Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 38
Filtrar
1.
Prev Sci ; 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159507

RESUMO

Not all participants will benefit equally from even well-established, evidence-based prevention programs. For this reason, the field of prevention science is beginning to embrace individual tailoring of interventions. The Family Check-Up was among the first prevention programs to tailor at the family level as opposed to the more prevalent focus on adapting programs for different cultures, genders, and other immutable participant characteristics. Despite tailoring, families with lower levels of stress and parental mental health issues, children with lower baseline conduct problems, and families living in an extremely deprived neighborhood benefitted less from the Family Check-Up. This study examined baseline targeted moderation (BTM) within a trial of the Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health) program, an adaptation of the Family Check-Up for primary care delivery and explicit targeting of obesogenic behaviors. Ethnically diverse, low-income families (N = 240) with children ages 5.5 to 12 years identified in pediatric primary care with elevated body mass index (BMI) were enrolled and randomized to FCU4Health or usual care. Few BTM effects were found using single-variable-as-moderator and latent-class-as-moderator analytic approaches across the primary (child BMI, body composition) and secondary outcomes (family health routines; child eating behaviors, food choices, emotional problems, problem behaviors, quality of life; caregiver BMI and body composition), as well as hypothesized mediators (child self-regulation, parenting skills). The high-risk nature of the sample and the FCU4Health being individually tailored might have mitigated finding BTM effects. This trial was prospectively registered (NCT03013309 ClinicalTrials.gov).

2.
Fam Syst Health ; 39(1): 7-18, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34014726

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: For implementation of an evidence-based program to be effective, efficient, and equitable across diverse populations, we propose that researchers adopt a systems approach that is often absent in efficacy studies. To this end, we describe how a computer-based monitoring system can support the delivery of the New Beginnings Program (NBP), a parent-focused evidence-based prevention program for divorcing parents. METHOD: We present NBP from a novel systems approach that incorporates social system informatics and engineering, both necessary when utilizing feedback loops, ubiquitous in implementation research and practice. Examples of two methodological challenges are presented: how to monitor implementation, and how to provide feedback by evaluating system-level changes due to implementation. RESULTS: We introduce and relate systems concepts to these two methodologic issues that are at the center of implementation methods. We explore how these system-level feedback loops address effectiveness, efficiency, and equity principles. These key principles are provided for designing an automated, low-burden, low-intrusive measurement system to aid fidelity monitoring and feedback that can be used in practice. DISCUSSION: As the COVID-19 pandemic now demands fewer face-to-face delivery systems, their replacement with more virtual systems for parent training interventions requires constructing new implementation measurement systems based on social system informatics approaches. These approaches include the automatic monitoring of quality and fidelity in parent training interventions. Finally, we present parallels of producing generalizable and local knowledge bridging systems science and engineering method. This comparison improves our understanding of system-level changes, facilitates a program's implementation, and produces knowledge for the field. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Informática Aplicada à Saúde dos Consumidores , Divórcio , Implementação de Plano de Saúde/métodos , Poder Familiar , Pais/educação , Adulto , COVID-19 , Criança , Saúde da Criança , Educação Infantil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Pediatr Obes ; 16(9): e12780, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paediatric obesity is a multifaceted public health problem. Family based behavioural interventions are the recommended approach for the prevention of excess weight gain in children and adolescents, yet few have been tested under "real-world" conditions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a family based intervention, delivered in coordination with paediatric primary care, on child and family health outcomes. METHODS: A sample of 240 families with racially and ethnically diverse (86% non-White) and predominantly low-income children (49% female) ages 6 to 12 years (M = 9.5 years) with body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile for age and gender were identified in paediatric primary care. Participants were randomized to either the Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health) program (N = 141) or usual care plus information (N = 99). FCU4Health, an assessment-driven individually tailored intervention designed to preempt excess weight gain by improving parenting skills was delivered for 6 months in clinic, at home and in the community. Child BMI and body fat were assessed using a bioelectrical impedance scale and caregiver-reported health behaviours (eg, diet, physical activity and family health routines) were obtained at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: Change in child BMI and percent body fat did not differ by group assignment. Path analysis indicated significant group differences in child health behaviours at 12 months, mediated by improved family health routines at 6 months. CONCLUSION: The FCU4Health, delivered in coordination with paediatric primary care, significantly impacted child and family health behaviours that are associated with the development and maintenance of paediatric obesity. BMI did not significantly differ.

4.
Prev Sci ; 22(4): 464-474, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715136

RESUMO

The Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health) is an adaptation of the Family Check-Up (FCU) for delivery in primary care settings. While maintaining the original FCU's focus on parenting and child behavioral health, we added content targeting health behaviors. This study evaluated whether the adapted FCU maintained positive effects on parenting (positive behavior support, limit setting, parental warmth) and child behavioral health (self-regulation, conduct problems, emotional problems). Pediatric (6-12 years) primary care patients with a BMI ≥ 85th%ile (n = 240) were recruited from primary care clinics in Phoenix. Children were 75% Latino, 49% female, and 73% Medicaid recipients. This type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial compared families randomized to FCU4Health (n = 141) or usual care (n = 99). FCU4Health was delivered over a period of 6 months. This study focuses on a priori secondary outcomes included parenting and child behavioral health targets of the original FCU, assessed at baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months. Significant improvements were found for the FCU4Health condition, compared to usual care, in parenting from baseline to the 3-month assessment [ß = .17 (.01; .32)]. Parenting predicted improvements in child self-regulation at 6-months [ß = .17 (.03; .30)], which in turn predicted reductions in conduct problems [ß = - .38 (- .51; - .23)] and emotional problems [ß = - .24 (- .38; - .09)] at 12 months. Ethnicity and language of delivery (English or Spanish) did not moderate these effects. The FCU4Health can improve parenting and child behavioral health outcomes when delivered in primary care.Trial Registration Trial registration number: NCT03013309 ClinicalTrials.gov.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Comportamento Problema , Arizona , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Saúde da Criança , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino
5.
Pediatr Obes ; 15(10): e12721, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paediatric obesity poses dangers to children's short and long-term health. Multi-level ecological models posit how children's health behaviours are influenced by interpersonal relationships. OBJECTIVES: To identify profiles of individual and interpersonal health behaviours and parenting skills among caregivers and their children with elevated BMI. METHODS: Participants were 240 children (63.7% Latino) ages 5 to 12 years with body mass index ≥85th percentile and their caregivers in a paediatric weight management intervention trial. A latent profile analysis was used to identify profiles among caregiver report of parenting skills; child physical activity, eating behaviours, and food and beverage choices; family mealtime, media and sleep routines; and parent health behaviours, and associations with food and housing insecurity. RESULTS: A three-class model was chosen based on conceptual interpretation and model fit. Profiles were differentiated by parenting skills, child food choices, child physical activity habits, family mealtime, media, and sleep routines, and parent health behaviours. Food and housing insecurity were associated with class membership while child and caregiver anthropometrics were not. CONCLUSIONS: Distinct profiles existed among this low-income, racially/ethnically diverse sample of children with elevated BMI. Such findings emphasize the importance of assessing individual and interpersonal influences and contextual factors on childhood obesity.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Poder Familiar , Meio Social , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Masculino
6.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 96: 106088, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parenting interventions like the Family Check-Up have demonstrated effects on child physical and behavioral health outcomes. However, access to these programs is limited, particularly for populations experiencing health disparities. Primary care settings have become recognized as a potential delivery system in which these programs may be implemented at scale. The purpose of this trial is to test the effectiveness of the Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health) program, an adaptation of the FCU for primary care, and assess program implementation in an integrated primary care setting. METHODS: We will conduct a hybrid type 2 effectiveness-implementation trial in partnership with a primary care clinic in a low-income, majority Latino community. Families with 2- to 5-year-old children will be eligible to participate. Families will be randomized to receive the intervention (n = 130) or services as usual (n = 70) and will be assessed annually over three years. Outcomes are informed by the RE-AIM framework (i.e., reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance). Effectiveness outcomes include child health behaviors (e.g., Dietary Screener Questionnaire), behavioral health (e.g., Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire), and parenting (e.g., Proactive Parenting). Early stage implementation outcomes are also included (e.g., cost, acceptability, appropriateness, and feasibility). Effectiveness outcomes will be assessed via intent-to-treat (ITT) analyses. Implementation outcomes will be primarily descriptive with comparisons to prior trials of FCU4Health and the original FCU. PROJECTED OUTCOMES: This trial will provide evidence related to the potential of integrated primary care settings to deliver evidence-based preventive interventions with a dual focus on behavioral and physical health.

7.
Prev Sci ; 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488687

RESUMO

Motivational interviewing (MI) is a therapeutic style in which a provider elicits client motivation and helps strengthen commitment to change (Miller and Rollnick 2002). The original Family Check-Up (FCU; Dishion and Stormshak 2007)-and the adapted version for improving health behaviors in primary care, the Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health; Smith et al. 2018a)-are brief, assessment-driven, and family-centered preventive interventions that use MI to improve parent engagement in services to improve parenting and prevent negative child outcomes. This study examines the role of MI in the Raising Healthy Children project, a randomized trial to test the effectiveness of the FCU4Health for the prevention of obesity in pediatric primary care, with data from the 141 families assigned to receive the FCU4Health. Families were eligible for the study if the child was between 5.5 and 12 years of age at the time of identification and had a BMI ≥ 85th percentile for age and gender at the most recent visit to their primary care provider. MI skills at the first session predicted caregiver in-session active engagement, attendance at follow-up parenting sessions, and improvements in motivation to address child health and behavior goals. Baseline characteristics of the family (i.e., child health diagnosis, caregiver baseline depression, motivation, and Spanish language preference) had differential associations with responsiveness and MI skills. This study has implications for program development, provider training, and fidelity monitoring.

8.
J Community Psychol ; 48(4): 1178-1193, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951291

RESUMO

AIMS: To translate evidence-based programs (EBP) for a new setting, attention must be given to the characteristics of the intervention and the local setting, as well as evidence that is compelling to decision-makers. This paper describes the history of a partnership and stakeholder recommendations to inform the adaptation of an EBP for primary care. METHODS: We established a community advisory board (CAB) consisting of stakeholders with expertize in primary care delivery. A thematic analysis was conducted with fieldnotes and transcriptions from CAB meetings and regular meetings with participating clinics. RESULTS: We found that (a) parenting programs with a focus on behavioral and physical health are appropriate for this setting, (b) variability in the structure of primary care means implementation must be tailorable, and (c) financial and organizational outcomes are compelling for decision-makers. CONCLUSION: Factors related to the content and structure of evidence-based programs are uniquely related to distinct implementation outcomes of interest to key stakeholders.

9.
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol ; 49(1): 60-78, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30644774

RESUMO

This study presents findings from a randomized effectiveness trial of the New Beginnings Program (NBP), which has demonstrated efficacy in 2 prior randomized efficacy trials. Family courts in 4 counties facilitated recruitment of divorcing and separating parents, and providers in community agencies delivered the program. Participants were 830 parents of children ages 3-18 who were randomized to receive either the 10-session NBP or an active 2-session comparison condition in which parents learned about the same parenting skills but did not complete home practice of these skills. Parents were ethnically diverse (59.4% non-Hispanic White, 31.4% Hispanic, 9.2% other race or ethnicity). Multiple rater assessments of parenting, interparental conflict, and child mental health problems were conducted at pretest, posttest, and 10-month follow-up. The results indicated positive moderated effects of the NBP as compared with the active control condition to strengthen parenting at posttest and to reduce child mental health problems at posttest and 10 months. Many of these moderated effects showed positive benefits for non-Hispanic White families but not for Hispanic families. The findings indicate support for the effectiveness of the NBP when delivered by community-based agencies but also indicate the need for further adaptations to make the program effective for Hispanic parents.


Assuntos
Divórcio/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
J Adolesc Health ; 65(2): 255-261, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043346

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Technology provides new possibilities for disseminating effective prevention programming to underserved families, such as those residing in rural communities. The present study is an evaluation of a technology-delivered HIV risk prevention program designed for rural African-American families, Pathways for African American Success (PAAS), to determine its promise for increasing access to evidence-based youth risk prevention programs among those in the greatest need. METHODS: Four hundred and twelve parent/youth dyads were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (1) in-person facilitator-led PAAS small group, (2) self-directed PAAS technology, or (3) a literature control with home-mailed educational materials. RESULTS: Compared with families in the literature control condition, families assigned to the PAAS technology or small group conditions demonstrated significantly stronger intervention induced parent-child protective processes (e.g., enhanced discussion quality, clearly articulated norms, and parental expectations about risk engagement) and lower youth intentions to engage in risky behaviors 6 months postintervention. Although some important nuances were noted, this study suggests that the PAAS technology-delivered modality is just as efficacious as the in-person facilitator-led, small group modality in dissuading HIV-related risk behaviors among rural African-American youths. CONCLUSIONS: Implications for having a menu of service delivery models that address the diverse needs and contexts of families are discussed, including the promise of technology as an alternative modality for reaching populations often characterized as difficult to reach and to engage in family-based preventive interventions.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Educação em Saúde , Relações Pais-Filho , Assunção de Riscos , Adolescente , Criança , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Tecnologia Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , População Rural
11.
J Pediatr Psychol ; 44(3): 375-387, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30865782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of a technology-based program to avert risky behaviors among rural African American youth. We hypothesized that the technology-based and group-based formats of the Pathways for African Americans Success (PAAS) program would lead to improvements in primary outcomes, and that the technology condition would perform at least as well as the group condition. METHODS: A three-arm Randomized Control Trial (RCT) ([N = 141] technology-based delivery, [N = 141] small group delivery, and [N = 136] literature control) was conducted with 421 sixth graders and their caregivers, Summer 2009-Fall 2012. Families were recruited from five rural counties in Tennessee and completed baseline, posttest [M = 14.5 (4.4) months after pretest] and long-term follow-up [M = 22.6 (3.7) months after posttest]. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to test intervention-induced changes in both parents and youths' primary outcomes (pretest to posttest) and on secondary targeted outcome, youth sexual risk, and substance use patterns (pretest to follow-up). RESULTS: Parents in the technology condition reported significant increases in strategies to reduce risk. Youth in the technology condition experienced a significant decline in intent to engage in risk behaviors and reduction in substance use and sexual risk behavior. Youth in the group condition experienced a significant increase in affiliation with deviant peers. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence of the ability of eHealth to improve parenting and reduce adolescent engagement in substance use and sexual risk behavior. Suggestions for dissemination in schools and health-care systems are offered.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Comportamento Infantil , Terapia Familiar/métodos , Poder Familiar , Assunção de Riscos , População Rural , Terapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Prev Sci ; 20(5): 655-664, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30613852

RESUMO

The costs associated with implementing evidence-based programs for pediatric obesity contribute to a lack of widespread adoption. This study examined the costs of preparing to implement the Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health), a family-centered behavioral program for the prevention of pediatric obesity and excess weight gain in primary care. Budget impact analysis was used to estimate the cost of preparing to implement FCU4Health (i.e., the activities to prepare for, but prior to, offering the service to families). Electronic cost capture methods were used to prospectively track personnel time associated with implementation preparation activities. We also estimated the cost of replicating these preparatory activities to inform future decisions to adopt the program and associated budgetary planning. The total cost of FCU4Health implementation preparation in three clinics and developing delivery materials and infrastructure was $181,768, for an average of $60,589 per clinic. Over two thirds of the total cost were personnel related, the largest of which was associated with the time spent developing automated fidelity coding for monitoring (20%), developing and tailoring clinical materials (16%), and training FCU4Health coordinators (15%). Due to these development costs associated with an initial implementation, that we anticipate would not be repeated in full, we estimated the cost to prepare FCU4Health for implementation in a future initiative will range from $15,195 to $17,912 per clinic. This study is a critical step towards equipping decision-makers with comprehensive short-term information about expected costs that are incurred immediately after choosing to adopt an evidence-based program.


Assuntos
Orçamentos , Família , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Atenção Primária à Saúde/economia , Criança , Humanos
13.
J Prim Prev ; 40(1): 111-127, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30656517

RESUMO

The field of prevention has established the potential to promote child adjustment across a wide array of outcomes. However, when evidence-based prevention programs have been delivered at scale in community settings, declines in implementation and outcomes have resulted. Maintaining high quality implementation is a critical challenge for the field. We describe steps towards the development of a practical system to monitor and support the high-quality implementation of evidence-based prevention programs in community settings. Research on the implementation of an evidence-based parenting program for divorcing families called the "New Beginnings Program" serves as an illustration of the promise of such a system. As a first step, we describe a multidimensional theoretical model of implementation that links aspects of program delivery with improvements in participant outcomes. We then describe research on the measurement of each of these implementation dimensions and test their relations to intended program outcomes. As a third step, we develop approaches to the assessment of these implementation constructs that are feasible to use in community settings and to establish their reliability and validity. We focus on the application of machine learning algorithms and web-based data collection systems to assess implementation and provide support for high quality delivery and positive outcomes. Examples are presented to demonstrate that valid and reliable measures can be collected using these methods. Finally, we envision how these measures can be used to develop an unobtrusive system to monitor implementation and provide feedback and support in real time to maintain high quality implementation and program outcomes.


Assuntos
Divórcio , Ciência da Implementação , Relações Pais-Filho , Melhoria de Qualidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Currículo , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
14.
Front Public Health ; 6: 293, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30374436

RESUMO

Implementation experts have recently argued for a process of "scaling out" evidence-based interventions, programs, and practices (EBPs) to improve reach to new populations and new service delivery systems. A process of planned adaptation is typically required to integrate EBPs into new service delivery systems and address the needs of targeted populations while simultaneously maintaining fidelity to core components. This process-oriented paper describes the application of an implementation science framework and coding system to the adaptation of the Family Check-Up (FCU), for a new clinical target and service delivery system-prevention of obesity and excess weight game in primary care. The original FCU has demonstrated both short- and long-term effects on obesity with underserved families across a wide age range. The advantage of adapting such a program is the existing empirical evidence that the intervention improves the primary mediator of effects on the new target outcome. We offer a guide for determining the levels of evidence to undertake the adaptation of an existing EBP for a new clinical target. In this paper, adaptation included shifting the frame of the intervention from one of risk reduction to health promotion; adding health-specific assessments in the areas of nutrition, physical activity, sleep, and media parenting behaviors; family interaction tasks related to goals for health and health behaviors; and coordinating with community resources for physical health. We discuss the multi-year process of adaptation that began by engaging the FCU developer, community stakeholders, and families, which was then followed by a pilot feasibility study, and continues in an ongoing randomized effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial. The adapted program is called the Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health). We apply a comprehensive coding system for the adaptation of EBPs to our process and also provide a side-by-side comparison of behavior change techniques for obesity prevention and management used in the original FCU and in the FCU4Health. These provide a rigorous means of classification as well as a common language that can be used when adapting other EBPs for context, content, population, or clinical target. Limitations of such an approach to adaptation and future directions of this work are discussed.

15.
Prev Sci ; 19(6): 848, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29582215

RESUMO

The original version of this article contained a mistake: The affiliations 1, 4 for author Thomas J. Dishion are incorrect and should be corrected to 2, 4.

16.
Implement Sci ; 13(1): 11, 2018 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29334983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the possibility of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Family-based behavioral interventions are an underutilized, evidence-based approach that have been found to significantly prevent excess weight gain and obesity in children and adolescents. Poor program availability, low participation rates, and non-adherence are noted barriers to positive outcomes. Effective interventions for pediatric obesity in primary care are hampered by low family functioning, motivation, and adherence to recommendations. METHODS: This (type II) hybrid effectiveness-implementation randomized trial tests the Family Check-Up 4 Health (FCU4Health) program, which was designed to target health behavior change in children by improving family management practices and parenting skills, with the goal of preventing obesity and excess weight gain. The FCU4Health is assessment driven to tailor services and increase parent motivation. A sample of 350 families with children aged 6 to 12 years who are identified as overweight or obese (BMI ≥ 85th percentile for age and gender) will be enrolled at three primary care clinics [two Federally Qualified Healthcare Centers (FQHCs) and a children's hospital]. All clinics serve predominantly Medicaid patients and a large ethnic minority population, including Latinos, African Americans, and American Indians who face disparities in obesity, cardiometabolic risk, and access to care. The FCU4Health will be coordinated with usual care, using two different delivery strategies: an embedded approach for the two FQHCs and a referral model for the hospital-based clinic. To assess program effectiveness (BMI, body composition, child health behaviors, parenting, and utilization of support services) and implementation outcomes (such outcomes as acceptability, adoption, feasibility, appropriateness, fidelity, and cost), we use a multi-method and multi-informant assessment strategy including electronic health record data, behavioral observation, questionnaires, interviews, and cost capture methods. DISCUSSION: This study has the potential to prevent excess weight gain, obesity, and health disparities in children by establishing the effectiveness of the FCU4Health and collecting information critical for healthcare decision makers to support sustainable implementation of family-based programs in primary care. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03013309 ClinicalTrials.gov.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Dieta Saudável/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Pais/educação , Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle , Obesidade Pediátrica/terapia , Criança , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Relações Pais-Filho , Poder Familiar , Atenção Primária à Saúde
17.
Prev Sci ; 19(5): 642-651, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29356928

RESUMO

Although family-focused, evidence-based programs (EBPs) have the potential to reduce disparities in health and behavioral outcomes for youth, access to such programs is severely limited in the most affected areas, including African American communities in the rural South. As expanding the reach of EBPs is the primary goal of translational research, interest is growing in the potential of technology as a viable platform to disseminate services to areas with limited resources. To test whether African American families in the rural South would be willing to engage in a technology-based family-focused EBP to prevent adolescent risk behavior, we examined attendance using data from two arms of a three-arm community-based trial of the Pathways for African American Success (PAAS) program. In the overall study, sixth graders (N = 412) and their primary caregivers were randomly assigned to the following conditions: (a) in-person, small group sessions led by facilitators; (b) self-directed, technology-based sessions; or (c) a literature control with home-mailed educational materials. Results indicated that attendance was higher in the technology condition than in the small group condition. Parental age, education, and socioeconomic status did not limit attendance in the technology condition. We conclude from these results that the use of technology can be an acceptable strategy for disseminating parenting EBPs to African American families in the rural South.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Afro-Americanos , Exclusão Digital , Poder Familiar , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Criança , Relações Familiares , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Medicina Preventiva , Assunção de Riscos , População Rural , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos
18.
Prev Sci ; 19(6): 782-794, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29243200

RESUMO

This study tests a theoretical cascade model in which multiple dimensions of facilitator delivery predict indicators of participant responsiveness, which in turn lead to improvements in targeted program outcomes. An effectiveness trial of the 10-session New Beginnings Program for divorcing families was implemented in partnership with four county-level family courts. This study included 366 families assigned to the intervention condition who attended at least one session. Independent observers provided ratings of program delivery (i.e., fidelity to the curriculum and process quality). Facilitators reported on parent attendance and parents' competence in home practice of program skills. At pretest and posttest, children reported on parenting and parents reported child mental health. We hypothesized effects of quality on attendance, fidelity and attendance on home practice, and home practice on improvements in parenting and child mental health. Structural Equation Modeling with mediation and moderation analyses were used to test these associations. Results indicated quality was significantly associated with attendance, and attendance moderated the effect of fidelity on home practice. Home practice was a significant mediator of the links between fidelity and improvements in parent-child relationship quality and child externalizing and internalizing problems. Findings provide support for fidelity to the curriculum, process quality, attendance, and home practice as valid predictors of program outcomes for mothers and fathers. Future directions for assessing implementation in community settings are discussed.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Promoção da Saúde/normas , Modelos Teóricos , Poder Familiar , Pais/educação , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/prevenção & controle , Observação , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
Prev Sci ; 19(5): 663-673, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27933424

RESUMO

An examination of the content and processes of evidence-based programs is critical for empirically evaluating theories about how programs work, the "action theory" of the program (West et al. in American Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 571-605, 1993). The New Beginnings Program (NBP; Wolchik et al., 2007), a parenting-after-divorce preventive intervention, theorizes that program-induced improvements in parenting across three domains: positive relationship quality, effective discipline, and protecting children from interparental conflict, will reduce the negative outcomes that are common among children from divorced families. The process theory is that home practice of program skills related to these parenting domains is the primary mechanism leading to positive change in parenting. This theory was tested using multi-rater data from 477 parents in the intervention condition of an effectiveness trial of the NBP (Sandler et al. 2016a, 2016b). Four research questions were addressed: Does home practice of skills predict change in the associated parenting outcomes targeted by the program? Is the effect above and beyond the influence of attendance at program sessions? What indicators of home practice (i.e., attempts, fidelity, efficacy, and competence) are most predictive of improvements in parenting? Do these indicators predict parenting improvements in underserved subpopulations (i.e., fathers and Latinos)? Structural Equation Modeling analyses indicated that parent-reported efficacy and provider-rated parent competence of home practice predicted improvements in the targeted parenting domains according to both parent and child reports. Moreover, indicators of home practice predicted improvements in parenting for fathers and Latinos, although patterns of effects varied by parenting outcome.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar , Pais/educação , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Habilidades Sociais , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Divórcio , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos , Desenvolvimento de Programas
20.
Prev Sci ; 19(5): 652-662, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27405512

RESUMO

A key challenge of community-based prevention programs is engaging families in the context of services settings involving children and families. The Family Check-Up (FCU) program is designed to engage families in parenting support appropriate to their level of need by use of assessment-enhanced motivational interviewing. This study involved families screened for risk who were seeking services at women, infant, and children's offices in three geographical regions (N = 731). Families in the randomized intervention group (N = 367) were offered the FCU yearly, from age 2 through 10. The results of multivariate modeling indicated that caregivers reporting high levels of perceived caregiving stress (i.e., depression, low parenting satisfaction, daily hassles) participated at a higher rate in two critical components (feedback and follow-up support interventions) of the FCU program over the 8-year trial period than caregivers reporting lesser degrees of stress. The implications of these findings are discussed in the context of family-centered programs for the prevention of child behavior problems and directions for future research.


Assuntos
Participação da Comunidade , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Medicina Preventiva , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Relações Familiares , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Masculino , Entrevista Motivacional , Estresse Psicológico , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...