate) alongside implementation of systems for clinically meaningful interpretation and governance aiming to maximise acceptance to centres, clinicians, payers and patients across EBMT.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326611

RESUMO

Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a rare complication with no curative option. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) may be considered for eligible patients and has been understudied in t-MDS. We report 47 consecutive patients with t-MDS after an ASCT who underwent allo-HSCT with a median age of 58 years (range, 30 to 71 years) at transplantation and a median follow-up of 22 months (range, 0.7 to 107). The median overall survival (OS) was 6.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 0 to 19 months). OS rates were 45% (29% to 60%) and 30% (15% to 45%) at 1 and 3 years after transplantation, respectively. On univariate analysis, prior therapy for t-MDS before allo-HSCT (P = .02) and mismatched donors (P = .004) were associated with poor OS. Three-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM) and relapse rates were 44% (25% to 63%) and 41% (22% to 61%), respectively. Mismatched donors (P < .001) were associated with higher NRM and a high-risk MDS (P = .008) with a higher relapse risk. On multivariate analysis, HLA mismatch was associated with higher NRM (hazard ratio, 6.21; 95% CI, 1.63 to 23.62; P = .007). In conclusion, our results suggest that one third of the patients who develop t-MDS after an ASCT for lymphoma are cured after an allo-HSCT. The use of mismatched donors with standard graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis should be avoided in such an indication for allo-HSCT. It will be worthwhile to see if the implementation of cyclophosphamide post-transplantation will improve the outcome with mismatched donors.

7.
Blood Adv ; 3(13): 1950-1960, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262738

RESUMO

The impact of the use of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) following a total body irradiation (TBI)-based myeloablative conditioning regimen has been poorly explored. We retrospectively analyzed 724 patients who underwent a first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) following a TBI-based conditioning regimen for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and compared the outcomes of 251 (35%) patients who received ATG (ATG group) with 473 (65%) patients who did not (non-ATG group). Median follow-up of surviving patients was 59 months (interquartile range, 28-83). The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) for non-ATG and ATG groups in the first 100 days was 33% vs 24%, respectively (P = .0098). The 2-year cumulative incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) was reduced significantly in the ATG group in comparison with the non-ATG group (46% vs 34%, P = .003). Using multivariate analysis, in vivo T-cell depletion (ATG group) was independently associated with a decreased incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD (hazard ratio [HR], 0.28; P < .001), grade III-IV aGVHD (HR, 0.21; P < .001), cGVHD (HR, 0.63; P = .02), and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (HR, 0.54; P = .02). Relapse risk, overall survival, and leukemia-free survival were similar between the 2 groups. Our results suggest that the addition of ATG to TBI-based myeloablative conditioning for allo-HCT in AML patients results in a significant reduction in aGVHD and cGVHD, translating into a significant reduction in NRM without increasing the relapse rate.

8.
Physiol Rep ; 7(12): e14153, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243891

RESUMO

Hemoglobin levels are believed to be regulated as per a set point model of regulation. This model of regulation, by which specific levels of a parameter are targeted and defended by physiological systems, implies a particular population correlation between the parameter and its controlling hormone. Empirical population correlations of other parameters and their controlling hormones, have denied the presence of such set point-based regulation. To assess if hemoglobin is regulated according to a set point model we performed a systematic search of PubMed/MEDLINE and Web of Science identifying relevant reports published up to November 2018. Population hemoglobin/erythropoietin level correlations were retrieved, and these empirically derived correlations were compared with the positive correlation implied by a set point model of regulation. Authors of papers containing potentially suitable data were contacted with requests for further analyses, and a meta-analysis was performed. Twelve correlations between hemoglobin and erythropoietin levels from eleven papers were analyzed. None of these correlations were significantly positive, three, restricted to the normal range of hemoglobin, were significantly negative. All but one of the other correlations showed a negative trend. New analyses of previously published data sets resulted in similar findings. In particular a new analysis of large data sets of males (n = 2417) and females (n = 2592) with normal range hemoglobin levels, revealed significantly negative correlations. A meta-analysis of our results indicated that the data overall are not consistent with a positive relationship between hemoglobin and erythropoietin (P < 0.0001). Population data indicate that individuals do not have set point levels of hemoglobin.

9.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(10): 2404-2414, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30997844

RESUMO

Most myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)-patients receive multiple red blood cell transfusions (RBCT). Transfusions may cause iron-related toxicity and mortality, influencing outcome after allogeneic HSCT. This prospective non-interventional study evaluated 222 MDS and CMML patients undergoing HSCT. Overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse incidence (RI) at 36 months were 52%, 44%, 25%, and 31%, respectively. Age, percentage of marrow blasts and severe comorbidities impacted OS. RFS was significantly associated with RBCT burden prior to HSCT (HR: 1.7; p = .02). High ferritin levels had a significant negative impact on OS and RI, but no impact on NRM. Administration of iron chelation therapy prior to HSCT did not influence the outcome, but early iron reduction after HSCT (started before 6 months) improved RFS significantly after transplantation (56% in the control group vs. 90% in the treated group, respectively; p = .04). This study illustrates the impact of RBCT and related parameters on HSCT-outcome. Patients with an expected prolonged survival after transplantation may benefit from early iron reduction therapy after transplantation.

10.
Front Immunol ; 10: 619, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31001253

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have potent immunomodulatory properties that make them an attractive tool against graft- vs.-host disease (GVHD). However, despite promising results in phase I/II studies, bone marrow (BM-) derived MSCs failed to demonstrate their superiority over placebo in the sole phase III trial reported thus far. MSCs from different tissue origins display different characteristics, but their therapeutic benefits have never been directly compared in GVHD. Here, we compared the impact of BM-, umbilical cord (UC-), and adipose-tissue (AT-) derived MSCs on T-cell function in vitro and assessed their efficacy for the treatment of GVHD induced by injection of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in NOD-scid IL-2Rγnull HLA-A2/HHD mice. In vitro, resting BM- and AT-MSCs were more potent than UC-MSCs to inhibit lymphocyte proliferation, whereas UC- and AT-MSCs induced a higher regulatory T-cell (CD4+CD25+FoxP3+)/T helper 17 ratio. Interestingly, AT-MSCs and UC-MSCs activated the coagulation pathway at a higher level than BM-MSCs. In vivo, AT-MSC infusions were complicated by sudden death in 4 of 16 animals, precluding an analysis of their efficacy. Intravenous MSC infusions (UC- or BM- combined) failed to significantly increase overall survival (OS) in an analysis combining data from 80 mice (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.32-1.08, P = 0.087). In a sensitivity analysis we also compared OS in control vs. each MSC group separately. The results for the BM-MSC vs. control comparison was HR = 0.63 (95% CI 0.30-1.34, P = 0.24) while the figures for the UC-MSC vs. control comparison was HR = 0.56 (95% CI 0.28-1.10, P = 0.09). Altogether, these results suggest that MSCs from various origins have different effects on immune cells in vitro and in vivo. However, none significantly prevented death from GVHD. Finally, our data suggest that the safety profile of AT-MSC and UC-MSC need to be closely monitored given their pro-coagulant activities in vitro.

11.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(2): 193-201, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821017

RESUMO

The detection rates of whole-body combined [18 F]NaF/[18 F]FDG positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT), CT alone, whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI), and X-ray were prospectively studied in patients with treatment-requiring plasma cell disorders The detection rates of imaging techniques were compared, and focal lesions were classified according to their anatomic location. Twenty-six out of 30 initially included patients were assessable. The number of focal lesions detected in newly diagnosed patients (n = 13) and in relapsed patients (n = 13) were 296 and 234, respectively. The detection rate of PET/CT was significantly higher than those of WB-MRI (P < 0.05) and CT (P < 0.0001) both in patients with newly diagnosed and in those with relapsed multiple myeloma (MM). The X-ray detection rate was significantly lower than those of all other techniques, while CT detected more lesions compared with WB-MRI at diagnosis (P = 0.025). With regard to the infiltration patters, relapsed patients presented more diffuse patterns, and more focal lesions located in the limbs compared with newly diagnosed patients. In conclusion, the detection rate of [18 F]NaF/[18 F]FDG PET/CT was significantly higher than those of CT, MRI, and X-ray, while the detection rate of X-rays was significantly lower than those of all other imaging techniques except for focal lesions located in the skull.


Assuntos
Radioisótopos de Flúor/administração & dosagem , Glucose-6-Fosfato/análogos & derivados , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluoreto de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Glucose-6-Fosfato/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(10): 1586-1594, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30770870

RESUMO

Several approaches have been developed to overcome historical barriers associated with poor outcomes in the setting of HLA-haploidentical allogeneic transplantation (HaploSCT). Here, we examine the outcome of patients with various hematological disorders undergoing HaploSCT with high-dose, post-transplantation cyclophosphamide. We performed a retrospective study on 381 patients from 30 centers between January 2013 and December 2015. At the last follow-up, a total of 1058 infectious episodes were diagnosed, affecting 90.3% of the cohort. Median time to first infection was 13 days for bacterial, 32 days for viral and 20 days for fungal infections. Around 41% of these infections were of bacterial origin and 35% of viral origin, among which 48.8% of patients presented CMV reactivation. Median of GVHD relapse-free survival, progression-free survival and overall survival were 7.1 months, 19.9 months and 33.5 months, respectively. HSCT procedure was the primary or contributing cause of death (55.6%), followed by relapse of the original disease (34.2%). Infections accounted for 45.7% of the HSCT-related deaths. The present multicenter data on a large cohort of patients receiving HaploSCT with PTCy confirmed the feasibility of the procedure with an acceptable incidence of infectious complications, not different as compared to other haploidentical platforms or HLA-matched transplantation.

13.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(9): 1434-1442, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30696999

RESUMO

While performance since the introduction of the JACIE quality management system has been shown to be improved for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT), impact on autologous-HSCT remains unclear in Europe. Our study on 2697 autologous-HSCT performed in adults in 17 Belgian centres (2007-2013) aims at comparing the adjusted 1 and 3-yr survival between the different centres & investigating the impact of 3 centre-related factors on performance (time between JACIE accreditation achievement by the centre and the considered transplant, centre activity volume and type of HSCT performed by centres: exclusively autologous vs both autologous & allogeneic). We showed a relatively homogeneous performance between Belgian centres before national completeness of JACIE implementation. The 3 centre-related factors had a significant impact on the 1-yr survival, while activity volume and type of HSCT impacted the 3-yr survival of autologous-HSCT patients in univariable analyses. Only activity volume (impact on 1-yr survival only) and type of HSCT (impact on 1 and 3-yr survivals) remained significant in multivariable analysis. This is explained by the strong relationship between these 3 variables. An extended transplantation experience, i.e., performing both auto & allo-HSCT, appears to be a newly informative quality indicator potentially conveying a multitude of underlying complex factors.

14.
Bull Cancer ; 106(1S): S92-S101, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30527815

RESUMO

The Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) organized the 8th allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation clinical practices harmonization workshop series in September 2017 in Lille, France. In this article we give the indications of autologous stem cell transplantation in multiple sclerosis as well as recommendations regarding post-transplant follow-up of patients under the hospice of the SFGM-TC and the Francophone Society of Multiple Sclerosis.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/normas , Esclerose Múltipla/terapia , Fatores Etários , Autoenxertos , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Contraindicações de Procedimentos , França , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/fisiopatologia , Sociedades Médicas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/normas , Transplante Homólogo
15.
Kidney Int ; 95(3): 693-707, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528263

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) exhibit anti-inflammatory and immune-regulatory properties, and preclinical studies suggest a potential benefit in solid organ transplantation. We report on the 1-year follow-up of an open-label phase I-II trial of a single infusion of third-party MSC post-kidney transplantation, in addition to standard immunosuppression. Ten kidney transplant recipients from deceased donors received third-party bone marrow MSCs (∼2 × 106/kg) on day 3 ± 2 post-transplant and were compared to 10 concurrent controls. No adverse effects were noted at MSC injection. One participant with a history of cardiac disease had a non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction approximately 3 hours after MSC infusion. Incidences of opportunistic infections and acute rejection were similar. At day 7 post-transplant, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in MSC-treated recipients reached 48.6 ml/min/1.73m2, compared to 32.5 ml/min/1.73m2 in controls and 29.3 ml/min/1.73m2 in our overall cohort of kidney transplant recipients. No difference in eGFR was found at 1 year. MSC-treated recipients showed increased frequencies of regulatory T cells at day 30, with no significant change in B cell frequencies compared to concurrent controls. Four MSC-treated participants developed antibodies against MSC or shared kidney-MSC HLA, with only 1 with MFI >1500. A single infusion of third-party MSC following kidney transplantation appears to be safe, with one cardiac event of unclear relationship to the intervention. MSC therapy is associated with increased regulatory T cell proportion and with improved early allograft function. Long-term effects, including potential immunization against MSC, remain to be studied.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30326279

RESUMO

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a severe complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The role of Th17 cells in its pathophysiology remains a matter of debate. In this study, we assessed whether enrichment of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with in vitro Th17-polarized CD4+ T cells would exacerbate xenogeneic GVHD (xGVHD) into NOD-scid IL-2Rγ null (NSG) mice. Naive human CD4+ T cells were stimulated under Th17-skewing conditions for 8 to 10 days and then coinjected in NSG mice with fresh PBMCs from the same donor. We observed that Th17-polarized cells engrafted and migrated toward xGVHD target organs. They also acquired a double-expressing IL-17A+IFNγ+ profile in vivo. Importantly, cotransfer of Th17-polarized cells (1 × 106) with PBMCs (1 × 106) exacerbated xGVHD compared with transplantation of PBMCs alone (2 × 106). Furthermore, PBMC cotransfer with Th17-polarized cells was more potent for xGVHD induction than cotransfer with naive CD4+ T cells stimulated in nonpolarizing conditions (Th0 cells, 1 × 106 + 1 × 106 PBMCs) or with Th1-polarized cells (1 × 106 + 1 × 106 PBMCs). In summary, our results suggest that human Th17-polarized cells can cooperate with PBMCs and be pathogenic in the NSG xGVHD model.

17.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2175, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30333823

RESUMO

The precise impact of the somatotrope axis upon the immune system is still highly debated. We have previously shown that mice with generalized ablation of growth hormone (GH) releasing hormone (GHRH) gene (Ghrh -/-) have normal thymus and T-cell development, but present a marked spleen atrophy and B-cell lymphopenia. Therefore, in this paper we have investigated vaccinal and anti-infectious responses of Ghrh -/- mice against S. pneumoniae, a pathogen carrying T-independent antigens. Ghrh -/- mice were unable to trigger production of specific IgM after vaccination with either native pneumococcal polysaccharides (PPS, PPV23) or protein-PPS conjugate (PCV13). GH supplementation of Ghrh -/- mice restored IgM response to PPV23 vaccine but not to PCV13 suggesting that GH could exert a specific impact on the spleen marginal zone that is strongly implicated in T-independent response against pneumococcal polysaccharides. As expected, after administration of low dose of S. pneumoniae, wild type (WT) completely cleared bacteria after 24 h. In marked contrast, Ghrh -/- mice exhibited a dramatic susceptibility to S. pneumoniae infection with a time-dependent increase in lung bacterial load and a lethal bacteraemia already after 24 h. Lungs of infected Ghrh -/- mice were massively infiltrated by inflammatory macrophages and neutrophils, while lung B cells were markedly decreased. The inflammatory transcripts signature was significantly elevated in Ghrh -/- mice. In this animal model, the somatotrope GHRH/GH/IGF1 axis plays a vital and unsuspected role in vaccine and immunological defense against S. pneumoniae.

18.
Haematologica ; 103(11): 1772-1784, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30171031

RESUMO

The diagnosis of multiple myeloma can be challenging, even for experienced physicians, and requires close collaboration between numerous disciplines (orthopedics, radiology, nuclear medicine, radiation therapy, hematology and oncology) before the final diagnosis of myeloma is made. The definition of multiple myeloma is based on the presence of clinical, biochemical, histopathological, and radiological markers of disease. Specific tests are needed both at presentation and during follow-up in order to reach the correct diagnosis and characterize the disease precisely. These tests can also serve prognostic purposes and are useful for follow-up of myeloma patients. Molecular analyses remain pivotal for defining high-risk myeloma and are used in updated patient stratifications, while minimal residual disease assessment via flow cytometry, molecular techniques and radiological approaches provides additional prognostic information on patients' long-term outcome. This pivotal information will guide our future treatment decisions in forthcoming clinical trials. The European Myeloma Network group updated their guidelines on different diagnostic recommendations, which should be of value to enable appropriate use of the recommendations both at diagnosis and during follow-up.

19.
Front Immunol ; 9: 1943, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30214443

RESUMO

Despite the increasing use of humanized mouse models to study new approaches of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prevention, the pathogenesis of xenogeneic GVHD (xGVHD) in these models remains misunderstood. The aim of this study is to describe this pathogenesis in NOD/LtSz-PrkdcscidIL2rγtm1Wjl (NSG) mice infused with human PBMCs and to assess the impact of the expression of HLA-A0201 by NSG mice cells (NSG-HLA-A2/HHD mice) on xGVHD and graft-versus-leukemia (GvL) effects, by taking advantage of next-generation technologies. We found that T cells recovered from NSG mice after transplantation had upregulated expression of genes involved in cell proliferation, as well as in TCR, co-stimulatory, IL-2/STAT5, mTOR and Aurora kinase A pathways. T cells had mainly an effector memory or an effector phenotype and exhibited a Th1/Tc1-skewed differentiation. TCRß repertoire diversity was markedly lower both in the spleen and lungs (a xGVHD target organ) than at infusion. There was no correlation between the frequencies of specific clonotypes at baseline and in transplanted mice. Finally, expression of HLA-A0201 by NSG mice led to more severe xGVHD and enhanced GvL effects toward HLA-A2+ leukemic cells. Altogether our data demonstrate that the pathogenesis of xGVHD shares important features with human GVHD and that NSG-HLA-A2/HHD mice could serve as better model to study GVHD and GvL effects.

20.
J Neuroimmunol ; 323: 115-118, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30189384

RESUMO

Although it remained controversial for a long time, central nervous system (CNS) involvement of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is now becoming recognized as a real nosological entity. Previous case reports have suggested heterogeneous clinical presentations and it is not excluded that the whole spectrum of manifestations has not yet been fully described. Here, we report the case of a 58-year-old man with chronic GVHD who developed a rapidly ingravescent encephalopathy. There was no evidence for CNS immune-mediated lesions on conventional imaging nor for cellular infiltration in the cerebrospinal fluid. Serum analyses revealed the presence of anti-neuronal antibodies directed against anti-contactin-associated protein 2 (anti-Caspr2), a protein associated with voltage-gated potassium neuronal channels. Functional imaging with 2-deoxy-2-[fluorine-18] fluoro- d-glucose integrated with computed tomography (18F-FDG PET-CT) demonstrated diffuse cortical and subcortical hypometabolism. The patient was treated with a combination of immunosuppressive agents (corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide and rituximab) and progressively recovered normal neurocognitive functions. Taken together, these data suggest that CNS-GVHD may manifest as a reversible antibody-mediated functional encephalopathy. This report suggests for the first time the interest of screening for anti-neuronal antibodies and functional imaging with brain 18F-FDG PET-CT in diagnosing this severe complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHSCT).

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