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1.
Eur J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the intensity of conditioning approaches used in allogeneic transplantation in myeloma - Reduced Intensity Conditioning (RIC), Non-myeloablative, Myeloablative Conditioning (MAC), or Auto-Allo SCT - on outcomes in patients who had had a prior autologous transplant. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the EBMT database (1991-2012) was performed. RESULTS: A total of 344 patients aged between 40 and 60 years at the time of alloHCT were identified: 169 RIC, 69 NMA, 65 MAC and 41 Auto-Allo transplants. At a median follow-up of 54 months, the probabilities of overall survival (OS) at five years were 39% (95%CI 31-47%), 45% (95%CI 32-57%), 19% (95%CI 6-32%), and 34% (95%CI 17-51%), respectively. Status at allogeneic HCT other than CR or PR conferred a 70% higher risk of death and a 40% higher risk of relapse. OS was markedly lower in the MAC group (P=0.004). MAC alloHCT was associated with a higher risk of death than RIC alloHCT until 2002 (HR=4.1, p<0.001) but not after 2002 (HR=1.2, p=0.276). CONCLUSION: From 1991 to 2002, MAC was associated with poorer OS. Between 2003 and 2012, there were no significant differences in outcomes based on these different approaches.

3.
AIDS ; 33(9): 1441-1447, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932952

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although a number of patients with HIV infection and hematological disease have successfully undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), short and long-term outcomes remain not well known. We report the largest Spanish experience treating HIV-infected adult patients with high-risk hematological malignancies with allogeneic HSCT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 22 HIV-positive patients who received allogeneic HSCT in five centers in Spain. RESULTS: A total of 22 patients with high-risk hematological malignancies were transplanted between 1999 and 2018. Median age was 44 years. With a median follow-up of 65 months (8-112), overall survival and event-free survival were 46%. Nonrelapse mortality was 14% at 12 months and relapse was 24% at 24 months. Grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) rate was 44%, and moderate/severe chronic GVHD rate was 41% at 24 months. All patients received combination antiretroviral therapy. Two patients showed severe toxicity related to drug interaction with antiretroviral therapy. 68% of patients showed infectious complications with viral infections as the most frequent cause. Two patients had invasive aspergillosis and one patient presented disseminated tuberculosis. All survivors except one maintained undetectable HIV load at last follow-up after HSCT. CONCLUSION: Allogeneic HSCT is an effective therapy for high-risk hematological malignancies in patients with HIV infection, and long-term HIV suppression with combination antiretroviral therapy is feasible. However, drug interactions with antiretroviral agents, occurrence of GVHD, and frequent infectious complications account for a complex procedure in this population. Selected HIV-infected patients with hematologic malignancies should be considered for allo-HSCT when indicated, in experienced centers.

4.
Front Immunol ; 10: 586, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30984175

RESUMO

Background: Immunodeficiencies (ID), in particular primary immunodeficiencies (PID), are often associated with haematological manifestations, such as peripheral cytopenias or lymphoproliferative syndromes. Early diagnosis and management have significant prognostic implications. Secondary immunodeficiencies (SID) may also be induced by oncohaematological diseases and their treatments. Haematologists and oncologists must therefore be aware of the association between blood disorders and cancer and ID, and be prepared to offer their patients appropriate treatment without delay. Our aim was to define the warning signs of primary and secondary IDs in paediatric and adult patients with oncohaematological manifestations. Methods: A multidisciplinary group of six experts (2 haematologists, 2 immunologists, and 2 paediatricians specializing in ID) conducted a literature review and prepared a document based on agreements reached an in-person meeting. An external group of 44 IDs specialists from all over Spain assessed the document and were consulted regarding their level of agreement. Results: This document identifies the haematological and extra-haematological diseases that should prompt a suspicion of PIDs in adults and children, in both primary care and haematology and oncology departments. Cytopenia and certain lymphoproliferative disorders are key diagnostic pointers. The diagnosis must be based on a detailed clinical history, physical exploration, complete blood count and standard laboratory tests. The immunological and haematological tests included in the diagnostic process will depend on the care level. Patients who are candidates for immunoglobulin replacement therapy must be carefully selected, and treatment should be offered as soon as possible to avoid the development of complications. Finally, this document recommends procedures for monitoring these patients. Conclusions: This document combines scientific evidence with the opinion of a broad panel of experts, and emphasizes the importance of an early diagnosis and treatment to avoid complications. The resulting document is a useful tool for primary care physicians and specialists who see both adult and paediatric patients with oncohaematological diseases.

5.
Br J Haematol ; 186(2): 263-268, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916384

RESUMO

The prognostic significance of low-hypodiploidy has not been extensively evaluated in minimal residual disease (MRD)-oriented protocols for adult acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). We analysed the outcome of hypodiploid adult ALL patients treated within Programa Español de Tratamientos en Hematología (PETHEMA) protocols. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) of low-hypodiploid B-cell precursor (BCP)-ALL was significantly higher than that of high-hypodiploids (52% vs. 12%, P = 0.013). Low-hypodiploid BCP-ALL patients aged ≤35 years showed superior survival (71% vs. 21%, P = 0.026) and lower 5-year CIR (17% vs. 66%, P = 0.090) than low-hypodiploids aged >35 years. Older adults and elderly low-hypodiploid BCP-ALL patients show dismal prognosis although achieving an end-induction good MRD response.

6.
Eur J Haematol ; 101(3): 332-339, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-risk acute leukemia (AL) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) remain a therapeutic challenge. Unmanipulated haploidentical-related donor transplantation based on a myeloablative conditioning regimen (HAPLO-MAC) and post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) as prophylaxis against graft vs host disease (GvHD) is now a promising rescue strategy that could become universally available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of HAPLO-MAC with PT-Cy in patients with AL and MDS reported to the Haploidentical Transplantation Subcommittee of the Spanish Group for Hematopoietic Transplantation (GETH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report our multicenter experience using an IV busulfan-based HAPLO-MAC regimen and PT-Cy for treatment of 65 adults with high-risk AL and MDS. RESULTS: Engraftment was recorded in 64 patients (98.5%), with a median time to neutrophil and platelet recovery of 16 and 27 days, respectively. The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute GvHD and chronic GvHD was 28.6% and 27.5%, respectively. After a median follow-up of 31 months for survivors, the cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality and relapse at 2 years was 18.8% and 25%, respectively. Estimated 30-month event-free survival and overall survival were 56% and 54.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: HAPLO-MAC comprising an IV busulfan-based conditioning regimen enabled long-term disease control with acceptable toxicity in high-risk AL and MDS.


Assuntos
Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Haploidêntico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Recidiva , Retratamento , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Leuk Res ; 68: 79-84, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29574396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The standardization of treatment of older adults with Philadelphia chromosome negative (Ph-) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is challenging, especially in the age range of 55-65 years. This study aimed to compare intensive, pediatric-inspired therapy with non-intensive therapy in this population of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The outcomes of 67 patients prospectively included in two consecutive pediatric-inspired intensive protocols (ALL-HR03 and ALL-HR11) from the Spanish PETHEMA Group were compared with those from 44 patients included in a contemporary semi-intensive protocol (ALL-OLD07). RESULTS: Baseline patient and ALL characteristics were similar in both groups, except for a younger median age in the intensive group (medians: 58 vs. 62 years). Patients treated intensively had a higher complete remission rate (85% vs. 64%, p = 0.005), a lower cumulative incidence of relapse (39% [95%CI, 25% to 52%] vs. 60% [95%CI, 38% to 77%], p = .003), a similar cumulative incidence of treatment-related mortality (28% [95% CI, 18%, 40%] vs. 21% [95% CI, 10%, 34%]) and superior event-free survival at 2 years (37% [95%CI, 25%-49%) vs. 21% [8%-34%], p = 0.002). On multivariable analysis the type of protocol was the only variable with independent significance for event-free survival (HR [95% CI]: 2 [1.3, 3], p = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with less intensive chemotherapy, pediatric-inspired intensive chemotherapy significantly improves the outcome of older adults with Ph-negative ALL in the age range of 55-65 years.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Idoso , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 59(7): 1634-1643, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29165013

RESUMO

Native or pegylated (PEG) asparaginase (ASP) are commonly used in treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but have been scarcely compared in the same trial in adult patients. Native vs. PEG-ASP administered according to availability in each center were prospectively evaluated in adults with high-risk ALL. Ninety-one patients received native ASP and 35 PEG-ASP in induction. No significant differences were observed in complete remission, minimal residual disease levels after induction and after consolidation, disease-free survival, and overall survival. No significant differences in grades 3-4 toxicity were observed in the induction period, although a trend for higher hepatic toxicity was observed in patients receiving PEG-ASP. In this trial the type of ASP did not influence patient response and outcome.


Assuntos
Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Asparaginase/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Polietilenoglicóis/administração & dosagem , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Clin Oncol ; 35(30): 3425-3432, 2017 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28846465

RESUMO

Purpose To compare the outcome of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma who received post-transplantation cyclophosphamide-based haploidentical (HAPLO) allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with the outcome of patients who received conventional HLA-matched sibling donor (SIB) and HLA-matched unrelated donor (MUD). Patients and Methods We retrospectively evaluated 709 adult patients with Hodgkin lymphoma who were registered in the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation database who received HAPLO (n = 98), SIB (n = 338), or MUD (n = 273) transplantation. Results Median follow-up of survivors was 29 months. No differences were observed between groups in the incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). HAPLO was associated with a lower risk of chronic GVHD (26%) compared with MUD (41%; P = .04). Cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality at 1 year was 17%, 13%, and 21% in HAPLO, SIB, and MUD, respectively, and corresponding 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse or progression was 39%, 49%, and 32%, respectively. On multivariable analysis, relative to SIB, nonrelapse mortality was similar in HAPLO ( P = .26) and higher in MUD ( P = .003), and risk of relapse was lower in both HAPLO ( P = .047) and MUD ( P < .001). Two-year overall survival and progression-free survival were 67% and 43% for HAPLO, 71% and 38% for SIB, and 62% and 45% for MUD, respectively. There were no significant differences in overall survival or progression-free survival between HAPLO and SIB or MUD. The rate of the composite end point of extensive chronic GVHD and relapse-free survival was significantly better for HAPLO (40%) compared with SIB (28%; P = .049) and similar to MUD (38%; P = .59). Conclusion Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide-based HAPLO transplantation results in similar survival outcomes compared with SIB and MUD, which confirms its suitability when no conventional donor is available. Our results also suggest that HAPLO results in a lower risk of chronic GVHD than MUD transplantation.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Haplótipos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Irmãos , Transplante Homólogo , Doadores não Relacionados , Adulto Jovem
10.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 22(3): 584-8, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26631751

RESUMO

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) represents the most effective immunotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myeloid malignancies. However, disease relapse remains the most common cause of treatment failure. By performing a second allo-HCT, durable remission can be achieved in some patients. However, a second allo-HCT is of no benefit for the majority of patients, so this approach requires further understanding. We present a retrospective cohort of 116 patients diagnosed with AML, myelodysplastic syndromes, and myeloproliferative disorders who consecutively underwent a second allo-HCT for disease relapse. The median age was 38 years (range, 4 to 69 years). Sixty-three patients were alive at last follow-up. The median follow-up of the whole cohort was 193 days (range, 2 to 6724 days) and the median follow-up of survivors was 1628 days (range, 52 to 5518 days). Overall survival (OS) at 5 years was 32% (SE ± 4.7%). Multivariate analysis identified active disease status (P < .001) and second allo-HCT < 430 days (the median of the time to second transplantation) after the first transplantation (P < .001) as factors for poor prognosis, whereas the use of an HLA-identical sibling donor for the second allo-HCT was identified as a good prognostic factor (P < .05) for OS. The use of myeloablative conditioning (P = .01), active disease (P = .02), and a donor other than an HLA-identical sibling (others versus HLA-identical siblings) (P = .009) were factors statistically significant for nonrelapse mortality in multivariate analysis. Time to second transplantation was statistically significant (P = .001) in the relapse multivariate analysis, whereas multivariate analysis identified active disease status (P < .001) and time to second transplantation (P < .001) as poor prognosis factors for disease-free survival. This study confirms active disease and early relapse as dismal prognostic factors for a second allo-HCT. Using a different donor at second allo-HCT did not appear to change outcome, but using an HLA-identical sibling donor for a second transplantation appears to be associated with better survival. Further studies are warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Irmãos , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Leuk Res ; 39(9): 933-7, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26003666

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation is a potentially curative treatment in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Recent advances in the field of hematopoietic cell allografting have resulted in a practice shift, favoring less intense preparative regimens. We present results of a retrospective comparative analysis of two preparative regimens, namely FB2 (IV fludarabine plus IV busulfan 6.4mg/kg±10%) and FB4 (IV fludarabine plus IV busulfan 12.8mg/kg ±10%), in patients with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing hematopoietic cell allografting in second complete remission at EBMT participating centers. Between 2003 and 2010, 128 AML patients in second complete remission were allografted following a preparative regimen of FB2 (n=88) or FB4 (n=40). The median time-to-neutrophil engraftment was similar whether patients received FB2 (16 (5-38) days) or FB4 (16 (9-29) days), p=0.45. A multivariate analysis showed that use of FB4 resulted in improved 2-year leukemia-free (HR=0.44 (95%CI=0.21, 0.94), p=0.03) and overall survival (HR=0.38 (95%CI=0.16, 0.86), p=0.02). Cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality (2-year) for all patients was 21% (95%CI=14-28%). Our analysis suggests that FB4 improves 2-year leukemia-free and overall survival in AML allografted in second complete remission. A confirmatory randomized controlled trial that compares these two preparative regimens (FB2 vs. FB4) in AML in CR2 is definitely warranted.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/imunologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
13.
J Clin Oncol ; 32(15): 1595-604, 2014 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24752047

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Minimal residual disease (MRD) is an important prognostic factor in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and may be used for treatment decisions. The Programa Español de Tratamientos en Hematología (PETHEMA) ALL-AR-03 trial (Treatment of High Risk Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia [LAL-AR/2003]) assigned adolescent and adult patients (age 15 to 60 years) with high-risk ALL (HR-ALL) without the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome to chemotherapy or to allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) according to early cytologic response (day 14) and flow-MRD level after consolidation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with good early cytologic response (< 10% blasts in bone marrow at day 14 of induction) and a flow-MRD level less than 5 × 10(-4) at the end of consolidation were assigned to delayed consolidation and maintenance therapy, and allo-HSCT was scheduled in patients with poor early cytologic response or flow-MRD level ≥ 5 × 10(-4). RESULTS: Complete remission was attained in 282 (87%) of 326 patients, and 179 (76%) of 236 patients who completed early consolidation were assigned by intention-to treat to receive allo-HSCT (71) or chemotherapy (108). Five-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) probabilities were 37% and 35% for the whole series, 32% and 37% for patients assigned to allo-HSCT, and 55% and 59% for those assigned to chemotherapy. Multivariable analysis showed poor MRD clearance (≥ 1 × 10(-3) after induction and ≥ 5 × 10(-4) after early consolidation) as the only prognostic factor for DFS and OS. CONCLUSION: Prognosis for Ph-negative HR-ALL in adolescents and adults with good early response to induction and low flow-MRD levels after consolidation is quite favorable when allo-HSCT is avoided. In this study, the pattern of MRD clearance was the only prognostic factor for DFS and OS.


Assuntos
Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Citometria de Fluxo , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Quimioterapia de Consolidação/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia de Consolidação/mortalidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Neoplasia Residual , Seleção de Pacientes , Fenótipo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Antimicrob Agents Chemother ; 56(12): 6422-4, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23027192

RESUMO

The posaconazole prescribing information recommends an upfront cyclosporine dose reduction upon initiation of posaconazole prophylaxis. We examined this recommendation in the early phase of allogeneic transplantation, where cyclosporine levels potentially becoming subtherapeutic following upfront dose reduction would be deleterious to transplant outcome. Our data show that while posaconazole leads to an increase in cyclosporine levels, subsequent cyclosporine dose reduction can be safely guided by therapeutic drug monitoring and is not required upfront. Therefore, the current recommendation may be modified.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/efeitos adversos , Transfusão de Sangue , Transplante de Medula Óssea/imunologia , Ciclosporina/sangue , Imunossupressores/sangue , Triazóis/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Interações de Medicamentos , Monitoramento de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide/terapia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/sangue , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/prevenção & controle , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/sangue , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Clin Chim Acta ; 414: 85-90, 2012 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22967948

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: During routine analysis of chimerism in bone marrow transplant patients pre-transplant genotype of the recipient or the donor might lack. We aimed to develop a new method to analyze DNA results suitable when reference genotypes are not available. METHODS: The method was based on the balance between heterozygotes. It was implemented in a standard computer spreadsheet, and considered the hypothetical donor-recipient genotype combinations. Hypotheses with peak height ratios and allele sharing tendency above a critical threshold were accepted. The results were compared with those obtained with prior knowledge of reference genotypes. RESULTS: The algorithm predicted correctly the proportion of donor/recipient chimerism, even in the absence of reference genotypes. In fact, the predicted values were closely correlated (r(2)>0.98) and free of systematic bias (slope 0.98-1.04), in comparison with the reference values obtained with prior knowledge of the donor and recipient genetic profiles. CONCLUSIONS: This study constitutes a proof-of-concept of the application of the heterozygote balance for the quantitative study of chimerism. The algorithm computes post-transplant chimerism in an easy and time-efficient way, even when the donor and recipient reference genotypes are unavailable. Therefore, it can be a useful tool for laboratories involved in chimerism analysis.


Assuntos
Autoanálise , Biologia Computacional , DNA/genética , Quimeras de Transplante/genética , Algoritmos , Alelos , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Genótipo , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Am J Hematol ; 87(1): 42-4, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22015963

RESUMO

We investigated a FLAGIDA-lite protocol (fludarabine 40 mg/m(2)/d orally days 1-5, cytarabine 20 mg/m(2)/d subcutaneously days 1-5, G-CSF 300 µg/d subcutaneously days 1-5, and idarrubicin 15 mg/m(2)/d orally days 1-3) in 38 consecutive patients older than 70 years of age with acute myeloid leukemia (32 patients) or refractory anemia with excess blasts-2 (six patients) and no prior therapy. Seventy-nine percent had intermediate/unfavorable karyotype and 79% had a high comorbidity. Overall response was 55% [complete response (CR) 47%] and 37% were refractory. CR rate was 52% in patients between 71 and 79 years of age and 38% in patients 80 years or older. The 4-week induction mortality was 16% (8% in patients between 70 and 79 years of age and 32% in patients 80 years or older). Overall survival (OS) at 3 years was 22% (31.3% in patients between 70 and 79 years and 15.4% in patients 80 years or older). Relapse-free survival (RFS) at 3 years was 15%. A total of 65 cycles (47 as induction and 18 as consolidation) were administered, 46 of them (70%) in an outpatient setting. In summary, this FLAGIDA-lite protocol is an effective and well-tolerated option for patients between the ages of 70 and 79 years with acute myeloid leukemia or refractory anemia with excess blasts-2 and is usually feasible as outpatient treatment, but is not beneficial for most patients 80 years or older.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial , Anemia Refratária com Excesso de Blastos/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Idarubicina/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/administração & dosagem , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Idarubicina/administração & dosagem , Idarubicina/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/efeitos adversos , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico
17.
Mol Cancer Res ; 9(5): 564-76, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21460180

RESUMO

Untreated chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) progresses from chronic phase to blastic crisis (BC). Increased genomic instability, deregulated proliferation, and loss of differentiation appear associated to BC, but the molecular alterations underlying the progression of CML are poorly characterized. MYC oncogene is frequently deregulated in human cancer, often associated with tumor progression. Genomic instability and induction of aberrant DNA replication are described as effects of MYC. In this report, we studied MYC activities in CML cell lines with conditional MYC expression with and without exposure to imatinib, the front-line drug in CML therapy. In cells with conditional MYC expression, MYC did not rescue the proliferation arrest mediated by imatinib but provoked aberrant DNA synthesis and accumulation of cells with 4C content. We studied MYC mRNA expression in 66 CML patients at different phases of the disease, and we found that MYC expression was higher in CML patients at diagnosis than control bone marrows or in patients responding to imatinib. Further, high MYC levels at diagnosis correlated with a poor response to imatinib. MYC expression did not directly correlate with BCR-ABL levels in patients treated with imatinib. Overall our study suggests that, as in other tumor models, MYC-induced aberrant DNA synthesis in CML cells is consistent with MYC overexpression in untreated CML patients and nonresponding patients and supports a role for MYC in CML progression, possibly through promotion of genomic instability.


Assuntos
Replicação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/metabolismo , Instabilidade Genômica/genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética
18.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 16(7): 957-66, 2010 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20144909

RESUMO

Adults with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (HR-ALL) have a poor outcome with standard chemotherapy and usually undergo unrelated stem cell transplantation (SCT) if a matched sibling donor is not available. We analyzed the outcome of adult patients with unrelated SCT for HR-ALL and studied the possible effect of the hematopoietic stem cell source of the transplant. A total of 149 adult patients (median age, 29 years, range, 15-59 years) with HR-ALL underwent unrelated SCT in 13 Spanish institutions between 2000 and 2007. Patients in first complete remission (CR1) at transplantation had at least one adverse prognostic factor (advanced age, adverse cytogenetics, hyperleukocytosis, or slow response to induction therapy). ALL was in CR1 in 81 patients (54%), in second CR (CR2) in 37 patients (25%), in third CR (CR3) in 11 patients (7%), and with overt disease in 20 patients (13%). The hematopoietic source was unrelated cord blood (UCB) in 62 patients and an unrelated donor (UD) in 87 patients. The patients undergoing UCB-SCT and UD-SCT were comparable in terms of the main clinical and biological features of ALL, except for a higher frequency of patients with more overt disease in the UCB-SCT group. There was no statistically significant difference in overall survival (OS) or disease-free survival (DFS) at 5 years between the 2 groups. Treatment-related mortality (TRM) was significantly lower in the UCB-SCT group (P = .021). The probability of relapse at 1 year was 17% (95% confidence interval [CI], 7%-27%) for the UD-SCT group and 27% (95% CI, 14%-40%) for the UCB-SCT group (P = .088), respectively. Only disease status at transplantation (CR1, 41% [95% CI, 18%-64%] vs CR2, 51% [95% CI, 17%-85%] vs advanced disease, 66% [95% CI, 46%-86%]; P = .001) and the absence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (74% [95% CI, 46%-100%] vs 33% [95% CI, 17%-49%]; P = .034) were significant factors for relapse. All unrelated transplantation modalities were associated with high treatment-related mortality for adult HR-ALL patients without a sibling donor. UCB-SCT and UD-SCT were found to be equivalent options. Disease status at transplantation and chronic GVHD were the main factors influencing relapse in both transplantation modalities.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Sobreviventes , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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