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1.
Intensive Care Med ; 44(7): 1061-1070, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29959455

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sepsis and non-septic systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) are the same syndromes, differing by their cause, sepsis being secondary to microbial infection. Microbiological tests are not enough to detect infection early. While more than 50 biomarkers have been proposed to detect infection, none have been repeatedly validated. AIM: To assess the accuracy of circulating biomarkers to discriminate between sepsis and non-septic SIRS. METHODS: The CAPTAIN study was a prospective observational multicenter cohort of 279 ICU patients with hypo- or hyperthermia and criteria of SIRS, included at the time the attending physician considered antimicrobial therapy. Investigators collected blood at inclusion to measure 29 plasma compounds and ten whole blood RNAs, and-for those patients included within working hours-14 leukocyte surface markers. Patients were classified as having sepsis or non-septic SIRS blindly to the biomarkers results. We used the LASSO method as the technique of multivariate analysis, because of the large number of biomarkers. RESULTS: During the study period, 363 patients with SIRS were screened, 84 having exclusion criteria. Ninety-one patients were classified as having non-septic SIRS and 188 as having sepsis. Eight biomarkers had an area under the receiver operating curve (ROC-AUC) over 0.6 with a 95% confidence interval over 0.5. LASSO regression identified CRP and HLA-DRA mRNA as being repeatedly associated with sepsis, and no model performed better than CRP alone (ROC-AUC 0.76 [0.68-0.84]). CONCLUSIONS: The circulating biomarkers tested were found to discriminate poorly between sepsis and non-septic SIRS, and no combination performed better than CRP alone.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Sepse , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/sangue , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/diagnóstico
2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 68(1): 40-9, 2016 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27364049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preliminary data suggested a clinical benefit in treating out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients with a high dose of erythropoietin (Epo) analogs. OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to evaluate the efficacy of epoetin alfa treatment on the outcome of OHCA patients in a phase 3 trial. METHODS: The authors performed a multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Patients still comatose after a witnessed OHCA of presumed cardiac origin were eligible. In the intervention group, patients received 5 intravenous injections spaced 12 h apart during the first 48 h (40,000 units each, resulting in a maximal dose of 200,000 total units), started as soon as possible after resuscitation. In the control group, patients received standard care without Epo. The main endpoint was the proportion of patients in each group reaching level 1 on the Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) scale (survival with no or minor neurological sequelae) at day 60. Secondary endpoints included all-cause mortality rate, distribution of patients in CPC levels at different time points, and side effects. RESULTS: In total, 476 patients were included in the primary analysis. Baseline characteristics were similar in the 2 groups. At day 60, 32.4% of patients (76 of 234) in the intervention group reached a CPC 1 level, as compared with 32.1% of patients (78 of 242) in the control group (odds ratio: 1.01; 95% confidence interval: 0.68 to 1.48). The mortality rate and proportion of patients in each CPC level did not differ at any time points. Serious adverse events were more frequent in Epo-treated patients as compared with controls (22.6% vs. 14.9%; p = 0.03), particularly thrombotic complications (12.4% vs. 5.8%; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In patients resuscitated from an OHCA of presumed cardiac cause, early administration of erythropoietin plus standard therapy did not confer a benefit, and was associated with a higher complication rate. (High Dose of Erythropoietin Analogue After Cardiac Arrest [Epo-ACR-02]; NCT00999583).


Assuntos
Epoetina alfa/administração & dosagem , Hematínicos/administração & dosagem , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Intervenção Médica Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Método Simples-Cego
3.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 17: 330, 2015 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26596627

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibition with infliximab (IFX) in treating recurrent and disabling chronic sciatica pain associated with post-operative peridural lumbar fibrosis. METHOD: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study randomized 35 patients presenting with sciatica pain associated with post-operative peridural lumbar fibrosis to two groups: IFX (n = 18), a single intravenous injection of 3 mg/kg IFX; and placebo (n = 17), a single saline serum injection. The primary outcome was a 50 % reduction in sciatica pain on a visual analog scale (VAS) at day 10. Secondary outcomes were radicular and lumbar VAS pain at day 0 and radicular and lumbar VAS pain, Québec disability score, drug-sparing effect and tolerance at days 10, 30, 90, and 180. RESULTS: At day 10, the placebo and IFX groups did not differ in the primary outcome (50 % reduction in sciatica pain observed in three (17.6 %) versus five (27.8 %) patients; p = 0.69). The number of patients reaching the patient acceptable symptom state for radicular pain was significantly higher in the placebo than IFX group after injection (12 (70.6 %) versus five (27.8 %) patients; p = 0.01). The two groups were comparable for all other secondary outcomes. CONCLUSION: Treatment with a single 3 mg/kg IFX injection for post-operative peridural lumbar fibrosis-associated sciatica pain does not significantly reduce radicular symptoms at day 10 after injection. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00385086 ; registered 4 October 2006 (last updated 15 October 2015).


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Infliximab/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/tratamento farmacológico , Ciática/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença Crônica , Cicatriz/complicações , Cicatriz/etiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Região Lombossacral , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Ciática/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
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