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1.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35338542

RESUMO

AIMS: Transcatheter mitral valve implantation (TMVI) represents a novel treatment option for patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) unsuitable for established therapies. The CHOICE-MI registry aimed to investigate outcomes of patients undergoing screening for TMVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: From May 2014 to March 2021, patients with MR considered suboptimal candidates for transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) and at high risk for mitral valve surgery underwent TMVI screening at 26 centres. Characteristics and outcomes were investigated for patients undergoing TMVI and for TMVI-ineligible patients referred to bailout-TEER, high-risk surgery or medical therapy (MT). The primary composite endpoint was all-cause mortality or heart failure hospitalization after 1 year. Among 746 patients included (78.5 years, interquartile range [IQR] 72.0-83.0, EuroSCORE II 4.7% [IQR 2.7-9.7]), 229 patients (30.7%) underwent TMVI with 10 different dedicated devices. At 1 year, residual MR ≤1+ was present in 95.2% and the primary endpoint occurred in 39.2% of patients treated with TMVI. In TMVI-ineligible patients (n = 517, 69.3%), rates of residual MR ≤1+ were 37.2%, 100.0% and 2.4% after bailout-TEER, high-risk surgery and MT, respectively. The primary endpoint at 1 year occurred in 28.8% of patients referred to bailout-TEER, in 42.9% of patients undergoing high-risk surgery and in 47.9% of patients remaining on MT. CONCLUSION: This registry included the largest number of patients treated with TMVI to date. TMVI with 10 dedicated devices resulted in predictable MR elimination and sustained functional improvement at 1 year. In TMVI-ineligible patients, bailout-TEER and high-risk surgery represented reasonable alternatives, while MT was associated with poor clinical and functional outcomes.

3.
Innovations (Phila) ; 16(6): 536-544, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Application-based (app) technology has been studied for patient engagement and collecting patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in several surgical specialties with limited research in cardiac surgery. The aim of study was to determine the effectiveness of app-based technology for collecting PROs, improving the patient experience, and reducing health services utilization in a cardiac surgery center. METHODS: Patients accessed an interactive app via smartphones. Patients were guided from 4 weeks preoperative to 4 weeks postoperative via reminders, tasks, PRO surveys, and evidence-based education. In the postoperative period, patients were engaged with daily health surveys to track warning signs and recovery milestones. Based on the patient's signs and symptoms, the app escalated lower risk issues to self-care education or higher risk issues to the care team (e.g., phone call to a nurse). RESULTS: Sixty-six percent of patients (730 of 1,108) activated their app account. Two hundred seventy-seven patients completed an end-of-program feedback survey, with 94% of patients recommending the app and 98% of patients finding the app was helpful in recovery. Patients also reported using the app to avoid unnecessary health services utilization, with 45% of patients using the app to avoid at least 1 phone call and 28% of patients using the app to avoid at least 1 hospital visit. CONCLUSIONS: App-based technology for patient engagement is an effective modality to enhance the patient experience, better understand the trajectory of recovery, and reduce unnecessary health services utilization in cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Aplicativos Móveis , Telemedicina , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 711401, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957230

RESUMO

Driven by recent innovations and technological progress, the increasing quality and amount of biomedical data coupled with the advances in computing power allowed for much progress in artificial intelligence (AI) approaches for health and biomedical research. In interventional cardiology, the hope is for AI to provide automated analysis and deeper interpretation of data from electrocardiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and electronic health records, among others. Furthermore, high-performance predictive models supporting decision-making hold the potential to improve safety, diagnostic and prognostic prediction in patients undergoing interventional cardiology procedures. These applications include robotic-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention procedures and automatic assessment of coronary stenosis during diagnostic coronary angiograms. Machine learning (ML) has been used in these innovations that have improved the field of interventional cardiology, and more recently, deep Learning (DL) has emerged as one of the most successful branches of ML in many applications. It remains to be seen if DL approaches will have a major impact on current and future practice. DL-based predictive systems also have several limitations, including lack of interpretability and lack of generalizability due to cohort heterogeneity and low sample sizes. There are also challenges for the clinical implementation of these systems, such as ethical limits and data privacy. This review is intended to bring the attention of health practitioners and interventional cardiologists to the broad and helpful applications of ML and DL algorithms to date in the field. Their implementation challenges in daily practice and future applications in the field of interventional cardiology are also discussed.

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 747583, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660747

RESUMO

Transfemoral access remains the most widely used peripheral vascular approach for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Despite technical improvement and reduction in delivery sheath diameters of all TAVI platforms, 10-20% of patients remain not eligible to transfemoral TAVI due to peripheral artery disease. In this review, we aim at presenting an update of recent data concerning transfemoral access and percutaneous closure devices. Moreover, we will review peripheral non-transfemoral alternative as well as caval-aortic accesses and discuss the important features to assess with pre-procedural imaging modalities before TAVI.

6.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(18): 2010-2021, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556275

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine clinical and echocardiographic characteristics, mechanisms of failure, and outcomes of mitral valve (MV) surgery after transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER). BACKGROUND: Although >100,000 mitral TEER procedures have been performed worldwide, longitudinal data on MV surgery after TEER are lacking. METHODS: Data from the multicenter, international CUTTING-EDGE registry were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes were evaluated. Median follow-up duration was 9.0 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 1.2-25.7 months) after MV surgery, and follow-up was 96.1% complete at 30 days and 81.1% complete at 1 year. RESULTS: From July 2009 to July 2020, 332 patients across 34 centers underwent MV surgery after TEER. The mean age was 73.8 ± 10.1 years, median Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk for MV repair at initial TEER was 4.0 (IQR: 2.3-7.3), and primary/mixed and secondary mitral regurgitation were present in 59.0% and 38.5%, respectively. The median interval from TEER to surgery was 3.5 months (IQR: 0.5-11.9 months), with overall median Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk of 4.8% for MV replacement (IQR: 2.8%-8.4%). The primary indication for surgery was recurrent mitral regurgitation (33.5%), and MV replacement and concomitant tricuspid surgery were performed in 92.5% and 42.2% of patients, respectively. The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were 16.6% and 31.3%, respectively. On Kaplan-Meier analysis, the actuarial estimates of mortality were 24.1% at 1 year and 31.7% at 3 years after MV surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In this first report of the CUTTING-EDGE registry, the mortality and morbidity risks of MV surgery after TEER were not negligible, and only <10% of patients underwent MV repair. These registry data provide valuable insights for further research to improve these outcomes.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Can J Cardiol ; 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34464691

RESUMO

Tricuspid regurgitation is associated with excessive mortality and poor outcomes regardless of the cause and associated comorbidities. Despite this clear association with mortality, tricuspid valve diseases remain undertreated. Tricuspid valve surgery, either repair or replacement, has shown little detectable survival benefit. Transcatheter tricuspid valve interventions have emerged as a less invasive approach to tricuspid valve diseases. They can be categorised into coaptation devices, annuloplasty devices, transcatheter tricuspid valve replacement, heterotopic caval valve implantation, and tricuspid valve-in-valve. Despite the late referral and the patient's profile, results remain fairly acceptable at least in the short term, with good procedural device success, excellent safety profile, and sustained reduction of tricuspid regurgitation for up to 1 year. Because results are limited to the mid-term, transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention durability will need to be established before broader adoption of these technologies.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 798949, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35211518

RESUMO

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most frequent congenital anomaly and has a natural evolution toward aortic regurgitation or stenosis due to the asymmetrical valve function associated with an evolutive ascending aortopathy. Several BAV classifications exist describing the presence and number of raphe, amount and location of calcium, and the symmetry of the functional cusps. The impact of BAV morphology on transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) outcomes still remains little investigated. Pivotal randomized trials comparing TAVI with surgery have excluded BAV until yet. However, data from registries and observational studies including highly selected patients have shown promising results of TAVI in BAV. With this review, we aimed at describing anatomical and pathophysiological characteristics of BAV, discussing the main aspects to assess diagnostic imaging modalities, and giving an overview of TAVI outcomes and technical considerations specific to BAV morphology.

13.
J Card Surg ; 35(12): 3422-3429, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The advent of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has changed the practice of treating patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). Heart-Teams have improved their decision-making process to refer patients to the best and safest treatment. The evidence allowed centers to increase funding and TAVR volume and extend indications to different risk categories of patients. This study evaluates the outcomes of intermediate-risk patients treated for severe AS in an academic center. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2019, 812 patients with AS underwent TAVR or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). A propensity score-matching analytic strategy was used to balance groups and adjust for time periods. Outcomes were recorded according to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Guidelines; the primary outcome being 30-day mortality and the secondary outcomes being perioperative course and complications. RESULTS: No difference in mortality was seen but complications differed: more postoperative transient ischemic attacks, permanent pacemaker implantations, and perivalvular leaks in the transcatheter group, while more acute kidney injuries, atrial fibrillation, delirium, postoperative infections and bleeding, tamponade and need for reoperation in the surgical group as well as a longer hospital length-of-stay. However, over the years, morbidities/mortality decreased for all patients treated for AS. CONCLUSIONS: Data showed an improvement in morbidities/mortality for intermediate-risk patients treated with SAVR or TAVR. Increased funding allowed for a higher TAVR volume by increasing access to this technology. Also, the difference in complications could impact healthcare costs. By incorporating important metrics such as length-of-stay, readmission rates, and complications into decision-making, the Heart-Team can improve clinical outcomes, healthcare economics, and resource utilization.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Can J Cardiol ; 36(11): 1815-1825, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) have increased risk for mortality, sudden cardiac death, and ventricular tachycardia (VT). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to offer an updated analysis of risk factors following significant changes in surgical and perioperative management. METHODS: A meta-analysis based on the published literature between 2008 and 2018 was conducted. Endpoints were VT, cardiac mortality/VT, and all-cause mortality/VT. Studies with ≥100 patients and ≥10 events were included. RESULTS: Fifteen studies including 7218 patients (average age 27.5 years) were analyzed. Risk factors for VT included older age (per 1 year, odds ratio [OR]: 1.039; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.025-1.053), older age at corrective surgery (per 1 year, OR: 1.034; CI: 1.017-1.051), previous palliative shunt (OR: 3.063; CI: 1.525-6.151), number of thoracotomies (OR: 1.416; CI: 1.249-1.604), longer QRS duration (per 1 ms, OR: 1.031; CI: 1.008-1.055), and at least moderate right-ventricular dysfunction (OR: 2.160; CI_ 1.311-3.560). Additional risk factors for cardiac death/VT were previous ventriculotomy (OR: 2.269; CI: 1.226-4.198), lower left-ventricular ejection fraction (per 1%, OR: 1.049; CI: 1.029-1.071), and higher right-ventricular end diastolic volume (per 1 mL/m2, OR: 1.009; CI: 1.002-1.016). Supraventricular tachycardia/atrial fibrillation was an additional risk factor for all-cause mortality/VT (OR: 1.939; CI: 1.088-3.457). CONCLUSIONS: The study highlights the importance of preservation of biventricular systolic function on late outcomes. Ventricular function appears to have a greater impact on outcomes than the severity of pulmonary regurgitation alone in this patient population.


Assuntos
Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Taquicardia Ventricular/epidemiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia
17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 109(5): 1467-1474, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies investigating fenestration in the context of Fontan procedure have been showing controversial results when it comes to whether this procedure truly improves the Surgical outcomes. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the early outcomes of a fenestrated (F) vs a nonfenestrated (NF) Fontan procedure. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles measuring the outcomes of an F vs an NF Fontan. RESULTS: A total of 19 studies were selected with a total of 4806 patients (F. 2727; NF. 2079). There was no difference in the risk of Fontan failure between both groups (odds ratio [OR], 0.95 [95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57, 1.56]; P = .83). The F group had a significantly lower need for pleural drainage (OR, 0.59 [95% CI, 0.37, 0.94]; P = .03), a lower pulmonary artery pressure (mean difference, -0.99 mm Hg [95% CI, -1.68, 0.30 mm Hg]; P = .005), and a lower oxygen saturation (mean difference, -3.07% [95% CI, -4.30%, -1.85%]; P < .001) than the NF group. There was no significant difference in the stroke occurrence between the 2 groups (OR, 1.32 [95% CI, 0.40, 4.36]; P = .65). CONCLUSIONS: The Fontan fenestration effectively reduced the pulmonary pressure and the need for prolonged pleural drainage. However, the risks of Fontan failure, early death, and longer hospital stay were not modified.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Pressão Propulsora Pulmonar/fisiologia , Saúde Global , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
19.
Can J Cardiol ; 35(12): 1772-1783, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no systematic evidence review of the long-term results of surgical pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) dedicated to adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) and pulmonary regurgitation. METHODS: Our primary objective was to determine whether PVR reduced long-term mortality in adults with rTOF compared with conservative therapy. Secondary objectives were to determine the postoperative incidence rate of death, the changes in functional capacity and in right ventricular (RV) volumes and ejection fraction after PVR, and the postoperative incidence rate of sustained ventricular arrhythmias. A systematic search of multiple databases for studies was conducted without limits. RESULTS: No eligible randomized controlled trial or cohort study compared outcomes of PVR and conservative therapy in adults with rTOF. We selected 10 cohort studies (total 657 patients) reporting secondary outcomes. After PVR, the pooled incidence rate of death was 1% per year (95% confidence interval [CI] 0-1% per year) and the pooled incidence rate of sustained ventricular arrhythmias was 1% per year (95% CI 1%-2% per year). PVR improved symptoms (odds ratio for postoperative New York Heart Association functional class > II 0.08, 95% CI 0.03-0.24). Indexed RV end-diastolic (-61.29 mL/m2, -43.64 to -78.94 mL/m2) and end-systolic (-37.20 mL/m2, -25.58 to -48.82 mL/m2) volumes decreased after PVR, but RV ejection fraction did not change (0.19%, -2.36% to 2.74%). The effect of PVR on RV volumes remained constant regardless of functional status. CONCLUSION: Studies comparing PVR and conservative therapy exclusively in adults with rTOF are lacking. After PVR, the incidence rates of death and ventricular tachycardia are both 1 per 100 patient-years. Pooled analyses demonstrated an improved functional status and a reduction in RV volumes.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Adulto , Canadá , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Previsões , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Sociedades Médicas , Análise de Sobrevida , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico , Tetralogia de Fallot/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
JAMA Surg ; 154(8): 755-766, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054241

RESUMO

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) evidence-based protocols for perioperative care can lead to improvements in clinical outcomes and cost savings. This article aims to present consensus recommendations for the optimal perioperative management of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. A review of meta-analyses, randomized clinical trials, large nonrandomized studies, and reviews was conducted for each protocol element. The quality of the evidence was graded and used to form consensus recommendations for each topic. Development of these recommendations was endorsed by the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Consenso , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada/normas , Assistência Perioperatória/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Humanos
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