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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delaying surgical treatment for hip fragility fractures increases mortality, but early intervention in patients treated with direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) may increase the risk of perioperative blood loss due to residual drug activity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the timing of hip fragility fractures surgeries in patients treated with DOAC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all records of DOAC-treated patients who underwent surgery for hip fragility fractures between 2011 and 2019. They were divided into three groups according to time to surgery since admission to the emergency room (ER), ≤ 24, 24-48, and ≥ 48 h. Blood loss, peri and postoperative complications, readmissions, and short- and long-term mortality were compared between groups. RESULTS: Of the 171 suitable patients (59 males and 112 females), 32 (18.7%) were in the ≤ 24 h group, 93 (54.4%) in the 24-48 h group, and 46 (26.9%) in the ≥ 48 h group. Timing of surgery did not affect blood loss, as indicated by changes in pre- and postoperative hemoglobin levels (p = 0.089) and proportion of perioperatively administered packed cells (p = 0.949). There was a trend towards increased 30-day mortality in the ≥ 48 h group compared to the 24-48 h and ≤ 24 h groups (13.0, 4.3 and 3.1%, respectively. p = 0.099), and a trend towards increased 90 day mortality (6.5, 3.2, and 0%, respectively. p = 0.298). CONCLUSIONS: Early surgery did not increase perioperative blood loss. Delayed surgery ≥ 48 h of patients receiving DOAC who underwent surgery for hip fragility fractures showed a trend towards increased 30 day and 90 day mortality.

2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(8): 484-489, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgery for hip fractures within 48 hours of admission is considered standard. During the lockdown period due to the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, our medical staff was reduced. OBJECTIVES: To compare the demographics, treatment pathways, and outcomes of patients with hip fractures during the COVID-19 epidemic and lockdown with the standard at routine times. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all patients who were treated surgically for hip fracture in a tertiary center during the COVID-19 lockdown period between 01 March and 01 June 2020 and the equivalent period in 2019. Demographic characteristics, time to surgery, surgery type, hospitalization time, discharge destination, postoperative complications, and 30- and 90-day mortality rates were collected for all patients. RESULTS: During the COVID-19 period, 105 patients were operated due to hip fractures compared to 136 in the equivalent period with no statistical difference in demographics. The rate of surgeries within 48 hours of admission was significantly higher in the COVID-19 period (92% vs. 76%, respectively; P = 0.0006). Mean hospitalization time was significantly shorter (10 vs. 12 days, P = 0.037) with diversion of patient discharge destinations from institutional to home rehabilitation (P < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between the COVID-19 period and lower 90-day mortality rates (P = 0.034). No statistically significant differences in postoperative complications or 30-day mortality rates were noted. CONCLUSIONS: During the COVID-19 epidemic, despite the limited staff and the lack of therapeutic sequence, there was no impairment in the quality of treatment and a decrease in 90-day mortality was noted.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Fixação de Fratura , Fraturas do Quadril , Controle de Infecções , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Fixação de Fratura/efeitos adversos , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fixação de Fratura/reabilitação , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Israel/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Mortalidade , Inovação Organizacional , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Alta do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33959801

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sub-capital femoral fractures (SCFF) are impacted or non-displaced in Garden types 1 and 2, respectively. Non-surgical treatment is protected weight-bearing combined with physiotherapy and radiographic follow-up in selected patients. Traditionally, in situ pinning is the surgical treatment of choice. The aim of this study was to estimate whether the valgus deformity in Garden types 1 and 2 (AO classification 31B1.1 and 31B1.2) SCFF is a virtual perception of a posterior tilt deformity and if addressing this deformity improves patients' outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 96 patients with Garden Types 1 and 2 SCFF treated in tertiary medical center between 1/2014 and 9/2017 were retrospectively reviewed. They all had preoperative hip joint anteroposterior and lateral radiographic views. 75 patients had additional computed tomography (CT) scans. Femoral head displacement was measured on an anteroposterior and axial radiograph projections and were performed before and after surgery. Preoperative 3D reconstructions were performed for a better fracture characterization, and assessment of the imaging was performed by the first author. RESULTS: The average age of the study cohort was 73 years (range 28-96, 68% females). There were 58 right-sided and 38 left-sided fractures. Ninety patients had Type 1 and six patients had Type 2 fractures. The average preoperative posterior tilt was 15 degrees and the average valgus displacement was 10 degrees on plain radiographs compared to 28 degrees and 11 degrees, respectively, on CT scans. Posterior tilt was found with a virtual perception as valgus-impacted fractures. The postoperative posterior tilt was corrected to an average of 3 degrees and the valgus displacement to 5 degrees. CONCLUSION: CT provides an accurate modality for measuring femoral head displacement and fracture extent. The posterior tilt displacement should be addressed during surgery to lower failure risk and the need for additional procedures. IRB APPROVAL: TLV-0292-15. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.

4.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 67(4): 777-783, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30584659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous observational research has shown that elderly patients with hip fractures who are operated early (within 48 hours from admission) benefit from less short- and long-term mortality compared to those operated later. The objective of this study was to present regulatory measures aimed at promotion of early hip fracture surgery and their effect on the rates of early surgery and on postoperative mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Single inner-city medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly patients with hip fractures operated during three time periods: 2006 to 2009 (n = 1735, no intervention), 2010 to 2013 (n = 2104, first intervention, positive reinforcement), and 2014 to 2016 (n = 1538, second intervention, positive and negative reinforcement). INTERVENTION: Two regulatory measures were introduced consecutively: staff extra wages for afternoon operations (positive reinforcement) in 2010 and making early operation rates publicly available as the Ministry of Health Quality Care Indexes (negative reinforcement) in 2013. MEASUREMENTS: Percentage of early surgeries and mortality at 1 month and 1 year postoperatively. RESULTS: A total of 5377 patients (1595 men, 3782 women; mean age, 83.1 ± 7.2 years) underwent hip surgery between 2006 and 2016. The three study groups did not differ significantly in age on admission, sex, type of hip fracture (intracapsular or extracapsular), American Society of Anesthesiologists' score, mean hemoglobin on admission, and mean socioeconomic status. The percentage of operations performed within 48 hours was 55%, 65%, and 85%, respectively (P < .001). One-month mortality was 3.9%, 5.1%, and 5%, respectively (P > .05), and one-year mortality was 19.2%, 18.7%, and 19.6%, respectively (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Management pressure on the staff to expedite hip surgery and avoid negative publicity in conjunction with additional wages for afternoon surgeries was successful at promoting earlier hip surgery. Despite the substantial increase in the rates of early surgery, however, mortality rates were not affected. J Am Geriatr Soc 67:777-783, 2019.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 18(6): 937-942, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29512305

RESUMO

AIM: Older patients with proximal femoral fractures often undergo preoperative tests due to coexisting morbidities. Our aim was to evaluate these tests and their impact on patient outcome and medical expenses. METHODS: This retrospective study includes data on head computed tomography, carotid ultrasound, echocardiography and pulmonary functional tests calculated according to the type of surgery (osteosynthesis or hip arthroplasty) carried out on 2798 patients. Time-to-surgery, test repeated postoperatively, American Society of Anesthesiology Physical Status score, additional procedures, hospitalization time, 30-day mortality and associated medical expenses were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 921 preoperative tests were carried out in 780 (28%) patients, and 375 postoperative tests were carried out in 329 (12%) patients (P < 0.001). A total of 23 procedures were carried out after surgery, none related to the originally carried out tests. Significant group differences were found for American Society of Anesthesiology Physical Status score, days to surgery, hospitalization time (days) and mortality rates. The medical expenses of these tests were 1.3% of the average income per case, and 0.6% of the average study group income. CONCLUSIONS: Non-routine preoperative tests prolong time-to-surgery, increased hospitalization time and contribute to 30-day mortality. No postoperative procedure was related to preoperative test findings. The financial cost for these tests does not burden the medical expenses per procedure. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2018; 18: 937-942.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/economia , Idoso , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Injury ; 48(10): 2260-2265, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28768571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Locked plating is one of the latest innovative options for treating supracondylar femur fractures with relatively low failure rates. Single lateral plating was often found to have a relative higher failure rate. No clinical studies of double-plating distal femur fixation have thus far been reported. The aim of this study is to present our clinical experience with this surgical approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients (26 females and 6 males, mean age 76 years, range 44-101) were included in the study. Eight of them patients had a periprosthetic stable implant fracture and two patients were treated for a nonunion. RESULTS: All fractures, excluding one that needed bone grafting and one refracture, healed within 12 weeks. One patient needed bone grafting for delayed union and one patient needed fixation exchange due to femur re-fracture at the site of the most proximal screw. Two patients developed superficial wound infection and one patient required medial plate removal after union due to deep infection. CONCLUSIONS: Based on these promising results, we propose that the double-plating technique should be considered in the surgeon's armamentarium for the treatment of supracondylar femur fractures, particularly in patients with poor bone quality, comminuted fractures and very low periprosthetic fractures.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Cominutivas/cirurgia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Radiografia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Consolidação da Fratura/fisiologia , Fraturas Cominutivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Cominutivas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fraturas Periprotéticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Periprotéticas/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Emerg Radiol ; 24(5): 519-523, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28397010

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We evaluated the corona mortis (CM) anatomy by means of three-dimensional computerized tomography angiographic (CTA). METHODS: Patient demographic, anastomosis incidence, artery diameter, artery distance from the symphysis pubis, and pelvic size (distance between both acetabular upper labrum) parameters were assessed. The 100 patients included 66 males and 34 females (average age of 67.8 years). RESULTS: There were 66 (33%) arterial anastomoses in the 200 evaluated arteries, 30 in the right side and 36 in the left side, 36 unilaterally and 15 bilaterally. No anastomoses were detected in 49 patients. The average diameter was 2.4 mm for the right-sided arteries and 2.24 in the left-sided ones. The distance was 55.2 mm from the right symphysis and 57.2 from the left symphysis (greater for females, 62.2 versus 55.85 mm [p = 0.037] only on the left side). The artery disappears in smaller-sized pelvises. There was a non-occluded arterial pattern in 47 (71%) and a partially occluded one in 19 (29%, all with peripheral vascular disease). CONCLUSION: One-third of the evaluated CTAs revealed competent CMs. CMs were more lateral in females than in males and were absent in small-sized pelvises. It is highly recommended that the radiologist and the surgeon should be familiar with CM existence for decision-making with regard to emergency radiology imaging and intervention as well as when operating in proximity of that anatomic site.


Assuntos
Anastomose Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Pelve/irrigação sanguínea , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 18(6): 354-8, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27468530

RESUMO

The progression from standard celluloid films to digitalized technology led to the development of new software programs to fulfill the needs of preoperative planning. We describe here preoperative digitalized programs and the variety of conditions for which those programs can be used to facilitate preparation for surgery. A PubMed search using the keywords "digitalized software programs," "preoperative planning" and "total joint arthroplasty" was performed for all studies regarding preoperative planning of orthopedic procedures that were published from 1989 to 2014 in English. Digitalized software programs are enabled to import and export all picture archiving communication system (PACS) files (i.e., X-rays, computerized tomograms, magnetic resonance images) from either the local working station or from any remote PACS. Two-dimension (2D) and 3D CT scans were found to be reliable tools with a high preoperative predicting accuracy for implants. The short learning curve, user-friendly features, accurate prediction of implant size, decreased implant stocks and low-cost maintenance makes digitalized software programs an attractive tool in preoperative planning of total joint replacement, fracture fixation, limb deformity repair and pediatric skeletal disorders.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomada de Decisões Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/instrumentação , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Software
9.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 54: 223-8, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26476965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intramedullary nail fixation is the most accepted modality for stabilizing long bone midshaft fractures. The commercially used nails are fabricated from Stainless Steel or Titanium. Composite-materials (CM) mainly carbon-fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP) have been gaining more interest and popularity due to their properties, such as modulus of elasticity close to that of bone, increased fatigue strength, and radio-opacity to irradiation that permits a better visualization of the healing process. The use of CFRP instead of metals allows better control of different directional movements along a fracture site. The purpose of this analysis was to design a CM intramedullary nail to enable micromovements as depicted on a finite element analysis method. METHODS: We designed a three-dimentional femoral nail model. Three CFRP with different laminates arrangements, were included in the analysis. The finite element analysis involved applying vertical and horizontal loads on each of the designed and tested nails. RESULTS: The nails permitted a transverse micromovement of 0.75mm for the 45° lay-up and 1.5mm for the 90° lay-up for the CM, 1.38mm for the Titanium and 0.74mm for the Stainless Steel nails. The recorded axial movements were 0.53mm for the 45° lay-up, 0.87mm for the 90° lay-up, 0.46mm for the unsymmetrical lay-up CM, 0.046 for the Titanium and 0.02 for the Stainless Steel nails. Overall, the simulations showed that nail transverse micromovements can be reduced by using 45° carbon fiber orientations. Similar results were observed with each metal nails. INTERPRETATION: We found that nail micromovements can be controlled by changing the directional stiffness using different lay-up orientations. These results can be useful for predicting nail micromovements under specified loading conditions which are crucial for stimulating callus formation in the early stages of healing.


Assuntos
Pinos Ortopédicos , Carbono/química , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Movimento (Física) , Polímeros/química , Desenho de Prótese , Fêmur/lesões , Fêmur/cirurgia
10.
Arthroscopy ; 30(3): 305-10, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24468326

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical and functional outcome of labral repair in patients aged older than 50 years. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis of 20 patients aged older than 50 years who had undergone arthroscopic repair of a torn acetabular labrum (6 men and 14 women; mean age, 58 years). The indication for surgery was groin pain due to various causes with or without associated mechanical symptoms that did not respond to nonoperative treatment for more than 6 months. Intraoperatively, all patients were diagnosed with labral pathology. The mean duration of symptoms was 3.1 years (range, 0.5 to 15 years). The mean follow-up period was 22 months (range, 12 to 35 months). The outcome was prospectively measured with the modified Harris Hip Score (MHHS) and Hip Outcome Score (HOS). RESULTS: The indication for surgery was femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) with cam deformity and a labral tear in 4 patients, FAI with pincer deformity and a labral tear in 1 patient, FAI with both deformities in 1 patient, a gluteus medius tear in 2 patients, and an isolated labral tear in 12 patients. Acetabular chondral lesions were present in 11 patients (55%). The mean preoperative and postoperative MHHS was 62.5 and 87.2, respectively (P < .001); the mean preoperative and postoperative HOS was 42.7 and 86.3, respectively (P < .001); and the mean preoperative and postoperative level of function during usual activities of daily living according to the HOS was 46.0% and 73.7%, respectively (P < .001). No significant difference was identified in MHHS and HOS between gender groups. CONCLUSIONS: Arthroscopic management of FAI and labral repair in patients aged older than 50 years without significant arthritis (Tönnis grade 1 or better) are associated with significant improvement in outcome. Because of the potential importance of the labrum for long-term hip joint integrity, we advocate repair of the labrum in patients aged older than 50 years when possible. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic case series.


Assuntos
Acetábulo/lesões , Artroscopia , Cartilagem Articular/lesões , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Idoso , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ruptura/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Cell Tissue Bank ; 15(3): 391-5, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24046083

RESUMO

Articular cartilage injuries present a challenge for the clinician. Autologous chondrocyte implantation embedded in scaffolds are used to treat cartilage defects with favorable outcomes. Autologous serum is often used as a medium for chondrocyte cell culture during the proliferation phase of the process of such products. A previous report showed that opiate analgesics (fentanyl, alfentanil and diamorphine) in the sera have a significant inhibitory effect on chondrocyte proliferation. In order to determine if opiates in serum inhibit chondrocyte proliferation, twenty two patients who underwent knee arthroscopy and were anesthetized with either fentanyl or remifentanil were studied. Blood was drawn before and during opiate administration and up to 2 h after its discontinuation. The sera were used as medium for in vitro proliferation of both cryopreserved and freshly isolated chondrocytes, and the number and viability of cells were measured. There was no difference in the yield or cell viability between the serum samples of patients anesthetized with fentanyl when either fresh or cryopreserved human articular chondrocytes (hACs) were used. Some non-significant reduction in the yield of cells was observed in the serum samples of patients anesthetized with remifentanil when fresh hAC were used. We conclude that Fentanyl in human autologous serum does not inhibit in vitro hAC proliferation. Remifentanil may show minimal inhibitory effect on in vitro fresh hAC proliferation.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/citologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Condrócitos/citologia , Traumatismos do Joelho/patologia , Peptídeos Opioides/metabolismo , Idoso , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Harefuah ; 152(1): 49-53, 57, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23461029

RESUMO

Hip arthroscopy is one of the most highly evolving surgical techniques in recent years. It plays a major role in the diagnosis and treatment of a broad spectrum of hip pathologies. The evaluation of the painful hip requires meticulous history taking, elaborated physical examination, and basic and advanced imaging modalities. The differential diagnosis includes a continuously growing number of diagnoses. Once considered an "operation looking for indications", the current indications for hip arthroscopy are based on a better understanding of pathologies around the hip joint. The results of recently published intermediate and long term clinical outcome studies are encouraging. Ongoing, comprehensive understanding of the correlation between pathologies and clinical presentation will improve the surgical technique, which in turn may become a joint preserving operation.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Articulação do Quadril/patologia , Artropatias/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Artropatias/patologia , Dor/etiologia
13.
Arthroscopy ; 29(3): 427-33, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23351728

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of heterotopic ossification (HO) after hip arthroscopy. METHODS: Between July 2010 and July 2011, 83 patients underwent hip arthroscopy for various etiologies. We prospectively reviewed 50 consecutive hip arthroscopy procedures (31 male and 19 female patients; mean age, 36.7 years) with a mean follow-up of 29.56 weeks (range, 9 to 62 weeks) to assess the incidence of HO and its effect on function and clinical outcome. Preoperative and postoperative evaluation included general assessment by visual analog scoring, modified Harris Hip Score, Hip Outcome Score, and preoperative and postoperative radiographs. Heterotopic bone formation was assessed on radiographs at a minimum of 9 weeks from surgery with the Brooker classification. RESULTS: Of the patients, 22 (44%) had radiographic evidence of postoperative HO (15 male patients): 13 (26%) had Brooker stage 1, 5 (10%) had Brooker stage 2, and 4 (8%) had Brooker stage 3. HO appeared as early as 9 weeks after surgery. No significant difference was found in demographic data, surgery-related data, or clinical and functional scores between patients with HO and patients without HO. No factor was found to significantly affect the incidence of HO after logistic regression. No distinct clinical manifestation was associated with the presence of HO. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the incidence of HO after hip arthroscopy may be underestimated. We could not find a contributing factor to the formation of HO. Although in most cases the presence of HO will have minimal or no clinical and functional significance, it should be sought at a minimum of 9 weeks postoperatively. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, therapeutic case series.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Artropatias/cirurgia , Ossificação Heterotópica/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Ossificação Heterotópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia
14.
J Surg Oncol ; 99(5): 281-91, 2009 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19143031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extra-compartmental soft tissue sarcomas may grow in virtual spaces in close proximity to major neurovascular structures and thus, require a complex resection. We analyzed the general principles by which these resections are planned. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 53 patients with sarcomas located in the femoral triangle (15), sartorial canal (16), and the popliteal fossa (22). These lesions were grouped into three categories based on involvement of spatial structure; neurovascular involvement = 13, musculofascial involvement = 19 and no involvement = 11. RESULTS: Limb sparing surgery was feasible in lesions that had either no structural or musculofascial involvement. Amputation, however, was required in 3 of 13 patients with neurovascular involvement because of gross involvement of the surrounding tissues. Overall, limb sparing was feasible in 94% (50 of 53 patients). The 2- and 5-year local recurrence rates were 10% and 14%, respectively. Five-year survival was 88%. CONCLUSIONS: Limb sparing resection of space sarcomas is feasible in the majority of extra-compartmental sarcomas by utilizing a systematic approach which emphasizes specific planes of resection.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro)/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Amputação/estatística & dados numéricos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/anatomia & histologia , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Perna (Membro)/inervação , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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