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1.
Opt Lett ; 44(3): 542-545, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702674

RESUMO

The stationary wave integrated Fourier transform spectrometer (SWIFTS) is based on the sampling of a stationary wave using nano-scattering centers on the surface of a channel waveguide. Single nano-scale scattering centers above the waveguide surface will radiate the sampled signal with wide angular distribution, which is not compatible with the buried detection area of infrared (IR) detectors, resulting in crosstalk between pixels. An implementation of multiple diffraction nano-grooves (antenna) for each sampling center is proposed as an alternative solution to improve directivity towards the detector pixel by narrowing the scattering angle of the extracted light. Its efficiency is demonstrated from both simulated and measured far-field radiative patterns exhibiting a promising method to be used for the future integrated IR-SWIFTS.

2.
Appl Opt ; 56(35): 9804-9808, 2017 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29240128

RESUMO

A low-cost and simple Fourier transform spectrometer based on the Lloyd's mirror configuration is proposed in order to have a very stable interferogram. A planar waveguide coupled to a fiber injection is used to spatially disperse the optical beam. A second beam superposed to the previous one is obtained by a total reflection of the incident beam on a vertical glass face integrated in the chip by dicing with a specific circular precision saw. The interferogram at the waveguide output is imaged on a near-infrared camera with an objective lens. The contrast and the fringe period are thus dependent on the type and the fiber position and can be optimized to the pixel size and the length of the camera. Spectral resolution close to λ/Δλ=80 is reached with a camera with 320 pixels of 25 µm width in a wavelength range from O to L bands.

3.
J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis ; 30(11): 2347-55, 2013 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24322935

RESUMO

We study the optical coupling between a gold nanowire and a silver ion-exchanged waveguide, with special emphasis on the nanowire antenna radiation pattern. We measure the radiation patterns of waveguide-coupled gold nanowires with a height of 70 nm and width of 50 or 150 nm in the 450-700 nm spectral range for TE and TM polarizations. We perform a systematic theoretical study on the wavelength, polarization, nanowire size, and material dependences on the properties of the radiation pattern. We also give some elements concerning absorption and near-field. Experiments and calculations show localized plasmon resonance for the polarization orthogonal to the wire (far-field resonance at 580 nm for the smallest wire and 670 nm for the widest). It is shown that a great variety of radiation patterns can be obtained, together with a high sensitivity to a change of one parameter, particularly near-resonance.

4.
Opt Lett ; 35(19): 3168-70, 2010 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20890322

RESUMO

We report on the real-space observation of resonant frequency splitting in a high-Q waveguide-coupled silicon-on-insulator microdisk resonator. Phase sensitive near-field analysis reveals the stationary nature of the two resonant states, and spectral investigations clearly show their orthogonality. These measurements emphasize the role of the coupling waveguide in this splitting phenomenon. The symmetry of the two stationary whispering gallery modes is clearly observed and is found to follow the axial symmetry of the waveguide-coupled microdisk as it has been reported by earlier theoretical predictions.

5.
Opt Lett ; 34(15): 2291-3, 2009 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19649074

RESUMO

The realization and the characterization of the leaky loop integrated Fourier transform spectrometer (LLIFTS) is described. The principle of the LLIFTS lies on a two-beam interferometer in planar design using a leaky loop waveguide structure. The interference pattern is measured at the edge of the component. The LLIFTS has been realized using the silver/sodium ion exchange on glass substrate technology, which is low cost and requires only a single lithography step. A mask has been designed considering a numerical model recently developed. Interference patterns have been measured in the wavelength range from 1500 to 1630 nm. Wavelength resolutions of 14 and 11 nm have been measured, respectively, on the 350 and the 500 microm radii leaky loop structures on a compact optical device.

6.
Opt Express ; 17(3): 1976-87, 2009 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19189028

RESUMO

This paper presents how photonics associated with new arising detection technologies is able to provide fully integrated instrument for coherent beam combination applied to astrophysical interferometry. The feasibility and operation of on-chip coherent beam combiners has been already demonstrated using various interferometric combination schemes. More recently we proposed a new detection principle aimed at directly sampling and extracting the spectral information of an input signal together with its flux level measurement. The so-called SWIFTS demonstrated concept that stands for Stationary-Wave Integrated Fourier Transform Spectrometer, provides full spectral and spatial information recorded simultaneously thanks to a motionless detecting device. Due to some newly available detection principles considered for the implementation of the SWIFTS concept, some technologies can even provide photo-counting operation that brought a significant extension of the interferometry domain of investigation in astrophysics. The proposed concept is applicable to most of the interferometric instrumental modes including fringe tracking, fast and sensitive detection, Fourier spectral reconstruction and also to manage a large number of incoming beams. The paper presents three practical implementations, two dealing with pair-wise integrated optics beam combinations and the third one with an all-in-one 8 beam combination. In all cases the principles turned into a pair wise baseline coding after proper data processing.

7.
Opt Lett ; 34(2): 184-6, 2009 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19148249

RESUMO

A compact static Fourier transform spectrometer for integrated optics is proposed. It is based on a plane leaky loop structure combined with a plane waveguide. The interference pattern produced in the loop structure leaks outside of it and is guided in the plane waveguide to the photodetector array. This configuration allows one to control the shape of the field pattern at the end of the plane waveguide. A large fringe pattern with a high interference fringe contrast is obtained. A two-dimensional model based on an aperiodic Fourier modal method is used to modelize the coupling between the bent and the plane waveguides, completed with the Helmholtz-Kirchhoff propagation. This concept gives access to plan and compact spectrometers requiring only a single low-cost realization process step. The simulation has been done to realize a spectrometer in glass integrated optics (Deltalambda=6.1 nm at 1500 nm).

8.
J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis ; 25(3): 667-75, 2008 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18311236

RESUMO

We develop a 3D vectorial description of microresonators of the microdisk and microring types based on the aperiodic Fourier modal method. Such a rigorous coupled-wave analysis allows us to evaluate accurately the resonant wavelengths, the quality factor, and the full profile of whispering-gallery modes. The results are compared with 2D (effective index) as well as 3D finite-difference time domain calculations.

9.
Opt Express ; 14(26): 12814-21, 2006 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19532172

RESUMO

The evanescent coupling of a 1.5 mum radius silicon microdisk with one or two Silicon-On-Insulator waveguides is studied. Thanks to the high refractive index contrast between Silica and Silicon materials, this very-small-diameter microdisk exhibits the highest quality factor measured in wavelength range from 1500 nm to 1600 nm. Coupled to a single monomode waveguide, the optical resonator behaves as a stop-band filter. Even if the microdisk is a largely multimode resonator, only its fundamental modes are efficiently excited. The filter's transmission is measured for different gap between the waveguide and the resonator. The critical coupling is clearly observed and gives access to 1.63 nm linewidth. A 20 dB decrease of the transmission signal is also observed. Coupled to two waveguides, the resonator becomes a compact symmetric wavelength-demultiplexer. In this case, the optimal response comes from a compromise between the gap and the desired linewidth dropped in the second waveguide. Finally, our measurements are also compared to analytic models showing a good agreement especially for the critical gap prediction.

10.
Appl Opt ; 44(13): 2558-63, 2005 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15881064

RESUMO

We report the scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) characterization of a 4 x 4 multimode interference (MMI) device working at a wavelength of 1.55 microm and designed for astronomical signal recombination. A comprehensive analysis of the mapped propagating field is presented. We compare SNOM measurements with beam-propagation-method simulations and thus are able to determine the MMI structure's refractive-index contrast and show that the measured value is higher than the expected value. Further investigation allows us to demonstrate that good care must be taken with the refractive-index profile used in simulation when one deals with low-index contrast structures. We show evidence that a step-index contrast is not suitable for adequate simulation of our structure and present a model that permits good agreement between measured and simulated propagating fields.

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