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1.
Int Endod J ; 54(9): 1653-1658, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977555

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the bond strength of an epoxy resin-based sealer and two calcium silicate-based sealers (CSS) to gutta-percha discs using a new method. METHODOLOGY: Round discs of gutta-percha (n = 60), measuring 10 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness, were placed on a glass plate and a drop of each sealer (AH Plus, EndoSequence BC Sealer and EndoSeal MTA) was placed on their surface. Another identical disc was placed onto the first one and a standardized weight (0.0981 N) applied over them using a specially developed apparatus. Ten samples prepared for each sealer were submitted to a microshear bond strength test accomplished by a specially designed set-up coupled to a universal testing machine. The Kruskal-Wallis test followed by a post hoc procedure was used to compare groups considering the preliminary analysis of the raw data had indicated the nonadherence to a Gaussian distribution (Shapiro-Wilk, p < .05). Alpha error was set at 5%. RESULTS: Overall, no premature failure occurred. All sealers had some degree of adhesiveness to gutta-percha discs but with a significant difference amongst them (Kruskal-Wallis, p = .019). The epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus) had significantly higher median shear bond strength values (1.43 MPa; 1.40-1.83) compared to EndoSeal MTA (0.53 MPa; 0.46-0.73) (p = .021) and EndoSequence BC Sealer (0.45 MPa; 0.34-0.46) (p = .023), whilst the lowest median value was observed with EndoSequence BC Sealer (0.45 MPa; 0.34-0.46) (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: CSS sealers had weaker bonding to gutta-percha when compared to the epoxy resin-based AH Plus sealer. The proposed methodology is an innovative and reproducible method for testing the bond strength of root canal sealers to gutta-percha.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Resinas Epóxi , Guta-Percha , Teste de Materiais , Obturação do Canal Radicular , Silicatos
2.
J Endod ; 47(2): 309-314, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096193

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of rotary (ProTaper Next [PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland] and ProTaper Gold [PTG, Dentsply Maillefer]) and reciprocating (WaveOne Gold [WOG, Dentsply Maillefer]) systems in dentinal microcrack generation after the preparation of curved root canals using micro-computed tomographic analysis. METHODS: Twenty-four human mandibular molars with curved roots were scanned in a micro-computed tomographic device using an isotropic resolution of 6.78 µm and randomly assigned into 1 of 3 experimental groups (n = 8) according to the root canal instrumentation system used (PTN, PTG, or WOG). Then, the root canals were prepared up to PTN X2, PTG F2, and WOG Primary instruments in the PTN, PTG, and WOG groups, respectively. After canal preparation, each specimen was scanned again. Pre- and postoperative cross-sectional images of the roots (N = 35,304) were analyzed to identify the presence of dentinal microcracks. RESULTS: Overall, 26% of the images presented dentinal defects (n = 9188). Dentinal microcracks were observed in 24.6%, 26%, and 27.4% of the postinstrumentation images from the PTN, PTG, and WOG groups, respectively. However, all of these dentinal microcracks were already present in the corresponding preoperative images. No new microcracks were generated after the preparation of curved root canals of mandibular molars using the aforementioned systems. CONCLUSIONS: Root canal instrumentation with PTN, PTG, and WOG systems did not induce the formation of new dentinal microcracks.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Ouro , Estudos Transversais , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Microtomografia por Raio-X
3.
J Endod ; 46(9): 1195-1203, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525058

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the microbiological conditions of the apical root canal system of teeth with posttreatment apical periodontitis and correlated them with observations from cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging, micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) imaging, and histopathology. METHODS: Root apices were obtained from 36 root canal-treated teeth subjected to periradicular surgery. CBCT examination was available before surgery. The apical root specimens were scanned in a micro-CT device and then cryopulverized. The powder was subjected to DNA extraction for real-time polymerase chain reaction quantification of total bacteria, Streptococcus species, members of the phylum Actinobacteria, and Enterococcus faecalis. Microbiological findings were evaluated for associations with CBCT, micro-CT, and histopathologic data. An association between lesion size and the proportion of unfilled apical canal system volume was also assessed. RESULTS: All cryopulverized specimens were positive for total bacteria. Actinobacteria and streptococci occurred in 35 and 33 specimens, respectively, and were usually dominant in the community. Actinobacteria counts were 2.23 times higher in granulomas than in cysts. Streptococci were significantly more present in small lesion cases. E. faecalis was detected in only 7 samples, always as a dominant community member. The association of total bacteria, streptococci, and Actinobacteria counts with the unfilled canal volume was significant in the univariate analyses but not confirmed in the adjusted analyses. Large lesions were significantly associated with a higher volume of unfilled apical canals. CONCLUSIONS: Bacterial infection occurred in all root apices, with high prevalence and dominance of Actinobacteria and streptococci. The volume of the unfilled apical canal system was significantly associated with the lesion size and possibly with bacterial counts. Findings illustrate the need to thoroughly disinfect and fill the apical root canal of infected teeth during endodontic therapy.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Periodontite Periapical , Enterococcus faecalis , Humanos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Ápice Dentário
4.
Br Dent J ; 227(3): 228-234, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399682

RESUMO

Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) compared with non-activated irrigation (NAI) on periapical healing and root canal disinfection.Data source A comprehensive search without restrictions was performed in the following systematic electronic databases: PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and OpenGrey. Additional studies were sought through hand-searching in the main endodontic journals.Data selection We included clinical trials that compared PUI and NAI clinical success and root canal disinfection outcomes. The risk of bias was assessed based on the Cochrane Collaboration common scheme for bias assessment. The power analysis of each study was calculated based on the disinfection rates and sample size, and the evidence was qualified using the GRADE tool.Data synthesis A total of 346 non-duplicated studies were retrieved in the systematic search. One study that assessed the clinical success rate through periapical radiographic healing evaluation and two studies that evaluated root canal disinfection through bacterial growth were considered eligible. These three studies were classified as low risk of bias. The study evaluating radiographic treatment outcome showed no statistical difference (P >0.05). The studies demonstrated large variability among methodology and, in general, low power and moderate evidence. Inconclusive results were reported regarding root canal disinfection when comparing PUI to NAI strategies.Conclusions Based on the findings, there was no evidence of effectiveness improvement on periapical healing and bacterial disinfection that supports the use of PUI over the NAI in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Desinfecção , Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Irrigação Terapêutica , Ultrassom
5.
Braz Dent J ; 30(1): 31-35, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30864644

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate whether amplifying the volume and/or time of contact of NaOCl affects the fracture strength of endodontically treated bovine teeth. Four bovine incisors from 10 animals were allocated into 4 groups using a split-mouth design. Root canals were instrumented using a sequence of 4 manual stainless steel files and irrigated with a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution. The total volume and time of irrigation, per sample, varied among the groups as following: standard volume and time of contact - 15 mL/11.5 min; volume raise - 30 mL/11.5 min; time of contact raise - 15 mL/19 min; and volume and time of contact raise - 30 mL/19 min. Samples were subjected to a fracture resistance assay. At p=0.05, two-way ANOVA statistically scrutinized the results. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact and volume were also calculated (η2). The variation in time (p=0.000), volume of irrigation (p=0.000) and the combination of both (p=0.038) negatively influenced the fracture resistance. Standard volume and time of irrigation showed the highest fracture strength while isolated increase in volume or time reduced in 25% and 37%, respectively, the fracture resistance; the simultaneous increase in volume and time of irrigation promoted a reduction of 47%. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact was superior (0.746) than the volume (0.564). Raising the volume and/or time of a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution reduces the fracture resistance of endodontically treated bovine teeth.


Assuntos
Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Fraturas dos Dentes , Animais , Bovinos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Incisivo , Hipoclorito de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos
6.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(1): 31-35, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-989430

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate whether amplifying the volume and/or time of contact of NaOCl affects the fracture strength of endodontically treated bovine teeth. Four bovine incisors from 10 animals were allocated into 4 groups using a split-mouth design. Root canals were instrumented using a sequence of 4 manual stainless steel files and irrigated with a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution. The total volume and time of irrigation, per sample, varied among the groups as following: standard volume and time of contact - 15 mL/11.5 min; volume raise - 30 mL/11.5 min; time of contact raise - 15 mL/19 min; and volume and time of contact raise - 30 mL/19 min. Samples were subjected to a fracture resistance assay. At p=0.05, two-way ANOVA statistically scrutinized the results. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact and volume were also calculated (η2). The variation in time (p=0.000), volume of irrigation (p=0.000) and the combination of both (p=0.038) negatively influenced the fracture resistance. Standard volume and time of irrigation showed the highest fracture strength while isolated increase in volume or time reduced in 25% and 37%, respectively, the fracture resistance; the simultaneous increase in volume and time of irrigation promoted a reduction of 47%. Effect size of NaOCl time of contact was superior (0.746) than the volume (0.564). Raising the volume and/or time of a 5.25% alkalized NaOCl solution reduces the fracture resistance of endodontically treated bovine teeth.


Resumo O objetivo desse estudo foi o de avaliar se o aumento de volume e/ou tempo de contato do NaOCl afeta a resistência à fratura de dentes bovinos tratados endodonticamente. Quatro incisivos bovinos de 10 animais foram alocados em 4 grupos usando um desenho experimental de boca dividida. Os canais radiculares foram instrumentados usando uma sequência de 4 limas manuais de aço inoxidável e irrigados com uma solução de NaOCl alcalinizada a 5,25%. O volume total e o tempo de irrigação, por amostra, variaram entre os grupos da seguinte forma: volume e tempo de contato padrão (grupo controle) - 15 mL/11,5 min; aumento de volume - 30 mL/11,5 min; aumento no tempo de contato - 15 mL/19 min; e aumento no volume e no tempo de contato - 30 mL/19 min. As amostras foram submetidas a um ensaio de resistência à fratura. Com p=0.05, o teste two-way ANOVA analisou estatisticamente os resultados. O tamanho do efeito do tempo de contato e volume de NaOCl também foi calculado (h2). A variação no tempo (p=0,000), no volume de irrigação (p=0,000) e a interação entre ambos (p=0.038) influenciaram negativamente a resistência à fratura. O volume e o tempo padrão de irrigação apresentaram a maior resistência à fratura, enquanto o aumento isolado no volume ou no tempo de contato reduziram 25% e 37%, respectivamente, a resistência à fratura; o aumento simultâneo do volume e tempo de irrigação promoveu uma redução de 47%. O tamanho do efeito do tempo de contato com o NaOCl foi superior (0,746) ao volume (0,564). Aumentando o volume e/ou o tempo de uma solução de NaOCl alcalinizada a 5,25% reduz a resistência à fratura de dentes bovinos tratados endodonticamente.


Assuntos
Animais , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Fraturas dos Dentes , Hipoclorito de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Bovinos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Incisivo , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos
7.
J Oral Sci ; 58(3): 347-51, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27665973

RESUMO

This study compared the effectiveness of clinical observation, clinical microscopic observation, and tooth-clearing technique in determining the number of canals in mandibular incisors. Root canal ramifications were also analyzed. Using clinical and microscopic analyses, we determined the number of canal entrances in 277 mandibular incisors. In addition, tooth-clearing technique was used to determine the number of canals and frequency of ramifications in the samples. The kappa coefficient was used to compare the different methods with regard to frequency of canals. Most teeth had one canal entrance. The proportion of teeth with two canals was 23.5% by tooth-clearing analysis, 5.8% by clinical microscopy, and 1.1% by clinical analysis. A large number of samples had some type of ramification (40.1%), and most ramifications were present in teeth with two canals. The most frequent ramification was lateral canals (8.3%). Clinical microscopy improved identification of a second canal in mandibular incisors. However, it did not identify second canals in all teeth with two canals. (J Oral Sci 58, 347-351, 2016).


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia , Mandíbula/anatomia & histologia , Humanos
8.
J Oral Sci ; 58(2): 211-7, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27349542

RESUMO

We evaluated the cytotoxic effects of the debris apically extruded during root canal retreatment on primary human osteoblast (HOb) cells in vitro. TNF-α and IL-1ß levels were also measured. We examined three different techniques: conventional hand-files, and Mtwo and Reciproc retreatments. Filled mandibular incisors were prepared for a cytotoxicity assay in an experimental root model. The material was divided into three groups according to the technique used. Ten teeth were used as control. HOb cells were exposed to the extruded content and cytotoxicity was evaluated using the MTT test (assessing cell metabolic activity). TNF-α and IL-1ß production was also analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Then, all the teeth were radiographed and the residual filling material was quantified. Data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test (P < 0.05). The conventional hand-file technique was significantly more cytotoxic than the other methods (P < 0.05). Reciproc was less cytotoxic than Mtwo retreatment (P < 0.05). All endodontic retreatment techniques led to a significant upregulation of IL-1ß levels (P < 0.05). However, only the conventional hand-file technique caused a significant increase in TNF-α levels (P < 0.05). Root-filling removal did not affect the levels of these proteins (P > 0.05). The Reciproc system required less time than the other two methods to remove the root-filling materials (P < 0.01). The endodontic retreatment with Reciproc was the least cytotoxic and the least time-consuming method of gutta-percha and sealer removal. (J Oral Sci 58, 211-217, 2016).


Assuntos
Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Ápice Dentário , Linhagem Celular , Guta-Percha , Humanos
9.
RSBO (Impr.) ; 9(3): 309-315, Jul.-Sep. 2012. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-748130

RESUMO

Introduction: Considered the most serious of dental injuries, avulsion is known as the total displacement of tooth out of its socket. Treatment includes immediate replantation and its success is directly related to several factors. Objective: This paper aimed to review the literature in a systematic way on dental avulsion of permanent teeth with open apex, covering various topics such as: reason for avulsion; storage media; time out of the socket; use of antibiotics; splinting time; tooth vitality; presence of resorption and/or obliteration of pulp canal; and following-up time. Material and methods: PubMed/MedLine database and Dental Traumatology journal were searched, from May to June of 2011, and several studies comprising the current and classic literature were listed using the following terms: tooth avulsion, open apex, permanent and case report. Results and conclusion: Twelve cases reports were selected. Cases of dental trauma in open apex teeth may have a good prognosis if the following steps are taken: the hydration of the tooth and immediately replantation. It is important to search dental care, even if everything seems solved, and the tooth following-up should be performed periodically as informed by the dentist.

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