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1.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481685

RESUMO

The prevalence of neurological involvement in patients with a deletion of or a variant in the HNF1B gene remains discussed. The aim of this study was to investigate the neuropsychological outcomes in a large cohort of children carrying either a HNF1B whole-gene deletion or a disease-associated variant, revealed by the presence of kidney anomalies. The neuropsychological development-based on school level-of 223 children included in this prospective cohort was studied. Data from 180 children were available for analysis. Patients mean age was 9.6 years, with 39.9% of girls. Among these patients, 119 carried a HNF1B deletion and 61 a disease-associated variant. In the school-aged population, 12.7 and 3.6% of patients carrying a HNF1B deletion and a disease-associated variant had special educational needs, respectively. Therefore, the presence of a HNF1B deletion increases the risk to present with a neuropsychiatric involvement when compared with the general population. On the other hand, almost 90% of patients carrying a HNF1B disease-associated variant or deletion have a normal schooling in a general educational environment. Even if these findings do not predict the risk of neuropsychiatric disease at adulthood, most patients diagnosed secondary to kidney anomalies do not show a neurological outcome severe enough to impede standard schooling at elementary school. These results should be taken into account in prenatal counseling.

2.
BMC Med ; 17(1): 132, 2019 07 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monogenic diabetes (MgD) accounts for 1-2% of all diabetes cases. In adults, MgD is difficult to distinguish from common diabetes causes. We assessed the diagnosis rate and genetic spectrum of MgD using next-generation sequencing in patients with late adolescence/adult-onset diabetes referred for a clinical suspicion of MgD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in 1564 probands recruited in 116 Endocrinology departments. Inclusion criteria were the absence of diabetes autoantibodies, and at least two of the three following criteria: an age ≤ 40 years and a body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg/m2 at diagnosis in the proband or in at least two relatives with diabetes, and a family history of diabetes in ≥ 2 generations. Seven genes (GCK, HNF1A, HNF4A, HNF1B, ABCC8, KCNJ11, and INS) were analyzed. Variant pathogenicity was assessed using current guidelines. RESULTS: Pathogenic variants were identified in 254 patients (16.2%) and in 23.2% of EuroCaucasian patients. Using more stringent selection criteria (family history of diabetes in ≥ 3 generations, age at diabetes ≤ 40 years and BMI < 30 kg/m2 in the proband, EuroCaucasian origin) increased the diagnosis rate to 43%, but with 70% of the identified cases being missed. GCK (44%), HNF1A (33%), and HNF4A (10%) accounted for the majority of the cases. HNF1B (6%), ABCC8/KCNJ11 (4.4%), and INS (2.8%) variants accounted for 13% of the cases. As compared to non-monogenic cases, a younger age, a lower BMI and the absence of diabetes symptoms at diagnosis, a EuroCaucasian origin, and a family history of diabetes in ≥ 3 generations were associated with MgD, but with wide phenotype overlaps between the two groups. In the total population, two clusters were identified, that mainly differed by the severity of diabetes at onset. MgDs were more prevalent in the milder phenotypic cluster. The phenotypes of the 59 patients (3.8%) with variants of uncertain significance were different from that of patients with pathogenic variants, but not from that of non-monogenic patients. CONCLUSION: Variants of HNF1B and the K-ATP channel genes were more frequently involved in MgD than previously reported. Phenotype overlapping makes the diagnosis of MgD difficult in adolescents/adults and underlies the benefit of NGS in clinically selected patients.

3.
J Diabetes ; 2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver adenomatosis (LA) is a rare disease resulting from biallelic inactivation of the hepatocyte nuclear factor-1 alpha (HNF1A) gene, which induces the proliferation of adenoma cells in liver parenchyma. Liver adenomatosis has only been documented in case reports from patients carrying a HNF1A germline mutation. We have evaluated the frequency of LA among a large cohort of patients with HNF1A-maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), previously termed "MODY3," and herein describe its clinical, radiological, and pathological characteristics. METHODS: In all, 137 HNF1A-MODY subjects from 74 families were screened by liver ultrasonography in 13 centers, and 15 additional cases of LA were later included in the series. Liver adenomatosis was confirmed by liver computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and/or histopathology. RESULTS: Among 137 carriers of an HNF1A mutation, 9 patients (6.5%) from seven families were diagnosed with LA. Diabetes mellitus was present in 87.5% of patients with LA. In 25% of patients, LA was diagnosed due to intra-abdominal or intratumoral bleeding. Liver biochemistry was near normal in all patients. Liver imaging showed adenomas of various sizes and numbers. On MRI, most nodules had the radiological characteristics of steatotic adenomas. Histopathological confirmation of LA was available in 13 cases, and these adenomas were mostly steatotic. Surgery was initially performed in 37.5% of patients, and liver disease progression was observed in 30%. No disease progression was observed in 14 pregnancies. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of LA in a cohort of screened HNF1A-MODY patients and the high incidence of LA progression and/or hemorrhage warrants systematic screening for liver adenomatosis in HNF1A-MODY families.

4.
Blood ; 134(3): 277-290, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151987

RESUMO

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a recessive disorder typified by bone marrow failure and predisposition to hematological malignancies. SDS is predominantly caused by deficiency of the allosteric regulator Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome that cooperates with elongation factor-like GTPase 1 (EFL1) to catalyze release of the ribosome antiassociation factor eIF6 and activate translation. Here, we report biallelic mutations in EFL1 in 3 unrelated individuals with clinical features of SDS. Cellular defects in these individuals include impaired ribosomal subunit joining and attenuated global protein translation as a consequence of defective eIF6 eviction. In mice, Efl1 deficiency recapitulates key aspects of the SDS phenotype. By identifying biallelic EFL1 mutations in SDS, we define this leukemia predisposition disorder as a ribosomopathy that is caused by corruption of a fundamental, conserved mechanism, which licenses entry of the large ribosomal subunit into translation.

5.
J Endocr Soc ; 2(9): 997-1000, 2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140784

RESUMO

Classic forms of 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) are usually diagnosed at birth by salt wasting or precocious puberty in male patients. Here we report the case of a 32-year-old male patient who presented with azoospermia and bilateral testicular tumors. He was referred to our endocrine unit after testicular surgery. His gonadotropins were undetectable. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry revealed a high serum progesterone level, high 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) (255 ng/mL), and high levels of 17OHP metabolites, suggesting a classic form of 21OHD. His blood pressure was normal. Molecular analysis showed a homozygous large 21-hydroxylase gene (CYP21A2) conversion. Furthermore, an adrenal CT scan revealed voluminous, heterogeneous bilateral and asymmetric adrenal masses containing calcifications. Our case report illustrates the fact that a classic form of 21OHD can be diagnosed in late adulthood, manifested by azoospermia and large adrenal tumors, associated with elevated 17OHP.

6.
Blood ; 132(12): 1318-1331, 2018 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914977

RESUMO

Congenital neutropenias (CNs) are rare heterogeneous genetic disorders, with about 25% of patients without known genetic defects. Using whole-exome sequencing, we identified a heterozygous mutation in the SRP54 gene, encoding the signal recognition particle (SRP) 54 GTPase protein, in 3 sporadic cases and 1 autosomal dominant family. We subsequently sequenced the SRP54 gene in 66 probands from the French CN registry. In total, we identified 23 mutated cases (16 sporadic, 7 familial) with 7 distinct germ line SRP54 mutations including a recurrent in-frame deletion (Thr117del) in 14 cases. In nearly all patients, neutropenia was chronic and profound with promyelocytic maturation arrest, occurring within the first months of life, and required long-term granulocyte colony-stimulating factor therapy with a poor response. Neutropenia was sometimes associated with a severe neurodevelopmental delay (n = 5) and/or an exocrine pancreatic insufficiency requiring enzyme supplementation (n = 3). The SRP54 protein is a key component of the ribonucleoprotein complex that mediates the co-translational targeting of secretory and membrane proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We showed that SRP54 was specifically upregulated during the in vitro granulocytic differentiation, and that SRP54 mutations or knockdown led to a drastically reduced proliferation of granulocytic cells associated with an enhanced P53-dependent apoptosis. Bone marrow examination of SRP54-mutated patients revealed a major dysgranulopoiesis and features of cellular ER stress and autophagy that were confirmed using SRP54-mutated primary cells and SRP54 knockdown cells. In conclusion, we characterized a pathological pathway, which represents the second most common cause of CN with maturation arrest in the French CN registry.

7.
Diabetes ; 67(9): 1903-1907, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29895593

RESUMO

There is wide variation in the age at diagnosis of diabetes in individuals with maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) due to a mutation in the HNF1A gene. We hypothesized that common variants at the HNF1A locus (rs1169288 [I27L], rs1800574 [A98V]), which are associated with type 2 diabetes susceptibility, may modify age at diabetes diagnosis in individuals with HNF1A-MODY. Meta-analysis of two independent cohorts, comprising 781 individuals with HNF1A-MODY, found no significant associations between genotype and age at diagnosis. However after stratifying according to type of mutation (protein-truncating variant [PTV] or missense), we found each 27L allele to be associated with a 1.6-year decrease (95% CI -2.6, -0.7) in age at diagnosis, specifically in the subset (n = 444) of individuals with a PTV. The effect size was similar and significant across the two independent cohorts of individuals with HNF1A-MODY. We report a robust genetic modifier of HNF1A-MODY age at diagnosis that further illustrates the strong effect of genetic variation within HNF1A upon diabetes phenotype.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idade de Início , Alelos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Inglaterra , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/química , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Paris , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Haematologica ; 103(8): 1278-1287, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29724903

RESUMO

Heterozygous germline GATA2 mutations strongly predispose to leukemia, immunodeficiency, and/or lymphoedema. We describe a series of 79 patients (53 families) diagnosed since 2011, made up of all patients in France and Belgium, with a follow up of 2249 patients/years. Median age at first clinical symptoms was 18.6 years (range, 0-61 years). Severe infectious diseases (mycobacteria, fungus, and human papilloma virus) and hematologic malignancies were the most common first manifestations. The probability of remaining symptom-free was 8% at 40 years old. Among the 53 probands, 24 had missense mutations including 4 recurrent alleles, 21 had nonsense or frameshift mutations, 4 had a whole-gene deletion, 2 had splice defects, and 2 patients had complex mutations. There were significantly more cases of leukemia in patients with missense mutations (n=14 of 34) than in patients with nonsense or frameshift mutations (n=2 of 28). We also identify new features of the disease: acute lymphoblastic leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, fatal progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy related to the JC virus, and immune/inflammatory diseases. A revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score allowed a distinction to be made between a stable disease and hematologic transformation. Chemotherapy is of limited efficacy, and has a high toxicity with severe infectious complications. As the mortality rate is high in our cohort (up to 35% at the age of 40), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the best choice of treatment to avoid severe infectious and/or hematologic complications. The timing of HSCT remains difficult to determine, but the earlier it is performed, the better the outcome.

11.
Haematologica ; 103(4): 575-586, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29269524

RESUMO

Primary familial and congenital polycythemia is characterized by erythropoietin hypersensitivity of erythroid progenitors due to germline nonsense or frameshift mutations in the erythropoietin receptor gene. All mutations so far described lead to the truncation of the C-terminal receptor sequence that contains negative regulatory domains. Their removal is presented as sufficient to cause the erythropoietin hypersensitivity phenotype. Here we provide evidence for a new mechanism whereby the presence of novel sequences generated by frameshift mutations is required for the phenotype rather than just extensive truncation resulting from nonsense mutations. We show that the erythropoietin hypersensitivity induced by a new erythropoietin receptor mutant, p.Gln434Profs*11, could not be explained by the loss of negative signaling and of the internalization domains, but rather by the appearance of a new C-terminal tail. The latter, by increasing erythropoietin receptor dimerization, stability and cell-surface localization, causes pre-activation of erythropoietin receptor and JAK2, constitutive signaling and hypersensitivity to erythropoietin. Similar results were obtained with another mutant, p.Pro438Metfs*6, which shares the same last five amino acid residues (MDTVP) with erythropoietin receptor p.Gln434Profs*11, confirming the involvement of the new peptide sequence in the erythropoietin hypersensitivity phenotype. These results suggest a new mechanism that might be common to erythropoietin receptor frameshift mutations. In summary, we show that primary familial and congenital polycythemia is more complex than expected since distinct mechanisms are involved in the erythropoietin hypersensitivity phenotype, according to the type of erythropoietin receptor mutation.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28979237

RESUMO

The molecular basis of hereditary thrombocytosis is germline mutations affecting the thrombopoietin (TPO)/TPO receptor (MPL)/JAK2 signaling axis. Here, we report one family presenting two cases with a mild thrombocytosis. By sequencing JAK2 and MPL coding exons, we identified a germline MPL R102P heterozygous mutation in the proband and his daughter. Concomitantly, we detected high TPO levels in the serum of these two patients. The mutation was not found in three other unaffected cases from the family except in another proband's daughter who did not present thrombocytosis but had a high TPO level. The MPL R102P mutation was first described in congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia in a homozygous state with a loss-of-function activity. It was previously shown that MPL R102P was blocked in the endoplasmic reticulum without being able to translocate to the plasma membrane. Thus, this case report identifies for the first time that MPL R102P mutation can differently impact megakaryopoiesis: thrombocytosis or thrombocytopenia depending on the presence of the heterozygous or homozygous state, respectively. The paradoxical effect associated with heterozygous MPL R102P may be due to subnormal cell-surface expression of wild-type MPL in platelets inducing a defective TPO clearance. As a consequence, increased TPO levels may activate megakaryocyte progenitors that express a lower, but still sufficient level of MPL for the induction of proliferation.

13.
Br J Haematol ; 179(4): 557-574, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28875503

RESUMO

This review focuses on the classification, diagnosis and natural history of congenital neutropenia (CN). CN encompasses a number of genetic disorders with chronic neutropenia and, for some, affecting other organ systems, such as the pancreas, central nervous system, heart, bone and skin. To date, 24 distinct genes have been associated with CN. The number of genes involved makes gene screening difficult. This can be solved by next-generation sequencing (NGS) of targeted gene panels. One of the major complications of CN is spontaneous leukaemia, which is preceded by clonal somatic evolution, and can be screened by a targeted NGS panel focused on somatic events.


Assuntos
Genômica/métodos , Neutropenia/congênito , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Leucemia/etiologia , Neutropenia/classificação , Neutropenia/complicações , Neutropenia/diagnóstico
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28955303

RESUMO

Megakaryopoiesis is an original and complex cell process which leads to the formation of platelets. The homeostatic production of platelets is mainly regulated and controlled by thrombopoietin (TPO) and the TPO receptor (MPL)/JAK2 axis. Therefore, any hereditary or acquired abnormality affecting this signaling axis can result in thrombocytosis or thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytosis can be due to genetic alterations that affect either the intrinsic MPL signaling through gain-of-function (GOF) activity (MPL, JAK2, CALR) and loss-of-function (LOF) activity of negative regulators (CBL, LNK) or the extrinsic MPL signaling by THPO GOF mutations leading to increased TPO synthesis. Alternatively, thrombocytosis may paradoxically result from mutations of MPL leading to an abnormal MPL trafficking, inducing increased TPO levels by alteration of its clearance. In contrast, thrombocytopenia can also result from LOF THPO or MPL mutations, which cause a complete defect in MPL trafficking to the cell membrane, impaired MPL signaling or stability, defects in the TPO/MPL interaction, or an absence of TPO production.

15.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 64(12)2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28727239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We developed a diagnostic score to differentiate congenital from noncongenital neutropenia at the time of diagnosis using reliable data collected at the first visit of a patients with neutropenia. STUDY DESIGN: In a pilot retrospective study, we included 120 patients diagnosed with chronic neutropenia; 61 had congenital and 59 had noncongenital neutropenia. We reviewed patient medical charts and collected the initial complete blood count (CBC) and other reliable data. We used logistic regression to determine the probability that the neutropenia was congenital. RESULTS: On the initial CBC, the degree of neutropenia had no predictive value; only monocytosis >1.5 × 109 /l, hemoglobin <90 g/l, or mild thrombocytopenia <150 × 109 /l suggested congenital neutropenia. The most predictive factors for congenital neutropenia were a medical history (consanguinity and patient history of neutropenia), severe infections, and oral stomatitis or gingivitis at the time of diagnosis. The age at diagnosis had limited predictive value. CONCLUSION: A diagnosis of congenital neutropenia may be reliably suspected based only on information from the CBC, some basic information from patient and parent interviews, and a clinical examination. A pilot score with six factors that could be readily, reliably collected, should facilitate the diagnosis of congenital neutropenia.


Assuntos
Neutropenia/diagnóstico , Doença Crônica , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Neutropenia/congênito , Projetos Piloto , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Mol Cancer ; 16(1): 115, 2017 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28679432

RESUMO

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an inflammatory myeloid neoplasia with constitutive activation of the MAPKinase RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK cell signaling pathway. We analyzed 9 LCH cases without BRAF V600 and MAP2K1 mutations by whole exome sequencing. We identified a new somatic BRAF splicing mutation in 2 cases. Both cases were childhood single system (SS) LCH cases, with self-healing outcome of the bone lesions. This mutant consisted in a 9 base pair duplication (c.1511_1517 + 2 duplication), encoding for a predicted mutant protein with insertion of 3 amino acids (p.Arg506_Lys507insLeuLeuArg) in the N-terminal lobe of the kinase domain of BRAF. Transient expression of the c.1511_1517 + 2dup BRAF mutant in HEK293 cells enhanced MAPKinase pathway activation, and was not inhibited by vemurafenib but was inhibited by PLX8394, a second-generation BRAF inhibitor able to inhibit signaling of BRAF monomers and dimers. Future LCH molecular screening panel should include this new mutation to better define its prevalence in LCH and its restriction to autoregressive bone SS LCH.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/genética , Mutação/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Processamento de RNA/genética , Adolescente , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Duplicação Gênica , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
17.
J Exp Med ; 214(7): 2023-2040, 2017 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28550161

RESUMO

The CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling exerts a dominant role in promoting hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) retention and quiescence in bone marrow. Gain-of-function CXCR4 mutations that affect homologous desensitization of the receptor have been reported in the WHIM Syndrome (WS), a rare immunodeficiency characterized by lymphopenia. The mechanisms underpinning this remain obscure. Using a mouse model with a naturally occurring WS-linked gain-of-function Cxcr4 mutation, we explored the possibility that the lymphopenia in WS arises from defects at the HSPC level. We reported that Cxcr4 desensitization is required for quiescence/cycling balance of murine short-term hematopoietic stem cells and their differentiation into multipotent and downstream lymphoid-biased progenitors. Alteration in Cxcr4 desensitization resulted in decrease of circulating HSPCs in five patients with WS. This was also evidenced in WS mice and mirrored by accumulation of HSPCs in the spleen, where we observed enhanced extramedullary hematopoiesis. Therefore, efficient Cxcr4 desensitization is critical for lymphoid differentiation of HSPCs, and its impairment is a key mechanism underpinning the lymphopenia observed in mice and likely in WS patients.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Adulto , Animais , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Criança , Citometria de Fluxo , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/metabolismo , Contagem de Linfócitos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mutação , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Baço/citologia , Baço/metabolismo , Verrugas/genética , Verrugas/metabolismo
18.
Diabetes Care ; 40(11): 1436-1443, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28420700

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Molecular defects of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1B (HNF1B) are associated with a multiorgan disease, including diabetes (maturity-onset diabetes of the young 5) and kidney abnormalities. The HNF1B syndrome is related to HNF1B mutations or to a 17q12 deletion spanning 15 genes, including HNF1B. Here, we described HNF1B-related diabetes and associated phenotypes and assessed genotype/phenotype correlations at diagnosis and in the long-term. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study included 201 patients, aged 18 years or older at follow-up, with HNF1B mutations (n = 101) or deletion (n = 100). RESULTS: Diabetes was present in 159 patients. At diagnosis, clinical symptoms of diabetes were present in 67 of 144 patients and HNF1B renal disease in 64 of 102. Although responsiveness to sulfonylureas/repaglinide was observed in 29 of the 51 tested, 111 of 140 patients (79%) were treated with insulin at follow-up. Diabetic retinopathy and/or neuropathy were present in 46 of 114 patients. Renal cysts were present in 122 of 166 patients, chronic kidney disease stages 3-4 (CKD3-4) in 75 of 169 (44%), and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in 36 of 169 (21%). Compared with the patients with mutations, those with HNF1B deletion less often had CKD3-4/ESRD at diagnosis (11 of 43 vs. 27 of 35, P < 10-4) and in the long term (40 of 78 vs. 71 of 91, P = 0.0003). They were leaner and more frequently treated with insulin. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HNF1B syndrome, diabetes complications, cardiovascular risk factors, CKD3-4, and ESRD are highly prevalent. At diabetes diagnosis, the presence of morphological and/or functional kidney disease may help etiological diagnosis. Genotype/phenotype correlations may have implications for the care and the prognosis of these patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Retinopatia Diabética/epidemiologia , Fator 1-beta Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Glicemia/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Criança , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Retinopatia Diabética/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/diagnóstico , Retinopatia Diabética/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Deleção de Genes , Estudos de Associação Genética , Fator 1-beta Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Humanos , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Nefropatias/complicações , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/genética , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
19.
Am J Med Genet A ; 173(1): 62-71, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27615324

RESUMO

Neutropenia can be qualified as congenital when of neonatal onset or when associated with extra-hematopoietic manifestations. Overall, 30% of patients with congenital neutropenia (CN) remain without a molecular diagnosis after a multidisciplinary consultation and tedious diagnostic strategy. In the rare situations when neutropenia is identified and associated with intellectual disability (ID), there are few diagnostic hypotheses to test. This retrospective multicenter study reports on a clinically heterogeneous cohort of 10 unrelated patients with CN associated with ID and no molecular diagnosis prior to whole-exome sequencing (WES). WES provided a diagnostic yield of 40% (4/10). The results suggested that in many cases neutropenia and syndromic manifestations could not be assigned to the same molecular alteration. Three sub-groups of patients were highlighted: (i) severe, symptomatic chronic neutropenia, detected early in life, and related to a known mutation in the CN spectrum (ELANE); (ii) mild to moderate benign intermittent neutropenia, detected later, and associated with mutations in genes implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders (CHD2, HUWE1); and (iii) moderate to severe intermittent neutropenia as a probably undiagnosed feature of a newly reported syndrome (KAT6A). Unlike KAT6A, which seems to be associated with a syndromic form of CN, the other reported mutations may not explain the entire clinical picture. Although targeted gene sequencing can be discussed for the primary diagnosis of severe CN, we suggest that performing WES for the diagnosis of disorders associating CN with ID will not only provide the etiological diagnosis but will also pave the way towards personalized care and follow-up. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Exoma , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Neutropenia/congênito , Adolescente , Biomarcadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neutropenia/diagnóstico , Neutropenia/genética , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome
20.
Mol Cell Oncol ; 3(2): e1094564, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27308616

RESUMO

We have recently identified a 700-kb tandem duplication at locus 14q32.13-q32.2 involving 2 genes, autophagy-related protein 2 homolog B (ATG2B) and GSK3B interacting protein (GSKIP), that increases the predisposition to myeloid malignancies. Here, we discuss the clinical relevance of these findings.

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