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1.
Coron Artery Dis ; 30(1): 20-25, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30334819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is an indirect marker of inflammation, and is associated with adverse clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of NLR to predict procedural adverse events is patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI were divided into low and high NLR, whereas high was defined as an NLR value above 75° percentile (≥9.45). The occurrence of procedural complications, in-hospital, and 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events and 1-year all-cause mortality were evaluated. RESULTS: We included 664 patients with a mean age of 60.5 (±12.1) years and 66.3% were male. In multivariate analysis, NLR remained an independent predictor of in-hospital death [relative risk (RR)=1.03; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.00-1.08; P=0.04], contrast-induced nephropathy (RR=2.35; 95% CI=1.11-4.71; P=0.02), distal embolization (RR=2.72; 95% CI=1.55-4.75; P<0.001), and no-reflow (RR=2.31; 95% CI=2.31-4.68; P=0.01). The area under the curve for distal embolization was 0.67, 0.64 for no-reflow and 0.62 for procedural complications. A low value of NLR had an excellent negative predictive value of 97.8, 96.9, and 92.1 for distal embolization, no-reflow, and procedural complications, respectively. CONCLUSION: High NLR is an independent predictor of distal embolization, no-reflow, and procedural complications in patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI. A low NLR value has an excellent negative predictive value for these procedural outcomes. NLR may be a useful and inexpensive tool that may be used at bedside.

2.
Cardiovasc Interv Ther ; 33(3): 224-231, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28540634

RESUMO

Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a common event after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Presently, the main strategy to avoid CI-AKI lies in saline hydration, since to date none pharmacologic prophylaxis proved beneficial. Our aim was to determine if a low complexity mortality risk model is able to predict CI-AKI in patients undergoing PCI after ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We have included patients with STEMI submitted to primary PCI in a tertiary hospital. The definition of CI-AKI was a raise of 0.3 mg/dL or 50% in post procedure (24-72 h) serum creatinine compared to baseline. Age, glomerular filtration and ejection fraction were used to calculate ACEF-MDRD score. We have included 347 patients with mean age of 60 years. In univariate analysis, age, diabetes, previous ASA use, Killip 3 or 4 at admission, ACEF-MDRD and Mehran scores were predictors of CI-AKI. After multivariate adjustment, only ACEF-MDRD score and diabetes remained CI-AKI predictors. Areas under the ROC curve of ACEF-MDRD and Mehran scores were 0.733 (0.68-0.78) and 0.649 (0.59-0.70), respectively. When we compared both scores with DeLong test ACEF-MDRDs AUC was greater than Mehran's (P = 0.03). An ACEF-MDRD score of 2.33 or lower has a negative predictive value of 92.6% for development of CI-AKI. ACEF-MDRD score is a user-friendly tool that has an excellent CI-AKI predictive accuracy in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Moreover, a low ACEF-MDRD score has a very good negative predictive value for CI-AKI, which makes this complication unlikely in patients with an ACEF-MDRD score of <2.33.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Curva ROC , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia
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