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2.
Pediatr Rheumatol Online J ; 19(1): 139, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgeries for idiopathic uveitis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis in children are complex because of the high risk of inflammatory postoperative complications. There is no consensus about treatment adaptation during the perioperative period. The objectives of this study are to report the therapeutic changes made in France and to determine whether maintaining or stopping immunosuppressive therapies is associated with an increased risk of surgical site infection or an increased risk of uveitis or arthritis flare-up. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2018 in six large University Hospitals in France. Inclusion criteria were chronic idiopathic uveitis or chronic uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis under immunosuppressive therapies at the time of the surgical procedure, operated before the age of 16. Data on perioperative treatments, inflammatory relapses and post-operative infections were collected. RESULTS: A total of 76 surgeries (42% cataract surgeries, 30% glaucoma surgeries and 16% posterior capsule opacification surgeries) were performed on 37 children. Adaptation protocols were different in the six hospitals. Immunosuppressive therapies were discontinued in five cases (7%) before surgery. All the children in the discontinuation group had an inflammatory relapse within 3 months after surgery compared to only 25% in the other group. There were no postoperative infections. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show varying practices between centres. The benefit-risk balance seems to favour maintaining immunosuppressive therapies during surgery. Further studies are needed to determine the optimal perioperative treatments required to limit post-operative inflammatory relapses.

3.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(6): 1170-1179, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deficiency of adenosine deaminase 2 (DADA2) is a rare autoinflammatory disease usually presenting before the age of 10 years. Non-specific clinical features or late-onset presentation may delay its diagnosis until adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether DADA2 diagnosed in adulthood is associated with specific characteristics compared to DADA2 diagnosed in childhood. METHODS: We pooled a cohort of 12 adult DADA2 patients followed in France with cases identified through a systematic literature review. For each patient, we determined the type of clinical presentation and assessed six key organ involvements. RESULTS: A total of 306 cases were included. Among the 283 patients with available data regarding age at diagnosis, 140 were diagnosed during adulthood and 143 during childhood. The vascular presentation of DADA2 was more frequent in the adult diagnosis group (77.9% vs. 62.9%, p < 0.01), whereas the hematological presentation (bone marrow failure) prevailed in the pediatric diagnosis group (10.0% vs. 20.3% p = 0.02). In patients with vasculopathy, severe skin manifestations developed in 35% and 10% of the adult and pediatric diagnosis groups, respectively. Conversely, fewer strokes occurred in the adult group presenting with systemic vasculopathy (54% vs. 81%). Symptomatic humoral immune deficiency (HID) was rarely a clinical presentation in itself (5% and 2.8%) but accompanied other phenotypes of DADA2, especially the hematological phenotype in the adult group (33% vs. 4%). CONCLUSION: DADA2 diagnosed in adulthood presents more often with a vascular phenotype and less often with bone marrow failure than DADA2 diagnosed in childhood. Adults diagnosed with DADA2 vasculopathy display more severe skin involvement but fewer strokes.

4.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525209

RESUMO

Mevalonate kinase deficiency should be considered in patients with severe very-early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), especially in patients with a history of recurrent or chronic fever, peritoneal adhesions, and atypical IBD pathology. Anti-interleukin-1 therapy may be efficacious in these patients with monogenic very-early-onset IBD.

5.
Sci Immunol ; 6(62)2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413139

RESUMO

Circulating autoantibodies (auto-Abs) neutralizing high concentrations (10 ng/mL, in plasma diluted 1 to 10) of IFN-α and/or -ω are found in about 10% of patients with critical COVID-19 pneumonia, but not in subjects with asymptomatic infections. We detect auto-Abs neutralizing 100-fold lower, more physiological, concentrations of IFN-α and/or -ω (100 pg/mL, in 1/10 dilutions of plasma) in 13.6% of 3,595 patients with critical COVID-19, including 21% of 374 patients > 80 years, and 6.5% of 522 patients with severe COVID-19. These antibodies are also detected in 18% of the 1,124 deceased patients (aged 20 days-99 years; mean: 70 years). Moreover, another 1.3% of patients with critical COVID-19 and 0.9% of the deceased patients have auto-Abs neutralizing high concentrations of IFN-ß. We also show, in a sample of 34,159 uninfected subjects from the general population, that auto-Abs neutralizing high concentrations of IFN-α and/or -ω are present in 0.18% of individuals between 18 and 69 years, 1.1% between 70 and 79 years, and 3.4% >80 years. Moreover, the proportion of subjects carrying auto-Abs neutralizing lower concentrations is greater in a subsample of 10,778 uninfected individuals: 1% of individuals <70 years, 2.3% between 70 and 80 years, and 6.3% >80 years. By contrast, auto-Abs neutralizing IFN-ß do not become more frequent with age. Auto-Abs neutralizing type I IFNs predate SARS-CoV-2 infection and sharply increase in prevalence after the age of 70 years. They account for about 20% of both critical COVID-19 cases in the over-80s, and total fatal COVID-19 cases.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , COVID-19/mortalidade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Interferon-alfa/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Exp Med ; 218(10)2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357402

RESUMO

IFN-I and IFN-III immunity in the nasal mucosa is poorly characterized during SARS-CoV-2 infection. We analyze the nasal IFN-I/III signature, namely the expression of ISGF-3-dependent IFN-stimulated genes, in mildly symptomatic COVID-19 patients and show its correlation with serum IFN-α2 levels, which peak at symptom onset and return to baseline from day 10 onward. Moreover, the nasal IFN-I/III signature correlates with the nasopharyngeal viral load and is associated with the presence of infectious viruses. By contrast, we observe low nasal IFN-I/III scores despite high nasal viral loads in a subset of critically ill COVID-19 patients, which correlates with the presence of autoantibodies (auto-Abs) against IFN-I in both blood and nasopharyngeal mucosa. In addition, functional assays in a reconstituted human airway epithelium model of SARS-CoV-2 infection confirm the role of such auto-Abs in abrogating the antiviral effects of IFN-I, but not those of IFN-III. Thus, IFN-I auto-Abs may compromise not only systemic but also local antiviral IFN-I immunity at the early stages of SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Interferon Tipo I/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antivirais/imunologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/virologia , Chlorocebus aethiops , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/farmacologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Nasal/imunologia , Cavidade Nasal/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Células Vero , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Carga Viral/imunologia , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral/imunologia
7.
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess safety and efficacy of TNF-α antagonists and tocilizumab in patients with Takayasu arteritis (TAK). METHODS AND RESULTS: Two-hundred nine patients with TAK [median age of 29 years [7-62], and 186 (89%) females] were included. They received either TNF-α antagonists [n = 132 (63%) with 172 lines; infliximab (n = 109), adalimumab (n = 45), golimumab (n = 8), certolizumab (n = 6) and etanercept (n = 5)], or tocilizumab [n = 77 (37%) with 121 lines; intravenous and subcutaneous in 95 and 26 cases, respectively]. A complete response at 6 months was evidenced in 101/152 (66%) on TNF-α antagonists and 75/107 (70%) on tocilizumab, respectively. Age ≥ 30 years [OR = 2.09 [1.09; 3.99]] was associated with complete response, whereas vascular signs [0.26 [0.1; 0.65]], baseline prednisone ≥ 20 mg/day [0.51 [0.28; 0.93]] were negatively associated with the complete response to TNF-α antagonists or tocilizumab. During a median follow-up of 36 months, 103 relapses were noted. Supra-aortic branches and thoracic aorta involvements [HR 2.44 (1.06; 5.65) and 3.66 (1.18; 11.4), respectively], and systemic signs at baseline [HR 2.01 (1.30; 3.11)] were significantly associated with relapse. The cumulative incidence of treatment discontinuation and relapse were similar in TNFα antagonists and tocilizumab. Fifty-eight (20%) adverse effects occurred on biological-targeted therapies of whom 37 (21%) and 21 (17%), (p= 0.4) on TNF-α antagonists and tocilizumab, respectively. CONCLUSION: This large multicentre study shows high efficacy of biological-targeted treatments in refractory TAK. Efficacy, relapse and drug retention rate were equivalent with TNF-α antagonists and tocilizumab.

10.
Infect Dis Ther ; 10(3): 1747-1763, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34245450

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 long-haulers, also decribed as having "long-COVID" or post-acute COVID-19 syndrome, represent 10% of COVID-19 patients and remain understudied. METHODS: In this prospective study, we recruited 30 consecutive patients seeking medical help for persistent symptoms (> 30 days) attributed to COVID-19. All reported a viral illness compatible with COVID-19. The patients underwent a multi-modal evaluation, including clinical, psychologic, virologic and specific immunologic assays and were followed longitudinally. A group of 17 convalescent COVID-19 individuals without persistent symptoms were included as a comparison group. RESULTS: The median age was 40 [interquartile range: 35-54] years and 18 (60%) were female. At a median time of 152 [102-164] days after symptom onset, fever, cough and dyspnea were less frequently reported compared with the initial presentation, but paresthesia and burning pain emerged in 18 (60%) and 13 (43%) patients, respectively. The clinical examination was unremarkable in all patients, although the median fatigue and pain visual analog scales were 7 [5-8] and 5 [2-6], respectively. Extensive biologic studies were unremarkable, and multiplex cytokines and ultra-sensitive interferon-α2 measurements were similar between long-haulers and convalescent COVID-19 individuals without persistent symptoms. Using SARS-CoV-2 serology and IFN-γ ELISPOT, we found evidence of a previous SARS-CoV-2 infection in 50% (15/30) of patients, with evidence of a lack of immune response, or a waning immune response, in two patients. Finally, psychiatric evaluation showed that 11 (36.7%), 13 (43.3%) and 9 (30%) patients had a positive screening for anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Half of patients seeking medical help for post-acute COVID-19 syndrome lack SARS-CoV-2 immunity. The presence of SARS-CoV-2 immunity, or not, had no consequence on the clinical or biologic characteristics of post-acute COVID-19 syndrome patients, all of whom reported severe fatigue, altered quality of life and psychologic distress.

11.
J Exp Med ; 218(9)2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264265

RESUMO

Patients with autosomal recessive protein kinase C δ (PKCδ) deficiency suffer from childhood-onset autoimmunity, including systemic lupus erythematosus. They also suffer from recurrent infections that overlap with those seen in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a disease caused by defects of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase and a lack of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. We studied an international cohort of 17 PKCδ-deficient patients and found that their EBV-B cells and monocyte-derived phagocytes produced only small amounts of ROS and did not phosphorylate p40phox normally after PMA or opsonized Staphylococcus aureus stimulation. Moreover, the patients' circulating phagocytes displayed abnormally low levels of ROS production and markedly reduced neutrophil extracellular trap formation, altogether suggesting a role for PKCδ in activation of the NADPH oxidase complex. Our findings thus show that patients with PKCδ deficiency have impaired NADPH oxidase activity in various myeloid subsets, which may contribute to their CGD-like infectious phenotype.

12.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(Suppl 2): 322, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304732

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a generalized disease of the connective tissue, arterioles, and microvessels, characterized by the appearance of fibrosis and vascular obliteration. There are two main phenotypical forms of SSc: a diffuse cutaneous form that extends towards the proximal region of the limbs and/or torso, and a limited cutaneous form where the cutaneous sclerosis only affects the extremities of the limbs (without passing beyond the elbows and knees). There also exists in less than 10% of cases forms that never involve the skin. This is called SSc sine scleroderma. The prognosis depends essentially on the occurrence of visceral damage and more particularly interstitial lung disease (which is sometimes severe), pulmonary arterial hypertension, or primary cardiac damage, which represent the three commonest causes of mortality in SSc. Another type of involvement with poor prognosis, scleroderma renal crisis, is rare (less than 5% of cases). Cutaneous extension is also an important parameter, with the diffuse cutaneous forms having less favorable prognosis.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Dermatopatias , Humanos , Pele
14.
Sci Immunol ; 6(59)2021 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035116

RESUMO

Multiple Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) is a delayed and severe complication of SARS-CoV-2 infection that strikes previously healthy children. As MIS-C combines clinical features of Kawasaki disease and Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS), we aimed to compare the immunological profile of pediatric patients with these different conditions. We analyzed blood cytokine expression, and the T cell repertoire and phenotype in 36 MIS-C cases, which were compared to 16 KD, 58 TSS, and 42 COVID-19 cases. We observed an increase of serum inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, IL-18, TNF-α, IFNγ, CD25s, MCP1, IL-1RA) in MIS-C, TSS and KD, contrasting with low expression of HLA-DR in monocytes. We detected a specific expansion of activated T cells expressing the Vß21.3 T cell receptor ß chain variable region in both CD4 and CD8 subsets in 75% of MIS-C patients and not in any patient with TSS, KD, or acute COVID-19; this correlated with the cytokine storm detected. The T cell repertoire returned to baseline within weeks after MIS-C resolution. Vß21.3+ T cells from MIS-C patients expressed high levels of HLA-DR, CD38 and CX3CR1 but had weak responses to SARS-CoV-2 peptides in vitro. Consistently, the T cell expansion was not associated with specific classical HLA alleles. Thus, our data suggested that MIS-C is characterized by a polyclonal Vß21.3 T cell expansion not directed against SARS-CoV-2 antigenic peptides, which is not seen in KD, TSS and acute COVID-19.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/patologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/imunologia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/imunologia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/patologia , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citocinas/sangue , Antígenos HLA-DR/imunologia , Humanos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia
15.
J Exp Med ; 218(6)2021 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904890

RESUMO

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) emerged in April 2020 in communities with high COVID-19 rates. This new condition is heterogenous but resembles Kawasaki disease (KD), a well-known but poorly understood and clinically heterogenous pediatric inflammatory condition for which weak associations have been found with a myriad of viral illnesses. Epidemiological data clearly indicate that SARS-CoV-2 is the trigger for MIS-C, which typically occurs about 1 mo after infection. These findings support the hypothesis of viral triggers for the various forms of classic KD. We further suggest that rare inborn errors of immunity (IEIs) altering the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 may underlie the pathogenesis of MIS-C in some children. The discovery of monogenic IEIs underlying MIS-C would shed light on its pathogenesis, paving the way for a new genetic approach to classic KD, revisited as a heterogeneous collection of IEIs to viruses.


Assuntos
COVID-19/etiologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/etiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Criança , Citocinas/sangue , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/genética , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/virologia , Modelos Biológicos , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/epidemiologia , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/imunologia
16.
J Exp Med ; 218(3)2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606008

RESUMO

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is the most common chronic rheumatic disease in children, and its etiology remains poorly understood. Here, we explored four families with early-onset arthritis carrying homozygous loss-of-expression mutations in LACC1. To understand the link between LACC1 and inflammation, we performed a functional study of LACC1 in human immune cells. We showed that LACC1 was primarily expressed in macrophages upon mTOR signaling. We found that LACC1 deficiency had no obvious impact on inflammasome activation, type I interferon response, or NF-κB regulation. Using bimolecular fluorescence complementation and biochemical assays, we showed that autophagy-inducing proteins, RACK1 and AMPK, interacted with LACC1. Autophagy blockade in macrophages was associated with LACC1 cleavage and degradation. Moreover, LACC1 deficiency reduced autophagy flux in primary macrophages. This was associated with a defect in the accumulation of lipid droplets and mitochondrial respiration, suggesting that LACC1-dependent autophagy fuels macrophage bioenergetics metabolism. Altogether, LACC1 deficiency defines a novel form of genetically inherited juvenile arthritis associated with impaired autophagy in macrophages.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/metabolismo , Artrite Juvenil/patologia , Autofagia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/deficiência , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Adenilato Quinase/metabolismo , Adolescente , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Artrite Juvenil/genética , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/genética , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Bactérias/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Exoma/genética , Feminino , Homozigoto , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/patologia , Interferons/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/química , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Gotículas Lipídicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Mutação com Perda de Função/genética , Lisossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Linhagem , Proteômica , Receptores de Quinase C Ativada/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
17.
JAMA ; 325(9): 855-864, 2021 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523115

RESUMO

Importance: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is the most severe pediatric disease associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection, potentially life-threatening, but the optimal therapeutic strategy remains unknown. Objective: To compare intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) plus methylprednisolone vs IVIG alone as initial therapy in MIS-C. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study drawn from a national surveillance system with propensity score-matched analysis. All cases with suspected MIS-C were reported to the French National Public Health Agency. Confirmed MIS-C cases fulfilling the World Health Organization definition were included. The study started on April 1, 2020, and follow-up ended on January 6, 2021. Exposures: IVIG and methylprednisolone vs IVIG alone. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was persistence of fever 2 days after the introduction of initial therapy or recrudescence of fever within 7 days, which defined treatment failure. Secondary outcomes included a second-line therapy, hemodynamic support, acute left ventricular dysfunction after first-line therapy, and length of stay in the pediatric intensive care unit. The primary analysis involved propensity score matching with a minimum caliper of 0.1. Results: Among 181 children with suspected MIS-C, 111 fulfilled the World Health Organization definition (58 females [52%]; median age, 8.6 years [interquartile range, 4.7 to 12.1]). Five children did not receive either treatment. Overall, 3 of 34 children (9%) in the IVIG and methylprednisolone group and 37 of 72 (51%) in the IVIG alone group did not respond to treatment. Treatment with IVIG and methylprednisolone vs IVIG alone was associated with lower risk of treatment failure (absolute risk difference, -0.28 [95% CI, -0.48 to -0.08]; odds ratio [OR], 0.25 [95% CI, 0.09 to 0.70]; P = .008). IVIG and methylprednisolone therapy vs IVIG alone was also significantly associated with lower risk of use of second-line therapy (absolute risk difference, -0.22 [95% CI, -0.40 to -0.04]; OR, 0.19 [95% CI, 0.06 to 0.61]; P = .004), hemodynamic support (absolute risk difference, -0.17 [95% CI, -0.34 to -0.004]; OR, 0.21 [95% CI, 0.06 to 0.76]), acute left ventricular dysfunction occurring after initial therapy (absolute risk difference, -0.18 [95% CI, -0.35 to -0.01]; OR, 0.20 [95% CI, 0.06 to 0.66]), and duration of stay in the pediatric intensive care unit (median, 4 vs 6 days; difference in days, -2.4 [95% CI, -4.0 to -0.7]). Conclusions and Relevance: Among children with MIS-C, treatment with IVIG and methylprednisolone vs IVIG alone was associated with a more favorable fever course. Study interpretation is limited by the observational design.


Assuntos
COVID-19/terapia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Metilprednisolona/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/terapia , Adolescente , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , França , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos , Pontuação de Propensão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/complicações , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Joint Bone Spine ; 88(1): 105047, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients seen during the transition period in order to compare paediatric classification criteria with those for adults. METHODS: Patients with JIA according to the ILAR classification and who had a consultation at transition between 2010 and 2017 were included in a retrospective bi-centre (Lyon, Lausanne) study. JIA classification criteria were compared to ACR/EULAR 2010 criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Yamaguchi criteria for adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD), ASAS criteria for spondyloarthritis and CASPAR criteria for psoriatic arthritis. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty patients were included: 13.9% with systemic JIA, 22.3% with polyarticular JIA, 22.3% with oligoarticular JIA, 34.6% with enthesitis-related arthritis (ERA) and 6.9% with psoriatic arthritis; 13.1% had suffered from uveitis; 14.5% of patients had erosions or carpitis, mainly those with psoriatic arthritis, polyarticular or systemic JIA; 37.5% of patients with ERA displayed radiological sacroiliitis. When comparing paediatric JIA criteria with adult classifications, we found that: 66.6% of patients with systemic JIA fulfilled the criteria for AOSD, 87.5% of rheumatoid factor-positive polyarticular JIA and 9.5% of rheumatoid factor-negative polyarticular JIA met the criteria for RA, and 34.5% of oligoarticular JIA fulfilled the criteria for spondyloarthritis. Finally, 77.7% of patients with ERA met the criteria for spondyloarthritis, and 100% of patients with psoriatic arthritis JIA met the criteria for psoriatic arthritis. CONCLUSION: Oligoarticular JIA and rheumatoid factor-negative polyarticular JIA seem to be paediatric entities, whereas the other types of JIA tended to meet the respective adult classification criteria.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil , Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Reumatoide , Transição para Assistência do Adulto , Adulto , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Artrite Juvenil/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 9(2): 803-818.e11, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gain-of-function mutations in STING1 underlie a type I interferonopathy termed SAVI (STING-associated vasculopathy with onset in infancy). This severe disease is variably characterized by early-onset systemic inflammation, skin vasculopathy, and interstitial lung disease (ILD). OBJECTIVE: To describe a cohort of patients with SAVI. METHODS: Assessment of clinical, radiological and immunological data from 21 patients (17 families) was carried out. RESULTS: Patients carried heterozygous substitutions in STING1 previously described in SAVI, mainly the p.V155M. Most were symptomatic from infancy, but late onset in adulthood occurred in 1 patient. Systemic inflammation, skin vasculopathy, and ILD were observed in 19, 18, and 21 patients, respectively. Extensive tissue loss occurred in 4 patients. Severity of ILD was highly variable with insidious progression up to end-stage respiratory failure reached at teenage in 6 patients. Lung imaging revealed early fibrotic lesions. Failure to thrive was almost constant, with severe growth failure seen in 4 patients. Seven patients presented polyarthritis, and the phenotype in 1 infant mimicked a combined immunodeficiency. Extended features reminiscent of other interferonopathies were also found, including intracranial calcification, glaucoma and glomerular nephropathy. Increased expression of interferon-stimulated genes and interferon α protein was constant. Autoantibodies were frequently found, in particular rheumatoid factor. Most patients presented with a T-cell defect, with low counts of memory CD8+ cells and impaired T-cell proliferation in response to antigens. Long-term follow-up described in 8 children confirmed the clinical benefit of ruxolitinib in SAVI where the treatment was started early in the disease course, underlying the need for early diagnosis. Tolerance was reasonably good. CONCLUSION: The largest worldwide cohort of SAVI patients yet described, illustrates the core features of the disease and extends the clinical and immunological phenotype to include overlap with other monogenic interferonopathies.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Doenças Vasculares , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Inflamação , Mutação
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