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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(12): 2081-2089, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of infliximab (IFX) versus adalimumab (ADA) as a first-line biologic drug over 1 year of treatment in a large series of patients with refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: We conducted an open-label multicenter study of IFX versus ADA for BD-related uveitis refractory to conventional nonbiologic treatment. IFX or ADA was chosen as the first-line biologic agent based on physician and patient agreement. Patients received 3-5 mg/kg intravenous IFX at 0, 2, and 6 weeks and every 4-8 weeks thereafter, or 40 mg subcutaneous ADA every other week without a loading dose. Ocular parameters were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The study included 177 patients (316 affected eyes), of whom 103 received IFX and 74 received ADA. There were no significant baseline differences between treatment groups in main demographic features, previous therapy, or ocular sign severity. After 1 year of therapy, we observed an improvement in all ocular parameters in both groups. However, patients receiving ADA had significantly better outcomes in some parameters, including improvement in anterior chamber inflammation (92.31% versus 78.18% for IFX; P = 0.06), improvement in vitritis (93.33% versus 78.95% for IFX; P = 0.04), and best-corrected visual acuity (mean ± SD 0.81 ± 0.26 versus 0.67 ± 0.34 for IFX; P = 0.001). A nonsignificant difference was seen for macular thickness (mean ± SD 250.62 ± 36.85 for ADA versus 264.89 ± 59.74 for IFX; P = 0.15), and improvement in retinal vasculitis was similar between the 2 groups (95% for ADA versus 97% for IFX; P = 0.28). The drug retention rate was higher in the ADA group (95.24% versus 84.95% for IFX; P = 0.042). CONCLUSION: Although both IFX and ADA are efficacious in refractory BD-related uveitis, ADA appears to be associated with better outcomes than IFX after 1 year of follow-up.

2.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 200: 85-94, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30660771

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a leading cause of blindness. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in refractory CME. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients with CME secondary to noninfectious uveitis who had inadequate response to corticosteroids and at least 1 conventional immunosuppressive drug, and in most cases to other biological agents, were studied. CME was defined as central retinal thickness greater than 300 µm. The primary outcome measure was macular thickness. Intraocular inflammation, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and corticosteroid-sparing effect were also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients (mean ± standard deviation age 33.6 ± 18.9 years; 17 women) with CME were assessed. Underlying diseases associated with uveitis-related CME are juvenile idiopathic arthritis (n = 9), Behçet disease (n = 7), birdshot retinochoroidopathy (n = 4), idiopathic (n = 4), and sarcoidosis (n = 1). The ocular patterns were panuveitis (n = 9), anterior uveitis (n = 7), posterior uveitis (n = 5), and intermediate uveitis (n = 4). Most patients had CME in both eyes (n = 24). TCZ was used in monotherapy (n = 11) or combined with conventional immunosuppressive drugs. Regardless of the underlying disease, compared to baseline, a statistically significant improvement in macular thickness (415.7 ± 177.2 vs 259.1 ± 499.5 µm; P = .00009) and BCVA (0.39 ± 0.31 vs 0.54 ± 0.33; P = .0002) was obtained, allowing us to reduce the daily dose of prednisone (15.9 ± 13.6 mg/day vs 3.1 ± 2.3 mg/day; P = .002) after 12 months of therapy. Remission was achieved in 14 patients. Only minor side effects were observed after a mean follow-up of 12.7 ± 8.34 months. CONCLUSION: Macular thickness is reduced following administration of TCZ in refractory uveitis-related CME.

3.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(11): 2037-2043, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30143818

RESUMO

Although several randomized clinical trials and observational studies have evaluated the effectiveness, safety and drug survival of etanercept (ETN) in the treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), long-term data regarding these aspects are currently scarce. For this reason, we sought to investigate the long-term survival and safety of ETN in PsA patients in 4 tertiary care Spanish hospitals over a 13-year observation period (from 2004 to 2017). The records of 85 PsA patients were reviewed. ETN showed an excellent survival profile, with rates of treatment discontinuation at 1, 3, 5 and 10 years of 15, 37, 46 and 59%, respectively. In our cohort, a trend toward longer drug survival in patients with shorter disease duration and those who were treated with ETN as their first biologic agent was observed. On the other hand, combination therapy with conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs did not provide greater improvement on the long-term drug survival. Only 12% of the patients reported adverse events (AEs) during therapy, being most of them of mild to moderate intensity, and in only 7% AEs led to drug discontinuation. To the best of our knowledge, the present study shows the largest follow-up period of ETN-treated population analyzed in a real-life setting, and these results demonstrate the positive safety profile and long-term effectiveness of this biologic agent in the management of PsA patients.

4.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To generate a quality standard for the management of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: We employed qualitative methodology that included: 1) Two focus groups (one with patients with PsA and another with non-rheumatologist specialists involved in the care of PsA patients); 2) A narrative literature review of published documents related to the quality of care in PsA; 3) A nominal group meeting in which 15 expert rheumatologists generated and reached a consensus on a series of quality criteria, as well as formulas or quantifiable objective measures to evaluate them; 4) The Delphi method to establish the feasibility, priority and agreement with the quality criteria; 5) A final generation of standards of care and their attributes. A descriptive analysis of the results was carried out. RESULTS: A total of 59 standards of care was generated, 18 of mandatory compliance, grouped into 4 blocks according to specific objectives: 1) early diagnosis (n=6); 2) optimizing the management of the disease (n=26); 3) multidisciplinary collaboration (n=9); 4) monitoring improvement (n=18). To assess compliance with these standards of care, in many cases, the medical records will be reviewed. Other sources will be the records of the service and hospital and bibliographic databases. Regarding the level of compliance, for some of the standards of care this is yes/no; for others, compliance ranges from 50% to 100% and, in this range, in many cases, compliance was 80%. CONCLUSIONS: This set of standards of care should help improve quality of care in PsA patients.

5.
Ophthalmology ; 125(9): 1444-1451, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602570

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of adalimumab (ADA) therapy optimization in a large series of patients with uveitis due to Behçet disease (BD) who achieved remission after the use of this biologic agent. DESIGN: Open-label multicenter study of ADA-treated patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional immunosuppressants. SUBJECTS: Sixty-five of 74 patients with uveitis due to BD, who achieved remission after a median ADA duration of 6 (range, 3-12) months. ADA was optimized in 23 (35.4%) of them. This biologic agent was maintained at a dose of 40 mg/subcutaneously/2 weeks in the remaining 42 patients. METHODS: After remission, based on a shared decision between the patient and the treating physician, ADA was optimized. When agreement between patient and physician was reached, optimization was performed by prolonging the ADA dosing interval progressively. Comparison between optimized and nonoptimized patients was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness in optimized and nonoptimized groups. To determine efficacy, intraocular inflammation (anterior chamber cells, vitritis, and retinal vasculitis), macular thickness, visual acuity, and the sparing effect of glucocorticoids were assessed. RESULTS: No demographic or ocular differences were found at the time of ADA onset between the optimized and the nonoptimized groups. Most ocular outcomes were similar after a mean ± standard deviation follow-up of 34.7±13.3 and 26±21.3 months in the optimized and nonoptimized groups, respectively. However, relevant adverse effects were only seen in the nonoptimized group (lymphoma, pneumonia, severe local reaction at the injection site, and bacteremia by Escherichia coli, 1 each). Moreover, the mean ADA treatment costs were lower in the optimized group than in the nonoptimized group (6101.25 euros/patient/year vs. 12 339.48; P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: ADA optimization in BD uveitis refractory to conventional therapy is effective, safe, and cost-effective.

6.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(5): 856-864, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29471416

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the efficacy of tocilizumab (TCZ) in refractory uveitis of Behçet's disease (BD). Methods: Multicentre study of patients with BD-associated uveitis. Patients were refractory to conventional and biologic immunosuppressive drugs. The main outcome measures were intraocular inflammation, macular thickness, visual acuity and corticosteroid-sparing effects. Results: We studied 11 patients (7 men) (20 affected eyes); median age 35 years. Uveitis was bilateral in nine patients. The patterns of ocular involvement were panuveitis (n = 8, with retinal vasculitis in 4), anterior uveitis (n = 2) and posterior uveitis (n = 1). Cystoid macular oedema was present in seven patients. The clinical course was recurrent (n = 7) or chronic (n = 4). Before TCZ, patients had received systemic corticosteroids, conventional immunosuppressants and the following biologic agents: adalimumab (n = 8), infliximab (n = 4), canakimumab (n = 1), golimumab (n = 3), etanercept (n = 1). TCZ was used as monotherapy or combined with conventional immunosuppressants at 8 mg/kg/i.v./4 weeks (n = 10) or 162 mg/s.c./week (n = 1). At TCZ onset the following extraocular manifestations were present: oral and/or genital ulcers (n = 7), arthritis (n = 4), folliculitis/pseudofolliculitis (n = 4), erythema nodosum (n = 2), livedo reticularis (n = 1) and neurological involvement (n = 2). TCZ yielded rapid and maintained improvement in all ocular parameters of the patients, with complete remission in eight of them. However, this was not the case for the extraocular manifestations, since TCZ was only effective in three of them. After a mean (s.d.) follow-up of 9.5 (8.05) months, TCZ was withdrawn in two cases, due to a severe infusion reaction and arthritis impairment, respectively. Conclusion: TCZ could be a therapeutic option in patients with BD and refractory uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Receptores de Interleucina-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Uveíte/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0189498, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29293537

RESUMO

Gene-level analysis of ImmunoChip or genome-wide association studies (GWAS) data has not been previously reported for systemic sclerosis (SSc, scleroderma). The objective of this study was to analyze genetic susceptibility loci in SSc at the gene level and to determine if the detected associations were shared in African-American and White populations, using data from ImmunoChip and GWAS genotyping studies. The White sample included 1833 cases and 3466 controls (956 cases and 2741 controls from the US and 877 cases and 725 controls from Spain) and the African American sample, 291 cases and 260 controls. In both Whites and African Americans, we performed a gene-level analysis that integrates association statistics in a gene possibly harboring multiple SNPs with weak effect on disease risk, using Versatile Gene-based Association Study (VEGAS) software. The SNP-level analysis was performed using PLINK v.1.07. We identified 4 novel candidate genes (STAT1, FCGR2C, NIPSNAP3B, and SCT) significantly associated and 4 genes (SERBP1, PINX1, TMEM175 and EXOC2) suggestively associated with SSc in the gene level analysis in White patients. As an exploratory analysis we compared the results on Whites with those from African Americans. Of previously established susceptibility genes identified in Whites, only TNFAIP3 was significant at the nominal level (p = 6.13x10-3) in African Americans in the gene-level analysis of the ImmunoChip data. Among the top suggestive novel genes identified in Whites based on the ImmunoChip data, FCGR2C and PINX1 were only nominally significant in African Americans (p = 0.016 and p = 0.028, respectively), while among the top novel genes identified in the gene-level analysis in African Americans, UNC5C (p = 5.57x10-4) and CLEC16A (p = 0.0463) were also nominally significant in Whites. We also present the gene-level analysis of SSc clinical and autoantibody phenotypes among Whites. Our findings need to be validated by independent studies, particularly due to the limited sample size of African Americans.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
8.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 34(6 Suppl 102): S34-S40, 2016 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27054359

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of other biologic therapies, different from infliximab (IFX) and adalimumab (ADA), in patients with Behçet's disease uveitis (BU). METHODS: Multicenter study of 124 patients with BU refractory to at least one standard immunosuppressive agent that required IFX or ADA therapy. Patients who had to be switched to another biologic agent due to inefficacy or intolerance to IFX or ADA or patient's decision were assessed. The main outcome measures were the degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation and macular thickness. RESULTS: Seven (5.6%) of 124 cases (4 women/3 men; mean age, 43 (range 28- 67) years; 12 affected eyes) were studied. Five of them had been initially treated with ADA and 2 with IFX. The other biologic agents used were golimumab (n=4), tocilizumab (n=2) and rituximab (n=1). The ocular pattern was panuveitis (n=4) or posterior uveitis (n=3). Uveitis was bilateral in 5 patients (71.4%). At baseline, anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation were present in 6 (50%) and 7 (58.3%) of the eyes. All the patients (12 eyes) had macular thickening (OCT>250µm) and 4 of them (7 eyes), cystoid macular edema (OCT>300 µm). Besides reduction anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation, we observed a reduction of OCT values, from 330.4±58.5 µm at the onset of the biological agent to 273±50 µm at month 12 (p=0.06). Six patients achieved a complete remission of uveitis. CONCLUSIONS: The vast majority of patients with BU refractory to standard immunosuppressive drugs are successfully controlled with ADA and/or IFX. Other biologic agents appear to be also useful.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Substituição de Medicamentos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Behçet/imunologia , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Infliximab/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/diagnóstico , Uveíte/imunologia
9.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 68(10): 2527-39, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27111549

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify nailfold videocapillaroscopic features and other clinical risk factors for new digital ulcers (DUs) during a 6-month period in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: In this multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study, the videoCAPillaroscopy (CAP) study, we evaluated 623 patients with SSc from 59 centers (14 countries). Patients were stratified into 2 groups: a DU history group and a no DU history group. At enrollment, patients underwent detailed nailfold videocapillaroscopic evaluation and assessment of demographic characteristics, DU status, and clinical and SSc characteristics. Risk factors for developing new DUs were assessed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression (MLR) analyses. RESULTS: Of the 468 patients in the DU history group (mean ± SD age 54.0 ± 13.7 years), 79.5% were female, 59.8% had limited cutaneous SSc, and 22% developed a new DU during follow-up. The strongest risk factors for new DUs identified by MLR in the DU history group included the mean number of capillaries per millimeter in the middle finger of the dominant hand, the number of DUs (categorized as 0, 1, 2, or ≥3), and the presence of critical digital ischemia. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) of the area under the curve (AUC) of the final MLR model was 0.738 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.681-0.795). Internal validation through bootstrap generated a ROC AUC of 0.633 (95% CI 0.510-0.756). CONCLUSION: This international prospective study, which included detailed nailfold videocapillaroscopic evaluation and extensive clinical characterization of patients with SSc, identified the mean number of capillaries per millimeter in the middle finger of the dominant hand, the number of DUs at enrollment, and the presence of critical digital ischemia at enrollment as risk factors for the development of new DUs.


Assuntos
Dedos , Angioscopia Microscópica , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Úlcera Cutânea/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/etiologia , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Esclerodermia Limitada/complicações , Esclerodermia Limitada/diagnóstico por imagem , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Úlcera Cutânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Úlcera Cutânea/etiologia , Úlcera Cutânea/fisiopatologia
10.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 68(9): 2338-44, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27111665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are autoimmune diseases that have similar clinical and immunologic characteristics. To date, several shared SSc-RA genetic loci have been identified independently. The aim of the current study was to systematically search for new common SSc-RA loci through an interdisease meta-genome-wide association (meta-GWAS) strategy. METHODS: The study was designed as a meta-analysis combining GWAS data sets of patients with SSc and patients with RA, using a strategy that allowed identification of loci with both same-direction and opposite-direction allelic effects. The top single-nucleotide polymorphisms were followed up in independent SSc and RA case-control cohorts. This allowed an increase in the sample size to a total of 8,830 patients with SSc, 16,870 patients with RA, and 43,393 healthy controls. RESULTS: This cross-disease meta-analysis of the GWAS data sets identified several loci with nominal association signals (P < 5 × 10(-6) ) that also showed evidence of association in the disease-specific GWAS scans. These loci included several genomic regions not previously reported as shared loci, as well as several risk factors that were previously found to be associated with both diseases. Follow-up analyses of the putatively new SSc-RA loci identified IRF4 as a shared risk factor for these 2 diseases (Pcombined = 3.29 × 10(-12) ). Analysis of the biologic relevance of the known SSc-RA shared loci identified the type I interferon and interleukin-12 signaling pathways as the main common etiologic factors. CONCLUSION: This study identified a novel shared locus, IRF4, for the risk of SSc and RA, and highlighted the usefulness of a cross-disease GWAS meta-analysis strategy in the identification of common risk loci.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 17: 265, 2015 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26395086

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic back pain (CBP) is frequently the presenting symptom in patients with suspected axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). Presence of sacroiliitis on magnetic-resonance-imaging (MRI) or HLA-B27 adds to diagnostic certainty. However, these costly tests cannot be applied in all patients with CBP. This study aims to investigate which SpA features increase the likelihood of a positive HLA-B27 or positive MRI of the sacroiliac-joints (MRI-SI) in patients with suspected axSpA. METHODS: Data from 665 patients with CBP within the ESPeranza Programme were analysed. Diagnostic utility measures (LR+, LR-) for a positive MRI-SI or HLA-B27 were calculated for various definitions of inflammatory back pain (IBP), their separate items and for other SpA features. RESULTS: Pretest probabilityies of a positive result was 41% for MRI-SI and 40% for HLA-B27. For a positive MRI-SI result the most useful IBP characteristic was alternating buttock pain (LR + =2.6). Among the IBP-criteria, fulfillment of the 'ASAS criteria' (LR + =2.1) was most contributory. Interestingly, the addition of alternating buttock pain to the Calin/ASAS-IBP criteria (LR + =6.0 and 5.5, respectively) or the addition of awakening at second half of night to the Calin-IBP criteria (LR + =5.5) increased the pre-test probability of MRI-sacroiliitis from 41% to 79-80%. Dactylitis (LR + =4.1) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (LR + =6.4) increased this probability to 73% and 81%, respectively. To forecast HLA-B27 positivity, awakening at the second half of the night, fulfillment of the ASAS-IBP definition and uveitis were the most useful, but only marginally predictive (LR + = 1.3, 1,6 and 2.6, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: If patients with suspected axial SpA have either (1) IBP according to Calin/ASAS definition plus alternating buttock pain, or (2) IBP according to Calin definition plus awakening at night, or (3) dactylitis or 4) IBD, the probability of finding a positive MRI-SI increases significantly.


Assuntos
Antígeno HLA-B27/análise , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Sacroileíte/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Dor nas Costas/complicações , Dor nas Costas/diagnóstico , Dor nas Costas/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Articulação Sacroilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Sacroileíte/complicações , Sacroileíte/fisiopatologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 53(12): 2223-31, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24996907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of anti-TNF-α therapy in refractory uveitis due to Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: We performed a multicentre study of 124 patients with BD uveitis refractory to conventional treatment including high-dose corticosteroids and at least one standard immunosuppressive agent. Patients were treated for at least 12 months with infliximab (IFX) (3-5 mg/kg at 0, 2 and 6 weeks and then every 4-8 weeks) or adalimumab (ADA) (usually 40 mg every 2 weeks). The main outcome measures were degree of anterior and posterior chamber inflammation, visual acuity, macular thickness and immunosuppression load. RESULTS: Sixty-eight men and 56 women (221 affected eyes) were studied. The mean age was 38.6 years (s.d. 10.4). HLA-B51 was positive in 66.1% of patients and uveitis was bilateral in 78.2%. IFX was the first biologic agent in 77 cases (62%) and ADA was first in 47 (38%). In most cases anti-TNF-α drugs were used in combination with conventional immunosuppressive drugs. At the onset of anti-TNF-α therapy, anterior chamber and vitreous inflammation was observed in 57% and 64.4% of patients, respectively. In both conditions the damage decreased significantly after 1 year. At baseline, 50 patients (80 eyes) had macular thickening [optical coherence tomography (OCT) >250 µm] and 35 (49 eyes) had cystoid macular oedema (OCT>300 µm) that improved from 420 µm (s.d. 119.5) at baseline to 271 µm (s.d. 45.6) at month 12 (P < 0.01). The best-corrected visual acuity and the suppression load also showed significant improvement. After 1 year of follow-up, 67.7% of patients were inactive. Biologic therapy was well tolerated in most cases. CONCLUSION: Anti-TNF-α therapy is effective and relatively safe in refractory BD uveitis.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Adalimumab , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Esquema de Medicação , Resistência a Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Infliximab , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Rheumatol Int ; 34(2): 165-70, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24390635

RESUMO

To define and give priory to standards of care in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). A systematic literature review on SpA standards of care and a specific search in relevant and related sources was performed. An expert panel was established who developed the standards of care and graded their priority (high, mild, low, or no priority) following qualitative methodology and Delphi process. An electronic survey was sent to a representative sample of 167 rheumatologists all around the country, who also gave priority to the standards of care (same scale). A descriptive analysis is presented. The systematic literature review retrieved no article specifically related to SpA patients. A total of 38 standards of care were obtained-12 related to structure, 20 to process, and 6 to result. Access to care, treatment, and safety standards of care were given a high priority by most of rheumatologists. Standards not directly connected to daily practice were not given such priority, as standards which included a time framework. The standards generated for the performance evaluation (including patient and professionals satisfaction) were not considered especially important in general. This set of standards of care should help improve the quality of care in SpA patients.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Reumatologia/normas , Espondilartrite/terapia , Padrão de Cuidado/normas , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico
14.
PLoS One ; 8(1): e54419, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23372721

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a fibrotic autoimmune disease in which the genetic component plays an important role. One of the strongest SSc association signals outside the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) region corresponds to interferon (IFN) regulatory factor 5 (IRF5), a major regulator of the type I IFN pathway. In this study we aimed to evaluate whether three different haplotypic blocks within this locus, which have been shown to alter the protein function influencing systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility, are involved in SSc susceptibility and clinical phenotypes. For that purpose, we genotyped one representative single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of each block (rs10488631, rs2004640, and rs4728142) in a total of 3,361 SSc patients and 4,012 unaffected controls of Caucasian origin from Spain, Germany, The Netherlands, Italy and United Kingdom. A meta-analysis of the allele frequencies was performed to analyse the overall effect of these IRF5 genetic variants on SSc. Allelic combination and dependency tests were also carried out. The three SNPs showed strong associations with the global disease (rs4728142: P  = 1.34×10(-8), OR  = 1.22, CI 95%  = 1.14-1.30; rs2004640: P  = 4.60×10(-7), OR  = 0.84, CI 95%  = 0.78-0.90; rs10488631: P  = 7.53×10(-20), OR  = 1.63, CI 95%  = 1.47-1.81). However, the association of rs2004640 with SSc was not independent of rs4728142 (conditioned P  = 0.598). The haplotype containing the risk alleles (rs4728142*A-rs2004640*T-rs10488631*C: P  = 9.04×10(-22), OR  = 1.75, CI 95%  = 1.56-1.97) better explained the observed association (likelihood P-value  = 1.48×10(-4)), suggesting an additive effect of the three haplotypic blocks. No statistical significance was observed in the comparisons amongst SSc patients with and without the main clinical characteristics. Our data clearly indicate that the SLE risk haplotype also influences SSc predisposition, and that this association is not sub-phenotype-specific.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Loci Gênicos , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Masculino , Fenótipo , Fatores de Risco , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/etnologia
15.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 14(2): R85, 2012 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22531499

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: CD226 genetic variants have been associated with a number of autoimmune diseases and recently with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study was to test the influence of CD226 loci in SSc susceptibility, clinical phenotypes and autoantibody status in a large multicenter European population. METHODS: A total of seven European populations of Caucasian ancestry were included, comprising 2,131 patients with SSc and 3,966 healthy controls. Three CD226 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs763361, rs3479968 and rs727088, were genotyped using Taqman 5'allelic discrimination assays. RESULTS: Pooled analyses showed no evidence of association of the three SNPs, neither with the global disease nor with the analyzed subphenotypes. However, haplotype block analysis revealed a significant association for the TCG haplotype (SNP order: rs763361, rs34794968, rs727088) with lung fibrosis positive patients (PBonf = 3.18E-02 OR 1.27 (1.05 to 1.54)). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the tested genetic variants do not individually influence SSc susceptibility but a CD226 three-variant haplotype is related with genetic predisposition to SSc-related pulmonary fibrosis.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fibrose Pulmonar/genética , Escleroderma Sistêmico/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Variação Genética/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Fibrose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/epidemiologia
17.
J Appl Physiol (1985) ; 95(6): 2218-22, 2003 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12937030

RESUMO

It has been shown that nitric oxide (NO) protects from myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in animal models. The present study investigated whether administration of the NO substrate l-arginine protects against ischemia-reperfusion-induced endothelial dysfunction in humans. Forearm blood flow was measured with venous occlusion plethysmography in 16 healthy male subjects who were investigated on two occasions. Forearm ischemia was induced for 20 min followed by 60-min reperfusion. With the use of a crossover protocol, the subject received a 15-min intrabrachial artery infusion of l-arginine (20 mg/min) and vehicle (saline, n = 12 or d-arginine, n = 4) starting at 15 min of ischemia on two separate occasions. Compared with preischemia, endothelium-dependent increase in forearm blood flow induced by intra-arterial acetylcholine (3-30 microg/min) was significantly impaired at 15 and 30 min of reperfusion when the subjects received saline (P < 0.001). When the subjects received l-arginine, the acetylcholine-induced increase in forearm blood flow was not significantly affected by ischemia-reperfusion. The recovery of endothelium-dependent vasodilatation at 15- and 30-min reperfusion was significantly greater after administration of l-arginine than after saline (P < 0.05). d-Arginine did not affect the response to acetylcholine. Endothelium-independent vasodilatation to nitroprusside was not affected during reperfusion. These results demonstrate that the NO substrate l-arginine significantly attenuates ischemia-reperfusion-induced endothelial dysfunction in humans in vivo. This suggests that l-arginine may be useful as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of ischemia-reperfusion injury in humans.


Assuntos
Arginina/uso terapêutico , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/fisiopatologia , Acetilcolina/farmacologia , Adulto , Antebraço/irrigação sanguínea , Humanos , Masculino , Nitroprussiato/farmacologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Estereoisomerismo , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia
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