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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318819

RESUMO

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and life-threatening hyperinflammatory condition that may be triggered by infections, autoimmune and immunologic disorders, malignancies, and metabolic diseases. Early and accurate diagnosis of HLH and its underlying cause is of paramount importance for proper management and prognosis. We report the case of a Tunisian 21-month-old girl who initially presented clinical features of HLH related to a lysosomal acid lipase deficiency. The genetic sequence analysis of the LIPA gene revealed a never described homozygous mutation c.966G>C (p.Gln322His). The parents were heterozygous for this mutation. Enzyme replacement therapy was not provided for the patient. She received etoposide, corticosteroids, and cyclosporine for the HLH. She is waiting for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second Tunisian case of secondary HLH complicating lysosomal acid lipase deficiency related to a new homozygous mutation: c.966G>C (p.Gln322His).

2.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 411(17): 3891-3903, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093699

RESUMO

Ultra-high-resolution imaging mass spectrometry using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) MS coupled to a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) mass analyzer is a powerful technique for the visualization of small molecule distribution within biological tissues. The FTICR MS provides ultra-high resolving power and mass accuracy that allows large molecular coverage and molecular formula assignments, both essential for untargeted metabolomics analysis. These performances require fine optimizations of the MALDI FTICR parameters. In this context, this study proposes a new strategy, using experimental design, for the optimization of ion transmission voltages and MALDI parameters, for tissue untargeted metabolomics analysis, in both positive and negative ionization modes. These experiments were conducted by assessing the effects of nine factors for ion transmission voltages and four factors for MALDI on the number of peaks, the weighted resolution, and the mean error within m/z 150-1000 mass range. For this purpose, fractional factorial designs were used with multiple linear regression (MLR) to evaluate factor effects and to optimize parameter values. The optimized values of ion transmission voltages (RF amplitude TOF, RF amplitude octopole, frequency transfer optic, RF frequency octopole, deflector plate, funnel 1, skimmer, funnel RF amplitude, time-of-flight, capillary exit), MALDI parameters (laser fluence, number of laser shots), and detection parameters (data size, number of scans) led to an increase of 32% and 18% of the number of peaks, an increase of 8% and 39% of the resolution, and a decrease of 56% and 34% of the mean error in positive and negative ionization modes, respectively. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Análise de Fourier , Metabolômica/métodos , Modelos Teóricos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(2)2019 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669586

RESUMO

Metabolic phenotyping is poised as a powerful and promising tool for biomarker discovery in inherited metabolic diseases. However, few studies applied this approach to mcopolysaccharidoses (MPS). Thus, this innovative functional approach may unveil comprehensive impairments in MPS biology. This study explores mcopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI) or Maroteaux⁻Lamy syndrome (OMIM #253200) which is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by the deficiency of arylsulfatase B enzyme. Urine samples were collected from 16 MPS VI patients and 66 healthy control individuals. Untargeted metabolomics analysis was applied using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography combined with ion mobility and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Furthermore, dermatan sulfate, amino acids, carnitine, and acylcarnitine profiles were quantified using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Univariate analysis and multivariate data modeling were used for integrative analysis and discriminant metabolites selection. Pathway analysis was done to unveil impaired metabolism. The study revealed significant differential biochemical patterns using multivariate data modeling. Pathway analysis revealed that several major amino acid pathways were dysregulated in MPS VI. Integrative analysis of targeted and untargeted metabolomics data with in silico results yielded arginine-proline, histidine, and glutathione metabolism being the most affected. This study is one of the first metabolic phenotyping studies of MPS VI. The findings might shed light on molecular understanding of MPS pathophysiology to develop further MPS studies to enhance diagnosis and treatments of this rare condition.


Assuntos
Metaboloma , Metabolômica , Mucopolissacaridose VI/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metabolômica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mucopolissacaridose VI/genética , Fenótipo , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 248, 2018 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30180851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolomics represent a valuable tool to recover biological information using body fluids and may help to characterize pathophysiological mechanisms of the studied disease. This approach has not been widely used to explore inherited metabolic diseases. This study investigates mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III). A thorough and holistic understanding of metabolic remodeling in MPS III may allow the development, improvement and personalization of patient care. METHODS: We applied both targeted and untargeted metabolomics to urine samples obtained from a French cohort of 49 patients, consisting of 13 MPS IIIA, 16 MPS IIIB, 13 MPS IIIC, and 7 MPS IIID, along with 66 controls. The analytical strategy is based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography combined with ion mobility and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Twenty-four amino acids have been assessed using tandem mass spectrometry combined with liquid chromatography. Multivariate data modeling has been used for discriminant metabolite selection. Pathway analysis has been performed to retrieve metabolic pathways impairments. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed distinct biochemical profiles. These metabolic patterns, particularly those related to the amino acid metabolisms, allowed the different studied groups to be distinguished. Pathway analysis unveiled major amino acid pathways impairments in MPS III mainly arginine-proline metabolism and urea cycle metabolism. CONCLUSION: This represents one of the first metabolomics-based investigations of MPS III. These results may shed light on MPS III pathophysiology and could help to set more targeted studies to infer the biomarkers of the affected pathways, which is crucial for rare conditions such as MPS III.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(10)2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30262761

RESUMO

Carnitine Palmitoyl transferase 2 (CPT II) is involved in long-chain fatty-acid mitochondrial transport. Three clinical phenotypes of CPT II deficiency have been described: Lethal neonatal onset, infantile severe form, and the late onset more common muscular form. The muscular form of CPT II deficiency is characterized by pain crises and rhabdomyolysis triggered by energy-dependent factors. This form has been described as a benign condition; however, the acute crises are insidious and thus, pose a risk of death. We report a 3-year-old female child with an acute pulmonary infection and a concomitant rhabdomyolysis. The acylcarnitine profile was consistent with CPT II deficiency and a molecular study allowed the identification of the common missense variant (NM_000098.2: c.338C>T ⁻ p. Ser113Leu) at the homozygous state. The striking difference between the initial cause and the decompensation severity prompted us to consider other diagnoses. Deciphering the symptoms linked to CPT II deficiency among those of the initial decompensation results in initiating a timely a targeted therapy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29702543

RESUMO

Wolman disease is an ultrarare lysosomal storage disease caused by a mutation in the LIPA gene. The clinical features of Wolman disease include early onset of vomiting, diarrhea, failure to thrive, hepatosplenomegaly, and bilateral adrenal calcification. We report the case of a 3-month-old infant who presented clinical features of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Genetic sequence analysis of the LIPA gene revealed homozygous mutation c.153 C>A (p.Tyr51*). The parents were heterozygous for this mutation. Prenatal diagnosis has been carried out in the next pregnancy. To our knowledge, this mutation has never been reported before, and this is an unusual case of secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis complicating Wolman disease.

9.
Mol Genet Metab ; 123(4): 463-471, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29478817

RESUMO

Creatine transporter is currently the focus of renewed interest with emerging roles in brain neurotransmission and physiology, and the bioenergetics of cancer metastases. We here report on amendments of a standard creatine uptake assay which might help clinical chemistry laboratories to extend their current range of measurements of creatine and metabolites in body fluids to functional enzyme explorations. In this respect, short incubation times and the use of a stable-isotope-labeled substrate (D3-creatine) preceded by a creatine wash-out step from cultured fibroblast cells by removal of fetal bovine serum (rich in creatine) from the incubation medium are recommended. Together, these measures decreased, by a first order of magnitude, creatine concentrations in the incubation medium at the start of creatine-uptake studies and allowed to functionally discriminate between 4 hemizygous male and 4 heterozygous female patients with X-linked SLC6A8 deficiency, and between this cohort of eight patients and controls. The functional assay corroborated genetic diagnosis of SLC6A8 deficiency. Gene anomalies in our small cohort included splicing site (c.912G > A [p.Ile260_Gln304del], c.778-2A > G and c.1495 + 2 T > G), substitution (c.407C > T) [p.Ala136Val] and deletion (c.635_636delAG [p.Glu212Valfs*84] and c.1324delC [p.Gln442Lysfs*21]) variants with reduced creatine transporter function validating their pathogenicity, including that of a previously unreported c.1324delC variant. The present assay adaptations provide an easy, reliable and discriminative manner for exploring creatine transporter activity and disease variations. It might apply to drug testing or other evaluations in the genetic and metabolic horizons covered by the emerging functions of creatine and its transporter, in a way, however, requiring and completed by additional studies on female patients and blood-brain barrier permeability properties of selected compounds. As a whole, the proposed assay of creatine transporter positively adds to currently existing measurements of this transporter activity, and determining on a large scale the extent of its exact suitability to detect female patients should condition in the future its transfer in clinical practice.

10.
Clin Chim Acta ; 481: 1-8, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29476731

RESUMO

PURPOSES: Hydrops fetalis is a life-threatening fetal condition, and 85% of all cases are classified as nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF). Up to 15% of NIHF cases may be due to inborn errors of metabolism (IEM), but a large proportion of cases linked to metabolic disorders remains undiagnosed. This lack of diagnosis may be related to the limitations of conventional biological procedures, which involve sequential investigations and require multiple samples and steps. In addition, this approach is time consuming. We have developed a next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel to investigate metabolic causes of NIHF, ascites, and polyhydramnios associated to another fetal abnormality. METHODS: The hydrops fetalis (HydFet) panel was designed to cover the coding regions and flanking intronic sequences of 41 genes. A retrospective study of amniotic fluid samples from 40 subjects was conducted. A prospective study was subsequently initiated, and six samples were analyzed using the NGS panel. RESULTS: Five IEM diagnoses were made using the HydFet panel (Niemann-Pick type C (NPC), Barth syndrome, HNF1Β deficiency, GM1 gangliosidosis, and Gaucher disease). This analysis also allowed the identification of 8p sequence triplication in an additional case. CONCLUSION: NGS combined with robust bioinformatics analyses is a useful tool for identifying the causative variants of NIHF. Subsequent functional characterization of the protein encoded by the altered gene and morphological studies may confirm the diagnosis. This paradigm shift allows a significant improvement of IEM diagnosis in NIHF.


Assuntos
Hidropisia Fetal/genética , Hidropisia Fetal/metabolismo , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/genética , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/metabolismo , Adulto , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Humanos , Hidropisia Fetal/diagnóstico , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo/diagnóstico , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 41(3): 379-391, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28840392

RESUMO

Metabolites are small molecules produced by enzymatic reactions in a given organism. Metabolomics or metabolic phenotyping is a well-established omics aimed at comprehensively assessing metabolites in biological systems. These comprehensive analyses use analytical platforms, mainly nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectrometry, along with associated separation methods to gather qualitative and quantitative data. Metabolomics holistically evaluates biological systems in an unbiased, data-driven approach that may ultimately support generation of hypotheses. The approach inherently allows the molecular characterization of a biological sample with regard to both internal (genetics) and environmental (exosome, microbiome) influences. Metabolomics workflows are based on whether the investigator knows a priori what kind of metabolites to assess. Thus, a targeted metabolomics approach is defined as a quantitative analysis (absolute concentrations are determined) or a semiquantitative analysis (relative intensities are determined) of a set of metabolites that are possibly linked to common chemical classes or a selected metabolic pathway. An untargeted metabolomics approach is a semiquantitative analysis of the largest possible number of metabolites contained in a biological sample. This is part I of a review intending to give an overview of the state of the art of major metabolic phenotyping technologies. Furthermore, their inherent analytical advantages and limits regarding experimental design, sample handling, standardization and workflow challenges are discussed.

12.
J Inherit Metab Dis ; 41(3): 393-406, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28842777

RESUMO

This work reports the second part of a review intending to give the state of the art of major metabolic phenotyping strategies. It particularly deals with inherent advantages and limits regarding data analysis issues and biological information retrieval tools along with translational challenges. This Part starts with introducing the main data preprocessing strategies of the different metabolomics data. Then, it describes the main data analysis techniques including univariate and multivariate aspects. It also addresses the challenges related to metabolite annotation and characterization. Finally, functional analysis including pathway and network strategies are discussed. The last section of this review is devoted to practical considerations and current challenges and pathways to bring metabolomics into clinical environments.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 18(11)2017 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29104221

RESUMO

Methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase (MCE) converts d-methylmalonyl-CoA epimer to l-methylmalonyl-CoA epimer in the propionyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA pathway. Only seven cases of MCE deficiency have been described. In two cases, MCE deficiency was combined with sepiapterin reductase deficiency. The reported clinical pictures of isolated MCE are variable, with two asymptomatic patients and two other patients presenting with metabolic acidosis attacks. For combined MCE and sepiapterin reductase deficiency, the clinical picture is dominated by neurologic alterations. We report isolated MCE deficiency in a boy who presented at five years of age with acute metabolic acidosis. Metabolic investigations were consistent with propionic aciduria (PA). Unexpectedly, propionyl-CoA carboxylase activity was within the reference range. Afterward, apparently intermittent and mild excretion of methylmalonic acid (MMA) was discovered. Methylmalonic pathway gene set analysis using the next-generation sequencing approach allowed identification of the common homozygous nonsense pathogenic variant (c.139C > T-p.Arg47*) in the methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase gene (MCEE). Additional cases of MCE deficiency may help provide better insight regarding the clinical impact of this rare condition. MCE deficiency could be considered a cause of mild and intermittent increases in methylmalonic acid.


Assuntos
Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos/diagnóstico , Acidemia Propiônica/diagnóstico , Racemases e Epimerases/deficiência , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos/genética , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos/urina , Pré-Escolar , Códon sem Sentido , Humanos , Masculino , Ácido Metilmalônico/metabolismo , Ácido Metilmalônico/urina , Racemases e Epimerases/genética , Racemases e Epimerases/metabolismo , Racemases e Epimerases/urina
14.
Clin Chim Acta ; 475: 7-14, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28982054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Application of metabolic phenotyping could expand the pathophysiological knowledge of mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) and may reveal the comprehensive metabolic impairments in MPS. However, few studies applied this approach to MPS. METHODS: We applied targeted and untargeted metabolic profiling in urine samples obtained from a French cohort comprising 19 MPS I and 15 MPS I treated patients along with 66 controls. For that purpose, we used ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography combined with ion mobility and high-resolution mass spectrometry following a protocol designed for large-scale metabolomics studies regarding robustness and reproducibility. Furthermore, 24 amino acids have been quantified using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Keratan sulfate, Heparan sulfate and Dermatan sulfate concentrations have also been measured using an LC-MS/MS method. Univariate and multivariate data analyses have been used to select discriminant metabolites. The mummichog algorithm has been used for pathway analysis. RESULTS: The studied groups yielded distinct biochemical phenotypes using multivariate data analysis. Univariate statistics also revealed metabolites that differentiated the groups. Specifically, metabolites related to the amino acid metabolism. Pathway analysis revealed that several major amino acid pathways were dysregulated in MPS. Comparison of targeted and untargeted metabolomics data with in silico results yielded arginine, proline and glutathione metabolisms being the most affected. CONCLUSION: This study is one of the first metabolic phenotyping studies of MPS I. The findings might help to generate new hypotheses about MPS pathophysiology and to develop further targeted studies of a smaller number of potentially key metabolites.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Aminoácidos/urina , Metaboloma , Metabolômica/métodos , Mucopolissacaridose I/diagnóstico , Fenótipo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Arginina/urina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Dermatan Sulfato/urina , Feminino , Glutationa/urina , Heparitina Sulfato/urina , Humanos , Lactente , Sulfato de Ceratano/urina , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucopolissacaridose I/urina , Análise Multivariada , Prolina/urina
15.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 5(4): 373-389, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28717662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cystinuria is an autosomal recessive disorder of dibasic amino acid transport in the kidney and the intestine leading to increased urinary cystine excretion and nephrolithiasis. Two genes, SLC3A1 and SLC7A9, coding respectively for rBAT and b0,+AT, account for the genetic basis of cystinuria. METHODS: This study reports the clinical and molecular characterization of a French cohort including 112 cystinuria patients and 25 relatives from 99 families. Molecular screening was performed using sequencing and Quantitative Multiplex PCR of Short Fluorescent Fragments analyses. Functional minigene-based assays have been used to characterize splicing variants. RESULTS: Eighty-eight pathogenic nucleotide changes were identified in SLC3A1 (63) and SLC7A9 (25) genes, of which 42 were novel. Interestingly, 17% (15/88) and 11% (10/88) of the total number of variants correspond, respectively, to large-scale rearrangements and splicing mutations. Functional minigene-based assays were performed for six variants located outside the most conserved sequences of the splice sites; three variants affect splice sites, while three others modify exonic splicing regulatory elements (ESR), in good agreement with a new in silico prediction based on ΔtESRseq values. CONCLUSION: This report expands the spectrum of SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 variants and supports that digenic inheritance is unlikely. Furthermore, it highlights the relevance of assessing large-scale rearrangements and splicing mutations to fully characterize cystinuria patients at the molecular level.

16.
Acta Neuropathol Commun ; 5(1): 44, 2017 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28587682

RESUMO

Most children with in utero alcohol exposure do not exhibit all features of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), and a challenge for clinicians is to make an early diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) to avoid lost opportunities for care. In brain, correct neurodevelopment requires proper angiogenesis. Since alcohol alters brain angiogenesis and the placenta is a major source of angiogenic factors, we hypothesized that it is involved in alcohol-induced brain vascular defects. In mouse, using in vivo repression and overexpression of PLGF, we investigated the contribution of placenta on fetal brain angiogenesis. In human, we performed a comparative molecular and morphological analysis of brain/placenta angiogenesis in alcohol-exposed fetuses. Results showed that prenatal alcohol exposure impairs placental angiogenesis, reduces PLGF levels and consequently alters fetal brain vasculature. Placental repression of PLGF altered brain VEGF-R1 expression and mimicked alcohol-induced vascular defects in the cortex. Over-expression of placental PGF rescued alcohol effects on fetal brain vessels. In human, alcohol exposure disrupted both placental and brain angiogenesis. PLGF expression was strongly decreased and angiogenesis defects observed in the fetal brain markedly correlated with placental vascular impairments. Placental PGF disruption impairs brain angiogenesis and likely predicts brain disabilities after in utero alcohol exposure. PLGF assay at birth could contribute to the early diagnosis of FASD.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Placentário/metabolismo , Placenta/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/embriologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Etanol/toxicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Neovascularização Patológica/induzido quimicamente , Neovascularização Patológica/embriologia , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Placenta/irrigação sanguínea , Placenta/metabolismo , Placenta/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Placentário/genética , Gravidez , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
17.
Open Heart ; 4(1): e000567, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28409012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications in Fabry disease are frequent and dominated by a high frequency of left ventricular hypertrophy; therefore, cardiologists may have an essential role in screening for this disease. Providing cardiologists with targeted information on Fabry disease would be valuable and could reduce both diagnostic and therapeutic delays. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of such strategy for Fabry screening. METHODS: We conducted a before-after control-impact study by comparing observations made before and after targeted information on Fabry disease among cardiologists. The information on Fabry disease consisted of (1) an educational booklet, (2) oral information and (3) screening kits. The programme was evaluated at the end of a 12-month study period. RESULTS: Forty-two cardiologists participated to this study. None of them had conducted screening test and new diagnostic for Fabry disease in the 3 years prior the information. After the information, screening with dried blood spots was performed in 55 patients (ranged 18-77 years, men: 39) with cardiac monitoring for supposed sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (n=41) or unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy (n=14) from January 2015 to January 2016. Two new cases of Fabry disease were diagnosed (3.4%) in two men (ages 58 and 51 years). The information was deemed relevant in both content and structure and was deemed useful for everyday practice. CONCLUSION: Cardiologists valued the targeted information on Fabry disease. This information had a direct clinical impact by allowing the diagnosis of two new families with Fabry disease.

18.
PLoS One ; 12(1): e0171048, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28141873

RESUMO

Infants born before 29 weeks gestation incur a major risk of preterm encephalopathy and subependymal/intracerebral/intraventricular haemorrhage. In mice, an ontogenic window of haemorrhage risk was recorded up to 5 days after birth in serpine1 knock-out animals. Using proteome and transcriptome approaches in mouse forebrain microvessels, we previously described the remodelling of extracellular matrix and integrins likely strengthening the vascular wall between postnatal day 5 (P5) and P10. Haemorrhage is the ultimate outcome of vessel damage (i.e., during ischaemia), although discreet vessel insults may be involved in the aetiology of preterm encephalopathy. In this study, we examined proteins identified by mass spectrometry and segregating in gene ontology pathways in forebrain microvessels in P5, P10, and adult wild type mice. In parallel, comparative transcript levels were obtained using RNA hybridization microarrays and enriched biological pathways were extracted from genes exhibiting at least a two-fold change in expression. Five major biological functions were observed in those genes detected both as proteins and mRNA expression undergoing at least a two-fold change in expression in one or more age comparisons: energy metabolism, protein metabolism, antioxidant function, ion exchanges, and transport. Adult microvessels exhibited the highest protein and mRNA expression levels for a majority of genes. Energy metabolism-enriched gene ontology pathways pointed to the preferential occurrence of glycolysis in P5 microvessels cells versus P10 and adult preparations enriched in aerobic oxidative enzymes. Age-dependent levels of RNA coding transport proteins at the plasma membrane and mitochondria strengthened our findings based on protein data. The data suggest that immature microvessels have fewer energy supply alternatives to glycolysis than mature structures. In the context of high energy demand, this constraint might account for vascular damage and maintenance of the high bleeding occurrence in specific areas in immature brain.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Microvasos/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Metabolismo Energético/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteoma/metabolismo
19.
Cell Death Dis ; 8(2): e2610, 2017 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28182007

RESUMO

Brain developmental lesions are a devastating consequence of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). We recently showed that PAE affects cortical vascular development with major effects on angiogenesis and endothelial cell survival. The underlying molecular mechanisms of these effects remain poorly understood. This study aimed at characterizing the ethanol exposure impact on the autophagic process in brain microvessels in human fetuses with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and in a PAE mouse model. Our results indicate that PAE induces an increase of autophagic vacuole number in human fetal and neonatal mouse brain cortical microvessels. Subsequently, ex vivo studies using green fluorescent protein (GFP)-LC3 mouse microvessel preparations revealed that ethanol treatment alters autophagy in endothelial cells. Primary cultures of mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells were used to characterize the underlying molecular mechanisms. LC3 and p62 protein levels were significantly increased in endothelial cells treated with 50 mM ethanol. The increase of autophagic vacuole number may be due to excessive autophagosome formation associated with the partial inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway upon ethanol exposure. In addition, the progression from autophagosomes to autolysosomes, which was monitored using autophagic flux inhibitors and mRFP-EGFP vector, showed a decrease in the autolysosome number. Besides, a decrease in the Rab7 protein level was observed that may underlie the impairment of autophagosome-lysosome fusion. In addition, our results showed that ethanol-induced cell death is likely to be mediated by decreased mitochondrial integrity and release of apoptosis-inducing factor. Interestingly, incubation of cultured cells with rapamycin prevented ethanol effects on autophagic flux, ethanol-induced cell death and vascular plasticity. Taken together, these results are consistent with autophagy dysregulation in cortical microvessels upon ethanol exposure, which could contribute to the defects in angiogenesis observed in patients with FAS. Moreover, our results suggest that rapamycin represents a potential therapeutic strategy to reduce PAE-related brain developmental disorders.


Assuntos
Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/efeitos adversos , Microvasos/efeitos dos fármacos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/patologia , Animais , Autofagossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Feminino , Transtornos do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal/metabolismo , Transtornos do Espectro Alcoólico Fetal/patologia , Humanos , Lisossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Microvasos/metabolismo , Microvasos/patologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Modelos Animais , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Sirolimo/farmacologia
20.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab ; 37(2): 495-513, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26873886

RESUMO

Preterm infants born before 29 gestation weeks incur major risk of subependymal/intracerebral/intraventricular hemorrhage. In mice, neonate brain endothelial cells are more prone than adult cells to secrete proteases under glutamate challenge, and invalidation of the Serpine 1 gene is accompanied by high brain hemorrhage risk up to five days after birth. We hypothesized that the structural and functional states of microvessels might account for age-dependent vulnerability in mice up to five days after birth and might represent a pertinent paradigm to approach the hemorrhage risk window observed in extreme preterms. Mass spectrometry proteome analyses of forebrain microvessels at days 5, 10 and in adult mice revealed 899 proteins and 36 enriched pathways. Microarray transcriptomic study identified 5873 genes undergoing at least two-fold change between ages and 93 enriched pathways. Both approaches pointed towards extracellular matrix, cell adhesion and junction pathways, indicating delayed microvascular strengthening after P5. Furthermore, glutamate receptors, proteases and their inhibitors exhibited convergent evolutions towards excitatory aminoacid sensitivity and low proteolytic control likely accounting for vascular vulnerability in P5 mice. Thus, age vascular specificities must be considered in future therapeutic interventions in preterms. Data are available on ProteomeXchange (identifier PXD001718) and NCBI Gene-Expression-Omnibus repository (identification GSE67870).


Assuntos
Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Encéfalo/embriologia , Camundongos/embriologia , Microvasos/embriologia , Proteoma/análise , Transcriptoma , Remodelação Vascular , Animais , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Masculino , Camundongos/genética , Camundongos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microvasos/fisiologia , Proteoma/genética , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica
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